US 1274227 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
% NIT D ,STATES rims to we woons'on.
To allwhomitmay concern: v
Be it known that I, JOHN M. Woooson and Jon H. Wmnrmcitizens of the United States, residing at =Lafllette, "in-the county of Campbell :and State. of Tennessee, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Liquid-Filters, of whichlthe fol lowing is a specification,
This inventionirelatesto filters, andmore particularly appertains to an improved water ffilter. 1
The primary object of the invention is to provide a filter of the character described, which may be attached to cisterns, water hydrants, or may be used in conjunction with water plants. 7
Another object ofthe present invention resides in the construction of the receiving chamber, which chamber is so constructed from a plurality of sections, the same being so assembled as to rovide for avdevice readily accessible for cleaning and the like.
The invention contemplates the provision of a sectional water receiving chamber, the
said chamber being provided with several tubular like portions which are adapted to be connected with suitable: inlet and outlet means. These tubular like portions communicate with an enlarged base portion which serves as a settling chamber, that is, allowing that foreignmatt r as contained by the water to be deposited therein due to the decreased pressure of the water as it enters-the sam c 1 The invention also contemplates the pro-' vision of a, suitable filtering substance, which substance is contained within one of the tubular portions, adjacent the outlet.
We have illustrated the above mentioned embodiment of the invention in the accompanying drawing forming a part thereof, and improved details in the construction and arrangement of parts will be apparent from an inspection of such drawings in connection with the specific description hereinafter contained.
In the drawings Figure 1 is a longitudinal section of the filter; and
Fig. 2 is a transverse section taken on the line 2-2 of Fig. 1.
Referring now more specifically to the drawings wherein like reference characters designate like or corresponding parts throughout the several views, and in which Specification or re c' ersj r pent. fPaten ted uly'30, 1918'. lpplication filed-April li,1916.,Seria1'No589342Q' i i 5 l pres iits an en a ge I ha e:p i0r, .'PrQ-1 ided with interiorly e d op ngs-2 and 3, anda centrally arranged convex de: fleetor "t, i 1 $9 'V S" uit means fe deflectingtlie Q H O the water floiw- T e base portion ?1,,.,or as it may b te d, the
settling nk, inaybeiprov ded with a dram valve 5,-which is threadedly secured within a suitable opening ,6, formed .inthe lowcr portion of cha nber.-1-. suppo'rted W thi th threadedopeningsQ and'3, are tubular meme bers and 8,-the same being provided ex; teriorly with com'plement'ally arranged threaded portions ionehgagemefnt therewith. The upper. ends of the tubular members 7 and 8 are normally adapted to receive heads 9 and-1.0,the same. being threaded into en gagemen-t there-with as at 11 and12, While upon -the top faces thereof are arranged octagonal, members 13, which are adapted. to beengaged bysome suitable turning implement wherebytheymay be threaded into the upper ends'o'f'said tubular members. The head 9 is provided with a vertical interiorly threaded bore 14 arranged concentrically thereof, which boreis adapted to have turned into engagement therewith-a threaded 00nd-u t o pipe 5, hus. i OVidi i-ga uitab e inle means- -'I,-he h 1 orm l y e ves s n efic nt lo ur crthe upp en t e,
a i em embe figi The. tu ule-r m mber r i Provided wi he b' n rple'15, wh eh subsequently apparent. In order to provide for means whereby the tubular members 7 and 8 may be rigidly held in their vertical positions, bracket arms 18 and 19 are formed on the member 8, which brackets have circular yoke members 20 and 21 formed thereon.
The yoke members embrace the tubular mem-,
ber 7 and thereby, serve as efficient means for the above mentioned purpose and also, to secure the said tubular members in such a manner as to be relatively immovable laterally. I
Positioned adjacent the lower end of the tubular member 8, and carried by the outlet 3 of the settling chamber 1, is a screen mem ber 22 which serves as efficient means for supporting a suitable filtering material designated at 23. The' filtering material may be charcoal, or other similar substance, well known to this particular art. In placing this filtering material '23 within the tubular member 8, the cap or head 10is removed from the upper end of the said tubular member, whereupon the filtering material may be readily deposited therein, until the same reaches a point adjacent or slightly below the nipple portion 15*. After the charcoal or filtering material has been placed within the tubular member, the head 10 may be then replaced upon the said member and will of course be ready for its filtering operation.
In'reduction to practice, it will be noted that the water is introduced into the tubular member 7 by means of the pipe 15, whereupon it flows downwardly into the settling chamber 1 which due to its increase ofsize will cause the velocity of the water to be somewhat diminished, thereby allowing a portion of the foreign matter to settle to the bottom of the chamber 1. The Water in its continued flow passes through the screen 22 and the filtering material 23, whereupon the water is purified. The water then passes from the tubular member 8 out of the distributing pipe 17, whereupon it may be used for various purposes. At certain intervals, the valve 5 arranged in the chamber 1 may be opened, to allow the sediment collected therewithin to be removed. It is to be noted also that the convex portion 4:, serves to a certain extent as a bafile or deflector, preventing the immediate passage of the water from the tubular member 7 into the tubular member 8, and causing the Water to be defiected downwardly. In instances Where it is desirable to remove the tubular members 7 and 8 from the settling chamber 1, it Will be obvious that it is only necessary to first remove the member 7, whereupon thememher 8 may be'also readily disengaged, thereby allowing access to be had to said settling chamber. W'e also direct attention to the fact that although we have illustrated the bracket arms 18 and 19 as being formed integral with the tubular member 8, the same may be readilyseparate and distinct elements.
lVhile we have herein disclosed a specific embodiment of the invention, it will be ap parent to persons skilled in this particular art that the invention is capable of embodying other forms and devices ditlering in detail and arrangement from that shown, as may be in keeping with the appended claim. lVe claim: 1 A liquid filter, including a receiver having companion openings with shouldered filter pipe recesses, the top of the receiver being depressed to form a deflector between the companion openings, an inlet filter tube disposed in one of the shoulderedrecesses, a filtering screensupport'ed in the other of the shouldered recesses, an outlet filter tube arranged in said shouldered recesswhereby the screen is clamped in position, bracket arms formed on the outlet filter tube, said bracket arms having yoke members for en? circling the inlet filter tube and mutually supporting both filter tubes, and a filtering substance supported by the filtering screen.
In testimony whereof weatfixour signatures in presence of two witnesses. JOHN M. WOODSON.
JOE H. WILDER.
WVitnesses: V Y
H. E. JACKSON, I-I. BEVAN.
00,101 at 111: patent maybe obtained for five cents each, by addresslng the Commissioner 0! Patents;
Wnhingten, D. 0."