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Publication numberUS1280055 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateSep 24, 1918
Filing dateApr 22, 1918
Priority dateApr 22, 1918
Publication numberUS 1280055 A, US 1280055A, US-A-1280055, US1280055 A, US1280055A
InventorsAubrey D Mccrosky
Original AssigneeAubrey D Mccrosky
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Doll.
US 1280055 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

A. 0. mccnosm.

DOLL. V APPLlCATlOll FlhED APR.22. I918.

PatentedSept 24, 1918.

OFFICE.

UNITED STATES AUBREY n. MOCROSKY, 01"

LOS ANGELES, CALIFORNIA.

DOLL.

Application filed Apri1'22 T 0 all u-lw'm it army/concern.

.Be it known that Anunnr D. MoCnosKY, a citizen of the United States, residing at Los Angcles, in the county of Los Angeles, and State of California, have invented new and useful Improvements in Dolls, of which the following is a specification.

My object is to make a doll head having mechanically operated eyes, and my invention consists of the novel features herein shown, described and claimed.

Figure l is a side elevation of the head, parts being broken away and shown in section to show the construction and operation of the mechanism.

Fig. 2 is a sectional detail on the line 2--2 of Fig. 1.

A head 1 is made hollow. An enlargement 2 is formed in the top of the head 1 to extend into the hollow A post 4 is screwed into this enlargement 2, said post being centrally located in a vertical position.

A shaft 5 is fixed across the hollow 3 with its ends. embedded in the material of the wall; the shaft 5 being in vertical alinement with the post 4. A casting 6 is fixed upon the shaft 5 and upon the lower end of the post 4.

A bevel gear 7 is mounted upon the ost 1 and rests upon the casting 6. A ratchet 8 is mounted upon the post 4.- rig-id with the bevel gear 7. A lever 9 has a bearing 10 loosely mounted upon the post 4 on top of the ratchet 8, so that the lever will swing freely in a substantially horizontal plane.

A weight 11 is attached to the outer en of the lever 9 and a pawl 12 extends from the lever 9 to engage the ratchet 8, so that when the weight swings one way the pawl will slip over the ratchet teeth and when the weight swings the other way the bevel gear 7 will be rotated.

A inion 13 is fixed upon the pintle ex tending from the casting 6 and the pinion 13 meshes with the gear 7. A disk 14 is fixed to the pinion 13. Pins 15 and 16 are fixed through the disk 14. Conical rollers 17 and 18 are loosely mounted upon the front ends of the pins 15 and 16.

A pivot shaft 19 is horizontally mounted behind the eye openings 20 and 21 ancl'the eye-balls '22 and 23 are fixed upon this pivot shaft 19. A fan shaped arm 24: extends backwardly from oneof the eye-balls 22 and 23, said arm being fiat horizontally.

Specification Letters Patent.

Patented Sept. 24,1918.

,1918. Serial. No. 230,009.

rights 25 and 26 are secured to the eyeballs 22 and 23 back of the pivot 19. Stops 2i and 2b. are formed upon the eyeballs to'limit the movement of the eye-balls relative to the sockets.

The parts are so arranged that the irises '29 are in their normal positions when the rollers 17 and 18 a're out of contact with the arm 24, and the weights 25 and 26 have restored the eye-balls to their normal positions with the stops 28 against the wall of the head. I

At this time the doll is supposed to be upright. and the doll is wide. awake. If the head is tilted one way the weight 11 will swing freely upon the post 4, and if the head is tilted the other way as in putting the doll to bed, the weight 11 will swing the bevel gear 7 to operate the pinion 13 to operate the rollers 17 and 18, to engage the arm 24 and elevate the arm until the stops 27 engage the wall of the head and the irises move step-by-step out of registration with the sockets and the doll goes to sleep.

If the doll is laid fiat on her back in a cradle and the cradle rocked, the weight or pendulum will swing back and forth, a ratchet tooth at a time, and graduall close the eyes thereby producing the e ect of rocking the doll to sleep.

Various changes may be made without departing from the spirit of "my invention as claimed.

I claim:

1. A combination with a hollow doll head having eye sockets, of eye-balls pivotall mounted and having irises to register wit the sockets; stops to limit the up and down movement of the eye-balls on theirpivots; an operating arm extending backwardly from the eye-balls; a pivoted lever mounted to swing in "a horizontal plane; and means whereby the swinging of the lever operates the eye-balls out of registration with the sockets.

2. A combination with a hollow doll head having eye sockets, of eye-balls fixed together and pivotally mounted, andhaving irises to register with the sockets; an arm extending backwardly from the eyeballs; a weighted lever pivotally mounted to swing in a horizontal plane; a bevel gear; a pawl and ratchet connection between the lever and the bevel gear; a bevel pinion meshing with the bevel gear; and means carried by the bevel pinion for engaging the arm to raise the arm and move the irises out of registration with the sockets.

:5. A combination with a hollow doll head having eye-ball sockets, of eye-balls fixed together and pivotally mounted and having irises adapted to register with the sockets; a weighted lever pivotally mounted in the hollow of the head; and means whereby the swinging of the lever back and forth will operate the eye-balls to move the irises stepby-step out of registration with the sockets.

4. A combination with a hollow doll head having eye-ball sockets, of eye-balls fixed together and pivotally mounted and having irisos adapted to register with the sockets; a weighted lever pivotally mounted in the hollow of the head; means whereby the swinging of the lever will operate the eyeballs to move the irises out of registration with the sockets; and balancing weights for returning the eye-balls to their normal positions with the irises in registration with the sockets.

In testimony whereof I have signed my name to this specification.

AUBREY D. MGCROSKY.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2556304 *Feb 23, 1949Jun 12, 1951George VelkasDoll head with simulated growing teeth
US2616216 *Jan 10, 1947Nov 4, 1952Edward FraysurDoll
US3358400 *Dec 22, 1964Dec 19, 1967Ideal Toy CorpMoving eye mechanism
US3482350 *Apr 14, 1964Dec 9, 1969Wolf TobinMovable doll eye including crossed slots carrying rotation causing means
US3530616 *Apr 3, 1968Sep 29, 1970Jacoby BenderSide sleeping doll eye
US3738055 *Sep 7, 1971Jun 12, 1973O MarbleDoll having gravity-actuated changeable eyes and denture arrays
US4560363 *Jan 3, 1984Dec 24, 1985Mattel, Inc.Eye-moving mechanism for a figure toy
US6599166Apr 27, 2001Jul 29, 2003Steven EllmanMethod and device for causing a toy to simulate a condition, such as yawn or sleep
US7189137May 16, 2005Mar 13, 2007Steven EllmanTearing mechanism for a toy, such as a doll, having fixed or movable eyes
US7322874Jun 1, 2005Jan 29, 2008Steven EllmanExpression mechanism for a toy, such as a doll, having fixed or moveable eyes
US20050287913 *Jun 1, 2005Dec 29, 2005Steven EllmanExpression mechanism for a toy, such as a doll, having fixed or movable eyes
US20070254554 *Jul 10, 2007Nov 1, 2007Steven EllmanExpression mechanism for a toy, such as a doll, having fixed or movable eyes
Classifications
U.S. Classification446/347
Cooperative ClassificationA63H3/40