US 1285708 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
W. T. HORMES.
APPLICATION FILED MAR. 31, I91].
Patented Nov. 26, 1918.
W liar-may awn/207$ UNITED STATES PATENT OFFIGE.
WILLIAM 'r. HORMES, or GovAMs, MARYLAND, ASSIGNOR TO SOLOMON HIMMEL, or
- Y BALTIMORE, MARYLAND.
Specification of Letters Patent.
Patented Nov. 26, 1918.
To /27 1 mhomit may concern: I
Be it known that I, WILLIAM T. HORMES, a citizen of the United States, residing at Govans, in the county of Baltimore and State of Maryland, have invented new and useful Improvements in Drawer-Stops, of which the following is a specification.
This invention is a device of the type attached to articles of furniture for limiting the closing movement of drawers with which said furniture may be equipped.
One of the objects of the invention is to provide a stop which may be interposed in the path of movement of a single drawer, orof a plurality of drawers, to limit closing movement thereof so as to prevent the front edges of the drawers from striking the face of the furniture, thereby protecting the furniture from being marred and preventing the overlapping front edges of the drawers from being broken off. A further object is to provide a stop device of this character having means whereby the stopping points of a plurality of superposed drawers may be simultaneously varied. A. further object is to provide a stop device having means for selectively varying the stopping points of the individual drawers.
The invention will be hereinafter more fully set forth and particularl pointed out in the claims.
In the accompanying drawing Figure 1 is a longitudinal section illustrating a cabinet provided with a plurality of superposed drawers, with the invention applied thereto. Fig. 2 is a perspective View of the stop device detached. Fig. 3 is a transverse sectional View of the latter.
Referrin to the drawing, 10 designates a cabinet which may be of any suitable form or style, a file cabinet being conventionally shown, the same being provided with a plurality of slidable drawers 11, mounted in su- I perposed relation in any desirable or well known manner. In this connection it is to be understood that the invention is not limited to a file cabinet, but is equally applicable to any other form of furniture employing slidable drawers, a file cabinet having been selected for illustrative purposes.
Secured to the rear wall of the cabinet in suitable manner, for instance by means of screws 12, is a member 13, preferably formed of a sheet metal supporting portion bent into substantial trough shape, and provided at its upper end with the beveled edges 14 which cooperate to form an abutment portion for the stop member 15 Said stop member comprises a strip of metal of a width to move freely between the sides of the supporting member 13, and is provided with lateral extensions at its upper end, forming a T-head 16, the lower edge of which contacts with the inclined edges 14. Passing through and supporting the stop member 15 is an adjusting screw 17, the axis of which is parallel with the inclined edges 14, said screw working in a threaded opening with which the rear wall of themember 13 s provided. In order to add stifiness to the action of the stop member 15, the same is provided with lugs 18, working in slots 19, formed in the sides of thesupporting member 13, said slots being parallel with the inclined edges 14. Each of the drawers 11 has a beveled stop block 20, secured to its inner end, and adjustable abutments 21, preferably in the form of screws working in suitably threaded holes in the stop member 15, being positioned to contact with the respectivestop blocks 20.
In practice, the supporting member 13 is secured in position, after which the stop member 15 is connected therewith, by engaging the screw 17 with its threaded opening, and engaging the lugs 18 with the slots 19. By
adjusting the screw 17 the stop member is raised or lowered, asthe case may be, the movement thereof bein parallel with the abutment portion 14, an the elevation or depression of the abutments 21 will effect the stopping ofthe drawers at various points,
according to the points of contact between said abutments and the beveled faces of the stop blocks 20. Should individual adjustment of any of the drawers be desired, the same may be effected by manipulating the screws 21, inwardly or outwardly, ascircumstances may require. When any of the drawers is moved inwardly, its'stop block 20 comes into contact with the contiguous abutment 21, and further movement is arrested by reason of the stop member being engaged by a force tending to move it in a horizontal direction, and at an angle to the inclined edges 14, the axis of the screw 17 and the slots 19, and inasmuch as movement of the stop. member is only permitted in a line parallel with the inclined edges 14:, said edges form abutments which ositively resist further movement of the rawer.
It will also be noted that the inclination of the stop blocks 20 is such, that when a stop block encounters an abutment screw 21, the tendency of the inclined face of the block is to exert a downward pressure upon the stop member 15. Inasmuch as this pressure is in a direction at an angle to the only possible line of travel of said stop member, the latter remains stationary and resists further movement of the drawer.
In the drawing, the inclined faces of the stop blocks 20, are shown as being at an angle to the beveled edges 14c and adjusting screw 17, the relative angles being such as to secure variation of the stopping points of the drawers notwithstanding the inward or outward movement of the stop member, resulting from its vertical adjustment.
Having thus explained the nature of the invention, and described an operative manner of constructing and using the same, although without attempting to set forth all of the forms in which it may be made, or all of the forms of its use, the following is claimed 1. A drawer stop of the character de scribed comprising a member having a supporting portion and an abutment portion, an adjustable stop member bearing against said abutment portion to receive the impact of a closing drawer, and means engaging said supporting portion for adjusting said stop member to vary its position with respect to said abutment portion.
2. An improved drawer stop comprising a supporting member having an abutment portion, a stop member slidably engaging said abutment portion, and means for preventing movement of the stop member except in. a line parallel with the plane of said abutment portion.
3. An improved drawer stop comprising a supporting member having an abutment portion, a stop member having a head slidably engaging said abutment portion, and means for preventing movement of said stop except in a direction parallel with the plane of said abutment portion.
l. An. improved drawer stop comprising a supporting member, a stop member, and an inclined adjusting member for said stop member, and means for preventing movement of said stop member except in a line parallel with said adjusting member.
5. An improved drawer stop comprising a supporting member, a stop member, and an adjusting screw connecting said supporting member and said stop member, said supporting member being provided with means for preventing movement of the stop member except in a line parallel with the axis of said screw.
(3. An improved drawer stop comprising a trouglrshaped supporting member having inclined abutment portions, a stop member, and an adjusting screw for said stop member having its axis parallel with said abutment portions.
7. An improved drawer vstop comprising a supporting member, an ad ustable stop member, means for adjusting said stop memher, said supporting member having means cooperating with the adjusting means to prevent movement of the stop member except in a line parallel with said adjusting member, and independently adjustable abutments for a plurality of drawers, said abutments being carried by said stop member.
8. An improved drawer stop comprising a stop member, means for supporting the same, and abutments for a plurality of drawers, said abutments being carried by said stop member and independently adjustable therein.
9. The combination with 'a cabinetprovided with a plurality of drawers each provided with an inclined stop block secured to its inner end, of a stop member, means for supporting the same, and independently adjustable abutments carried by said stop member and positioned to engage said stop block.
10. The combination with a cabinet provided with a plurality of drawers each having an inclined stop block, of a stop member. a supporting member therefor, means for adjusting said stop member, said supporting member having means cooperating with the adjusting means to prevent move ment of the stop member except in a line at an angle to the line of movement of the drawers, and abutment members carried by said stop member and positioned to contact with said stop blocks.
in testimony whereof I have hereunto set my hand.
WILLIAM T. HORMES.
Copies of this patent may be obtained for five cents each, by addressing the Commissioner of Patents, Washington, D. Q,