US 1278502 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
J. C. PLUMMER.
MOUNTING FOR FRENCH WINDOWS.
APPLICATION FILED JULY 6.1916.
Patented Sept. 10, 1918.
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JESSE C. PLUMMER, OF CLEVELAND, OHIO.
MOUNTING FOR FRENCH WINDOWS.
Specification of Letters Patent.
Patented Sept. 10,1918.
Application filed July 6, 1916. Serial No. 107,748.
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, JEssE C. PLUMMER, a citizen of the United States, residing at Cleveland, in the county of Cuyahoga and State of Ohio, have invented a certain new and useful Improvement in Mountings for French Windows, of which the following is a full, clear, and exact description.
This invention relates more particularly to a construction for mounting what are known as casement windows or French windows, and the object of the invention is to provide a construction for the purpose which will ffectively prevent rain or snow or wind which may beat against the outside of the window from leaking upon the inside of the window. Generally speaking, the invention may be said to comprise the elements and combinations thereof set forth in the accom panying claims.
Reference should be had to the accompanying drawings, forming a part of this specification, in which Figure 1 is an elevation showing a French window mounted in accordance with my invention; Fig. 2 is a transverse sectional elevation through the window and casement; Fig. 3 is an elevation with parts in section of a form of hinge by which the window is mounted, and Fig. 4 is an elevation with parts in section of a modified form of hinge.
It is usual practice in mounting French windows to provide a casingto which the sash is hinged. This casing at the outer portion is provided with stops against which the frame of the sash is adapted to engage and press when the sash is in closed position. The lower stops usually provided are upon the outside of the window sash, and when rain or snow are driven against the window,- the wind, rain orsnow are driven between the lower part of the sash or frame of the window and the lower stop. Thus rain or snow finds its way between the lower sash and the stop therefor, and gains access upon the inside of the window. This is a very undesirable feature.
In the construction proposed herein the sash is so mounted that the sash of the window at the lower portion engages with a stop located at the inside of the frame, which effectually prevents the ingress of snow, rain or wind.
In carrying out my invention, I provide a usual window frame such as indicated at 1, which at the upper and side portions is provided with stops indicatedat 2. These stops are in such position that when the window is closed the sash of the window, which is indicated at 3, will fit snugly and tightly against these stops.
At the lower part of the window casing there is a sill 4 which is of usual construction, and behind this sill and extending in part above it is a stop 5. This stop 5 ex-' tends transversely of the window casing and is in such position that when the sash ofthe window engages with the stops 2 and is.
pushed down, the lower part of-the sash 3 will engage with the outer portion of the stop 5 making a snug fit. I
The sash 3 is mounted so that it may be raised and lowered slightly. When in raised position the sash may be swung inwardly, as is usual with casement windows. WVheiiin closed position, as shown in Fig. 2, the frame of the sash is depressed, and cooperates with the various stops which have heretofore been mentioned. 7
The window sash itself is mounted by.
means of special hinges, one forinof which is indicated generally at 7 in Fig. 1, and -an other form of which is indicated at 8 inFig.
1. These hinges, while permitting the sash to swing, also permit a slight upward and downward movement of the sash frame, as will be later explained.
The hinge generally is represented at 7 in Fig. 3, and comprises two parts which are pivotally mounted with .respect to each other. One part of the hinge comprises a bracket 9 which is adapted to be mounted upon the window frame, this bracket being mounted by means of screws which extend through holes such as indicated at 10. This bracket at its upper end is provided with an extending arm, 11, through which is an opening indicated at 12. The lower part of the bracket is provided with asubstantially tubular portion indicated at 13. At its lower portion the tubular part 13 is provided with an opening, and through this opening there ex-' tends a pin 14 which is secured in any desired manner; for instance, the pin may be provided with a head 14* and at its lower end may be threaded to receive a nut 15.
The other portion of the hinge has a bracket 16 whichis secured to the sash of the window, this being accomplished in any desired manner, as by means of screws which may pass through the openings 17. The bracket 16 is provided with a tubular extension which is hollow, which tubular extension fits over and telescopes with respect to the tubular portion 13 before described.
Within the tubular portion 13 and the tubular portion 18, there is a spring represented at 19. This spring seats at one end at the bottom of the tubular portion 13, and
at its opposite end at the bottom of the a latch holder 22 which is carried by the window frame. This latch holder 22 is so positioned upon the window frame that when the latch 21 is in engagement therewith the window sash is closed and depressed with respect to the window frame, as indicated in Figs. 1 and 2.'
When it is desired to open the window the latch mechanism 21 is so turned as to withdraw the latch from the latch holder 22. The spring in the hinges will cause the window sash to be elevated a suflicient distance so thatthe lower part of the sash is raised slightly abovethe inner stop 5. In this condition the window sash may be swung inwardly.
In closing the window, the window sash is moved toward the frame until the window sash engages with the top and side stops indicated at 2. Then the window sash is de pressed by pressing upon the lower portion of the sash, or in any other manner, until the latch mechanism 21 is opposite the latch holder 22. Thereupon the latch is released, which prevents'the'window sash from raising under the action of the springs in the hinges, and holds the lower part, of the sash in properposition with respect to the stop 5.
In this position the lower part of the window sash is against the sill 4L, and is also pressing against the stop 5 while the: sides and top of the sash are engaging the'top and sides 2. Therefore any rain, snow or wind beating against the window is prevented from working around the window sash by the stops 2 and by the lower inner stop 5, for if these element-s beatagainst the lower part of the sash they will be deflected by thelower part of the sash.
In the form of hinge shown in Fig. i a bracket 25 is provided with screw receiving openings 26 by which it may be fastened to.
the frame of the window. The bracket has a tubular extension 27 which is hollow. T he other part of the hinge has a bracket 28 which is provided with screw holes 29 for securing it to the sash of the window. This bracket 28 is provided with a tubular extension 30 which is hollow and telescopes over the tubular portion 27. A spring 30 has its lower seat within the tubular portion 27,
and its upper seat within the tubular portion 30, and the tendency of the spring is to move the hlnge parts away from each other.
A'pin 31 extends through suitable openings in the tubular portions 27 and 30, and.
the spring 30 surrounds this pin. In this form, of hinge the pin 30 is'provided with heads 31 and 31 atthe extremities thereof, and the pin is of such length as to permit the necessaryrelative movement of the hinge parts for the purpose of allowing-the sash frame to have the movement necessary to permit the opening of the" window and the depressing of the sash when in closed position.
'It will be apparent that details in the construction may be varied without departing from the spirit of the invention.
'I-Iavingdescribed my invention, I claim: 1., A hinge comprising two members said members having a sliding and pivotal engagement with each other, a resilient member normally urging said members apart,
upon each other, a resilient member within the tubular part and normally urging said members apart, and means limiting the apart movement of said members due to theresilient means. i V
3. A hinge comprising two members which have tubular parts that telescopically engage and which are relatively turnable upon each other, a rod extending through said tubular parts and having 'headswhich are adapted to engage said members to prevent their separation, and a resilient member within the tubular parts and normally urging said members apart.
In testimony whereof, I hereunto affix my signature,
- JESSE C. PLUMMER.
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Washington, D. C,