Improvement in molasses jugs and pitchers
US 128100 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
' WILLIAM BENNETT.
Improvement in Molasses-Jugs and Pitchers.
No.128,100. I Patentedlune18,1872.
" STATEs PATENT ()FFIGE.
IMPROVEMENT IN MOLASSES JUGS AND PITCHERS.
Specification forming part of Letters Patent No. 128,100, dated June 18, 1872.
To whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, WILLIAM BENNETT, of Baldwin township, Allegheny county, Pennsylvania, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Molasses and other Jugs or Pitchers, of which the following is a specification:
My invention is directed to jugs or pitchers provided with covers, such, for instance, as molassesjugs. It has been usual heretofore to hinge the covers to these jugs. There are objections, however, to this mode of connecting the two, both on the score of expense and because the cover will not act efl'eetually to cut 01f the flow of the molasses or other liquid poured from the jug, so as to prevent drippings. I propose to remedy these defects by a novel construction of the jug, and combina tion with the same, 0f a cover arranged to slide instead of to move on a hinge.
In the accompanying drawing I have represented, for the purpose of illustrating the manner in which my invention is or may be carried into effect, a molassesjug, made in accordance with my invention.
It will be understood that jugs and pitchers for other uses, and of varying shapes, can be constructed in a similar manner.
Figure 1 is a perspective view of the jug. Fig. 2 is a transverse vertical section of the top and cover of the same.
The rim (1. of the jug A is made of flat and level, or in other words, is so formed as to afford an even and proper bearing for the cover B, to slide on toward and away from the mouth b, or that portion of the rim over which the molasses is poured from the jug. The desired formation of the top can best be attained either by grinding down the rim, if the jug be of glass or earthenware, or by attaching to the jug-top a rim of metal or other suitable material of the proper size and shape; The sides of the rim, when the cover is provided with overlapping side-flanges c, as shown, should be parallel, and on the exterior of the sides are formed grooves d, or their equivalents, for the reception of the overhanging side-flanges of the cover, for the purpose of holding said cover down in its proper position on the top. The front of the cover is curved to correspond in size and shape with the contour of the mouth or front part of the rim of the jug and the cover, when moved forward, fits closely on the mouth I), to prevent drippings. Under this arrangement the cover can be, by the thumb-piece e, slid back and forth, thereby enabling the person pouring out the molasses or other liquid to cut on at once as much as needed, without the annoyance and delay caused by drippings. The back of the cover is bent down on the outside of the jug a short distance, so as to prevent the cover being moved further forward than necessary to out off the flow of the liquid and prevent drippings. The handle D of the jug is placed low enough to allow the cover to be removed from the jug when necessary.
In making glass jugs the glass is blown into a mold, and is made a little longer than needed; and when taken out the top is ground down to a line indicated by a slight mark in the mold. The die, for stamping the covers, will, of course, be of such shape as to produce covers which will accurately fit the tops of the jugs for which they are intended. The advantage of this plan is, that while producing a good article, the expense is very materially reduced, as the cover can be stamped up, and n0 metal at all is required to be attached to the top of the jug.
I have described what I consider to be the best manner of carrying my invention into effect but it is manifest that many other ways of arranging the cover to slide may be adopted without departure from my invention, the distinguishing feature of which consists in the use of a sliding cover, arranged as described, whereby the flow of the liquid, being poured from the jug, can be cut oif at once and without drippings. For instance, in making the jugs of glass, or earthenware, and especially of thelatter material, the top of the jug can, in some cases, be made of the right shape without grinding, although I prefer the grinding-down operation, as the most simple and desirable, and the best adapted to quickly and perfectly bring the top of the jug to the proper shape.
In making metal covers, those made of tin and some other metals, can be stamped in a die; but in making them of Britannia, it is better to cast and then polish them. I
I do not, therefore, limit myself to the precise details herein described, but what I do claim, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, 1s-
1. A jug or pitcher, made substantially as specified, and provided with a sliding cover closing the top and the mouth of said ug, substantially as herein shown and set forth.
2. A jug or pitcher, made wholly of glass or earthenware, and constructed and formed as herein described, to receive a sliding cover.
3. The combination of a jug or pitcher, formed at its top with a flat or level rim and parallel sides, grooved or equivalently formed on ing witnesses.
WILLIAM BENNETT. lVitnesses:
JONATHAN HALEY, WnsLEY BENNETT.