US 1279077 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
BOTTLE LOCK. APPLlcATwN FILED MAv23.191s.
1 ,2799077 Patented Sept. 17, 1918.
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GEORGE J. BOHLMAN, OF MEDFORD, 1VIASSACI-IIJ'SEIS.v
specification of Lette'rsratent.
ratennm sept. 17, 191s.
' Application filed May 23, 191s. serial No. 236,113.Y Y
To all whom t may concern: Y
Be it known that I, GEORGE J. BOHLMAN, a citizen ofthe United States, residing at Medford, inthe county of Middlesex and VState of Massachusetts, have invented an top of a receptacle or cooler into which the liquid from the bottle flows until the liquid in the cooler rises suflicientlyto seal the mount of the bottle. The receptacle or cooler vis packed with ice to maintain a supplyof chilled'y liquid from which the beverage is drawn when desired.
i 'by means of which his product may be dis- It is common for the manufacturer of a beverage such as orangeade or a mineral water for instance, to furnish the cooler to the retailer who dispenses the beverage and to replace the bottles of the liquid, as they become empty, withfilled bottles.
The bottles or the cooler generally bear` the name of the manufacturer or vender of the particular beverage, or s ome trade mark tinguished from that of his competitors, and serves as a valuable advertising` medium by which, by the excellent quality of the product, its sale is romoteds It is foundthat unscrupulous retailers or vendersgof the beverage,- when the bottle is partially emptied'remove the bottle from the cooler, add waterv or other diluent to the contentsuntilv the" bottle is again fulland Dreplace the filled -bottle on the cooler and sell the diluted mixture for the original. TheA diluted mixture mayhave much `the appearance of the original2 beverage, as it shows in the bottle and by the distinctive markson th'ebottleor"1cool'er, the public isY deceivedv into buying what' they believe to Y bevthe product of a certain manufacturer,
knowing-"from acquaintance with' beverages soldund'er such distinctive marks that they Vare in all respects satisfactory. rIlhe diluted or otherwise tampered withfbeverageVY has notthe strength', or the other pleasing propthe'business-ofthe manufacturer are thereby `injured5lsinoe the public', to a great eX-tent,`
. ceases to buy beverages lsold under his distinctive mark.
Consequently the object of my invention is in the provision of a vlock whereby a bottle or other container may be secured in inverted position on al receptacle against rem'ovalE therefrom, until'the lock is opened,"
which lock is' soconstructed that it may be key." 1
:The mean'swhereby I accomplish the object of: myfinvention is in the provision of two movable jaws, Varranged in the receptacle and curved, to substantially conform to the neck ofthe bottle, when in their most adjacent position. able toward eachother to substantially encircle the neck 'of the' bottle to thereby prevent its removal from the receptacle. The movementof said jaws into locking or unlocking relation with the bottle is controlled by a Yale or similar type of lock arranged in the outer surface of thel receptacle, the turning of the proper key inserted therein serves to move the jaws. By the provision of a lock of the Yale type, the lock is rendered practicallyV immune from illegitimate operation and may be operated only by one who possesses the proper key.
Figure l is a sectional vview of a receptacle or cooler embodying my invention andy a bottle inverted thereon.
rFig. 2 is a l, 'showingthe lock in closed, or locking position.
y operated only; by one employing the proper Said jaws are movplan `'sectional detail of Fig.`
Fig. 3 is a plan detail showing the lock I in open or unlocked position.
Fig. tis a. detail of the jaw operating disk. v
Fig. 5 is. a sectionalvi'ewjalong lines 5 5' of Fig. 3. i
Fig. Gis a detaily of the outer wall ofthe receptacle 'or cooler, showing Yale lock. here shown 'the invention is applied to a' receptacle or cooler'having an outer wall l0v and a top wall 1l' adapted to support i its height;to'therebyforma stora espace l6ifor1ice, between its topfwa'll 1 V"which Y maintaining the contents of 'the' has a comparatively large cooling surface,
and the top of the cooler for the purpose of receptacle cold.V Y
The receptacle 15 is formed with a neck 18l of comparatively large diameter, which extends above the opening of the bottler inverted in the cooler and in'whichthe bottle locking Vmeans are arranged, said receptacle is provided with a 'faucet 18V by means of which the chilledV liquid in the receptacle may be withdrawn.
The means whereby the bottle'r12 may be secured in position on the cooler includes the lock 19 of the. Yale type, fastened to the outer wall 10 of the cooler and which has a Y face 20 extending slightly therefrom. vThe lockisprovided with a barrel portion 21 in the end of which is formed a key opening 22, whereby the barrel maybe rotated by in serting the proper key inthe opening and turning the key.
f the lock, it is exceedingly difficult for the barrel to be rotated exceptby the properkey.
A shaft or rod 23 is securedV to and extended from the barrelportion 22 of the lock through vthe neck 18 of the receptacle 15 for engagement with the bottle locking means. Said neck is provided with a packing gland 24 surrounding said shaft or rod to prevent leakage of liquid from the receptacle 15 into the space 16 adapted for the storage of ice. Y
The end of said shaft or rod extending within the neck 18 is provided with ak disk Y25 havingcam slots 25 therein, by which the bottle locking means maybe moved Vinto or away from locking engagement with the bottle. y l i rlhe bottle locking vmeans comprises essentially two flat jaws26 which are, supported by rand sl-idablyV arranged between the yWalls 27 of the channel member 28.
Said channel member 28 is curved to conform tothe shape of the neck 18 and is securedY therein by Vmeans of the screws 29 and extends substantially entirely around the neck, being cut awayadjacent the disk 25 toa'dmit said disk within the neck.'
Saidjaws 26 are pivoted together and to the channel member 28 by means of Ythescrew whereby the jaws are secured withiii said channel member and permitted to be moved toward or away from each other to lockor unlock the bottle in the cooler. The faces `of the jaws adjacent the neck of the bottle are so shaped as to conform to the' contour of the 4neck for substantially-the en-` tire circumference when said j aws are moved Y yt into locking position. ff lfhechannel member 28 vis so positioned in the neck 1S of the receptacle 15 that whenY Ysaid jaws 2 6 aremoved into lockingengage- .nient-with the neck of the bottle, they en- Due to the construction of vbe moved.
It may be Yseen that the locking means ranged to'encircle said vneck vto lock circle said neck Vabove the enlargedy mouth 31 thereof and thereby secure the bottle on the cooler.
Pins 32 are arranged in the ends 33 'of said f. Y
j awe 26 and are extended through the cam slots 25*V in the jaw operating disk 25 securedv to the end of the shaft '23 extended from the lock and form ineanswhereby the 'rotation ofl said shaft serves to move said f jaws into or away from locking engagement with said bottle. l
Saidcam slots 25 extend outwardly toward theperiphery of said disk from points near the center of the disk and are so shaped or Ucurved as to facilitate the movement of the jaws upon a rotational movement of the disk.
hen said disk 25 isin the position shown in Fig. 4 with the pins 32lthereinra'trfthe in- Y ner partof the cam grooves neark the center of the disk, the jaws 26are in their locking position surrounding the neck of the bottle and, due to the enlarged mouth 31 of the bottle, said bottle is thereby preventedv from being removed fromV Vthe cooler.
A rotational movement of said disk caused by the turning'of the key inserted iii the opening in the barrel of the lockV 19,
bottle to lock it in position on the cooler.i
The lookingmeans are so arranged, -due to the Yale lock employed, that ifa bottle is removed fromV the cooler and the jaws'locked in closed position, they cannot be forced into open position to permit a bottle to be inserted infthe cooler andit is necessary that j the lock 19 be operatedto Ycause thejaws to comprises essentially two locks, onek of which serves to lock a bottle in the cooler and the: other of which serves to govern the move ment of the first lock.
Iclaimkc- .l y 1. In a receptacley arranged -to' supporta liquid container in inverted position there;- on, said container having aneck adapted to extend within Lsaid receptacle, of means arthe vcontainer to said receptacle.
2. In a receptacle having ando-liter and an inner liquidreceiving; compartment,
and'arranged'to supporta container' yin Vin-ov verted positionthereomsaid. container hav! i ing ai fnek- Vradapted to' extend "into j saidvk iis izo
liquid receiving compartment, of means arranged to engage the neck of said container to lock said container to said receptacle, and operating means for said locking means extended through the outer wall of said receptacle for operation from Within said receptacle.
3. In a receptacle having an outer wall and an inner liquid receiving compartment, and arranged to support a liquid container in inverted position therein, said container having a neck adapted to extend within said liquid receiving compartment, of locking means' arranged to engage said neck to lock said container to said receptacle, and a lock governing said locking means arranged in the outer Wall of said receptacle.
4:. In a receptacle arranged to support a container in inverted position thereon, said container having a neck adapted to be extended within said receptacle, of locking means arranged to engage the neck of said container to lock said container to said receptacle and a lock to govern said locking means- 5. In a receptacle arranged to support a container in inverted position thereon, said container having a neck adapted to be extended within said receptacle, of jaws arranged within said receptacle and movable into engaging relation with the neck of said container to lock said container in inverted position on said receptacle.
6. In a receptacle arrangedto support a container iny inverted position thereon, said container having a neck adapted to be extended within said receptacle, of jaws arranged within said receptacle and movable toward or away from engagement with the neck of said container to lock said container to said receptacle, or unlock it in said container, and means to move said jaws into or away from locking relation with said container.
7. In a receptacle having an outer wall adapted to support a container in inverted position thereon, and an inner liquid receiving compartment, said container having a neck adapted to extend into said compartments, of a pair of jaws supported by said compartment and movable toward or away from locking relation with the neck of said container, an operating shaft extended from said jaws to the outer Wall of said receptacle and means to move Said jaws arranged in said outer wall of said container.
8. In a receptacle having an outer wall adapted to support a container in inverted position thereon, and having an inner liquid receiving compartment, of jaws pivotally arranged in said compartment and movable into or away from locln'ng relation with the neck of said container to thereby lock said container in inverted position on said receptacle or permit it to be removed therefrom, a jaw operating member arranged in the outer wall of said receptacle, a shaft extended between said member and said jaws, and a disk having cam grooves thereon in engagement with the ends of said jaws, the operation of said member serving to rotate said shaft to spread or close said jaws to unlock or-lock the container on the receptacle.
9. In a receptacle arranged to support a container in inverted position thereon, said container having a neck adapted to extend within said receptacle, of locking means arranged within said receptacle to engage said neck to lock the bottle to said container, and a lock for said locking means in the outer surface of said receptacle, said locking means arranged to be operated by the turning of a key inserted in said lock.
In testimony whereof, I have signed my name to this specification, in the presence of two subscribing witnesses.
GEORGE J. BOHLMAN.
T. T. GREENWOOD, I-I. B. DAVIS.
Copies of this patentmay be obtained for ive cents each, by addressing the Commissioner of Patents, Washington, D. C.