US 1277568 A
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AUTOMATIC NEWSPAPER DISTRIBUTE!- APPLICATION man 0E6. 5. I915.
PatentedSept. 3, 1918.
AUTGMATIC NEWSPAPER DISTRIBUTER.
APPLICATION man DEC-6. I915.
Patented Sept. 3, 1918.-
3 SHEETS-SHEET 2- T0 G/IARDI m lNVEN 0R %6 ms rum: ca. rnaruummI/Asmhumu. n. :7
AUTOMATIC NEWSPAPER DISTRIBUTER.
APPLICATION F ILE D DEC- 6. I915- Patented Sept. 3, 1918.
3 SHEETS-SHEET 3 1W NTQ Turn ' TITO IABDI, JER ME, ITALY.
I Application filed December 6,1915.
- T0 all whom it may concern:
Be it known that 1,;TITO GIARDI, 0f 'Viale della Regina'N o. 86, Rome,=Italy, have invented certain new and useful 'Impr0vements in Automatic Newspaper-iDistributers; and I do hereby declare the following to be a full, clear, andexact description of the same.
The object of the-present invention is to provide a machine for newspaper distribution, which is simple and efficient. Theinvention consists of the construction, combination and arrangement of parts as herein illustrated, described and claimed.
In the accompanying drawings, forming part hereof, is illustrated a form of embodiment ofthe invention, in which drawings similar reference characters designate corresponding parts, and einxwhich Figure lis a vertical-section, partly broken away; takenapproxirnately on line A-B of Fig. 2; e
Fig; 2 is a horizontal section;
Fig. 3 is a fragmentary detail in perspective showingi on enlarged scale the parts numbered 6to=9 on the Fig. 1;
Fig. 4 is a diagrammatic View illustrating the. shifting of the newspapers Wlllll a run of a of the side; i
Fig. 5 is a-perspective view of the-apparatus, with part of the-walls and the 1llustration .of newspapers omitted for: the sake .of olearness;
Fig. 6 is a fragmentary-detail in longitudinal section of the coin control devlce;
Fig. 7 is a-"dragmentary detail in vertical section taken approximately on line :E -F of Fig. 6; and, i
Fig. 8 is a fragmentary-detail in perspective of the coin actuating means employed and whichmay be of any form;
Newspapers O, magazines, or the like, are introduced, placed over each other regularly, into a casing 1, above-a basevplate2s This plate may be'flat or a= little convex toward its forward edge and, in its turn, 'issupported -Iby one ofthe shelves of the casing on ibearing plate 1 -pivoted at the ends of its-front edgeon the sides of the casing 1. The. said plates and consequently the newspapers, 01. such-like, are arranged i either horizontally (Fig. :1. upper part), or inclined ,upward for "newspapers. or thin vor light printed sheets (Fig. l lower part), or inclined downward: for heavy and stiff magazines.
S pe cification of Letters Patent.
Patented Sept. 3, 1918.. Serial No. 65,241.
Two vertical uprights 3. connected with each other as a-frame by horizontal cross p1 eces15-15 are each formed with guideways. The frame is supported on slides t movably disposed in suitable guidesd arranged parallel to the baseplate. When the base-plate 2 is to'be arranged at an angle, the uprights 8, by means of suitable connections with slides 1, may he kept vertical, as shown in the drawings. The slides and uprightsare moved from outside by any suitable means, such as knob 12 in the front, connected with them.
The function of the knob 12, and its connected parts, is to actuate the uprights 3 backward, and at the same time to lift a counterweight 13, shown in Fig. 5, connectedwith the uprights 8and arranged to actuate the uprights 3 forward, and hence to efiect the displacement of one newspaper as described below. i
A connection between the knob 12 and the counterweight 13 is made by means of a flexible member 14; disposed around small pulleys 16, the intermediate pulleys being connected with themetallic plate 1 while those at the ends are fixed to the casing 1. Between the handle 12 and the uprights, fo instance, at 12 (Fig. 5), or at any suitable point, a connecting device may be inserted, being operated by the introducing of the coin. The flexible member 14 passes under the cross bar 15 andaround the pulley 16 on the plates 2 and is connected at its end to the cross bar 15.
' The counterweight 13 is connected with a small air pump 13 acting as a pneumatic brake or dash-pot when actuated downward, said pumpbeing provided with a very small air outlet 13 which can be adjusted to regulate the speed of movement of the displacement of the newspaper after starting the apparatus. I Starting themachine'on account of the compression of the air in the brakepump may take place with greater speed ,e., with some abruptness.
This arrangement thus facilitates, through inertia or sluggishness, the separation of a single newspaper from those underneath,
the inclination upward of the newspapers (Fig. 1 lower part) also contributing to the same end. Disposed in the guideways of the uprights 3 are the ends of a lightrod 5 adapted to run freely downward by its own Wei ht. Carried by the rod, 5 is a light bloc 6, rockably secured by means of pivots 6 on cars 5 carried on the underside of bar 5. On the forward movement of the bar 5, the block 6 assumes the position shown in Fig. 1, lower part, and in its backward movement the position shown in Fig. 1, upper part, by friction with the papers 0. The
block 6 has underneath its and toward its front part, a plate 7 secured by screws so that it is easily removable. A plurality of small metallic points 7 are carried on the lower face of the plate 7 of a length according to the thickness of the separate newspapers. The points 7 may be arranged either perpendicular or inclined forward and downward, with respect to the surface of the newspaper in which they are to stick. Over the rod 5 is fixed, a metallic plate 5 (Figs. 2 and 3) to increase or regulate the load on the points 7 The block 6 is further provided on its front part with a curved metallic plate 8 arranged to strike the upper surface of the newspaper O and to limit the rocking of the block 6 to prevent its turning over. Carried by the plate 8 is a pair of fingers 9, formed preferably of wire and pivotally held, which serve to push forward the newspapers previously displaced from the pile by the points 7 when the block 6 is actuated forward. For this purpose, the ends of the fingers are bent downward, or the fingers 9 may even be substituted by the plate 8 properly prolonged, when the thickness of the newspaper folds is trifling.
At the start of the forward movement of the two uprights 3 determined by the weight 13, the block 6, rocking by frictional contact with the papers 0, forces its points 7 into the paper for the entire length of said points and until plate 7 comes into contact with the paper and stops their penetration, and then the block pushes one newspaper forward for about half of its length. Then, being forced back under the movement of the handle 12, the block 6 is rocked, also by friction, its points are retracted and,leaving the first newspaper where it is, returns to its original position, only sinking, together with itsrod 5, to the extent of the thickness of the newspaper displaced. The counterweight 13 is released at the end of the run of the block 6, by releasing the handle or by the action of a coin introduced into the coin control herein described, if such device is used. hen movement of the uprights 3 again takes place, the block 6 begins the displacement of a second newspaper, which, either by itself or by the effect of the two fingers 9, forces the first newspaper forward until'it falls into the hopper 10 and comes out at the front of the case through the slot 11.
The weight and bending down of'each newspaper previously displaced operate so as to bend down in its turnthe following one, as soon as it has been shifted thus facilitating its movement toward the hopper. \Vith this aim also the action of two successive newspapers may be utilized, limiting the rocking of the block 6, so that the plate 8 and fingers 9 push forward one newspaper each simultaneously. This may also be done without the bending of the previous newspaper, displacii'ig each newspaper or magazine for more than half its width until it drops over into the hopper.
-The application of either system as also the horizontal or the inclined position of the heap of newspapers which has already been spoken of corresponds to the various conditions of weight, thickness, and stiffness of the separate newspapers. The rockable black 6 may also be substituted by a piece stationary with respect to the rod 5;
that is to say, the rocking of said block 6 is not necessary when the points are inclined at least about forty-five degrees so that while they stick into the paper during forward movement, they leave the paper, on account of their inclination, during back-- ward movement, producing only a slight line or mark on the paper itself.
The casing 1 may comprise a series of compartments placed over each other, or even several series of' such compartments conveniently grouped and adapted to stand. against the wall of an edifice, or to stand isolated like a kiosk.
Having thus described my invention, what I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters-Patent isi l 1. In a device of the character described the combination oomprisinga casing, a base '1T1GII1b61 in the casing arranged to remain inclined and to support, a pile of newspapers or like, a pair of grooved members arranged on each side of the base member, a frame supported to have reciprocating movement on the grooved members parallel to the base, guideways on the vertical uprights of said frame, a light horizontal rod adapted to slide freely Vertically in the guideways of the said uprights, paper engaging means carried by said rod adapted to en gage the paper only in one direction and means arranged to move from outside the said frame for a portion of the length of the newspapers or like.
' 2,. In a device of the character described the combination comprising a base member arranged to remain either horizontal or inclined and to support a pile of newspapers or like, a pair of grooved members arranged on each side of the base member, a frame supported to have slidingmovement on the grooved members parallel to the base, guideways on the vertical uprights of said frame,
a light horizontal rod adapted to slide freely vertically in the guideways of the said uprlghts, paper engaging means carried by said rod adapted to engage the paper only in one direction, means for moving the frame only in the backward direction, a counterweight arranged to return the said frame in its initial position and an air pump adapted to be operated by said counterweight so that the downward movement of said counterweight and the speed of the displacement of the newspapers is regulated.
3. In a device of the character described, the combination comprising a casing, a base member in the casing arranged to support a pile of newspapers, a pair of grooved members arranged on each side of the base member, a frame supported to have sliding movement on the grooved members, sheet engaging means carried by the frame, a handle disposed outside of the casing, a flexible member connecting the handle and the frame arranged to move same in one direction, and means for returning the frame to its initial position.
I. In a device of the character described, the combination comprising a casing, a base member in the casing arranged to support a pile of newspapers, a pair of grooved members arranged on each side of the base member, a frame supported to have sliding movement on the grooved members, sheet engaging means carried by the frame, means for moving the frame in one direction, a flexible member connected to the frame, a counterweight on the flexible member, and a pump arranged to be operated by the counterweight so that movement of the frame in one direction is retarded.
In testimony whereof I have signed my 7 name to this specification in presence of two subscribing witnesses.
' TITO GIARDI.
Witnesses DUILIO N ARDONI, MOLTEDO MARIA.
Copies of this patent may be obtained for five cents each, by addressing the Commissioner of Emerita, Washington, D. E2."