US 1281984 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
L. LONGE DEVICE FOR MAKING BEVERAGES, EXTRACTS, AND EMULSI'ONS FROM NUTS, FRUITS, SEEDS, ac.
APPLICAUON FILED JUNE I7. 196- Patented Oct. 15, 1918.
INVENTOR lax/2'15 Long.
BY 2 6 ttorneys WITNESSES tion, and is TED STATES FATE FFICE.
LOUIS LONG, on NEW YORK, n. Y.
DEVICE FOR MAKING BEVERAGES, EXTRACTS, AND EMULSIONS FROM NUTS, rnurrs,
Specification of Letters Patent. Patented Oct. 15, 1918. 1
Application filed June 17, 1916. Serial N 0. 104,298.
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, Louis LoNG,a citizen of the United States, residing in the city of New York, borough of Bronx, county of Bronx, and State of New York, have invented a certain new and useful Device for Making-Beverages, Extracts, and Emulsions from Nuts, Fruits, Seeds, &c, of which the" material to be operated upon, an elongated tubular member for supportingthe bag, and
means for drawing a portion of the container'into the tubular'member and adapted to serve other functions hereinafter de- 7 scribed.
In the preferred embodiment of the invention, the tubular supporting member has a comparatively large bearing surface at i the tubular member,
one end, against which the container is adapted to be drawn, and the container isprovided at its open end with means,
employed for drawing-the bag within the' Said means, embodies a rod pro-p specifiadapted to engage the means tubular supporting member.
gages with the apertures in the bag, for closingthe bag. The rod is passed through portion of the bag to such extent that the bag projects to a slight extent beyond the upper endlof the tubular member, whereupon the rod is. shifted to a position at sub- 7 'stantially right angles to the tubular member, slid longitudinally through the apertures in the bag until said apertures. are
substantially at the center, and said rod is thereafter rotated to twist that portion of "the bag interiorly of the tubular member to draw afurther portion of the bag thereinto flowers or analdrawing therewith a for the purpose of compacting the material contained in the bag. This having been accomplished, the bag is or other vessel containing a'small quantity of fluid, say water, suflicient to moisten the contents of the bag, and the tubular supporting member, with the bag maintained moreor less'tightly in engagement there with, may be operated-in the manner of a pestle, for the purpose of pulping, macerating or squeezing the material within the bag and freeing the same of the oils, juices, or other ediblemat erial contained therein.
Features of the invention, other than thosespecifie'ch'will be apparent from the following description, read in conjunction with the accompanying drawing.
introduced in a cup In the accompanying drawing, I have illustrated onepractical embodiment of the invention, but the construction shown therein is to be understood as illustrative, only, and not asdefining the limits of the invention.
Figure 1 is a sectional view showing the supporting member and bag assembled in cooperative engagement and positioned within a cup containing a liquid, said cup being also shown in central section.
Fig. 2 is a side elevation of the preferred form of bag in condition to receive the material to be operated upon, and
Fig. 3 shows the relation of the parts after the material has been placed within the bag, and the bag and rod assembled for insert ing the same through the passage of the tubular supporting member. -Referring to the drawings, A designates a flexible container shown in the form of a bag, which may be made of canvas or any other suitable flexible material having the required strength. Near the open end of the bag A, is a plurality of apertures a, and, after the material as to be treated has been positioned in the bag, the bag is folded, as shown in Fig. 3, to bring all the apertures in registration or alinement with one another.
' B is a rod, provided atone end with a book 7), and at its other end with a loop I).
"When the baghas been folded, as described,
conjunction with rod B, for operating as described.
After positioning the parts, as shown in Fig, 3, rod B is passed through passage 0 of the tubular member to such extent that the enlargement or loop 5 may be grasped from the other end voi": said passage, whereupon the rod is, drawn through the passage, pulling bag A after it, until apertures a of the bag reach a point slightly above the upper end of the hand-piece or supporting member C, whereupon the rod is shifted to a position at right angles to the longitudinal axis of the supporting member and subsequently slid through apertures it until said apertures engage with the rod substantially central of its length.
The rod may now be rotated, if desired, to twist, that portion of the bag which extends through passage 0 and this twisting operation will draw further portions of the bag into said passage. The twisting operation continues until a sufiicient portion of the bag has been drawn within the passage 0 for the purpose of drawing the bottom of the bag more or less taut around the material beingtreated.
The material-containing portion of the bag, mounted as described on tubular memher 0,, is next immersed in a small quantity of liquid d eontainedwithin a suitable vessel, such as, a cup D, as shown, in Fig. l. The liquid referred to may be water, or any other suitable menstruum, and may be heated or not, as desired. The construction or formation of tubular member C is such that, when in the position described, the upper end oi-it may be grasped by the hand and operated as. a-pestle to grind, pulp or press the material against the bottom and sides of cup D, which latter thus serves the functions of a mortar. Thelower end of member is provided with av relatively large bearing surface 0 whereby cutting of the bag is precluded during the macerating or squeezing operations. The operations just described disrupt the cells of the, material treated and cause, an exudation of the. desired constituents. through the walls of the bag, and, of course, in solution or emulsion I with the water or other 'menstruum. During the'useof the device as a pestle, inadvertent unwinding ofjrod B is, precluded by two oppositely positioned depressions 0. forrued at the upper end of supporting member C, in which rod 3 may be seated.
This operation serves containing portion of the bag against the After the macerating or pulping operations are concluded, rod B may be rotated to draw a further portion of the bag into passage 6.
to pull the materialenlarged hearing or compressing surface 0 or member The portion of the bag containing the material is thereby compressed or squeezed, with the result that the extracted material is forced out of the bag and into the liquid within the cup. The macerating and squeezing operations may be repeated as desired, until the material is thoroughly extracted.
At the conclusion of the macerating or pulping operations, rod B maybe grasped and, either by a direct pull or by rotary movement, operated to draw a further portion of the material-containing portion of the bag into passage 0', for the purpose of tightly compressing the material to; completely squeeze out the residuar-y liquid into the cup. If the rod is operated to twist the bag, a wringing effect is exerted on the bag, thereby facilitating the separation of the liquid from the bag.
It will be understood that the material treated may be any one or a combination of a large number of products, such, for example, as nuts, fruits, seeds, vegetables, cereals, roots, leaves, plants, flowers, herbs,
etc, and that the resulting liquid may be a: beverage, an extractora medicinal preparation.
in the qreeo ng de e pt n, he s ntal'ner or has A has be n ereeifieally d scribed as a canvas or other abriebag;,and,
when operating with a bagaoi thischaracter, only the juices or liquid-content of. the mateial operated upon will pass through vthe wall of the. bag and intermix with the liquid (Z. It will be understood, however, thatthe bag may be formed from a mesh or from a comparatively loosely woven fabric. Container A. has been herein described, as a bag, but it will be understood that, if, desired, a sheet, of material, the'corners ofwhich may be caught up, may be emplo ed. ll loreover, when a bag is used, it is strettgled more or less during use, and, in order to compensate therefor, the. bag may be. provided wi h an additional set of apertures c, as shown Figs. 2 and Various other slight modifications, in structural details, will be apparent to those skilled in the art in adapting the invention to its various, environments, without departing from the: spirit of the invention. Accordingly, the in vention is to be understood to beas brcadly novel as is commensurate with the appended claims.
T te i l @re at i e m y" be treated in various ways so as; te produce the desired solution after operation; that is to sa the nuts or seeds may be-roasted or properly cut or conditioned for subsequent operation within the bag.
Having thus fully described the invention, what I claim as new, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is:
1. A device of the class described embodying an elongated tubular support, a container for receiving the material to be operated upon, an elongated rod provided at one end with a hook-shaped member adapted to engage with the container for introducing a portion of the container into the interior passage of the support to such extent that a portion thereof extends beyond the opposite end of the support, said rod being subsequently shiftable to a position wherein a portion of the rod intermediate its ends will engage with the container, and being thereafter rotatable to twist the portion of the container extending interiorly of the support for the purpose of drawing a' further portion of the container thereinto, whereby the material within said container is compressed.
2. A device of the class described em- Copies of this patent may be obtained for five cents each, by addressing the bodying an elongated tubular support, a flexible bag for receiving the material to be operated upon, and provided near its open end with a plurality of apertures, an elongated rod formed at one end with a hookshaped member adapted to be passed through said apertures for closing the open end of the bag and subsequently introducing a portion of said bag into the interior passage of the support to such extent that a pofition thereof extends beyond the opposite en shiftable to a position wherein the apertures of the bag engage with the rod substantially central of its length, and said rod being thereafter rotatable to twist the portion of the bag extending interiorly of the support for the purpose of drawing a further portion of the bag thereinto, and the support thereafter operated as a pestle to pulp or macerate said material.
In testimony whereof I name to this specification.
"Commissioner of Patents,
have signed my Washington, I). C.
of the support, said rod being then a