|Publication number||US1278320 A|
|Publication date||Sep 10, 1918|
|Filing date||Dec 22, 1916|
|Priority date||Dec 22, 1916|
|Publication number||US 1278320 A, US 1278320A, US-A-1278320, US1278320 A, US1278320A|
|Inventors||Gilbert S Ellithorpe|
|Original Assignee||Gilbert S Ellithorpe|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (43), Classifications (5)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
G. S. ELLITHORPE.
APPLICATION FILED M6 22. 1916.
1 378,329.. Patented Sept 10, 1918.
' ZZZ/3725]? 6 256??? 513 [war 6. @971 e g Ufa- T GILBERT S. ELLITHORPE, 0F ROGERS PARK, ILLINOIS.
Application filed December 22, 1916.
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, GILBERT S. ELLI- THORPE, a citizen of the United States, residing at Rogers Park, in the county of Cook and State of Illinois, have invented certain new and useful Im rovements in Shoe-Treads, of which the ollowing is a specification.
My invention relates to improvements in shoe treads.
One of the objects of my invention is to provide resilient, cushions for insertion in relatively hard or stiff shoe treads, such as the heel and sole of boots and shoes, whereby to absorb the shock usually imparted to the wearer by the impact, of the otherwise unyielding hard treads of stifl-soled shoes, to render walking more comfortable, quiet, certain and less fatiguing and to prolong the wear of the tread.
A specific object of my invention is to provide a resilient, durable plug, such as may be made of relatively soft, elastic rubber, preferably, having a wear-resisting surface for contact with the roadway, and compressible, for insertion within a restricted orifice provided for it, within the tread of the shoe, and so constructed as to provide a closed air space, between the plug and tread, to thereby produce an auxiliary, pneumatic cushion, cooper-able with the yielding plug to accomplish the shock absorbing function.
Another object of my invention is to provide a metallic receptacle, for the cushion, inscrtible in the relatively unyielding portion of the tread, of the sole and heel of a shoe. and through which fastening means may be passed to secure the outer layer of the relatively stiff tread to the overlying portion of the shoe.
Other and further objects of my invention will become readily understood, by persons skilled in the art, from a consideration of the following description when taken in conjunction with the drawings, wherein- Figure 1 is a plan vicwof the heel of a shoe showing my cushion inserted therein.
Fig. 2 is a cross-sectional view, taken on line 22 of Fig. 1, showing the preferred form of the cushion insert.
Fig. 3 is a modification of a cushion inserted in a tread.
In all the views the same reference characters are employed to indicate.- similar parts.
While I have shown, in Fig. 1, the cushion -Specification of Letters Patent.
Serial No. 138,308.
inserted in the heel of a shoe, they are equally as well adapted for insertionin the soles of shoes, whereby to compensate, to some extent, in the latter instance, for the lack of spring of stiff soled shoes, in walking.
5 is the tread of the heel, or sole of a shoe, secured to a part 6 by any suitable means. The tread 5 may be made of relatively hard, or semi-vulcanized rubber, leather, wood, fiber or the like, provided on its outer sur- Patented Sept. 10, 1918.
face with perforations 7 for inclusion of the cushion plug 8. The perforations 7 are annularly and laterally extended, as at 9, for the radially projecting flange 10 of the plug. The plug, or cushion 8, is provided with a central cavity, or depression 11, which, in connection with the inner surface 12 of the tread 5, forms an inclosed air space, or cooperating pneumatic cushion, when the cushion 8 is compressed, as by walking.
IVhen pressure is applied to the tread surface 13, of the cushion plug, it is laterally compressed, as the result ,of the vertically applied pressure, and the space 14 is pro-' vidcd, in the orifice 7, within which the resilient member 8 may laterally expand. The air within the space 11, is thereby com? pressed and contributes largely to the resilient effect of the cushion body 8.
In Fig. 2- I have shown a tread plate 15, embedded in the cushion portion 8, and composed of a relatively hard tough substance, of any suitable character to provide a larger and more refractory bearing surface for the cushion to take the wear, or prevent slipping. such as fiber, metal or other material, keyed to the cushion 8 by an annular dove-tail key 16, or otherwise. fastened so as to be inseparably attached thereto. In the counter-bore 9, of the tread 5, I may in some structures, place a sheet metal receptacle 17, for the cushion 8. This reinforces the strength of the tread 5, bounding the orifiee 7, and provides a larger surface 18, to connect the tread 5 to the overlying portion 6 of the shoe, which may be done, as by moansof tacks or screws 19.. The metallic cup-shaped receptacle 17 furthermore provides a relatively air-tight wall for the open space 11; when the inner surfaces of'the cushion are pressed into contact therewith.
Vvhcn the inserts are placed in the bearing surface of the sole. of a shoe, their yielding effect, due to the pressure of the wearer compensates, to a large extent, for the lack of bending, in rigidly stiff soles, and when they are used in duce the shocks normally imparted to the wearer by more rigid heels, and prevent slipping, thereby rendering Walking much more comfortable and accompanied by less danger.
Having claim is v In combination With a shoe tread having a depression extending part Way through the tread and having an annular enlargement near the bottom of the depression; a resilient plug having a body part fitting in described my invention, what I the heel of a shoe they rethe body part of the depression and an annular flange to be received by said annular enlargement; said body part of the plug reduced in diameter near said flange to provide an annular space for its diametric'expansion.
In testimony whereof I hereunto set my hand in the presence of two subscribing Wit-
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2931110 *||Feb 26, 1957||Apr 5, 1960||Pietrocola Roberto||Sole and heel unit for shoes and the like|
|US3327412 *||Feb 25, 1965||Jun 27, 1967||Weinbrenner Shoe Corp||Outsoles having calks and method of manufacturing the same|
|US4237625 *||Sep 18, 1978||Dec 9, 1980||Cole George S||Thrust producing shoe sole and heel|
|US4358902 *||Apr 2, 1980||Nov 16, 1982||Cole George S||Thrust producing shoe sole and heel|
|US4577417 *||Apr 27, 1984||Mar 25, 1986||Energaire Corporation||Sole-and-heel structure having premolded bulges|
|US4878300 *||Jul 15, 1988||Nov 7, 1989||Tretorn Ab||Athletic shoe|
|US5343639 *||Oct 18, 1993||Sep 6, 1994||Nike, Inc.||Shoe with an improved midsole|
|US5353523 *||Oct 13, 1993||Oct 11, 1994||Nike, Inc.||Shoe with an improved midsole|
|US5617653 *||Apr 4, 1995||Apr 8, 1997||Andrew S. Walker||Break-away cleat assembly for athletic shoe|
|US5638615 *||Oct 26, 1995||Jun 17, 1997||Korsen; David L.||Shoe spike apparatus|
|US5743029 *||Sep 13, 1996||Apr 28, 1998||Walker; Andrew S.||Break-away cleat assembly for athletic shoes|
|US5896682 *||Mar 30, 1998||Apr 27, 1999||Gnan-Jang Plastics Co., Ltd.||Shock-absorbing rib and sole mounting arrangement|
|US5956871 *||Jun 17, 1997||Sep 28, 1999||Korsen; David L.||Shoe spike apparatus|
|US6487796||Jan 2, 2001||Dec 3, 2002||Nike, Inc.||Footwear with lateral stabilizing sole|
|US6880267||Jan 28, 2004||Apr 19, 2005||Nike, Inc.||Article of footwear having a sole structure with adjustable characteristics|
|US6898870||Mar 20, 2002||May 31, 2005||Nike, Inc.||Footwear sole having support elements with compressible apertures|
|US6964120||Nov 2, 2001||Nov 15, 2005||Nike, Inc.||Footwear midsole with compressible element in lateral heel area|
|US6968636||Apr 26, 2004||Nov 29, 2005||Nike, Inc.||Footwear sole with a stiffness adjustment mechanism|
|US7082698||Jan 8, 2003||Aug 1, 2006||Nike, Inc.||Article of footwear having a sole structure with adjustable characteristics|
|US7401418||Aug 17, 2005||Jul 22, 2008||Nike, Inc.||Article of footwear having midsole with support pillars and method of manufacturing same|
|US7493708||Feb 18, 2005||Feb 24, 2009||Nike, Inc.||Article of footwear with plate dividing a support column|
|US7533477||Oct 3, 2005||May 19, 2009||Nike, Inc.||Article of footwear with a sole structure having fluid-filled support elements|
|US7748141||May 18, 2006||Jul 6, 2010||Nike, Inc||Article of footwear with support assemblies having elastomeric support columns|
|US7774955||Apr 17, 2009||Aug 17, 2010||Nike, Inc.||Article of footwear with a sole structure having fluid-filled support elements|
|US7779558||Jul 4, 2005||Aug 24, 2010||Asics Corporation||Shock absorbing device for shoe sole|
|US7810256||Apr 17, 2009||Oct 12, 2010||Nike, Inc.||Article of footwear with a sole structure having fluid-filled support elements|
|US7841105||Dec 7, 2009||Nov 30, 2010||Nike, Inc.||Article of footwear having midsole with support pillars and method of manufacturing same|
|US8302234||Apr 17, 2009||Nov 6, 2012||Nike, Inc.||Article of footwear with a sole structure having fluid-filled support elements|
|US8302328||Jun 29, 2010||Nov 6, 2012||Nike, Inc.||Article of footwear with a sole structure having fluid-filled support elements|
|US8312643||Sep 28, 2010||Nov 20, 2012||Nike, Inc.||Article of footwear with a sole structure having fluid-filled support elements|
|US8656608||Sep 13, 2012||Feb 25, 2014||Nike, Inc.||Article of footwear with a sole structure having fluid-filled support elements|
|US20040128860 *||Jan 8, 2003||Jul 8, 2004||Nike, Inc.||Article of footwear having a sole structure with adjustable characteristics|
|US20040181969 *||Jan 28, 2004||Sep 23, 2004||Nike, Inc.||Article of footwear having a sole structure with adjustable characteristics|
|US20040221483 *||Nov 2, 2001||Nov 11, 2004||Mark Cartier||Footwear midsole with compressible element in lateral heel area|
|US20060185191 *||Feb 18, 2005||Aug 24, 2006||Nike, Inc.||Article of footwear with plate dividing a support column|
|US20070039204 *||Aug 17, 2005||Feb 22, 2007||Nike, Inc.||Article of footwear having midsole with support pillars and method of manufacturing same|
|US20070266592 *||May 18, 2006||Nov 22, 2007||Smith Steven F||Article of Footwear with Support Assemblies having Elastomeric Support Columns|
|US20080034615 *||Jul 4, 2005||Feb 14, 2008||Asics Corporation||Shock Absorbing Device For Shoe Sole|
|US20090199431 *||Apr 17, 2009||Aug 13, 2009||Nike, Inc.||Article Of Footwear With A Sole Structure Having Bluid-Filled Support Elements|
|US20100077636 *||Dec 7, 2009||Apr 1, 2010||Nike, Inc.||Article of footwear having midsole with support pillars and method of manufacturing same|
|US20110067263 *||Nov 29, 2010||Mar 24, 2011||Nike, Inc.||Article of Footwear Having Midsole with Support Pillars and Method of Manufacturing Same|
|USRE34102 *||May 14, 1991||Oct 20, 1992||Energaire Corporation||Thrust producing shoe sole and heel|
|EP2380451A1 *||Apr 20, 2011||Oct 26, 2011||A.C. Studio S.n.c. di Armando Cietto & C.||Shoe sole with improved muscular unconscious body response|
|U.S. Classification||36/59.00A, D02/967, 36/35.00B|