US 1282104 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
APPucmoN FILED Dsc. 1, 1911.
Patented Oct. 22, N318.4
2 SHEETS-SHEET l HPIJ * Muenz@ zg f @www Wzesses A. NIORK.
APPLICATION FILED DEC.T,1917 1,282, 104. Patented Oct. 22, 1918.
2 SHEETS-SHEET 2.
ALFRED Morin,4 or CHICAGO, ILLINOIS.
Specification of Letters Patent.
Patented Cet. 22, 1918.
Application filed December 7, 1917. Serial No. 205,947.
To all whom t may concern:
Be it known that I, ALFRED MORE, a citizen of the United States, and a resident ot' Chicago, in the county of Cook and State of Illinois, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Metal Shelving, of which the following, when taken in connection with the drawings accompanying and forming a part hereof, is a specification.
This invention relates to metal shelving which is suitable for use in stores, factories, shops, and other places for storing goods, merchandise, manufactures, tools, dies and other articles.
The objects of the invention are, primarily to obtain noninflammable shelving which may be prepared for erection in a shop or factory; shipped in a knocked down condition, and readily erected at the place where the shelving is to be installed.
Further objects are to obtain metal shelving which is presentable in appearance, economical in construction, not liable to break, to be broken or get out of order, and which is suitable for the deposit thereon of articles and things which are easily injured, marreP or defaced.
Additional objects are disclosed in this specification and denoted in the claims.
In the drawings,
Figure l, is a top plan view of a short length of a shelving construction embodying the invention. y
Fig. 2 is a front elevation.
Fig. 3 an end elevation of the construction which is illustrated in Fig. l.
Fig. et, is top plan view of a portion of a length of Shelving forming a modiiication of the construction illustrated in Figs. l, :2, and 3.
Fig. 5 is a perspective of a short shelf and Fig. 6, of a longer shelf than the one illustrated in F ig. 5.
Fig. 7, is an end elevation of a shelf.
v Fig. 8, is a section on line 8 8 of Fig. 3 viewed in the direction indicated by the arrows.
Fig. 9 is a section on line 9-9 of Fig. S, viewed in the direction indicated by the arrows.
Fig. l0 is a top plan view of a tie bar forming an element of the construction illustrated and Fig. l1, is a perspective of a short pipe or tube forming an element of said construction.
A reference letter applied to designate a given part indicates said part throughout the several figures of the drawing wherever the same appears.
A, A', represent vertical standards, which preferably consist of metal pipes or tubes, to enable a given weight or quantity of material to resist a crushing strain to better advantage than were said standards made of rods or posts. a represent the feet or base of standards A and are preferably not integral therewith, but attached to said standards by screw threads. B, represent pipes or tubes which slip or slide easily on standards A, and are of suitable length to properly position the shelves (lettered C). D, represent tie bars which connect the standards A to standards A, and E are like tie bars which connect standards A,VA and also standards A', A', and F, are like bars which connect the standards of a given row or rows of shelving with an additional row or rows), standing in spaced relation. The several bars are provided with holes or apertures, CZ, which fit over the standards A, A
respectively, said holes y' not being of sufficient size to permit the pipes or tubing B to extend therethrough. n
The shelves C are provided on the front edges thereof with returny bends to give Va rounded and finished edge, G, thereto. The
rounded front edges of said shelves are to permit the placing thereon of dry goods and other articles which are liable to be drawn off from or pushed on to the shelves in a manner which would cause injurj7 thereto, were said shelves made with raw front edges thereto.
`Where the shelving is to be erected against or immediately in front of a wall single sets or series of standards A, A is ordinarily sufficient to support the shelves C and the `loads to be carried thereby. Where the shelving is to be erected in rows and not adjacent to a wall a plurality of standards A is preferably employed, and the tie bars E are made of suitable lengths to permit additional holes cl, d to be made therein midway of the length thereof to l'it over the standard A in the same manner as hereinbefore described.
It will be observed that tie bars E are placed, in installing the shelving, on the standards A, A', and that tie bars D are placed on said standards to rest on the said tie bars E or on shelves interposed between m les bars D and E, and that said tie bars E rest on the ends ot' the short pipes or tubes l5.
rllhe shelves C are provided with notches ll at the ende thereof, which fit to standards A, and when said shelves are longer than the` distance .troni center to center of adjacent standards A A and il A', said shelves are also provided with the recesses Ilz.
By the constructions set forth in the last preceding two paragraphs the shelves rest on and are supported by the tie bars E and extend underneath the tie bars l).
l represent rods which extend through apertures il in the tie bars D. These rods l are placed at the ends ot the structure and when vdesired at intermediate points ol the construction.
l, represents a drawer, one or inore ot which may be inserted to torni a. part otl the construction.
At any point in the structure one or incre ot the shelves C inav be oinitted and a deterniined one ot said shelves 'in-ade of greater width, to obtain a writing deslr or table with suitable space above it.
To give an incline to the last nanied shelt (forming a writing desk or table), short sections of pipe or tubing B are placed on standard Br', additional tie bar D placed between the standards A, 2r above and below the rear end ot said shelt as is illustrated in lf ig. B ot the drawings.
rl"he combined length ot the pipes or tubings B B, plus the thickness et the additional shelt M, is substantiail;7 the saine as the length or the corresponding pipes or tubes B, so that the shelves C above said writing desk or table are substantiallg.' horizontal.
To install the device a series ot standards A A provided with feet c z` are put in position, a row ot tubes B is placed thereon a horizontal series ot the bars E are placed on said standards to reston the upper ends oit said tubes, and connecting the standards together, a horizontal row or series or' shelves are put in place on said tie bars E, and tie bars D are then placed on the standards. Additional pipes or tubes B are then put on to the standards A pertorin the unctions Y ot nuts, are turned into place to rigidljvY secure all parte ot the construction together.
The table or deel; M inay be positioned as desired, in the shelving.
l. ,ln inetal shelving, the combination of a pluralit-j,Y or' rows of standards respectively comprising vert-ical tubes, a pluralityv oit tubes on each ot said standards, a plurality ot tie bars on said standards arranged to tie together the several standards in al row, shelves on said tie bars, additional tie bars on said standards arranged to tie the standards in one row to corresponding standards in an adjacent row, tie bars positioned between the adjacent ends ot said plurality oit tubes, the tubes on said standards being of different lengths to obtain, as desired, horizontal and inclined positions to said shelves, and nieans to secure said recited tubes and tie bars on said standards.
9.. 'n nietal shelving, the combination ot a plurality ot rows ot standards `respec rely comprising vertical tubes, plur tubes on each of said standards, a pl ia L, ot tie bars on said standards arr ged to tie together the several standards in a row, shelves on said tie bars, tie rs positioned etween the adjacent ends orp said plural` et' tubes, the tubes on said standards b et ditiferent lengths to obtain, as des. horizontal and inclined positions to se i shelves, and nieans lto secure said recite tubes and tie bars on said standards.
ln the presence o CHARLES TURNER Brown, d. SCUDDER.
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