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Publication numberUS1277412 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateSep 3, 1918
Filing dateJun 1, 1917
Priority dateJun 1, 1917
Publication numberUS 1277412 A, US 1277412A, US-A-1277412, US1277412 A, US1277412A
InventorsFrank Hardart Jr
Original AssigneeHorn & Hardart Company
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
US 1277412 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)


APPLICATION FILED JUNE l, 19|?. L2Y'?,412 PatentedSeptB, 1918.


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Patented Sept. 3,1918.




To all whom it may concern: f

Be it known that l, FRANK HARDART, J r., a citizen of the United States, and a resident of Forest Hills, in the county of Queens and State of New York, have invented certain newV and useful Improvements in Bar-Locks, of which the following is a specification, reference being made tothe accompanying drawings, forminga part thereof.

My invention relates to bar-locks used more particularly in connection with a plurality of coin-receiving receptacles attached to a plurality of coin-actuated vending dcvices, and theobject of my invention, among other things, is to provide -a simple and eflicient form of bar-lock for the coin receptacles which shall maintain in closedcondition the various coin receptacles provided for the apparatus a whole, and `holding' the locking bar in position at either end of the machine, so that the individual coin' receptacles may not be tampered with. My invention also comprises means for actuating the locking bar so that by a single movement the various receptacles `may be opened to admit the coins assembled therein to be removed therefrom.

I` attain this result by` the mechanism shown inthe accompanying drawings, in whichFigure 1 is a rear elevation of one section of a series of food cabinets which are opened by depositing coins in suitableslots attached to the opening doors of the individual compartments, and also showing theV coin receptacles orboXes arranged underneath; Fig. 2 is an enlarged section of the detail of Fig.'1 taken on the line 2-2 of Fig. 1, showing the interior of the safe containing theJ latch for the slidable bar lock; Fig. 3 is a modified form of means for latching the'bar lock; Fig. 4 is a plan view taken on the line 4 4 of Fig. 1 looking in the direction of the arrow; Figs. 5 and 6 are enlarged perspective views of the bar lock in latched and released positions respectively, the Fig. 5 view showing the position of the bar which prevents the opening of the coin receptacles, Fig. 6 showing the Vposition of the bar allowing the opening of the drawer of the cOin-receptacles; Fig. 7 is an enlarged section` taken on the line 7--7 of Fig. 4, looking in the direction of the arrow, showing a support for the sliding bar. Similar numerals refer to similar partsthroughoutV the several figures.

Specification of Letters Patent.

ratentea sept. s, reis.

Referring to Fig. 1, 8 designates a section of food cabinets adapted to be opened by the purchaser upon depositing the proper coins in slots (not shown) in the front of the cabinets, whereupon the front door (not shown) of each of the separate compartments may be opened by the purchaser to remove articles of food in dishes 11 therefrom theretofore deposited in the separate compartments 12. The coins, having been dropped in the slot corresponding to the compartment desired,v immediately actuate certain mechanism whereby the door of that particular compartment may be opened, so'

that. this form of apparatus automatically dispenses food and receives payment therefor, all under the control of the purchaser. The coin having passed through the slot in the front of the cabinet after actuating the dispensing mechanism, passes through passage 13 into the coin receptacles 14, having at the bottom the sliding drawers 15 provided with handles 16. Preferably the upper portion of the receptacle 14 is fitted with glass windows 17 to enable the owner to determine when the `drawers 15 are more or less completely filled with coins. The foregoing,construction is common and well known, and, in itself, forms no part of my invention. i

Horizontally disposed infront of the several coin boxes 14, and supported so as to extend substantially half-way across the front of the drawer 15 and the line of division of the top of the drawer l5 is a transverse sliding bar` 18, suitably supported on brackets 19 at either end ofthe particular section, as shown in Fig. 1. Preferably, there is also horizontally disposed to the rear of the coin receptacles 14 a supporting bar 20, which, preferably, is disposed in substantial parallelism with the bar 18. Preferably, as shown in Figs. 1 and 4, a supporting rod 21 extends forwardly from the bar 20, having an upwardly extending groove 22 in its forward end, within which the bar 18 rests and is slidably rcciprocated through such groove. The bar 1S has suitably spaced-apart cut-out openings 23 of slightly greater width than the width of the drawer 15, arranged so that when the bar 18, for example, in Fig. 1, is moved to the left, the cut-outs 23 will aline themselves in front of their corresponding drawers 15, so that the same may be suitably soi removed from the coin receptacles 11, as

shown in Fig. 6. One end ol the bar 18 outside the section 8 extends outuuirdly with its under side carrying a 'ack 2215, adapted to engage the pinion 25, secured to the sha-ft 26, rotatably mounted in the bearings 27, secured on the brackets 28 lto the trame 8, as shown in Fig. 4t. The shaft 26 carries the operating wheel 29, secured at one end.'

thereof, as shown in Fig. l1, whereby by rotating the wheelk 29 the bar 18 may be reciprocated to the right creto the lett in order to lock, or unlock, the respective drawers 15, as will be readily understood, Fig.- 5`

showing thebar 18 maintaining the d -awers 15 in locked position, while Fig. 6 shows the bar moved to the left in order to unlock the respective drawers 15 toenable the coins collectedy therein to be removed.- In order tor maintain the locking bar 18 in its right hand, locked; position, I have secured to the floor 3001i the section 8 a safe compartment 31 having the locking" combination 32 oit any usual construction, adapted to hold the door 33` inits closed position. The side 31k oi the salfc 31 adjacent thel section has a suitable aperture cut therein through which the eXtreme end of the bar 18 projects, as showir in Figs. 1- and 2, such eX- treme end" of the bar 18 having a hole 36 cmi-therein Mounted on the inner surface of the side within the safe is a hasp 37 pivotedto the pin 38, secured to the side 321,1a's shown in Fig. 2, which hasp 37 is adaptedto project through the holev 36, as shown inl Fig. 2, whereby the end of the ba-r isheld aga-inst transverse movement.

Inv Fig. 3 I have shown a modifiedv form oli lock, comprising the pad-lock 38a removably secured to the bar 18 by having its locking loop 39 pass through the hole iti, cut in the bar 18 adjacent the contiguous bracket 19 to prevent any movement to the left of the bar 18', as will' be readily understood;

receptacles 111 are held securely within their coin receptacles, an'dl the end of the bar 18' is either locked within the safe 31 or held' against lateral movement to the left, by the pad-lock 38, shown in Fig. 3. When the owner desires to remove the coins that have collected in the respective drawers, he ro-A tates the wheel 29 in a counter-clockwise direction, which, througli the rack and pinion engagement moves the bar 18 to the left until the several openings 23 aline themselves each with its respective drawers 1'5, as shown in Fig. 6, when the drawers Vmay be suitably removed and emptied of the coins which have collected therein. Upon the drawers 15 being replaced in their several compartments in their coin receptacles 14, the whcel29 is then rotated in a clockwise direction, which results in moving the bar 18` to theJ right until its end passes y through the aperture into the interior oi' Vthe safe 31, whereupon the hasp'37 is mserted within the hole 36 to prevent any movement oi the bar 18 to the lett; or, m the modiiied torni; shown in Fig. 3, the bar 18 is moved through the rack and pinion engagement until the hole 4'0 extends tothe riglit of the support 19, when the locking ring 390i the padsloclt38a passes through the holey L10 and the loclr 38LL is secured thereto, which will` prevent Vany lateral movement to the left of the bar 18.

The toregoing comprisesy an embodiment of my invention as applied to acoinactuated foodsdispensing apparatus, but l' donot wish tor be limitedv to its application to'sueh: a-dfeviceffor it is obviously applicable tof other` forms oft machines in which a plurality of coin receptacles are arranged in transverse alinement suitably spaced-apart to be locked or released by ai movement in either direction ota transverse locking. bar.

ljllavingA now `described myl invention, what I claimi as new and desire to secure by Let ters Patent is the following,1viz:` i

1. rlnbar` locking device comprising `in combinaftion with a plurality of equally spacedapart receptacles, each` having removable covers, of a bar slidably secured across said receptacles and covers, provided with spaced-apart cut-outs of slightly greater widtlr tlfian thewidth of their coacti-ng covers, said bar preventing outward movement of-jsaid coverswl'ien said cut-outsy are out of register with'usai'dl covers, and permitting said covers to `be removed only when the oppositely`disposed edges of said cut-outs are respectively outside the planes of the opposite sides of saidcovers, means `arranged at one end oli-said bar, comprisin air immovable safev compartment providec with suitable locking devices within which compartment said bar isl held, for securing said bar against transverse' movement only when the respective cut-outs are wholly'out of register with their' respective covers, and means interposed between: said receptacle covers and said lock-ing means for directly actuating said bar in either direction trans-V versely with respect to said receptacles.

2. A bar-locking device comprising in combinationwith a plurality of equally spacedI- apart receptacles, each having removable moved only when the oppositely-disposed edges of said cut-outsare respectively outside the planes of the opposite sides of said covers, means arranged at one end of said bar, comprising an immovable safe compartment provided with suitable locking devices Within Which compartment said bar is he1d,for securing said bar against transverse movement only when the respectivecut-outs are Wholly out of register with their respective covers, and means interposed betvveen said receptacle covers and said locking means yfor directly actuating said bar vin either direction transversely with respect to said receptacles.

3. A bar-locking device comprising in combination With a plurality of equally spacedapart receptacles, each having removable covers, of a bar slidably secured across said receptacles and covers, provided With spaced-apart cut-outs of slightly greater Width than the Width of their co-acting covers, said bar simultaneously preventing outward movement of said covers when said cut-outs are out of register with said covers, and simultaneously permitting said covers to be removed only when the oppositelydisposed edges of said cut-outs are respectively outside the planes of the opposite v their respective covers, and means inter posed between said receptacle covers and said locking means for directly actuating said bar in either direction transversely With respect to said receptacles.




Copies of this patent may be obtained for me cents each, by addressing the Commissioner of Patenti. Wanhinton, D. G.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2908538 *Apr 23, 1956Oct 13, 1959Stegmaier Raymond LInterior file cabinet lock
US2994573 *Sep 23, 1957Aug 1, 1961Tokheim CorpCan display, storage and disposal unit
US3847457 *Aug 20, 1973Nov 12, 1974Display Corp IntTamper proof storage and dispensing unit for cans of oil and the like
US4243142 *May 25, 1979Jan 6, 1981Foreman Dave OTape storage and display apparatus
US4667492 *Aug 27, 1985May 26, 1987Nhk Spring Co., Ltd.Locking device for a seat back of a trunk through-seat(sic)
US5358322 *Dec 16, 1992Oct 25, 1994Krueger International, Inc.Drawer locking system
US5417338 *Dec 11, 1992May 23, 1995Nova Sylva Inc.Container for segregating waste materials
U.S. Classification312/198, 49/20, 312/216, 312/218
Cooperative ClassificationA47B53/02