US 1288229 A
Abstract available in
Claims available in
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
H. T. SCOTT.
- RECORD EJECTOR FOR RECORD CABINETS.
APPLICATION FILED APR. 5. i917.
1,288,229. Patented Dec.17,1918.
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H. T. SCOTT.
RECORD EJECTOR FOR RECORD CABINETS.
APPLICATION man APrLa, 19x1.
H. T. SCOTT.
RECORD EJECTOR FOR RECORD CABINETS.
APPLICATION FILED APR. 5.1911. 1 ,288,229 Patented Dec. 17, 1918.
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H. T. SCOTT.
macono EJECTOR FORYRECORD CABINETS.
APPLICATION FILED APR. 5. I917.
Patented Dec. 17,1918.
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HARRY IT, SCOTT, OE-LOS ANGELES, CALIFORNIA,
YRECORD-E.lJlFiC'lOIEtliE OR RECORD-CABINETS.
"Specification of Letterslatent.
Patented Dec. 17, 1918.
fApplication filed April 5, 1917. .-Seria1 No. 159,867.
To all whomz'tmey concern:
Be it known that I, HARRY T. SooTT, -a citizenlof theUnited iStates, residingatLos Angeles. in'th icounty 'ofrLos :Angeles, State of California, ihave'invented newwand -=use ful Improvements in Record-Ejectors for Reeord Ca-binets, of whicl12the:following is a specification.
This invention relates to cabinets -for filing phonograph :records ofthe 7 disk type and for :filing like articles of 'any nature; and it is an object-Lot this inventionto provide asimpleand effectiv means for withdrawing or 'ejectingrecords' from such a cabinet wherein "the records :are filed or held and wherein therecords'xare. placed as. closely together as possibleso as to cause the economical utilization of theaspace.
It is an object of thisiinventioirto provide record removing or ej ecting. means in avery simple form, capable "of simple and inexpensive manufacture; and ina for-m capable of extension'bysimple duplication ofparts; and insuch a 'form thatthe assembly of the simple parts of the device is very "expeditiousand inexpensive. 'It'is further a primary object .of "this invention to provide su'h device having a. very simple form of operation. Tlie mode of "operation of the ejecting device is anew and distinctive feature of my invention. Iamaware'tha't here-- to'fore devices have been proposed and used in which a recordmayfbe pushed out by manual action'by pressure upon -a lever, button, or the like; but 'myinvention involves nothing of this character. Onthe contrary, it involves an action in "which a spring or equivalent means is released by manual action to eje'tthe record; wherein, preferablyjthe spring, etcnis energized by the insertion ofthe record;- and wherein the releasing a tion may'be by pressure upon a button or the like or upon the record itself. In the latter form, which is the'preferred form. a mere inward pressure upon the record itself,moving the record *back'sliqhtly from its normal. position, causes the release and operation of the record ejecting mechanism. If a certain record isdesired it is only necessary to "push slightly inwardly upon that record when fthe record will be immediately moved outirito'the that f'gave it'thebackward' push.
All of these and other obj'ctsland featu res of my invention a re explain-ed in the following specification; wherein, for *the place.
position, as shown in Figs. 1 and 6.
purposes of indicating and illustrating the invention, I explain in detail 'two specific forms of mechanism embodying the invention; reference being made for this purpose to the accompanying drawings whereinFigure 1 is a vertical section of a cabinet and one form of device embodying'my invention; Figs. 2, 3 and 4 are enlarged detail views showing some of the various positions which be taken by the moving parts of the device; Fig. 5 is an enlarged detail section taken as indicated by lines '55 'on Figs. 1 and 6; Fig. 6 is an enlarged partial section taken as indicated by line 6-6 on Fig. 1-; Fig. 7 is a further enlargement of certain parts shown in Fig. 6; Fig.8 is a section similar toFig. l,illustrating another form of device embodying the invention; Fig. 9 is an 'enlargement of parts shown in Fig. 8; F1g. 10 is a reverse view of the partsshown lll Fl'g. 9 Fig. 11 is an enlarged View taken substantially as indicated by line ll--11 on Fig. 8, parts being shown in section; Fig. 12 is an enlarged se tion taken as indicated by line 12-12 on Fig. '8; and Fig. 13 is an enlargement of parts of Fig. 12.
I'describe the form shown in Figs. 1 to 7 and then the form shown'in theremaining figures of the drawings. After considering these descriptions it will then be apparent in what features the two forms are similar and. contain in common the broader features of the drawings. It will then be apparent in what features the two forms are similar and contain in common the broader features of my invention, and in what features the preferred'form'difiers from the other.
In the drawings I show a cabinet 10 which may be of any suitable size, design, or configuration, and which may form a part of any phonograph cabinet, etc. This cabinet 10 may have any 'kind of suitable guides for guiding the records 11 into proper For instance, it may have horizontal strips 12 placed upon the bottom board 13*upon which the lower edges of the records'rest; 'therecords being held in vertical 7 y device is made to operate upon records of any size; and, as illustrating. this capabilityof my device, I illustrate some large si'zed 'records 11 and also-some small'sized records 11 The 'recordsare put into "the cabinet through suitable slot openingsil. in
the frontwall T of thecabinet. ,I prefer to show'thetlevice 'acting' upon records filed in vertical positions, but this is not necessarily so. It suffices to say that the precise means of holding and guiding the records in vertical position form no part of the present invention; the present invention is not limited to any particular means for such purpose, but may be used in conjunction with any such means. In the purpose of preventing accidental removal of the records, and to prevent their rolling out of the cabinet if the cabinet should be not quite level, I provide a short incline at 13 on the bottom board 13, which incline tends to keep the records back in the cabinet.
When in their proper positions, the records 11 and 11 project slightly in front of the front wall 15 of the cabinet so as to facilitate that backward movement which initially given them by hand before they are ejected. The position of the records is shown in Fig. 1. In this position the haclt edges of the records rest against ejector levers or, preferably, the back edges of the records rest within the channel shaped lower end parts 20 of these levers 20. (Although the record ejecting members may be of any form, I prefer to make them as levers). The forward open edges of these channel shaped lever parts 20 are preferably substantially wider than the records themselves, so that as the records are moved rearwardly their rear edges will not miss the levers 20, but will enter the channel shaped parts 20 without fail. A. lever 21) is provided for each record space and for each record; and all of these levers 20 are lning upon a pivot shaft 21 which extends across the back part of the cabinet. This pivot shaft 21, in common with two other shafts or rods 22 and 23, may be supported at the ends in any desired manner, as by having the ends enter a suitable bracket 241 which may be secured to the side wall of the cabinet, as shown in Fig. 6. The shaft 21 and the rods and 23 n1ay, and preferably are, supported in triangular relation to each other, when viewed as in Fig. 1; and these parts 21, 22 and support a plurality of triangular plates 26. Each of the parts 21, 22 and 23 may have spaced circular grooves out or otherwise formed therein, as shown at 26; and the triangular plates 26 are merely slipped into place be tween the rods into these grooves 26 without having to be threaded over the rods. This is shown in the various views. Each plate has notches 26 and 26 for engaging the rods; and, if the rods are long they may be held together by an encircling wire or wires 29, as shown in Figs. 1 and 7. There one triangular plate 26 for each lever 20; and each lever 20 is pressed laterally against its triangular plate 26 by a. spring 27, one end of this sprin beii connected with lever 2 at the point LT and under the spring tongue 31 and (see particularly Fig. 7) and being connested with the next plate 26 at the point 27 The arrangement is such that the spring 2'? not only tends to press the lever 20 into proper position against its triangular plate 26, but also tends to rotate the lever in the direction indicated by the arrows in the various views; that is, each spring tends to move the lever in such a direction as to push therecord out of the cabinet.
Each lever 20 has an upwardly extending part 30, formed as an integral continuation of one side of the channel shaped part 20 of the lever; and this upper part 30 of the lever is adapted to engage with certain stops which are of such a nature as to hold the parts in the various normal positions shown in the drawings. For instance, consider the positions shown in Figs. 1 to 5. In Figs. 1 and 5 the lever 20 is shown in full lines in normal position in cooperation with a large record 11. The upper end part 30 of the lever then bears rearwardly against the for ward edge of a spring tongue 31 which stands out (is preferably punched or stamped out) from the triangular plate 26 in the manner best shown in Fig. 5, the part 30 in this position then overlying another spring tongue 32 which lies alongside and forward of the spring tongue 31. Spring tongues 31 and 32 are preferably stamped out of the metal of the triangular plate 26, and may be stamped out of the plate as a single tongue, being separated by a separating split or slit as shown. ,Each of the tongues 31 and 32 is turned to an angular or diagonal position, (see Fig. 5) so that the part 30 may engage the forward edge of the rear tongue 31 while overlying the forward tongue 32. The forward tongue has this function; that the part 30 must be moved forwardly a certain specified distance (the width of the tongue 32), and the lower part of the lever 20 must be moved backwardly a corresponding distance, before the part 30 will not, upon subsequent backward motion, go back and engage the forward edge of tongue 31. When the lever 20 is moved sufficiently to move the part 30 ahead of the forward edge of tongue 32, then the spring tongues spring outwardly to the position shown for the tongues 31 and 32 in Fig. 5; and, upon its backward motion, the part 30 must pass under the spring tongue pass back until it engages the stop 33. The spring tongues 31 and 32 are made of springy material; or they may have their resilient quality given them in any other preferred manner. The whole plate 26 may he made of suitable springy material, and the spring tongues 31 and 32 merely stamped out of the plate. The normal position of these spring tongues is toe same as that behind the spring tongues.
also stands in a diagonal position, will pass behind the tonguesonits backward motion. Spring tongues 31 and 32 are placed so. as to be engaged by the upper end part 5300f the lever 20 when As many parts for handling two sizes of records is sullicient to clearly illustrate the invention. It will be understood'that, in this specific form of device, there is a resilient relative movement as between the tongues 31 and 32' and the lever part 30. I prefer to put the resiliency in the tongues 31 and 32; although it may be readily seen that the arrangement could be otherwise, In instance, the part'80 might be resilient, or all the parts 30, 31 and might be resilient.
In Figs. 2, 3 and 1 are shownthetypical position ofthe lever for a small record; and the description of the operation for a small record will be sufficient to cover the operation for any sized record. In Fig. 3 the rear edge of lever part 30 is shown bearing back against the forward edge of the spring tongue 31*; andthis is the position in which the part 20 of the lever is in engagement with the record 11 (See thedotted line showing in Fig. 1). Supposenow, thatthe record 11 is pushed slightly rearwardly; then the part 30 is moved forwardly so that its rear edge is moved to a position forward of the forward edge of spring tongue 32 The tongues 31 and 32 then spring'outwardly to the positions shown in Fig. 5; and the part 30 may then move rearwardly, under the pressure of the spring 27,pas'sing In so passing behind the spring tongues it may be that the part 30 must press the tongues outwardly, farther away from the plate-26tha'n' their normal position; but'this is easily done; It is only necessary that, in the normal positions of the tongues, the rear edge of part 30 should be able to enter behind the forward part of tongue 32. The position of the part 30, when the record is pushed rear wardly, is shown in Fig. 4. Immediately the rearward pressure on the record is re-v leased, then' the-spring 27 rotates the lever in the directioirindicated bythe ar'rowsiin the various views, and moves the: part-.30
rearward'ly' under the spring; tongues i 31 and. 32 until the p'a'rt30 is brought: up
against the stop 33; This stop'33' may'bei stamped out of the. triangular" piece: 26; Such movementof the lever "pushesthe rec'- ord out beyond its normal position, and bethe lever is in position to cooperate with a small record 11*;
sets of tongues 31 and 32 may be provided as yond the normal positionsof all the other records lyingalongside this recordgso that this particular record may then be grasped and removed from the cabinet. It. is not necessary that the desired record be moved very far out of the cabinet; it is only necessary that it be moved out a short distance beyond the front edges of the adjacent records, so that its forward edge may be grasped. The arrangement is preferably made that the records in their normal positions project forwardly beyond the front wall 15 of the cabinet by just the amount necessary for rearward movement to accomplish the release. of the lever and cause its immediate action to eject the record.
W'hena record is being put into the cabinet it is pushed in only as far as its normal position, shown in Fig. 1. Then pushed to this position the part 30 moves to the position shown in Fig. 1, (or'in Fig. 3) and the lever is then checkedfrom pushing the record out, until the record is pushed farther inwardly, as hereinbefore described.
In Figs. 8 and following. I illustrate a structure which is, in its essentials, similar or identical .in form with the structure hereinbefore described; and the description just given applies to the form of device shown in these figures as far as the samenumerals are applied to these figures, 8 and following. The distinctive features of construction and operation of the device of Fig. 8 will now be described. Plates 26, similar to plates 26, are mounted upon the same rods, 21, 22 and 23; and the upper end portion 30 of the lever projects up alongside each plate26 In this: form the upper end of the lever is provided with a lip' 30" adapted to engage teeth or other serrations formed upon the upper laterally turned edge'of a member 51 which is secured, as as 52, to the back face of each plate 26; the serrations 50 projecting lever from the check 'formed by the teeth 50; and this means may preferably be in the form of a means to move the teeth 50 back beyond thesurface. of the'plateQG thus moving the teeth: away from. the lip 30K. This being-done;- theileversaetuatingspring 27"wi11- then. of: course immediatel move the lever: to'eject the. record; The member 51 is preferably -made of spring material and is secured at its lower end, or lower ends, at 52, to the plate 26*.
()n the back side of the plate 26 a pair or cars is turned out to make bearings for a longitudinally slidable push rod 56. This push rod extends out to the front of the cabinet where may be pushed inwardly by the finger or thumb; being normally held outwardly by a spring 60. Pieces 57 are also stamped out of the member 51 and have apertures which engage over cone-shaped parts 58 of the push rod; and the relation of the parts is such that when the push rod is pushed rearwardly, then the cone-shaped parts 58 act as wedges operating upon the parts 57; with the result of moving the parts 5?, and the member 51, back away from the plate 36, so as to draw the teeth back out or" engagement with the lip 30*. Shus, whenever any push rod 56 is pushed inwardly, the corresponding record ejecting lever 20 is released and its spring 2'? then immediately pushes the record out a certain distance, until the lever contacts with the stop 83.
From the foregoing detailed description it will be seen that the two specific forms herein described have certain features in common in both or these forms the insertion of the record energizes the ejecting mechanism; it energizes or tenses the ejecting spring. Of course, tie spring may have a certain initial tension, but the insertion of the record has the general effect of further tensing the spring. The energy which finally ejects the record is supplied manually to the ejecting device at the time of in sorting the record r, her than at the time of ejecting the record. in either case the operation or" ejection involves only the operation of releasing the ejecting mechanism allowing the ejecting soring to operate. The essential difference between the two specific forms herein explained is in the releasing mechanism or device. In the form first explained the release is accomplished by a slight rearward movement of the record itself; while in the form last explained the release is made by direct movement of the checking mechanism which normally holds the ejecting lever from operation.
Thus, my general invention involves cssentially a recording ejecting mechanism adapted to be released to eject a record", and preferably adapted to be energized by insertion or the record; and my preferred form of mechanism involves a releasing device for the ejecting mechanism, which rcl asing device is operated by a rearward movement of the record itself. I do not consider my in vention as limited to the particular and specific mechanical features herein set iorth but rather do I consider it as embodying generally the combination and elements indicated and typified by the specific means herein described. ld hile have proceeded to describe prerei'red forms of my invention in some particularity and detail, 1 have done so for the purpose of rendering my invention plain and intelligible, and not for the purpose of limitation; considering my in vention not to be limited except as expressly set forth in the following claims. These claims are intended to cover the general invention herein described, both broadly and specifically.
Having described a preferred form 0t my invention, 1 claim:
1. A device or the character described, comprising in combination a record ejecting member, means for actuating the ejecting member to eject a. record, said means being energized by the insertion of the record, check means to hold the ejecting member from ejecting the record, and means actuated by an inward. movement of the record to release the checking means and allow the record to be ejected outwardly.
2. A device oi the character described, comprising in combination a record ejecting member adapted to move to eject a record, means checking said movement at the record ejecting member, and means for causing release oi the record ejecting member from said checking means when the record is moved slightly in a direction opposite to that in which the record ejecting member moves it.
3. A device of the character described, comprising, in combination, a substantially vertical record ejecting lever pivoted near its upper end and adapted to engage a record with its lower part, spring means for moving said lever to eject a record, a spring tongue check normally engaging the ejecting lever, and means whereby rearward movement of the lower part oi the lever causes i 5 release from the check.
i a. device or the characte' described, comprising in combination a movable record ejecting member and spring means to move the member to eject a record, means checking said record ejecting movement of the than her, and means for causing release of the member from the checking means by virtue of a slight initial movement of the member in the direction opposite to its record ejecting movement.
5. A. device oi the character described, comprising in combination, a movable record ejecting member and spring means to move the men her to eject a record, means checking said record ejecting movement of the member, and means for causing release of the member from the checking means by virtue of a slight initial movement of the member in the direction opposite to its record ejecting movement, said two last mentioned means embodying a spring tongue extending diagonally across the path oi movement or said member and having a checking shoulder intermediate its ends.
6. In a device of the character described, the combination of a plurality of transversely extending plates spaced longitudinally apart, means for supporting said plates embodying a pivot rod, a record ejecting lever pivoted on the pivot rod adjacent each plate, a spring for each lever around the rod and between the lever and the next plate pressing the lever against its plate and-tending to rotate it in a direction to eject a record, and manually releasable lever catch means carried by each plate.
7. In a device of the character described, the combination of a plurality of transversely extending plates spaced longitudinally apart, means for supporting said plates embodying a pivot rod, a record ejecting lever pivoted on the pivot rod adjacent each plate, a spring for each lever around the rod and between the lever and the next plate pressing the lever against its plate and tending to rotate it in a direction to eject a record, lever catch means carried .by each plate, and means operatable by a slight inward movement of the record to release the lever from the catch means and allow the lever to be moved outwardly by its spring to eject the record.
In a device of the character described, the combination of a plurality of supporting rods extending along the back of a cabinet, spaced plates supported transversely on and between said rods, one of said rods being a pivot rod, a record ejecting lever pivoted on said pivot rod adjacent each plate, and hanging substantially vertically, the lower part of the lever being channel-shaped to receive the edge of a' record and the upper part of the lever lying close to its plate, a coiled spring around the pivot rod in each space between the spaced plates, one end of the spring being connected to and bearing against the lever and holding it against its plate and tending to rotate the lever in a direction to move its lower part forwardly to eject the record, and manually releasable catch means carried by each plate to engage Copies of this patent may be obtained for flve' cents each, by addressing the its lever to normally hold it from record ejecting movement.
9. In a device of the character described, the combination of a plurality of supporting rods extending along the back of a cabinet, spaced plates supported transversely on and between said rods, one of said rods being a pivot rod, a record ejecting lever pivoted on said pivot rod adjacent each plate and hanging substantially vertically, the lower part of the lever being channel-shaped to receive the edge of a record and the upper part of the lever lying close to its plate, a coiled spring around the pivot rod in each space between the spaced plates, one end of the spring being connected to and bearing against the lever and holding it against its plate and tending to rotate the lever in a direction to move its lower part forwardly to eject the record, catch means carried by each plate to engage its lever to normally hold it from record ejecting movement; and means, operatable by a slight rearward movement of the lever caused by a corresponding movement of the record, to release the lever from the catch means.
10. In a device of the character described, the combination of a cabinet having a guide for holding a disk record standing on edge, a movable ejecting member mounted in the cabinet and against whichmember the record is rolled rearwardly when put into the cabinet, the guide having a rearwardly inclined surface on which the record stands to cause the record to normally press back somewhat against the ejecting member, a means tending to move the member forwardly, and releasable checking means for the member to prevent its forward movement, said checking means being releasable by a slight initial rearward movement of the record and said ejecting member.
In witness that I claim the foregoing I have hereunto subscribed my name this 30th day of March, 1917.
HARRY T. SCOTT.
Witness ELWOOD H. BARKELEW.
Commissioner of Patents,
Washington, D. 0.