US 1283528 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
APPLICATION FILED APII.24. I9Is.
1528?,528 Panted Nov. 5, 1918..
2 SHEETS-SHEET l.
@Hoang R. KISZA.
AwLlcAxoN FILED maza. 1918.
1 ,283,528. Patented Nov. 5, 1918;
2 SHEETS-SHEET 2.
me mmm: uns cn. ruvmunm. 'mma-.um n c 20 l forremoval whenever desired.
35 in both its projected and its dumping posi- RYSZARD KISZA, OF CHICAGO, ILLINOIS.
specification Yif Letters Patent.
' Patented News', 191s.
App1ication1eaApri1a4, 191s. asenalnaaaoasr.
To all whom it may concern.'
-Be it known that I, RYszARD Krsza, ta subject of the Emperor of Austria, having declared my intentions to become a citizen of the United States of America, residing. at Chicago, in the county of Cook and State of Illinois, have invented certain new and useful improvementsl in Ash- Sifters, of which the following isa specification.
The primary object of the invention is the provision of a household article in the nature of an ash sifter whereby ashes maybe easily and quickly, sifted without the escape of dust orforeign particles while the coal and cinders are separated for reburning.
A further object of the invention is to provide a device in which ashes may be sifted in the house in a cleanly and sanitary manner, the separated ashes and combustible material being automatically positioned A still further object of the invention vis the provisionof a sifting means adapted for depositing the liner particles passing therethroughinto a position for ready removal while provision is also vmade for readily removing the valuable material still remaining in the sifting means.
In the drawings forming a part of this application and injwhich like numerals refer to corresponding parts throughout'the several views 4Figure 1 is' a vertical transversesectional view taken through the device with the refuse-receiving tray indicated by dotted lines tion;y
Fig. 2 is a front elevation of the lower portion of the device;
n Fig.` 3 is a longitudinal Avertical sectional view taken upon line Ill-1H of Fig. 1;
Fig. 4 is an enlarged detail View of a portion of the tray-mounting means taken upon line IV-TV of Fig. 1; and
Fig. 5 is a perspective view of the traymounting rod detached. -Y
. Mydeviceis capable of sifting many dif- .ferentkinds of material but is especially adapted for sifting ashes without creating theusual dust and dirt incident to vthe ashsifting operation.
n I'provide a casingl() vin the form of a cabinet having a hingedlid 11 at the top thereof while a cylindrical sieve or ysifter 12 is rotarily mounted longitudinally of the casing 10 by means of a shaft 13 ournaled through the casing and provided with a turn-crank 14: at one side ofy the casing. The sifter 12 has a hinged section or cover portion 15 .provided with a handle or yknob 4:1 whereby said cover portion may be opened when the lid 11 is elevated for receiving ythe ashes mixed-:with coall and cinders into the sifter 12. 1
A rod 16 is positioned horizontally centrally of the casing 10 in a; plane transverse tothe plane of the shaft 13, the said rod being secured in position by means of a diskl at the inner end thereof beingsecured to the rear wall 18 of the casing 10. ,Aradially projecting-fingern) is carriedvbythe rod 16 secured to the front wall.20 ofthe casing .with the said rod 16projecti'ng centrally through a perforation'21 inthe wall 2OA and provided with a head or strap 22 upon its oute free end. A box-shaped tray 23 is provided for receiving-the refuseor waste material from the sifter 127 said 'tray being slidably mounted in a horizontal position upon opposite ledges 24 within the casing and being provided with a hand-receiving strap 25 at the front of-the device. A coil spring 26 is at-` 30 permits the hanger 29 to pass bythe finger 19. as the opening 31 will accommodate the reduced or neck portion 32 Vof the finger 19 while a slot 33 in the wall 20 communicateswith the perforation 21 and permits .the hanger 29 `to vpass through saidfront wall. in this manner. the tray may be slidably nioved entirely outwardly of the casing 10 by the springs 26 which automatically project the tray 23 upon releasing the latch 2S. By grasping the strap 25 the tray may be guided during its outward path of movenient until the hanger 29 engages the strap head 22 as indicated by dotted lines in Fig. 1. The tray 23 may then be readily revolved upon the rod 1G for dumping the waste material into any desired receptacle, not shown. to be thrown away, the inverted position of the tray being also indicated by dotted lines in Fig. 1.
A sliding drawer 3-l is positioned upon the bottom of the casing 1() for receiving the partially burned coal and cinders as well as other material which is left in the sifter 12 after the sifting operation, it being understood that the cover portion 15 is opened and the sifter 12- partially revolved for dumping the contents thereof into the drawer 34 when the tray 23 is in its open position.
A swinging latch 36 is Carried by the casing wall 2O for retaining the drawer closed while upon releasing the latch 3G, the coil springs 3T positioned. within the casing 10 behind the drawer 34, will forwardly project the drawer outwardly of the casing. 'lhe drawer may be removed by means of the handhold 3S upon its forward end and carried away for dumping.
1t will be apparent from the foregoing description of the construction and operation of the device that large quantities of ashes may be easily sifted by turning the crank 14- while t-he waste material passing through the sifter 12 is dumped from the tray 23 while the valuable material which it is desired to separate and save by means of the device is emptied from the sifter 12 into the drawer 34 and kept for future use. The entire device is preferably formed of metal and it will be understood that the knob 41 is adapted for retaining the cover 15 closed during the rotation of the sifter 12 but readily released for opening the cover when desired. An inclined guide or flange 39 is positioned within the casing 10 beneath the sifter 12 for guiding the material from the sifter into the tray 23, while the side walls of the tray 23 are preferably curved within the tray as at lo for more easily permitting the ashes to drop from the tray when the latter is inverted.
`What 1 claim as new is 1- 1. A device of the class described comprising a casing, a tray slidably mounted in. the lower portion of the casing, the front wall of said casing having a perforation and an entrance slot therein, a rod secured through the casing above said tray extending centrally through said perforation, a hanger upon the rear end of the tray slidably mounted upon said rod and adapted to pass through said perforation and slot during the outward opening movement of the tray, and a head upon the outer end of the rod adapted for engagement by said hanger when the tray is projected for rotation upon said rod to its inverted dumping position.
2. In combination with a casing, a tray slidably mounted in the lower portion of the casing for movement through the front wall of the casing, said front wall being provided with a perforation and a slot lead- Ving therefrom ata point adjacent the path of movement of the tray, a rod secured within the casing above the tray projecting outwardly of the casing centrally through said perforation, a mounting finger carried by the rod secured to the front wall of the casing having a. reduced neck portion, a hanger upon the tray having a split ring portion slidably mounted upon the rod, with the opening in the ring adapted for accommodating the neck of said linger during the outward movement of the tray and the passing of said hanger through said perforation and slot, and a stop head for the tray upon the outer end of the rod adapted for engagement by the hanger when the tray is positioned exteriorly of the casing in its journaled relation upon the rod.
3. AY device of the class described comprising a casing, a tray slidably mounted in the lower portion of the casing, the front wall of said casing having a perforation and an entrance slot therein, a rod secured through the casing above said tray extending centrally through said perforation, a hanger upon the rear end 0f the tray slidably mounted upon said rod and adapted to pass through said perforation and slot during the outward opening movement of the tray, a head upon the outer end of the rod adapted for engagement by said hanger when the tray is projected for rotation upon said rod to its inverted dumping position, automatic opening springs for the tray, a latch adapted for maintaining the tray in its normal closed position within the casing with said springs compressed.
el. In combination with a casing, a tray slidably mounted in the lower portion of the casing for movement through the front wall of the casing, said front wall being provided with a perforation and a slot leading therefrom at a point adjacent the path of movement of the tray, a rod secured within the casing above the tray projecting outwardly of the casing centrally through said perforation, a mounting finger carried by the rod secured to the front wall of the casing having a reduced neck portion, a hanger upon the tray having a split ring portion slidably mounted upon the rod, with the opening in the ring adapted for accommodating the neck of said finger during the outward movement of the tray and the passing springs for the tray, a latch adapted for ing of said hanger through said perforation maintaining the tray in its normal closed and slot7 a stop head for the tray upon the position Within the easing with said springs 10 outer end of the rod adapted for engagecompressed.
ment by the hanger when the tray is posi- In testimony whereof I aix my signature. tioned exterorly of the easing in its journaied relation upon the rod, automatic open- RYSZARD KISZA.
Copies of this patent may be obtained for five cents each, by addressing the Commissioner of Patents, Washington, D. C.