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Publication numberUS1275869 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateAug 13, 1918
Filing dateJun 5, 1918
Priority dateJun 5, 1918
Publication numberUS 1275869 A, US 1275869A, US-A-1275869, US1275869 A, US1275869A
InventorsWinnie D Deal
Original AssigneeWinnie D Deal
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
US 1275869 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

w. u. DEAL.



1,275,869. Patented Aug. 13, 1918',

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APPLICATION FILED JUNE 5,1518- 7 I 1 ,275,86 9 Patented Aug. 13, 1918.


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' Specification of Letters Patent.

A lication-medium 5, 1918: Serial No. 238-317;

Toyall whom it may concemc Be it known that; I',:WIlNNI'E D; DEAL, a citizen of the United States, residing'at Spencer, in the county. of RoWane and: State of North Carolina, have invented certain new and: useful Improvements in Playing:- Cards, of which the following isa specification, reference beinglhad therein; to; the accompanying drawings; p

This invention relates toplaying-cards that arecharacterized by signatures and key-notes of the various major and minor scales.

It is an object of? the invention to provide a deck of cardssuitable for'use at musical gatherings, club' meetings, and other social occasions, ine order that the'playersi may be,- come: familar' with: musical? scale-signatures, key-notes, and formulas; Y

The deck provid'edby the invent-ion is made up of several suits of cards, of equal number, there being amaj'or-flat, majorsharp, minor-fiat, and: minor-sharp: suit.

The particular cards making up the deck employed as contemplated by the" invention are exemplified by; the accompanying draw-- ings, forming-part hereof, in Which- Figure 1 represents the scale-ladder ca-rda' of the major fihg Fig; 2' represents one'ofthe other cards of the maj or-fiat suit Fig; 3 represents the major-flat-circle' card; I V

Fig- 4 represents: a card of'the majorsharp" suit; I

Fig. 5 represents the seale-la'dd'e'r' eard es the-'minor-flat'suit;

Fig. 6 represents another card of the minor-flat suit;

Fig. 7 represents a card of the minorsharp suit; and

Fig. 8 represents the minor-sharp-circle card.

The characters and other symbols on the" faces of the cards of each suit are of a color different from those of the other suits, and capital letters are used on the cards of the two major suits and small letters on those of the two minor suits. The cards are numbered consecutively from 1 to 10.

Card No. 1 of each suit is a scale-ladder card, it having on its face a representation of a ladder showing by the spacing of its rounds or steps the correct intervals of the scales, therounds or-steps beingnumbered consecutively from- 1 to 8-, as shownnby. Figs. 1: and 5. f

Card No. 2 of each suit bears a letter of the scale of that suit, in the exemplification herein: made this letter being C in the case of the" two major suits and a in the case of the twominor suits, Fig. 2 showing card No; 2 of the major-fiat suit, Fig. 43 card No. 2' of the major sharp suit, Fig, 6 card No. 2' of the minor-flat suit, and F ig. '7' card No; 2 of the minor-sharpsuit.

Each-of the cards Nos; 3 to 9; inclusive, of each suit bears a letter representingthe'keynote ofthefsca-leto which that suit pertains. Each card represents a di'ff'erent scale, and the let't'er thereon is the first of'the scale'or key notfe. Thus, in themajor-fl'at suit,

there are-cards F, Eb, Eb, Ab, Db, and Cb; in the major-sharp suit, G 7,f fiD77 A, E131 44B)?" Fit, Git 1n the minor-fiat suit, cards d, g, a, 7, 5b, 6b, and ab; and, in the minor-sharp suit, cards 'e,b, ft, 01?, gt, dt",and at. Each scale of each of the two flat series'sta-rts on the fourth,

note of the preceding scale; that is, taking.

the major fiat suit-as an example, card No. 2 is C and card No. 3"bears F, the femur note from Cl Each scaleofthe tWo sharpseriesv starts on the fifth note of the preceding scale; that is, takingthe major-sharp suitfas an example, card No. 2 is C andcard No. 3 G, the fifth note from C. 7V I Each of the cards from 2" to 9, inclusive, has thereon the key" signaturef oflthe scale indicated thereonby letter ,'asin the majorflat suit, for example, card No; 2 has the treble clef with no flats, card No. 3the'treble clef with one flat, and so on'to card No. 9 with the treble clef with seven flats.

Card No. 10 of each suit bears aci'r'cle, around which are arranged in progressive order the letters and key-signatures on the treble clef of the scales indicated by the cards numbered 2 to 9, inclusive. In the case of the flat suits, the numeral 4 is between each pair of designations, indicating a four count between the notes designated. For example, the major-flat card No. 10 has around the circle the following: C 4 F 4 Bb 4 Eb 4 Ab 4 Db 4 Gb 4 Cb, and radially arranged from each letter the clef signature of Patented Au ..[13,,191s-.

number of points he offers to make.

the note indicated by the letter. In the case of the sharp suits, the numeral 5 is between each pair of designations, indicating a five count between the notes designated.

Each of the cards of every suit has on its face at one or more places a word indicating whether it .is of a flat or sharp suit, as the word Flats in the major-flat suit and Sharps in the minor-sharp suit; cards Nos. 1 to 9, inclusive, of every suit have thereon the word Major or Minor, as the case may be; and card No. 10 has within the circle words indicating the character of the card, as Major sharp circle and Minor fiat circle.

The cards may be used in play in any manner the players may decide in order to stimulate their interest in and knowledge of major and minor scales.

As an example of a desirable manner of use, the following method of play is given:

The cards of each suit may be considered to rank in the following order from high to low: No. 10 (scale circle), 9, 8, 7, 6, 5, 4, 3, 2, and 1 (scale-ladder).

Any player may open the game by shuffling and dealing the cards one at a time, until all cards are dealt, or the last four cards or any cards left after the players have an equal number may be reserved as the widow, if so agreed. The deal passes to the left.

An object of the game is for a player to hold in his hand several of the highest and the lowest trumps to catch tricks,scalecircles, No. 5 cards, and scale-ladders.

Bidding may begin with the player to the left of the dealer, each player naming the A player not wishing tobid may pass. Each player is allowed one bid only, and'each must bid higher than the preceding bidder or pass. The highest bidder names the trump suit. The lowest bid allowed is 50.

The highest bidderthat is, the one that gets the bidmust call trumps as follows;

major flats, major sharps, minor flats, or minor sharps; if he call by colors, he forfeits his bid, and the next highest bidder may take the bid, if he so desires, or the cards may be shuflled and dealt again. i The highest bidder leads first, but he does not have to lead trumps if he calls trumps before he leads. 1 s 7 Each player in turn must follow the suit led, if he has a card of that suit; otherwise, he may trump or discard a card of another suit. The highest card played of the suit led wins the trick, unless it is trumped when the highest trump played wins.

In scoring points, value may be given the various cards as agreed upon. Thus scalecircles may count 10 points, No. 5 cards 5 points, scale-ladders 5 points, and most tricks 20 points. The total number of points is 100.

If the highest bidder fails to make the number of points bid, he is set back the amount bid. The game may be for any number of points agreed upon.

Having thus described my invention, what I claim as new, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is

1. In a pack of playing-cards, a suit comprising a series of cards bearing designations of the musical scale and a card bearing a representation showing by its parts the correct intervals of the scale. I

2. In a pack of playing-card s, a suit comprising a series of cards bearing designations of the musical scale, a card bearing a representation showing by its parts the correct intervals of the scale, and a card bearing in progressive order the designations of other cards of the suit. 7

8. In a pack of playing-cards, a majorfiat suit, a major-sharp suit, a minor-flat suit, and a minor-sharp suit, each suit comprising a series of cards bearing designations of the musical scale of the class to which the suit pertains;

4. In a pack of playing-cards, a majorfiat suit, a -maj0r-sharp suit, a minor-fiat suit, and a minor-sharp suit, each suit com-- prising a series of cards bearing designations of the musical scale of the class to which the suit pertains, a card bearing a representation showing by its parts the correctintervals of the scale, and a card bearing in progressive order thedesignations of other cards of the suit.

In testimony whereof I afiiX my signature.


Copies of this patent may be obtained for five cents each, by addressing the Commissioner of I'atents, Washington, D. G.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4819539 *May 20, 1988Apr 11, 1989Searing John WMusic teaching system and apparatus
US5998720 *Nov 3, 1993Dec 7, 1999Beatty; Kristina M.Music teaching system and method
US6111180 *Jun 24, 1999Aug 29, 2000Digiulio; Joann L.Playing cards for teaching reading of musical notes
US6313385Feb 23, 1999Nov 6, 2001Kristina M. BeattyMusic teaching system and method
U.S. Classification273/301, 273/303, D19/62, 84/471.00R, 84/481
Cooperative ClassificationA63B49/08