US 1286811 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
H. s. SHERANSKY.
APPLICATION FILED MAR. 26, I917.
1,286,811. Patented Dec. 3, 1918 5 SHEETS-SHEET I.
" ATTORNEYS H. S. SHE'RANSKY.
APPLICATION FILED MAR.26. 1917.
5 SHE S-SHEET 2.
' INVENTOR Patented Dec. 3,1918.
H. S. SHERANSKY.
' WAVE MOTOR.
APPLICATION FILED MAR. 26. m7.
5 SHEETS-SHEET 3.
INVENTOR ATTORNEYS v H. S. SHERANSKY.
APPLICATION FILED MAR. 26. I917.
Patented Dec. 3, 1918.
5 SHEETS-SHEET 4.
Kw Sn H. S. SHE'RANSKY.
APPLICATION FILED MAR. 26. 19!?- Patented Dec. 3, 1918.
5 SHEETS-SHEET 5 INVENTOR ATTO R N EYS FFKC HARRY S. SHERANSKY, 0F ATLANTIC CITY, NEW JERSEY.
if?) 0/] whom it may concern.
lie itlmown that I, HARR S. SHERANSKY, a citizen of Russia. residing in Atlantic City and county ofAtlantic, State of New Jersey, have invented a new and useful \Vave- Motor. of which the following is a specifiea-- and. arrangement of :standards which are :ulapted to float in ;the water so that the rocking movement of; these standards, due to the wave acti.on,"will be transmitted to the main power shaft.
It further consists of a novel coi'istruction.
of standards or frames, novel means for connecting them, and a novel construction and arrangement of paddles carried by the standards. i
It further consists of novel means for securing the motor in position and for varying the direction in which it points.
It-further,consistsof a novel construction of a motor which while. especially adapted to he actuated by the waves, is not limited to such use but may be used as an independent motor or power transmission. if desired.
-()the?r novel features of construction and advantage will hereinafter more clearly appear in the detailed description of my invention. i x I For the purpose of illustrating my invention, I have shown in the accompanying drawings a typicalembodiment of it which is at'present preferred by me, since this embodiment will give in practice satisfactory and reliable results, although it is to be u11de.-stood that the various instrumentalities of which my invention consists can be varf iusly arranged and organized and that my' invention is not limited to the precise ari ngement and organization of these instramentalities as herein shown and dese ibed.
, i ure 1 represents a plan view of a wave motor embodying my invention.
Specification of Letters Patent.
Patented Dec. 3, 1918.
Application filed March 26, 1917. Serial No. 157,407.
Fig. 2 represents a side'ele-vation of the wave motor.
Fig. 3 represents a front elevation thereof.
Fig. represents a rear elemtion thereof.
Fig. 5 represents a sectional elevation, the section being taken on line of Fig. 1.
Fig. 6 represents a sectional elevation of the rear portion of the motor, the section being taken on line (36 of Fig. 1.
Similar nume 'als of reference indicate corresponding parts in the figures.
Referring to the drawings Forthe purpose of illustrating one manner of carrying out. my invention in practice, I have shown the wave motor as 'consisting of a unit which is formed by a front motor 1 and a rear motor 2, which are operativciv connected in the manner hereinafter described. The wave motor is provided with the front standards 3 which are fixed in any desired manner with respect to a foundation or pile -l' wlnch is stationary in the water.
Journaled in the standards 3 is a main or power shaft 5, on which is mounted a pulley 6. The standards 3 are prefe ably supported on anti-friction bearings 7. as will be best understood by reference to Fig. 5, so that the wave motor is free to swing in accordance with the direction from which the waves are coming.
I will first describe. in detail the construction of the motor Lit being understood that. in some cases arising in practice themotor inlay be dispensed with, as the motor 1 will create. sufficient power for many industrial purposes. The motor 1 consists of a series of frames 8, 9, 10, 11, 12 and 13, it
being understood that any desired number of these may be employed. These frames are constructed substantially in the same manner, each of them being provided With the side standards 11 which are secured at their bottoms to a plank or cross bar 15 which forms a float from which extends a cable 16 which carries the weights or anchors 17. The forward frame 8 has pret erabl y interposed between its standards and its bottom cross plank, an antifriction device. 18. v I
1f) designates paddle blades, each of which is pivotally connected at its upper ends with the cross bars '20 so as to swing thereon, and the rearward movement. of the lower end is preferably limited by the stops 21. In the form illustrated,- the frame 8 is,not provided til) with a paddle blade, bu't it can be, if desired, as is apparent. The standards of the frames 9, 10,11, 12 and 13 are connected by means of links 22 which are eccentrically pivoted to disks 23. These disks 9.3.also
have eccentrically pivoted to them-upwardly' extending arms 2% which are connected by longitudinally extending arms 25, said arms having a plurality of apertures therein so that the movement of one frame-imparted to the frame in advance thereof, can be varied, as is evident.
The front arm'24 has pivoted thereto at 26 a cross bar 27 to which are piv'oted the rear ends of the links 28, two of which are employed, the forward end of said links being pivoted to the cross bar 29 which is pivo-ted'to the lower end of an arm 30 which has its upper end pivoted to a shaft 31 which has pivoted thereto one end of a link 37, the other end of which is pivoted to a standard forming a part of the frame 11. Pivoted to the link 37 is a link 38. which is also pivoted to a standard 35 carried by the frame 12.
39 designates a link, one end of which is pivoted to the link 38. and its opposite end is pivoted to a standard 35 carried by the frame 13. The inner standards 1-1 of the frames are connected to the rock arm 32 in the manner which will now he described.
to designates links which at their forward ends are loosely mounted on the shaft 31, while their rear ends are pivoted to the upper end of levers -l1 which are fnlcrumed at -12 on the standards 11 of the front frame 8. These levers 41 are also pivotally connected at 43 with the links or connecting rods 11 which may be connected with any desired mechanism."
15 designates a link, one end of which is connected to the lever 41, while its opposite end is .pivotally connected to the upper end ofthe standard 11 of the frame 9. cfidesignates a link, one end of which is pivotally connected to the lever 11 and its-opposite end is pivotally connected to the upper end of the standard 11 carried hy-the frame 10.
4-7 designates a link. one end of which is pivotally connected to the link -16, while its oppositeend is pivotally connected to the upper end of the. standard 14 carried by the frame 11.
48 designates a link. one end of which is nivotally connected to the lever 41, while its frame 13.
' from the motor 1.
opposite end is pivotally connected to a standard 11 carried by the frame 12.
-19 designates a link, one end of which is piw otally connected to the link 18, while its opposite end is pivotally connected to the upper end of the standard 1t carried by the The link .19 has pivotally con nected thereto one end of a link 50, the op-. posite end of which is pivotally connected to the lever 41.
The bottom cross bars 15 are maintained in proper alinement by means of a longitudinally extending bar 51, from which depends a desired number of stops 52. As will be best understood by reference to Fig. 5,
the front frame 8 is provided with a cross motor consists of a series of frames 55, 56', in. 58, 59 and (30, any desired number of which may be employed. which are constructed and connected somewhatdifferently The different frames of the second motor are provided with bottom cross bars 61 which are held in position hv means of cables 2 which carry at their lower ends the anchors 63. o
' The frames 56 to 60, inclusive. areconstructed in a similar manner and are each provided with an inner pair of standards 61 and with the outer or side standards 65, see Fig. 2. The inner standards 61 are connected by harsGG on which are fulcrumed the paddle blades 7 which progressively increase in height toward the rear of the motor and have their lower ends extending downwardlv below the upper face of the bottom cross har (l1.
The forward frame 55 is constructed in a similar manner to the frame 8 and is providedwith standards (38' which are connected to the cross bar (39, between which and the lower bar 61 is interposed a hall-hearing 70, and a king pin 71 passes through the bar 69. the hall-hearing 70, and into the bottom cross bar (31.
72 designates disks loosely mounted on shafts 73 journaled in their respective standards 6i and 5 of each frame. These disks are eccentric-ally connected with the longitudinally extending bars 71 which are connected by means of bars 7 5 with the upper end of the rear arm 24 of the motor 1.
76 designates links connected with the rear links 22 of the motor 1, said links 76 being also pivotally connected with the le vers 77 fulcrumed on the standards 68. 78 designates links. pivotally connected at one end to the levers 77, and at their opposite ends to the standards 64 of the frame 56.
79 designates links pivotally' connected at S2 designates links pivotally connected to the links 81 and to the standards 64 of the rear frame 60.
83 designates links pivotally connected to the levers 77 and to the links 82. S designates links pivotally connected to the links 82 and to one of the longitudinally extending bars 74.. The levers 77 are connected by means of the connecting bars or links 85 with the standards 1-! of the rear frame 13 of the first motor.
86 designates a standard mounted on a cross bar 87. between which and a lower cross bar 88 is interposed an anti-frictibn device S9. The bar 88 is provided with a cable 90. which is secured to a fixed point. such is for example, a pile 91 which has been driven into the ocean bed. The cross bar 87 has rising therefrom at its ends the standards 92 which are provided with the rings 9 through which passes a cable 94, which passes on each side of the motors 1 and 2. This is for the purpose of keeping the parts in proper alinement and to provide a means to swing the mctors so that they will point in the direction of the incoming waves. The action of the waves causes the frames to rock forwardly and rearwardly.
The wave motor as already explained consists of any desired number of units, and in the form illustrated. it is shown as consisting of a front motor 1 and a rear motor 2. Each unit is made up of a series of fioatable frames which are connected by links and levers so as to transmit their motion to the oscillating power shaft Each frame consists of a floatable base which is positioned by means of an anchor connected by a cable to the bottom of the frame. If desired, a bar, such as 51, may be employed to relieve some of the strain and aid in spacing the frames from each other. shown. this bar 51 is not connected to the base of the frames but simply rests thereon and pins extend down the sides of the frames so as to aid in spacing the bottoms of the frames from each other. The upper shaft 5 and the driving pulley G are located at theseaward end of .the machine and any desired mechanism may be employed to transmit the motion from such power shaft or pulley to the mechanism which is to be driven.
The rise. and fall of the waves cause the. rocking of each frame of each motor. The first motor as illustrated consists of six fioatable frames. An incoming Wave will cause the first frame of the front motor 1 to ing a similar position in succession. This be raised upwardly, the height depending upon the height of the crest of the wave. The same action takes place with respect to the second. third. fourth, fifth, and sixth frames of the front motor. The depressions of the waves cause the frames to move downwardly, the first frame of the first motor moving downwardly first and the second, third, fourth, fifth and sixth frames assumrising and lowering of the frames causes each of them to rock, the rocking action being rearward and then forward. As the bases of the frames are anchored by means of the cables 16 and the weigl'its 17, the bases of the frames maintain substan tially the same relative positions. in the water but the upperportions of the frames niove rearwardly and then forwardly, it being understood that this movement is repeated as often as this wave action on the frames takes place. The frames are positioned in the water in such a manner that the incoming and receding waves impact. also against the paddle blades 19 and these paddle blades are each pivotally mounted near the upper end of their respective frames. As awave comes in and strikes the first paddle blade 19, it moves it rearwardly and its lower end contacts with the stop 21 so that the action of the waves or any splash from the waves assists in the rocking of the frames. As the wave recedes. the first pad dle blade 19 is free to move outwardly or seaward. The same'action takes place with we respect to the second, third, fourth and fifth paddle blades 19 of the first motor, see Fig.
It will be understood from the foregoing that each frame of each motor is connected together by a series of links and levers witheach other and with the main power shaft at the seaward end of the mechanism so that the power shaft is actuated aslexplained. The first motor is also conn cted with the second motor so that all of the frames rock in unison and the mechanism driven by the motor can be actuated at the seaward end of the wave motor or the driven mechanism may be located on land and driven by a fiexible cable from the main power shaft.
It will now be apparent that I have devised a novel and useful Wave motor, which em.- bodies the features of advantage enumerated as desirable in the statement of the invention and the above description, and While I have, in the present instance, shown and described a typical embodiment of it, which will give in practice satisfactory and reliable results, it is to be understood that this embodiment is susceptible of modification in various particulars Without departing from the spirit or scope of the invention or sacrificing any of its advantages.
Having thus described mvinvention, what ters Patent, is
1. In a wave motor, a plurality of floatable frames movably connected at their lower ends, levers connected to the.upper ends of said frames to move in unison therewith, a main shaft operatively connected With said levers to. be oscillated thereby, and means to anchor said frames.
. 2. In a wave motor,a plurality of floatableframes, means to limit the relative movement between lower portions of adjacent frames, levers connected to the upper ends of said frames to move in unison therewith, a main shaft operatively connected with said levers to be oscillated thereby, and means to anchor said frames.
3. In a wave motor. a plurality of fioatable frames, means to limit the relative movement between lower portions of adjacent frames, levers connected -to-the upper ends of said frames to move in unison therewith, paddle blades on said frames, a main shaft operatively connected with said levers to be oscillated thereby, and means to anchor said frames.
4:. In a Wave motor, a plurality of fioatable frames, disks between the frames, links connectedwith said frames and with said disks, arms eccentric-ally connected with said disks, links connecting said arms, a main power shaft operatively connected with one of said links to be actuated thereby, levers, links connected with said levers and with the upper ends of their respective frames, said levers being opcratively connected to said power shaft, means to anchor SiLid I I'HHIGS, and a fixed support on which said power shaft is mounted.
5. Ina wave motor, a plurality of floatable frames, each consisting of a bottom cross bar, standards rising therefrom and upper connecting, bars, means to limit the relative movement of adjacent frames at their lower ends, means to connect the lower portions of adjacent frames to cause them to mov in unison, a main shaft operatively connected with said connecting means, levers connected to the upper ends of said frames, a rotatable support for said levers, a rotatable support for said -nain shaft, and means to connect said levers to said main shaft.
6. In a wave motor, a plurality of frames adapted to float in the water and provided Copies of this patent may be obtained for with standards, a fixed support rotatably' mounted, a main shaft journaled in said support, rock arms on-said main shaft and operatively connected with both the upper and lower ends of said standards, and means to anchor said frames.
7. In a wave motor, a plurality of motor units each consisting of a. serIes of floatable frames having their upper andlower por- 8. In a wave motor, a plurality of motor units each consisting of a series of floatable frames having their upper and lower portions operativelyconnected to move in un1- son, a support, means to fix said support in position and to permit its free rotation, a
main shaft journaled in said support, a second support adapted to float in the water and having its upper portion rotatable, levers carried by said upper rotatable portion and connected to certain of said frames to move in unison therewith, meansto connect said levers with said main shaft, an end floatable.
member adapted to be fixed in position in the water, and'a cable connected with said member extending along the sides of said motor units to provide for varying the position of the wave motor in the water.
9. In a wave motor, a series of floatable frames movably connected at their lower ends to cause the movement of one to be transmitted to another, blades pivotally supported near the upper ends. of said frames, blades carried at the lower ends of said frames, a main shaft, a rotatable support therefor adapted to be fixed in'position inthe water, a rock arm on said shaft and operatively connected with said frames to 'be rocked thereby, and means to anchor said frames.
HARRY S. SHERANSKY.
H. S. FAIRBANKS, BENJAMIN HAAS.
five cents each} byaddressing the "Commissioner of resents,
Washington, D. (2.