US 1279819 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
W. E. ZINGSHEHVI &1. L. STUBBS.
APPLICATION FILED IAN. I7. IQIII 1,279,819. Patented Sept. 24,1918.
2 SHEETS-SHEET l.
Witnesses Attorneys w. E. ZLNGSHLLr-A L L. L. STUBBS,
SLEEPING PORCH, APPLLCATLON FILED LAN. 17. 19|?.
Yatentedept. 24,1918. v
2 SHEETS-SHEET 2 M5312 mm Q Witnesses lnvencon,
Attorneys WILLIAM E. zINGsHnIlvr AND JOHN LjsTUians, or PORTLAND, OREGON.
Specification of Letterslatent.
Application filed anuary 17, 1917. Serial No. 142,883.
`To all whom it may concern:
'Be it known that we, WILLLAM E. ZINGs- HEIM and `JOHN L. STUnBs, citizens of the `United States, residing at Portland, in thej county of Multnomah, State of Oregon, have' invented a new Vand useful SleepingfPorch,
" tion and .which will automatically move into of which the following is a specification.
This invention relates to sleeping porches,
one of its objects being to provide a structure adapted to be movably connected to a building soV that, when notin use, it will be v concealed within the structure but, when ,it
is desired to use the same, it can be projected beyond the wall. of thestructure by mecha nism'under the control of a person within the structure. I
A further object is to provide a structure of this type which has a sectional oor adapted to collapse automatically when the mechanism is retracted out of active posioperative position when the sleeping porch is moved outwardly from the building.
A vstill further object is to provide means whereby when the mechanism vis housed, the
f front rail thereof will constitute the sill of windows.
With the foregoing and other objects in view which will appearas the description proceeds, the invention resides inthe combination and arrangement of parts and in the details of construction hereinafter described Vand claimed, it being understood that changes in the preciseembodiment of the invention herein disclosed, can be made within the scope of what is claimed, without kdev parting from the spirit of the invention.
In the accompanying drawings the Ypre- Y A tion 13 also occupies this space under norferred form of the invention has been sllown.
In said drawings :f-
Figure 1 is a central vertical section through a sleeping porch embodying the present improvements, the same being shown projected to active position.
Fig. 2 is a plan view of said structure,
` parts Ybeing broken away and the adjoining portion of the wall of the building being shown in section.
Fig. 3V is a vertical transverse section on the line 3--3 Fig. 1. Y
Fig.A 4 is a longitudinal section through the sleeping porch, the same being shown partly extended. I
Fig. 5V is a detail view of one of the side panel operating wheels and some adjacent parts.
Referring to the figures by characters of reference-1 designates a portion ofthe wall Vof a building, the same being provided withv an opening 2 normally closed by hinged doors 3. Each of these doors isi-preferably formed of an upper section 4: having the appearance of a window and azlower section 5 which can be made solid so asto have the appearanceV of a portion of a door. Any suitable means may beprovided whereby Ythe upper and lower sections can be connected together so as to swing as one body after the manner of a door Vor,if desired, the up- 7 0 sectionV so as to swing outwardly in the samev per section canbe unfastened from the lower manner as aphinged window.
The `sections 5 are set back from the outer face of the wall 1 and they space in front of these sections is normally filled by 'arailing section made up of a'transverse base beam 6, al sill and a connecting panel 8. When these parts are seated ,within this spacev the sill 7 is arranged close under and projects outwardly fromV the upper sections 4 and the beam 6 rests against the lower portions of thelower sections 5, there being a space thus left between the panel 8 land the sections 5. Hingedly connected to the sides of the` opening 1 are side Vpanels 9 adapted to swing inwardly against the panels 5 andl to rest in lapped relation so as thus to partly fillfthe space between theV lpanels 5 and the panel 8. The balance of the space between the folded side panels 9 and the panel 8 is filled by a floor section 10 which is hinged along one edge to a projecting ledge 11 constituting a continuation of the floor 12 of the building structure. Another floor secmal conditions and onel end of the section 13 is connected to the bottom of the floor12 by one or more flexible straps "14 or the like. The two sections 10 and 13 arev adapted to extend parallel with each other between the Patenteasept. 24, 191s.
j1ool panels 5 and 8. Section 13 is connected at its upper or outer edge to chains l5 which v v pass upwardly over sprockets 16 arranged underV the sill 7. Fromvthese sprockets the chains extend downwardly close to and back of the panel 8 to sprockets 17 under beam 6 and thence inwardly to sprockets 18 j arranged under the opening 2 and secured to a transverse shaft 19Vjournaled in the wall of Y the structure 1. Weights 2O are connected.
tothe inner ends of these chains and serve to hold said chains normally taut.
The beam 6 is secured upon the outer ends of supporting beams or girders 21 having longitudinalraclrs 22, said girders and racks being extended through openings under the floor 12 and within the wall 1 and being supported on gears 23 secured to the shaft 19 and which are of `'less diameter than sprockets 18. Guide rollers 24 are varranged between the joistsl 25 on which the floor 12 is mounted and the beams or girders 21 are adapted ,to work vbetween these rollers. Top strips 2,6 are secured on the beams or girders 21 yand have their upper faces flush with the top face .of the ybeam or cross member 6, these strips 2.6 being ,adapted to extend up to the ledge 11 when the porch is extended to active position. Y
A lgear 27 is secured to the shaft 19 and meshes with a gear 28 secured to an intermediate .sha-ft This shaft in turn has a gear 30 meshing with .a gear 31 which is secured to a shaft v32 extending into the building :structure from the wall 1 .and provided with a gcrank 33 or other suitable means whereby it can ybe rotated by an Loccupant of the building structure.
Assuming .that the door sections 10 and 13 .are standing on edge in the space between the panels 5 ,and the panel 8 and that the sill 7 is drawn up against the lower edges of the window sections 4, the sleeping porch can be extended outwardly to active position by rotating shaft 32 and causing motion thus to be transmitted to the shaft 19. Consequently gears 23 will push the racks 22 Aand the parts carried thereby outwardly from the wall 1 and at the same time the sprockets 18 will pay out the chains 15. One or more straps 34 are yattached to the outer or upper edge of lthe section 13 and extend downwardly under guide sheaves 35 carried by the cross member 6 and thence inwardly where they are mounted on pulleys 36. Thus when the structure is moved outwardly as described, and the chains 15 are paid out, the straps 34 will pull downwardly on the outer edge portion of the floor section 13 while said floor section will be slid outwardly with the panel 3 it is gradually lowered The floor section 10, which rests on .the section 13 will swing downwardly by gravity and, when the porch has been fully extended, the two sections 10 and 13 will thus kbe brought into horizontal positions with their inner edges close together. The inner or meeting edges of the two sections 10 and 13 are preferably beveled as shown, so `as to lap. After 'the ,structure has thus been extended, the side panels 9 can be swung outwardly by any Asuitable means provided fOr that purpose and which means are preferably actuated from within the building structure. These side panels will be brought to a stop'against side cleats 36 extending inwardly from "the sides 0f the panel 8 and when the side panels have thus been positioned, the two sections 4 and 5 :can be opened .outwardly after `the manner of a door so as to permit access to be had readily to the porch. Vhen it is desired to house the porch, the sections 4 and 5 are closed, the side panels 9 are swung to lapped position under the sections 4 and the rotation of shaft 19 is reversed so as to cause the racks 22 to move inwardly under the floor 12. Thus the sprockets 18, which are of greater .diameter than the gears 23, will pull on the chains 15, moving them faster Y than the racks 22, and cause the outer edge of the panel 1.3 to .be moved upwardly .and the beveled ledge of the section 13 will act as a wedge whereby said section 13 will work under the beveled edge of the section 10 and gradually elevate said section 10 as the structure is .being moved inwardly until the parts ultimately ,assume their housed positions.
The vstraps `34 which are mounted on the pulleys 36 .are provided with weights 37. This arrangement will prevent .the intermediate portions of the straps from becoming slack .and hanging downwardly during the housing of the structure.
An awning 38 Ymay be erected on the wall 1 .and can .be so proportioned asv to cover the ,sleeping porch when extended. The awning can be of any preferred construction and constitutes no part of the present invention. e
As has heretofore |-been stated, various means may be employed for actuating the side panels so .as to move them into or out of active position. For example, a Yshaft 39 may be extended transversely under the door structure and the floor adjacent thereto and mounted on this shaftV under the side portions of the door may -be broad spaced wheels 40. Each wheel has a guide channel 41 therein provided with portions close to and parallel with the respective sides of the wheel and with an 'intermediate obliquely disposed portion 42. The side panels 9 Vhave pivot rods 43 extending downwardly from their linner ends and secured to the lower ends of these rods are arms 44 having studs 45 which .work within the ygrooves 41 and 42. Shaft 39 is provided at one end with a gear 4'6 meshing with a gear 47 secured to the lower end vof a vertical shaft 4S. To the upper end of this vertical shaft is secured a gear 49 which is adapted to receive,
motion through a gear 50 from a crank arm larranged inside of the building. Thus after the floor of the porch has 'been ex*- tended as hereinbefore described, the crank 51 can be rotated for the purpose of rotating the shaft 39, whereupon the wheels 4/0'will revolve and cause arms 44 to swing through 90 degrees with t-he result that the panels '9 will be swung fromV their innern'iostl or lapped position outwardly to theirextended position, thusV to close the sides of the sleeping porch; Prior to retracting the sleeping porch, the side panels can be folded inwardly against the lower sections of the door by reversing the foregoing operation.y
floor, fioor sections collapsible to position back of theV railing and adapted to be concealed thereby, means for shifting the slidable structure outwardly from the wall of the fixed structure, and means for automatically'laying the floor on said slidable structure during such movement.A 4
2. The combination with the `wall of a structure having'an opening therein, land a floor extending into the opening, of a slidable structure mounted to work below the floor and to project therebey'ond, an end railing carried by said structure and adapted to occupy the lower portion of the wall opening when the structure is housed below Y the floor, floor sections collapsible to position back of the railing and adapted to be concealed thereby, means for moving said slidable structure into housed position, and means controlled by such movement for collapsing the floor into position back ofthe railing.
3. The combination with the wall of a structure having an opening therein, and a floor extending into the opening, of a slidable structure mounted to work below the f oor and to project therebeyond, an end railing carried by said structure and adapted to occupy the lower portion of the wall opening when the structure is housed below the floor, floor sections collapsible to position back of the railing and adapted to be concealed thereby, means for shifting the structure outwardly from the wall of the structure, means for automatically laying the fioor on said structure during such movement, side panels adapted to be housed back of the railing, and shiftable laterally to positions above the sides of the fioor on the slidable structure. Y
4. The combination with the wall of a structure having an opening, and sectional closures for said opening, each closure having an upper and a lower section, of a slidable structure adapted to be housed within the first named structure, a railing carried thereby t and normally housed within the lower portion of the wall opening and providing a sill for the upper sections of the closure, a sectional floor normally collapsed back of the railing, means forA shiftingfthe:
slidable structure outwardly from the wall, and means for automatically laying the collapsible floor during such outward move-V ment. Y Y Y "5L The combination with the'wallV of a structure having an opening, and sectional closures forsaid opening, each closure'hav- Aing an upper and a lower secti'on,'of aslidable structure Vadapted to be housed within the first named structure, a 'railing carried thereby and Ynormally housed within the lower portion of thewall opening and providing a sill for the upper sections ofthe closure, sectional floor lnormally collapsed back of the railing, means for shifting the slidable structure outwardly from Ythe wall, means for automatically laying Vthe collapsible floor during such outward movement., and side panels shiftable to position between the railing and the sides of the wall opening, 'said panels being normally housed back of the railing and transversely of the openm t Y Y The combination with abuilding struc, ture having an apertured wall and a floor at the bottom of the aperture and providing a ledge, of a slidable structure normally housed under the floor and including a rack, an end railing carried by said structure and normally housed within the lower portion of the opening, said end railing forming a sill, sectional closures within the opening, said closures consisting of upper and lower sections, the upper sections normally extending downwardly to the sill, a floor section hingedly connected to the ledge and normally upstanding between the closure and the railing, another floor section normally interposed between the hinged floor section and the railing, a flexible connection between said last named fioor section and the ledge, means connecting said floor section to the sill, and meansV for simultaneously shifting. the slidable structure and said connection to move the railing outwardly from the openin and to lower the floor sections.
The combination with a building structure having an apertured wall and a floor at the bottom of the aperture and providing a ledge, of a slidable structure normally housed under the floor and including a rack, an end railing carried by said structure and normally housed within the lower portion of the opening, said end railing forming a sill,
sectional closures within the opening, said means connecting said floor section to the sill7 means for simultaneously shifting the slidable structure and said connection to Vmove the railing outwardly from the opening and to lower the floor sections, and weighted mea-ns for facilitating the lowering roi the sections.
8. The combination with a building structure having `an apertured wall and a floor at the bottom of the aperture and providing a ledge, kof a slidable structure normally housed under the floor and including a rack, an end railing carried by said structure and normally housed within the lower portion of the opening, said end railing forming .a sill, sectional closures within the opening, said closures consisting oi" upper and lower sections, the upper sections normally eX- tending downwardly to the sill, a floor section hingedly connected to the ledge and normally upstanding between the closure and the railing, another floor section normally interposed between the hinged iiioor section and therailing, a flexible connection between said last named floor section and the ledge, means connecting said floor section to the sill, means for simultaneously shifting the slidable structure and said connection to move the railing outwardly from :the opening and to lower the Hoor sections, and side panels normally extended transversely of the opening and back of the railing and shiftable angula-rly to close the spaces between the railing and the wall when said railing is projected beyond the wall.
In testimonyV that we claim the foregoing as our own, we have hereto aiiiXed our signatures an the presence of two witnesses.
VILLI-AM E. ZINGSHEIM. JGHN L. STUBBS.
Witnesses S. G. GALBRAITH, A. F. FLEGEL.
Copies of this patent may be obtained for five cents each, by addressing the Commissioner of Paten-tm Washington, D. U.