US 1285741 A
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P. KONOPSKI-Y DIVER'S SUIT.
APPLICATION FILED JULY 25., I918.
1,285,741 I Patented Nov. 26,1918.
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DIVERS SUIT. APPLICATION FILED JULY 25. "H8.
1 285,741. I Patented Nov. 26, 1918.
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DIVERS SUIT. APPLICATION FILED 1'uLY 25.1918.
Patented Nov. 26, 1918.
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Specification of Letters Patent. Patented NOV. 26, 1918.
Application filed July 25, 1918. Serial No. 248,716.
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that 1, PAUnKoNoPsKI, a subject of the Emperor of Austria, residing at LoveringCamp, in the Province of Ontario and Dominion of Canada, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Divers Suits, of whichithe following is a specification.
The primary obj ect, of thelinvention isthe provision of a suit for divers having ready means for facilitating the movements of the diver throughthe water the. same being, in the nature of propelling and steering devicesassisting the diver to travelhorizontally or vertically in any desired direct-ions.
A further object of the invention is to provide a diving apparatus consisting of a suit to be wornby a personforsubmerging in the water, propelling means for controlling the movements of the person through the water being provided on the suit as well as rudders for controlling the direction of travel. 7
With these general objects in view, the invention broadly consists of the novel combination hereinafter fully described aswell as illustrated inthe accompanyingdrawings and in which like reference characters designa'te corresponding. parts throughout the several views.
In the drawings,
Figure l is an elevational view of one side of the device in use with a person incased therein.
Fig. 2 is an elevational view of the opposite side of the device, and
Fig. 3 is a rear elevation of the same.
My form of diving apparatu includes a collapsible suit to be worn by a person, the same having a helmet 11 attached thereto and adapted for receiving the head of the wearer while a window or lens 12 at the front of the helmet permits the wearer to readily look therethrough. A belt 13 is provided around the waist line of the suit 10 while weights 14 are provided for the shoe portions 15 thereof and mitten members 16 are arranged for covering the hands of the diver.
A casing 17 is secured to the belt 13 at the rear of the device with a propeller 18 carried by the casing with its shaft 19 operatively connected to an operating shaft 20 in any desired manner. The shaft 20 extends along the side of the suit 10 being journaled in bearings 21 mounted upon the wardly according to the direction of rotation ofsaid shaft 20.
A plate 23 is carried by the casing17 having ahousing mounted adjacent one cor- :uer. thereof. Asrectangular frame 25 upon the helmet ll affords amounting for a propeller 26 having its shaft 27 operatively connected to a shaft. 28 provided with a pinion 29, upon itsv rear. end. An upright shaft is journaled obliquely at the rear of. the device having a pinion 31 at its upper end meshing with the pinion 29 while the lower end of the shaft 30 extends into the housing 24 for operative connection with the driving shaft 31 having a crank 32 at its forward end. By turning the crank 32, the propeller 26 is revolved for assisting the diver in moving upwardly, or downwardly through the water. The shaft 31' is journaledin bearings ,33 carried by the belt 13.
A vertical rudder 34 is attached to the casing. 17 by means of spaced. arms 35 and is provided with a cross piece 36 forvusei in turningthe said rudder. A bent rod 37 is attached to one end of the cross piece 36 with the'forward end of said rod connected to a lever 38 pivoted to the belt as at 39. The rudder 34 may be laterally shifted in any desired direction bv the lever 38 for steering the diver in traveling through the water.
A similar vertical rudder 40 is swingingly mounted upon the forward post 41 of the frame 25 and is provided with a cross piece 42 having operating cords 43 extending into the helmet 11 and down'through a tube 44 carried by the suit to the housing 24. A lever 45 pivoted as at 46' to the belt 13 is operatively connected by a rod 52 in any desired manner to the cords 43 within the housing 24 and whereby upon shifting the lever 45 forwardly or rearwardly, the front rudder 40 is turned in the desired direction for steering the device through the water.
A horizontal rudder 46 is pivoted at the rear of the frame 25 having a cross piece 47 attached to controlling cords 48 extending downwardly through the tube 44 to the housing 24 and operatively connected by means of a rod 49 with an operating lever 50 pivoted at 51 to the belt 13. By shifting the lever 50, the horizontal rudder 46 may be readily controlled by the diver for directing the vertical course of travel through the water.
The operation of the device will be fully understood from this detailed description thereof, it being noted that the diver being supplied with air through the pipe 58 leading to the helmet 11 is lowered into the water and is vertically controlled by means of the propeller 26 operated by the crank 32, while the weights 1% assist the downward movement of the diver and the rudder 46 shifted by means of the lever 50 regulates the direction of travel. While the diver may walk upon the bottom of the ocean in which he is submerged, the propeller l8 operated by the crank will greatly assist his movements while the rudder 34 operated by the lever 38 assists in directing the course of travel of the diver through the water.
What I claim as new is 1. In combination with a suit, a head inclosing helmet, a frame upon said helmet, a plate at the rear of the suit, a housing upon said plate, a tube leading from said housing to said helmet and frame, a vertical rudder at the forward side and a horizontal rudder at the rear side of said frame, a belt for said suit, levers pivoted to the said belt at one side of the suit, rods pivoted to said. levers and extending into said housing, operative connections between the said rods and the said vertical and horizontal rudders, a propeller journaled in said frame, an oblique shaft journaled at the rear of the suit and helmet with its lower end within said housing and its upper end operatively connected to said propeller, an operating shaft at the side of the suit journaled upon said belt with its rear end operatively connected to the oblique shaft within said housing and a crank forwardly of the suit upon said operating shaft.
2. In combination with a suit, a head inclosing helmet, a frame upon said helmet, a plate at the rear of the suit, a housing upon said plate, a tube leading from said housing to said helmet and frame, a vertical rudder at the forward side and a horizontal rudder at the rear side of said frame, a belt for said suit, levers pivoted to the said belt at one side of the suit, rods pivoted to said levers and extending into said housing, operative connections between the said rods and the said vertical and horizontal rudders, a propeller journaled in said frame, an oblique shaft journaled at the rear ofthe suit and helmet with its lower end within said housing and its upper end operatively connected to said propeller, an operating shaft at the side of the suit journaled upon said belt with its rear end operatively connected to the oblique shaft within said housing, a crank forwardly of the suit upon said operating shaft, a casing upon said plate, a propeller carried by said casing, an operating rod journaled upon the belt extending into said casing operatively connected with the propeller carried by the casing and a vertical rudder mounted upon the casing adapted for operation at a point adjacent the said levers.
In testimony whereof I affix my signature.
Copies of this patent may be obtained for five cents each, by addressing the Commissioner of Yatents, Washington, D. C.