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Publication numberUS1283866 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateNov 5, 1918
Filing dateJul 31, 1916
Priority dateJul 31, 1916
Publication numberUS 1283866 A, US 1283866A, US-A-1283866, US1283866 A, US1283866A
InventorsMenotti Nanni
Original AssigneeMenotti Nanni
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
US 1283866 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)



APPLICATION FILED IIILY 31. IsIs- 1,283,866. Patented Nov. 5, 1918.




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Patented Nov. 5, 1918. 4 SHEETS-SHEET 2 5 el!!! Illln MjNANNl.



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Patented Nm?. 5, 1918...



-Application led July 31, 1916. SeralvNo. 112,448.

T0 (1N Pimm it Imay concern:

Be it known that l. Mnxorrt ANNI, a subject of the King of Italy'. residing at Chicago. in the countv of Cook and State of Illinois. have invented'a certainy new and useful Improvement in Safes. of which the following is a specification.

This invention relates 'toiinprovements in safes and has for its object to provide a new and improved safe paitict'tlarl)v adapted to be used on vessels and to automatically disengage itself from the vessel in case the vessel is sunk. and oat upon the. water so as to preserve whatever articles may be placed therein. v

The invention is .illustrated in the accompanying drawings, wherein-' Figure l is a' cross sectional view of a vessel showing one form of the safe inl position:

Fig. 2 is an enlarged sectional view with parts omitted showing the outer casings and inner buoyant sections;

Fig. 3 tional view through one of the buoyant sections; f

Fig. .Je is an enlarged sectional'view taken on line 1 l of Fig. 3;

Fig. 5 is an enlarged sectional view taken on line of Fig. Q: ,A

Fig. G is a sectional view through the cover:

Fig. 't' is a view on line T--T of Fig. 6: Fig. .S is an end view of one of the drawers or receptacles of the buoyant section:

Fig. 9 is an enlarged view showing one of the keys therefor. I

Like numerals refer to like ,parts throughout the several figures. i

Referring now to Fig. l'. I have shown a vessel l. with rnv safe in position. `lin this construction the safe is made up of an outer inclosing and protecting part which is pref- .erablv fastened to the vessel. and an inner floating section into which the'articles` are received` located within the outer part and adapted to automaticall)Y disconnect itself from the vessell when the vessel is sunk. Tn the construction shown I provi-fie an outer casing 2 of strong resisting material. This outer casing ma;v be made of an)v strength desired. Vithinthis outercasing is an inner casing 3. and within the inner lc'asing'are one or more floating or buoyant sections l; Some ineans'is provided for permitting the water to get into the inner section 3 in ,case

Specification of Letters Patent.

l the vessel is'sunk. so that thebuovancv the water.

is an enlarged longitudinal sec.

.Patented Nov.

ofv the floating sections will be brought into action to cause then) to be discharged-,front the inner casing an rise to the surface of Any Vdesired construction may beused for this purpose. As herein shown. I provide at the top of the casingsland 3 a suitable cover 5, which covers thel eiitifreopeni` ends of the two casings. T hiscove'11ris proe vided with a safety Vvalve The' inner; casing is provided with sliitabl'eopenings: or perforations 6. Thecover 5 isfarrangeclf so that it will float vin the water. aiidwv-lieii? the vessel sinks this cover rises in th'efavatr? and opens .the ends `of the casings.Uf-hel water then passes down between tlte'cafsings 2 and 3 and enters the casing fthusicaus ing the buoyancy of 'the floating sections-4t to act to cause them to rise and`bt`eid-i-s,c charged from the innercasing. In the-*conalf..

structionshown, I have illustrated an inner y section i arranged at the various decks. so that each deckcan have its own safe, thereby making it unnecessary for the passengers on one deck, such for-example, as the Steerage. passengers, to go to the upper deck to place: their valuables in the safe or get theni out of the safe. The casings 2 and 3 opposite each 'safe are provided with' suitable doors i' and 8' so that b v opening the doors access 1' canbe had to the oating section l on each deck.` At each ydeck-"I'have shown the casings and 3 as connected'bv the perforated pieces 2a. One ,of the buoyant sections is preferablyv arranged, to'contain the important inail on the boat,l such' for example. as the section' la. g I prefer to forni the lower section, 9 sin1pl v as a float. the float preferablvbeing sealed so that its buoyancy'can-Y not be reduced. This float 9 is/conn'ected and the like. The cable 10 is of sutiicicnt length to pe-rinitthe float to risefto the flsuij-4 face. this length depending upon the depth of thewater on whichl the vesselis used@y if Referring'nowto the construction of the' buoyant sections l. such sections have an outer part or 'shell 12, which is preferably 'vided with theoverlapping end 'piece 22,' whichroverlaps the joint between the two parts of the receptacle and between the re-j stationary Whenthe safe is' i'n position and which contains suitable'buoyant material 13,

which is preferably located -at .both ends and' between the walls of the section, the sections being provided with doubley walls as indicated. Within the outer part or shell' are one or 'more movable or revolving sections i through which (passes a -rod 15a,this rod hav- -such sections. 1o4

herein shown, ina

'ranged in any desired manner. 1F ig. (i1-this safety valve `consists of atube 5*.

The revolving sections may bel mounted in any desired manner, andas "rotate about a central part or axis'l.

be'easily rotated. Inthe drawing'tlie central part 15`is shown as consisting of a tube position or for'any' .otherpurpose' Iii order tosecure 'the buoyant efectof the water it ris necessary ,that the water shall enter the casings- 2 and, 3. It is therefore desirable-to providesome safety/ device so that'the water 'will` enterthese casings even for' any reason the'cov'er 5 is' notremoved. In Aorder to se'- cure 'this'resultv I provide the "cover witha' fsui't'able safety valve for this purpose. The

safety valve foffth'e cover=5 may be`a`r- As shown in This safety valve is'- arranged so that if when the ship sinks someheavy body' should fall on the cover` 5- and holditagainst removal or 4'if' it shouldbe held in place for 'any other reason the' safety valve would ,b'e operated to permit Waterdto enter' the casings surround(- ing the floating sections. The water will enter 'through theopenings 5b. `'llherevolving sections are provided with 'a series of drawers or receptacles extending around vtheir periphery land into which the valuables 1 of the passen ersiand any other articlesv mayhesedrawers or'y receptacles r' 'may 'beyinade in any' desired manner As be placed."

herein sho wn each' of these drawersor relceptacles is located within a` casing .17' closed atfonc Lendandopen atth'e other end, said casing being fastened at one end to the inner wall 18 andat the otlierend to the outer wall 19; In the 'drawingl haveshown the cas- `ingas fastened by rivets. The' drawer'oi" receptacle is shown `as 'consisting of tivo telescopi'ng -parts20 and 21. The' pari-.21w incloses -the part"20,"said parts. being. open at opposite ends as hown. The part 20 is pro,

'ceptaclev and the' casing 1 7, Vso as to .forma water-.tight joint.' These several receptacles liesesections may be pro- 'vided withball-bearings 16 so tliat'th'ey may'4 each revolving section. Apreferably arranged to be water-tight, as

illustrated in Fig. 4. In this construction each door 27 is provided with a bar 28 through whichxpasses a screw-threaded rod (See F ig. 9.) This key is preferably .provided with aineans, such as a strapv 24,' for fastening itto the passengers wrist so that in `the event the passenger is.

drowned, his valuables and the data, suchI as his name, address, etc., vcan be ascertained b y opening the receptacle marked with the' cor- .j responding number.

These receptacles, i-n addition to havingthe valuables of the passengers, will also have'their 'names and addresses, the names and addresses of their friends, `and any other data that may be valuable in the case of death 'of the pas'- .sengers The lock 25 herein shown, is pr0 vided with a'bolt 26, which .when the llock lis locked, passes through the three parts 20,

21 and 17,'so as to lock the drawer inthe casing. The attendant on vthe boat will also have a key, whichwill simply move, the bolt ,sufficient to disconnect it froin'the' casing lbut not-to unlock the two parts-2O and 21. The p'assengers key will then move thev bolt tounlock these two parts. The -drawer can lthen be' opened'without disturbing any of the articles therein, by simply placing it on a support with the lockside down,l and then lifting or'reinoving the part 21. The sec- .tions 4 are provided with doors 27, one for 29 having an end 30 to receive a wrench or handle, there' being a spi-iw' 31 on the rod 29.' Vhen the door isp. i .ed in position, the bar 28 is moved soas to engage the sec tion at the sides of the door'as illustrated in F ig. 4, there being a stop 32 which limitsl its rotation and holds'it in its position while the rod is 'beiiig rotated 'to 'draw the door' tightly in position. The revolving sections are-arranged -so'that they can be rotated to successively bring 'the l different drawers in 'front' of the door.4 Anysuitable means for this purpose may be used. As herein shown,

each section is provided with a rack 33 (see Figs. 2, 3 and 4), which isengaged by a pinion 3401i a shaft which projects through the section and is provided with an end 36- adapted to receive a handle 37. It will be Seen that byrotating th'e handle 37 the revolving section maybe rotated so as to bring any one ofthe drawers or receptacles opposite the door. :The revolving sections are also provided with buoyant material 38 and 'the 4.arrangement is such that even if all portions of the section wliich'vwill contain water, should ,be filled with water, the section would; still float-. One yor more of the sec ftions, 'as foriexampleythe section'4f', may be varranged to hold 'valuable mail so that this These doors are` or drawers are numbered as shown in Fig;

.Sor otherwise'designated and each recep- -tacle is providedwith- `a lock and key 25 for the passenger.


lf, now, the ship should sink, the cover 5 comes oft' and the water enters the casin'gs 2 and 3, there being means provided for it to quickly and easily pass from casingv 2 into casing 8, as for example, the perforations in casing 3. The buoyant sectionsthen become immersed in the Water and their buoyancy causes them to 'be ejected from the casings and iloat to the top. It

will thus be seen that the'portions of the safe containing the valuables are automatically removedfrom the vessel when the ves- 'sel sinks. These sections then float upon the wa'ter and can be recovered and the articles therein removed. The heavy outerprotecting parts are left on the ship. The section Q also floats to the top, and since it is connected with the vessel by the cable 10, it` in dicates the location of the sunken vessel. If something' should fall upon the cover 5 so as to prevent its. easy removal, then the safety valve will permit the water to enter the casings and cause the buoyant sections to be ejected.

This construction can be installed in .either old or-new vessels without taking the vessel Ito the drydock. The sections of the safe are held in position so thatthey will not be moved by the movements of the vessel. I may also provide the spaces between the casings 17 with the buoyant material. VJ hen a buoyant section is used for mail, for example, the revolving' sections will be omitted'so as to give more space.

Ihave described in detail a particular construction embodying my invention, but it of course evident that the parts may be varied in many particulars without departing from the spirit of the invention, and I therefore do not limit myself to the particular construction shown.

The buoyant materialused may be of any desired form but is preferably of solid material such as cork and cement or glue.

I claim:

l. The combination with a vessel, of an outer casing extending through a portion of the vessel, an inner casing located within the outer casing and separated therefrom bv a space, a buoyant s ection located within the inner casing. doors in said casing and said buoyant section. arranged to register. a revolving section contained within the buoyant section, said revolving section provided with a series of receptacles, and mechanism for revolving said revolving section to bring any of'said receptacles opposite said doors, and means lfor admitting water into both of said casings in the event the vessel is sunlrso as to cause the buoyancy' of said buoyant section to automatically discharge it from the inner casing.

2. The combination with a vessel, of an outer casing extending through a portion of the vessel, an inner casing located within the outer casing and separated therefrom byy 'a space, a buoyant section located within the inner casing, doors in said casing and said buoyant section, arranged to register, a re-v volving section contained within the buoyant section, said revolving sectionv provided with a series of'receptacles, buoyant material contained within said buoyant sectionl and within said revolving section, and mechanism for revolving said revolving section to bring any of said receptacles opposite said doors, and means for admitting water into both of said `casings in the event the vessel is sunk so as to cause the buoyancy of said-buoyant section to automatically discharge it from the inner casing.

3. The combination with a` vessel, of an outer casing extending through a plurality of the decks of the vessel, an inner' casing 90 smaller in diameter than the outer casing and also extending through a plurality of the decks of the vessel, the inner casing and outer casing separated by a space, a buoyant section in the inner' casing adapted to contain articles, water connections leading from the space between the two casings into the inner casing, a buoyant removable cover at the upper end of said casings for covering both of said casings and adapted to be auto- 10G matically removed when the vessel sinks so as to permit water to entersaid casings and discharge the buoyant section therefrom.

4; The combination with a vessel of an outer casing extending through a plurality of the decks of said vessel, an inner casing smaller in ldiameter than' the outer casing and also extending through a plurality of the decks of said vessel, a buoyant section located within the inner casing, a revolving 110 section within the buoyant section, said revolving section consisting of an inner wall and an outer wall, a series of casings closed at one end and extending between the .two

walls and fastened to said walls, and areceptacle in each ofsaid casings, a door in said buoyant section, and means for revolving the revolving section so as to bring any of said receptacles opposite said door.

rlhe combination with a `vessel, of` a. safe comprising 4an outer casing extending through the deck and open at its upper end. an inner casing smaller' in diameter than the outer casing, also open at its upper end, a buoyant section located within the inner casing and adapted to receive articles, the buoyant section being automatically discharged from said casing when the casings are filled with water.

(. A safe comprising a section having an Within said Casing, a series of casings Con nected`-wthsaid reyol'vng s cton, closed at their inner ends and Open at their ou'ter ends, :i rece'ptale in each of said cz'lsngs comprising tvwtelescoping p art'sppen at opposite' ends, 4 7. 'A safe Cmprising a section having an outer casing, 1 ani inner 'revolving setin W'thnjsad casing',A a series '0fcsxusngson-` anotlxer key to, disconnect it from sns mv a: .telescopmgparts Y Sife ehds,n10c{ having a hoh', which eencis througl'l the Casing and' the two tescop'ng parts, 'said boliI adapted tn'he moved .by m1,@

Inxtestirnony Whereff5 I MEX nrysgnature In the, presence ofqtwo wltnesses,zhlsifth day 01916.

.'Witnesses: I


Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US6865993 *Apr 8, 2002Mar 15, 2005David Warren BartelSafe
US7096801Dec 23, 2004Aug 29, 2006David Warren BartelSafe
US7516709Aug 9, 2006Apr 14, 2009David Warren BartelSafe
US8393280Jan 18, 2011Mar 12, 2013David W. BartelLockable enclosure
US8833274Mar 11, 2013Sep 16, 2014David W. BartelLockable enclosure
U.S. Classification441/32, 109/56, 109/48
Cooperative ClassificationB63C7/30