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Publication numberUS1274757 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateAug 6, 1918
Filing dateMar 19, 1918
Priority dateMar 19, 1918
Publication numberUS 1274757 A, US 1274757A, US-A-1274757, US1274757 A, US1274757A
InventorsSamuel Orenbuch, Nathan Rozinsky
Original AssigneeSamuel Orenbuch, Nathan Rozinsky
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Armor or protector for infantrymen.
US 1274757 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

S. ORENBUCH & N. ROZINSKY.

ARMOR 0R PROTECTOR FOB INFANTRYMEN.

APPLICATION FILED MAR. 19, 19I8.

1,274,757. Patented Aug. 6, 1913 WITNESS SAMUEL ORENB'UCH AND NATHAN RQZINSKY, 01F PITTSBURGH, PENNSYLVANIA.

ARI/10B 10R PROTECTOR FOR INFANTRYMEN.

antenna.

Specification of Letters Patent.

Patented Aug. 6, 191%..

Application filed March 19, 1918. Serial No. 223,296.

To all whom it may concern:

Be it known that we, SAMUEL ORENBUCH, citizen of Russia, and NATHAN RozINsKY, citizen of the United States of America, resldin at .Pittsburgh, in the county of Alleg eny and State of Pennsylvania, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Armor or Protectors forlnfantrymen, of which the following is a specification.

This inyention relates to armors or protectors forinfantry men, and has for its object to provide in a manner as hereinafter set forth, a device of such class for shielding the soldier from being struck with bullets.

A further object of the invention is to provide a device of the class referred to with means in a manner as hereinafter set forth,

whereby the device can be conveniently connected to the soldier, so that he can wear the same on advance toward the enemy, andwhich will act as a shield to prevent the wearer from being injured by bullets.

A further object of the invention is to provide a device of the class set forth in c a manner as hereinafter set forth, with means for supporting the device slightly elevated from the ground so that the soldier can recline at the rear of the device and shoot from-below thereof,-and whereby the device will act as a protecting medium to prevent the soldier when in the position referred to, from being injured by bullets fiom the enemy.

A further object of the invention is to provide, in a manner as hereinafter set forth, a device for the purpose referred to having an adjustable protecting or shielding element whereby said element can be extended to the length. desired to provide for its use by infantry men of .diiferenth'eight.

Further objects of the invention are to provide an armor or protector for the purpose referred to and in a manner as hereinafter set forth, and which is comparatively simple in its construction and arrangement, readily adjusted, eflicient in its use, conveniently connected to the wearer, strong, durable and comparatively inexpensive.-

With the foregoing and other objects in view the invention consists of the novel construction, combination and arrangement of parts as hereinafter more specifically de- '55 scribed wherein is shown an embodiment of the invention, but it is to beunderstood that changes, variations and modifications. can be resorted to which come within the scope of the claims hereunto appended.

In the drawings wherein like referencecharacters denote corresponding parts throughout the several views:

Figure 1 is a side elevation of an armor or protector in accordance with this inventlon.

Fig. 2 is a rear elevation with the means for coupling or connecting the device to the wearer, in section.

Fig. 3 is a section on line IIIIII, Fig. 2.

Fig. 4 is a sectional detail.

Fig. 5 is a perspective view, parts being broken away. V

Fig. 6 is a detail of a coupling sleeve.

Fig. 7 is a detail of a coupling element.

Referring to the drawings in detail the armor or protector includes a telescopic protecting element consisting of a triangular lower section 1, and a triangular upper section 2, the latter extending in the former and each of which is formed of suitable metallic material of the desiredthickness and weight.

The rear of the section 1, has a pair of inwardly extending flanges 3, and each of which is of a length equal to the height of the section. The rear of the section 2, is pro- .vided with a pair of inwardly extending flanges 4, and each of which is of a length equal to the height of its respective section. The flanges 4, ride against the inner faces of the flanges 3..

The section 2, at its forward portion, at its upper part, is bent at an inclination or rounded as at 5, to provide a deflecting portion for the bullets.

The lower sectionl, has depending therefrom a series of legs 6, for supporting the protecting element in an elevated position from the ground so that if it is desired the sol-" dier can recline at'the rear of said element and shoot from below the bottom thereof.

The section 2, has fixedly secured therein, near its upper portion, atransverse bar 7, and the section 1, has fixedly secured therein, near its lower end, a transverse bar 8, which is arranged in alinement with the bar 7.

Secured to the bar 7, and dependifig there from, is a pair of rods 9, 10, and the bar 8, has fixedly secured therewith and projecting upwardly therefrom-a pair of rods, 11,. 12,

which are arranged in alinement with the rods 9, 10.

The rod 9, opposes the rod 11, and the said rods 9, 11, extend into a coupling sleeve 13. The rods 10, 12, oppose each other and said rods 10, 12, extend into a coupling sleeve 14.

Each of the coupling sleeves 13, 14, is providedwith alinement openings as indicated at 15, Fig. 4, and each of the rods 9, to 12, is provided with a transverse openmg, as indicated at 16, Fig. 4.

The openings 16, in the rods 9 to 12, are adapted to aline with certain of'tbeopenings 15, in the coupling sleeves 13, 1-1, as

' illustrated in Fig. 4, and extendingthrough such alining openings are connecting pins 17, as illustrated in 4, whereby the rods 9 and 11, and the rods 10 and 12, are connected together.

- The apertured coupling sleeves 13, 14, ap-

ertured ends of the rods 9, to 12, and the pins 17, provide -means whereby the sec tions 1, 2, can bevertically adjusted relatively to each other, and maintained in adjusted position.

For the purpose of overcoming any looseness between the sections 1, 2, when adjusted, each of the rods 9 to 12, has mounted thereon a coil spring 18, the said springs 18, are interposed between the sleeves 13 and 14,

and the bars 7, .8. The springs 18, also have a tendency to maintain the sections 1, 2, ex-

tended relatively to each other.

Each of the coupling sleeves 13, 14, has a rearwardly extending hook 19, more clearly shown in Fig. 6, and said hooks 19, are employed for detachably connecting the coupling element, which is employed, for detachably connecting the protecting element with the body of the soldier, so that the protecting element can be carried bythe soldier in front of his. body. The coupling element consists of a waist or. breast plate 20, having projecting forwardly therefrom a sleeve 21, provided with alining openings 22. Extending into the sleeve 21, is an adjustable. shank 23, having an opening 24, adapted to aline with certain of the openings 22, and through said alining openings is extended a pin 25, whereby the shank 23, is "connected to the sleeve 21. Theforward end of the shank 23, is provided with a pair of oppositely extending arms 26, terminating in sockets 27, for the reception of the bills of the hook 19, whereby the sleeves 13, 14, are connected with the coupling device.

The waist of breastp-late' 20,has a flexible strap 28, which is extended around and secured upon the body of the soldier.

Although thesections 1 and 2 are shown of triangular shape, yet it is to be understood that they can be of any suitable shape and formed of any suitable material. The lower section is shown as provided with three legs but t is obvious but two can be employed.

detachably connected with said means for coupling the protecting element to the body of the wearer.

2. An armor for the purpose set forth comprising a telescopic protecting element consisting of an upper and a lower triangular shaped section adjustable relatively to each other, a bar secured to and within each of said sections, a pair of rods depending from one of said bars, a pair of rods extending upwardly from the other of said bars, coupling sleeves receiving the ends of said depending and upwardly extending rods and pins for connecting the sleeves and rods together.

3. An armor for the purpose set forth comprising a telescopic protecting element consisting of an upper and a lower triangu- .-lar shaped section adjustable relatively to each other, a bar secured to and within each of said sections, a pair of rods depending from one of said bars, a pair of rods extending upwardly from the other of said bars coupling sleeves receiving the ends of said depending and upwardly extending rods and pins for connecting the sleeves and rods together, and coil springs mounted on the rods and interposed between the sleeves and the bars.

4. An armor for the purpose set forth comprising a telescopic protecting element consisting of an upper and a lower triangular shaped section adjustable relatively to each other, a bar secured to and within each of said sections, a pair of rods dependin from one of said bars, a pair of rods extending upwardly from he other of said bars, coupling sleeves receiving the ends of said depending and upwardly extending rods and pinsfor connecting the sleeves and rods together, and legs depending from the lower of said sections.

5. An armor for the purpose setforth comprising a telescopic protecting element consisting of an upper and a lower triangular shaped section adjustable relatively to each other, a bar secured to and within each of said sections, a pair of rods depending from one of said bars, a pair of rods extendlng upwardly from the other of said bars, coupling sleeves receiving the ends of said depending and upwardly extending rods and pins for connecting the sleeves and rods together, and coil springs mounted on the rods and interposed between the sleeves and the'bars, and legs depending from the lower of said sections.

6. An armor for the purpose set forth comprising a telescopic protecting element consisting of an upper and a lower triangular shaped section adjustable relatively to each other, a bar secured to and within each of said sections, a pair of rodsv depending from one of said bars, a pair of rods extending upwardly from the other of said bars,

coupling sleeves receiving the ends of said depending and upwardly extending rods and pins for connecting the sleeves and rods together, and a coupling element detachably connected with saidsleeves for coupling the protecting element to the body out the wearer.

7. An armor for the purpose set forth comprising a telescopic protecting element consisting of an upper and a lower triangular shaped section adjustable relatively to each other, a bar secured to and within each ofsaidvsections, a pair of rods depending from one of saidbars, a pair of rods extending upwardlyv from the other of said bars, coupling sleeves receiving the ends of said depending and upwardly extending rods and pins for connecting the sleeves and rods together, and coil springs mounted on the rods and interposed between the sleeves and the bars, and a coupling element detachably connected with said sleeves for coupling the protecting element to the body of the wearer.

8. An armor for the purpose set forth comprising a telescopic protecting element consisting of an upper and a lower triangular shaped section adjustablerelatively to each other, a barsecurcd to and withineach of said sections, a pair of rods depending from one of said bars, a pair of rods extending upwardly from the otherof said bars, coupling sleeves receiving the ends of said depending and upwardly extending rods and pins for connecting the sleeves and rods together, and legs depending from the lower of'said sections, and a coupling element detachably connected with said sleeves for coupling the protecting element to the body of the wearer.

9. An armor for the purpose set forth comprising a telescopic protecting element consisting of an upper and a lower triangular shaped section adjustable relatively to each other, a bar secured toand withineachof said sections, a pair of rods depending from one of'said'bars, a pair of rods extending upwardly from the other of said bars, coupling sleeves receiving the ends of said depending and upwardly. extending rods and pins for connecting the sleeves and rods together, coil springs mounted on the rods and interposed between the sleeves and the bars, and legs depending from the lower of saidsecti'ons, and a" coupling element dctachably connected'with said sleeves for coupling the protecting element to the bodyof the wearer. Y

10. An armor for the purpose set forth comprising a protecting element consisting of an upper and a lower triangular shape section vertically adjustable relatively to each other, said upper section having a part of its upper portion at the front thereof in- 'clined to form a deflector, means secured within said sections for vertically adjusting position, and a coupling element connected with said means for connecting the protecting element to the body of the wearer, and legs depending from said lower section.

12. An armor for the urpose set forth comprising a protecting e ement consisting of an upper and a lower triangular section, one extended into the other, said sections vertically adjustable relatively to each other, said upper section having the forward part of its upper portion depressed to provide a deflector, means arranged within said sections. for vertically adjusting and maintaining the said sections in adjusted posh tion, and an adjustable coupling element connected with said means for connecting the, protecting element to the body of the wearer.

13.- An armor for the purpose set forth comprising a protecting element consisting of an upper and a lower triangular section, one extended into the other, said sections vertically adjustable relatively to each other,

:formed of a plurality of adjustable sections,

means arranged within said sections for maintaining them inadjusted position, and

a coupling element detachably connected with said means for coupling the protecting element to the body of a wearer.

15. An armor for the purpose set forth comprising a telescopic protecting element formed of a plurality of adjustable sections, means arranged within said sections for maintainin them in'adjusted position, and an adjusta le coupling element detachably connected with said means for coupling the protecting element to the body of the wearer.

16. An armor for the purpose set forth comprising a telescopic protecting element consisting of an upper and a lower section adjustable relatively to each other, abar .secured to and within each of said sections, a pair of rods depending from one of said bars, a pair of rods extending upwardly from the other of said bars, coupling sleeves receiving the ends of said depending and. upwardly extending rods and pins for connectingthe sleeves and rods together, and

coil sprlngs mounted on the rodsand interposed between the sleeves and the bars.

17. An armor for the purpose set forth comprising a telescopic protecting elementlegs depending from the lower of said sec-t tions.

18. An armor for the purpose set forth comprising a protecting element consisting of an upper and a lower section vertically adjustable relatively to each other, said upper section having a part of its upper portion at the front thereof inclined to form a deflector, means secured within said sections for vertically adjusting and maintaining said sections in adjusted position, and a coupling element connected with said means for connecting the protecting element to the body of the wearer. V

19. An armor'for the purpose set forth comprising a protecting element consisting of an upper and a lower section vertically adjustable relatively to each other, said upper section having a part of its upper portion at the front thereof inclined to form a deflector, means secured within said sections for vertically adjusting and maintaining said sections in adjusted position, and a coupling element connected with said means for connecting the protecting element to the body of the wearer, and legs depending from said lower section.

In testimony whereof we aflix our signatures in the presence of two witnesses.

SAMUEL ORENBUCH. NATHAN ROZINSKY.

Witnesses:

MAX H. Snomvrrz, LUELLA H. SIMON.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US5392686 *Dec 27, 1993Feb 28, 1995Sankar; Wilfred A.Telescopic total body protective shield
US6595101 *Dec 13, 2001Jul 22, 2003Alfred J. BakerBallistic shield and methods of use and formation
US6886446 *Jul 1, 2003May 3, 2005Alfred J. BakerBallistic shield and methods of use and formation
US7520206May 2, 2005Apr 21, 2009Baker Alfred JBallistic shield and methods of use
US20050217472 *May 2, 2005Oct 6, 2005Baker Alfred JBallistic shield and methods of use
Classifications
U.S. Classification2/2.5, 160/227, 160/131, 89/36.7, 89/921
International ClassificationF41H5/08
Cooperative ClassificationF41H5/08
European ClassificationF41H5/08