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Publication numberUS1279351 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateSep 17, 1918
Filing dateSep 8, 1914
Priority dateSep 8, 1914
Publication numberUS 1279351 A, US 1279351A, US-A-1279351, US1279351 A, US1279351A
InventorsJulius J Jorgensen, William G Latimer
Original AssigneeCoinometer Company
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Coin sorting and counting machine.
US 1279351 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)




1,279, 351 V Patented Spt. 17,1918.


I mmssszs;


APFLICA TWN FILED SEPT. 8.191 4- Arromvrrs Patented Sept. '17, 1918.

4 SHEETS-SHEET 4 mmnbns .r/axyens' Q 4 Tran/15 j 1.].JORGENSEN 6: W. G. LATIMER.






l Application filed September 8, 1914. STex-iaI-N'o. 860,531.

To all "whom it may concern? Be. it known that e, JULIUs J J 0mm:-

SEN, subject of the King of Denmark, and

WILLIAM G. LATIMER, citiien of the United States of America, residing at Detroit, in

the county 'ofWayne and State of Michigan,

have invented certain new end -dsef ul Imrovements in Coin Sorting and Counting Iachines, of whichthelfollowingtis a speci.

fication, reference being had therein to the accompanying "drawings. l

The invention relates to machines designed for the counting and the sorting of co ns, and it is the ob ect of the invention' to obtain it simple, compact and easily manipulated mechanism by which the coins willtbe' rapidly counted and sorted It is a, further object to provide nieans for "variably,

limiting the countor stopping the operati after a definite number of coins have'fb' ejeotedjromthe machine. Still furthe is an object to provide-means" for depositing the ejected coins direotly-intoithe wrappers or con; cases, With these and other ob ects in vjie'yv the invention comprises 'the verioii features of construction as hereinafter i In the drawings: V 5

Figure lie a plan view pa, tly 'sect o' F g 2 is a longitudinal "F ig. 3' p it" transverse 'secti 2; v- Fig. 4 is a' p'eispective view of the coin register;

as Figxs 'centrifdgilgactionofthe revolving disk-"end lthej'deflec'tor finger I will engage these; feed sheft G and hand crank G The-receptacle B s designed to receive the coins which are to be counted and in the rapid revolution of the disk bottom C these coins are thrown ontwurd by centrifugal action. The n er end ofthe receptacle is preferably provi ed with an inwardly curved flange B, which At one side ,of the receptacle B is a slot or opening H of suflicient size for the passai-ge of the largest coin which-is handled bythe machine, and adjacent to this aper tur'e is?! finger I whidh projects over the disk C and forms a-xake ordeflector for diresting coins carried by the revolving disk through the slot. Outside ofthe receptacle and in, linewith the slot H are feed rolls J nd J',"the former being driven from the I heel El, Both ofnthese wheelsare provided 7 5 itit ldabl ripher al facing; such as hich frictionzrlly engage the Wil 5Com en' sate for difierent Thus ea'c coin whichise'ected he receptacle through .th'e'pom ined 3Q 'prevents the throwing. out of any of the roi'n' 011s J tidbit-J", and will be'positively with reven from the path ofsucceeding'coinsq. 7 I iprflvent clogging'of the mnc'hme it is 35 essential that the .slot through which th'e coin" isejected'should be approximately the thick f coin, and it'is further necessary to agent means of preventing wedging s am .pleheimmediately above the revolving, d ehave therefore provided'an a'd- I "imiteble *ge'gle K whiclrmuy be raised- 0f v N w ofthe machine; g,v M a detailperspectiveivieur of the met; portion of the'reeeptacle which indjus ing-th siz q eout et A i1 teb ebn e 1' "be h ch snwunted e circUIerZreQepteQIe' having} revoluhfle "disk C forming the bottom thereof; 2 The itie'lly receives the-comes owing means-for disk 0 is mqnnt'ed u on a vertical shaft D which 1 may be rapid y revolved suitiible the disk is provided l with one or more or projections L on its upper-farce deposited in the receptacle B and the crank ing coins outward oentri'fugelly toward the slot intofengageinentwith fthej rollsfJ Jami-J.

The; mnehindhe th is 'adapted'for va ious ufiee -asf ollowsl means such zistheheveled E end F lowered to; alter the depth of the slot. Also;

which are so located-as to disengage eny 'in' terl'ock between coins hdjacent to the fingerif I." Thus in operation whenever ooinsiere' G is rotated, this will result, first, in throwwallof the receptacle; and Beoond,-1in' pass1- l rm erl eking of coins which are in the counting register i the machine is adapted for the rapid countnation is" normally oat-ct engagement with; the notches' of said wheelybut' once in each' notch Q, ofthe umtfwheel' th s will permit ing' of coins; A I,

Hecond,----by the addition of a stop mech 'anism the coins thus counted may be limited to the number required for the filling of the" Wrapper or for any other purpose;

'l.hird,--the coins may be directly fed from the counter into the coin wrappers; a id l ourt-li, -the machine may be used f sorting by setting the'gz'ige K so that only coins under a predetermined thickness will be permitted to pass out and by then gaging according to diameters.

For use as a coin counter, a counting register M is mounted so as to be operated by the passage of each coin. The mechanism whereljiy the coins actuate the register is best illustrated in Figs 3 and 5. As the coins pass between the rolls J and J they are guided at one side of their path of travel by a member T more fully described hereirr after At the other side of said path, there is me ited, a rockable member N pivoted at,

N and carrying two pins N" and N which project upwardly and are successively encountered by each coin, and displaced out of its path of travel. As the first of said ins is displaced out of the path of the coin the resultant rocking of the memberh displaces the other pin. into said path-,ancl upon encountering the second pin, the ,coin will rock-the1nember N back to its former posi- "tion, ready ttrbe acted upon by the next coin.

This rocking movement is transmitted to a l.

rockable pawl member 0 bywhich the reg ister is operated. The register may be of any suitable construction, but, nsshown, oomprisesa series ofMheels P P, etc, of different denominations, all of which are operated by the rockable pawl O engaging notches or teeth on the several wheels The lwhe'l' P has its-notches or teeth Q ailw yeineiiguemeut with the arm'() of the pawl and one Q is of gregter depth than the: others ftoperrnit or renter inward movementof the vewl fli'l'fi b [The arm 0' for thetens-whee onwhet-l of next denomir'evolution when the armlO enters the dee "the hngage'ment-pf thearln -Q" wi h the notch] of the tens 'wlieel .so asto cause the, "iiinni'ltaneous-r0iaitioxfot both unit and tens n; the" some thinner Toneof;v the whee -'. hotehespf-thetens wheelfi's deeper than the 'otherszso. asy-to permit iwj further jm'vand movement of the pawl to engage the same den'o mi' nijtion', and than the ca rryin g' may-be ff cted. through a iieiiie's or any number of? wheels; 1

;--. Fbr limiting Ethe $i1ht there i providedor the roll J and -T is'a spirally' 'groo' gage bar T is also connected the adjustment .of the-s1ide-T" -will.

an is raised and lowered thereby.- 'co'nnect1on consists of ain'K'von the-- n This gt vhuddle R to different positions of rotative adjustment, these positions'being selectively determined by a series of stops. The stops R? R R and R are preferably arranged 75 upon an adjustable lever R which in its several positions of adjustment will place said stops respectively in the path-of a cooperating stop pin R ona disk R which rotates with the wheel Thus by adjust- B0 ing said lever B and then turning the knob R the wheel R ma be adjusted to the desired position. Eac position of adjustment corresponds to a limited count, movement beingimparted to the wheel B through the 85 pins R and R successively engaging the teeth thereof, and when the wheel R is returned to'its initial position it is automatically locked to preventfurther rotation and to also lock the register and-the coinsejecting mechanism. This locking, as shown, is ctiected' by a dog S actuated by a .sprin S' and engaging a perforation S in the w ee'l' R, thus preventing further rotation,'and; b y the interlock between the wheel R and the .95:

counter and between the latter andthe es: capement N, stopping operation of the nib,

chine. I

To render the escapement mechanism op erative with coins of difi'crent'diarneters it is necessary that the width of the coin chum 'nelshould be varied. It is also 'e'ssimtiitl that the gage K should beraisedor lowered 5 to correspond to the thickness of. coin illi is ejected from the coin rece )ta'cle f hese two adjustmentsarc 'efi'ected are mechanism of the followingcons'tnnct T is. a horizontal shaft; T, is art-e e ortion of said shaftwliich fo'r ms' a jour cam uponthe shaft which engage -1w pi upon an adjustable slide Tcai-if'yin'g. bar T for the coins whichj'vpass" the machine and by "the escnpeinen .y a with the gage K and the lattlihT-is attached to the wall of the receptacle pins K- passing through cam slots-K said wall. These slots vare'so fashione' raising. orlowering of the guard member which i's' 'ptvottill :atta at one end K to the rceptaclejl whij its-0p. 'site endit is cohnectedto' the? p I extends overa segment'of. .therevolving plate C and also a portion of the rake or finger I, being provided with an 1-30 v.

Ken'gaging a cam slot iar therein,

uman outwardly extending flange K' which lies substantially parallel to the plane of' the disk C. T is an adjustable wheel at the end of the shaft G by which it may be rotated to 5 diii'erent positions as indicated upon an ad jacent index wheel T".

N'Vith the construction ofinechanism just described in operation whenever the inachine-is to be set for a particular denomina- 10 tion of coin, as for instance for pennies, the knob or wheel T is ad justed according to the index'T" to the proper position. This wil-l'cause, first, a rotation of the eccentric jOllfl'mt-l "I -s0 as to more the wheel J toward or from the wheel J to correspond to the gage-0r thickness of the coin. The same mouemento-f theshaft/T will rotate the cam T causing the )in T to more the slide T shifting the gui e T to adjust the width of the coin channel to correspond to the diameterbf the coin. A further effect produced b ,this sameadjustment-is to move the link and thereby to adjust the gage K so that the :slots K operating upon the pins K will raise or lower said gage corresponding to the thickness of the coin. Lastly this same adjustment will, through the connection be tween the gage K- and guard K effect raisingor lowering oi'th free end of said guard correspondingly a) the gage ,of the coin.

l It is-usual to {place coins when counted in wrapp'ers and this operation is also performedhy themachine by means of the following construction; U is an inclined chute arranged to receive the coins delivered from the-revolving 'wheels J 'and J. U is a springcli for attaching to the chute U the" upper en of a. flattened cylindrical coin. 40

straighten up a must the verwpl f F'to the longitudinal' axis off-4,119 r so ,qas 'togfit loosely wk" proper number of coins f m the chute U and in U will adj ust' the "rpendienlar to the longi- "ereby tightly contracting the ""ooi ti, after whieh the ends the; operation may to space .thesame from the revolving bottom other than the one just described, ich will" 1 b ing flatten d, will be of a diamboss oi the diameter of the coin, @j

t er will freely mss therei'nto and nward-againstt e stop U. pHere;

theystop but wil still be in a.

the wrapper the latter d the package rom 'iletedrat oids the ieeess'ity be performed with greater rapidit than with the more complex mechanisms eretoforeemployed.

' a In the complete operation of are inaehinwv "wheilit is desired to merelyconntcoins of fli l the same denomination and without limit tom".

the count, the lever B, is adjusted-10 th extreme end "of "its movement in one tioa. Thhsin addition a) adjusting the stops R R, ett.,' effectsautomatically an axial ad '75 jns'tment of thewheel'B- to disen a the teeth thereof from the ins R ant? or,

in other words, to ren er the wheel R inoperative from the register M. The means 1 for accomplishing this comprises a shaft V 30 having a tubular shaft -V' ,thereQIh upon which latter the wheel R is mounted. V

is a pin projecting laterally from the shaft vV and engaging a spiral slot V in themhular shaft V. V is a spring at theend of 5 the shaft V bearing against the wheel R for holding the latter in position 'of engagement with the pins Iii-and R". V is a pin upon the lever Rfi, which in the extreme position of adjustment of the latter strikes 9 against a .pin V extending radially from the a movement of the sleeve upon t e shaft against the tension of the spring V, and

this movement is sntiieient to disengage the 00: teeth of the w'heel R from the vpins This will prevent any movement of the reg 'ister from being transmitted to the wheel R and consequently the counting can .pro-

ceed indefinitely without throwing into operation the stop mechanism.

When the machine is' used for counting a limited number of coins the lever Ris ad justed to any one of-itsfvarious; ition's,

cause one of the stops R R? etc.- to be placed into the path of the pin on theWheei RtP. The shaft Vji's then revolved byithe R which WiI'l'Totate-said shaft and the wheelR until raised by the stop. :jThis ;,1 1 5-- movementis permitted without interference from the pins R and R: [upon 7 the unit's wheel, as in.thei'zeroposition of this wheel} said pins are both out of engagement w'i'thgi the teeth ofthe wheel R. p when the machine is properlyset, eitherfor a, limited count or lfor an unlimited IYI count, the coins are placed in' the receptacle Bjand motion is imparted to the disk 0; through thehandcrank G; throw the -eoins out'eentrifugally to-th'e Stationa ju hfllllhllwa'll of the receptacle and p a will a so carry them around in a circular path. :The coinslying directly upon the rei'oli'ing bottom {will Qass under the: guard B6 Portion, g s

- 'the"-slob through which said coins pass outwere, a guard for throwing the superposed 'y" ent ifu e C3 1. finger. for de' K3 and against the finger or rake I, but those coins which are raised upon otheu coins will strike against the. guard K which Wlll deflect thein inward. Thus there is an 5 alternate movement radially inward andi upon the revolving bottom and can thus pass beneath the guard l and into contact with the rake or finger I.

Under certain conditions there. might. occur an interlock between the coins resting upon the revolving bottom, which would prevent any one from being deflected by the rake I out through the slot II. This is prevented by the raised points Oi lugs L which are so positioned as to clear the finger I,

butto pass' iin sufiicient. proximity thereto to dislodge any coin which might interlock with the coin in engagement with said finger.

The coins deflected by the finger I pass through the slot beneath the gage K and through the slot H in the outcr'wall of the receptacle, and then pass in the channel between theadjustable gage T and the escapement mechanism N. As this gage 'I is adjusted; by the rotation of the knob T 7 to correspond to the adjustment of the gage K for thethickness of the'coin it is obvious that; any coin which can pass through the glage. K will also pass through the channel at e side of the gage T In passing through this channel the coins are fed at a uniform rate hythe feed rolls J and J which. also furnish the necessary power for actuating the escapement N and operating the count- 40 register.

iter passing through the discharge channel the coins may be either directed into Wfiappersashas been-described, or where the operation-isj merelc to count they -may be caught-in'an-y-suita 1e receptacle;

1 What-we claim as our invention is 1.; A mechanism for handling coins comprising wrleVolubleJ'rjlate upon which the coins'flre supported togo throw. the some out-. ward by centrifugal action, BkStfltiOIlflI) wall su 'dunding'said. plate and cutaway at one poms-,9: fingerfor engaging the coins di I rectly supported lonysaid plate, and deflecting through said cut away the same outwar I .or limiting the depth of coins-inwardyand a common means for ad;

j-iist-ing Said gage and guard.

W eccentric bear ng, and means for simulta- A-mechanisimfor handling coinscomj neously actuating Said eccentit'lc bear ng nd prising-a revoluble plate for supporting the' prising a rcvoluble plate for supporting the coins and throwing the same outward centr tugally, a peripheral wall surrounding said plate and cut-away at, onepoint, a

finger for engaging the coins directly supported on said plate and directing the same outward through said cut-away portion, an cscapcincnt actuated by the coins successively passed out through said cut-away portion, a gage for limiting the thickness of coins passing out through said cutaway portion, a gage. tor hunting the dian'ieter of the coins cooperating with said escapement,

a guard for deflecting inward the superposed coins, and a' conunon means for simultaneously and correspondingly adjusting said gages and guard. 4 Y

4. A mechanism for' handling coins comprising a revoluble horizontal disk, :a pcripheral wall suurol inding said disk and cutaway at one point, a finger adjacent to said disk for deflecting the coins supported thereon outward through said cut-away por-' t-ion, a gage for limiting the thickness of the coin passing outward through said cut-away portion, a roll for positively feeding the oin outward, a cooperating roll, a revoluble eccentric bearing forming-a journal for'Said cooperating roll and means for adjusting the same to the gage of the coin, and a connection between said revoluble eccentric bearing andsaid gage for effecting a' cor-respending. adjustment of each. I i

5. A mechanism for handling coins comprising a revoluble horizontally arranged disk, a peripheral wall surrounding said disk andcut away at one point, a'fingcr a d jacent to said disk deflecting the coins supported thereon outward through said cutpassing coins, cooperating ro is for engag' ing thecoins and positively feeding"the".

same past said escapement, an eccentric bear} ing for one of said rolls adjustable to vary the gage of the coin, a gage for liinitingthethickness of the coins passing out. through 7 said cut-awayportion "connected with "said v gage 6. A mechanism for handhn 001118 comprising a revoluble horizonta 1y arran' ed disk aperipheral wall surrounding said isk cut-away at one point, a finger adjacentto p said disk for deflecting the coins supported thereon outward through said cut-away portion, an escapement operated by the passing coins, cooperating feed rolls for positively actuating said coins past said escapement, an eccentric bearing for one of said feed rolls adjustable correspondingly to the gage of the coin, a shaft for rotating said eccentric bearing, 'a cam on said shaft, a gage for the diameter of coins cooperating with said escapement, a gage for the thickness of coins passing out through said cut'away portion, and means actuated by said cam for simultaneously adjusting said gages correspondingly and in correspondence to the adjustment of said eccentric bearing.

7. A machine for handling coins comrising a revoluble horizontally arranged disk, a peripheral wall surrounding said disk cut away at one point, a finger adjacent to said disk for deiic Ling the coins supported thereon outward throughsaid cut:- away portion, a gage for limiting the thickness of coins passing outward through said cl'lt-away portion, a cam bearing for said gage upon said peripheral wall, an escapement operated by the coins passing out through said cut-away portion, coo 'ierating rolls for positively feeding said coins past said escapement, an eccentric bearing for one ofsaid rolls, a rotary shaft connected to said eccentric bearing,.a cam upon said shaft, and a connection between said cam and said gage for adjusting the same during the rotative adjustment of said eccentric bearing whereby said cam bearing for said gage will effect the vertical adjustment thereof.

8. In a mechanism for handling coins, the c .)h1bination with a fectlu'oll and a c061)- erating member, of a gage for limiting the 0 size of the coins fed, a revoluble eccentric .bearing forming a journal for said feed-roll, and a common. means for rotatively adjusting said bearing and correspondingly ad justing said gage.

9. In amechanism for handling coins, the combination with a container having a, discl'iarge opening, of a gage for limiting the thickness of the coins passingthrough said open1ng, a cam bearing for said gage upon said container, at feed-roll and cooperating men'iber, an eccentric bearing for said roll, mechanism utilizing the cam mounting of said gage to permit variation of the discharge opening, and a common means for 56 adjusting said mechanism and eccentric bear ing according to the size of the coins to be fed.

In testimony whereof we affix our sigmatures in presence of two witnesses.


Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2906276 *Mar 8, 1956Sep 29, 1959Brandt Automatic Cashier CoCoin sorter
US2977961 *Dec 6, 1957Apr 4, 1961Brandt Automatic Cashier CoCoin sorting machine
US3994309 *Dec 13, 1974Nov 30, 1976Data Support Pty. Ltd.Coin separator
US4657035 *Mar 4, 1985Apr 14, 1987F. Zimmermann & Co.Device for separating single coins
US5066261 *Feb 21, 1990Nov 19, 1991Parham Michael OCoin hopper assembly
U.S. Classification453/3, 453/57
Cooperative ClassificationG07D3/14