|Publication number||US1289643 A|
|Publication date||Dec 31, 1918|
|Filing date||May 31, 1918|
|Priority date||May 31, 1918|
|Publication number||US 1289643 A, US 1289643A, US-A-1289643, US1289643 A, US1289643A|
|Inventors||William Walter Burlich|
|Original Assignee||William Walter Burlich|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (3), Classifications (2)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
W. w. BURLICH.
APPLICATION FILED MAY 31, I9I8.
1 ,Q89J5Q3? a Patented Dec 31, I918.
'ufacturing the artificial eye.
WILLIAM WALTER BUBLIGH I, OF NEW YORK, N. Y.
' ARTIFICIAL EYE.
Specification of Letters Patent.
Patented Dec. 31, 1918.
Application flied may 31, 1918. Serial No. 237,603. i
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, WILLIAM W. BURLIoH, a citizen of the United States, and a resident of the city of New York, borough of Manhattan, in the county and State of New York, have invented new and useful Improvements in the Manufacture of Artificial Eyes, of which the following is a full, clear, and exact description.
The object of the invention is to provide certain new and useful improvements in the manufacture of artificial eyes for use in dolls heads, stuffed animals and like articles and whereby a close imitation of the natural eye is obtained. Another object is to permit of quickly and economically man- With these and other ob]ects in view, thev invention conslsts of certain novel features of construction as hereinafter shown and described and then specifically pointed out in the claims.
Reference is to be had to the accompanying drawings forming a part of this specification, in which similar characters of reference indicate corresponding parts in all the views.
Figure 1 is an enlarged sectional plan view of the improved artificial eye of spherical shape;
Fig. 2 is a front view of the same;
. Fig. 3 is a cross se ,tion of the eyeball with the combined pupil and iris removed;
Fig. 4 is a rearface view of the blank or body for forming the combined pupil and iris;
Fig. 5 is an enlarged sectional plan-view of a portion of the artificial eye; and
Fig. 6 is a front of ovoidal shape.
The eyeball 10 of the artificial eye is preferably made of suitable material and may be spherical as shown in Figs. 1, 2 and 3, or ovoid'al as illustrated in Fig. 6. The eyeball 10 is preferably solid with an opening lltherethrougxh for the engagement of a pivot to allow t e artificial eye to swing from an open to a sleeping position or vice versa when in use in a dolls head. The back of the eyeball 10 has embedded therein the terminal of a weight-carrying arm 12 adapted to carry a weight to cause the artificial eye to readily swing from an open to a sleeping position or vice versa.
The front of the eyeball 10 is provided view of an artificial eye glass, porcelain or other ingly natural.
with a seat 15 approximately concave and in which is seated and fastened a combined pupil and iris 16, preferably made of glass, and having a smooth front face 17 and a backhoe 18, the faces 17 and l8beingapproximately convex. The back face 18 fits .into and isattached to the seat 15 of the eyeball 10. The front and back faces 17 and 18 have a peripheral edge 19 in common and this edge 19 merges with the edge 20 of the seat 15 so that the front face 17 of the coinblned pupil and iris forms a continuation of the surface of the eyeball 10, as plainly shown in Figs. 1 and 5. a
The front face 17 of the combined pupil and mm is smooth and the back face 18 is provided with'a smooth central pupil portion 25 and a veined or roughened iris portlon 26 surrounding the pupil portion 25 and extending in the form of an annular band from the pupil portion 25 to the edge 19. The pupil portion 25 is coated with a dark color 27 and the iris portion 26 is coated with a color 28 which latter is, however,
, in contrast to the color 27, applied to the cenfastened in the seat 15 by cement or other.
suitable adhesive material 30, as shown in Fig. 5, and the said combined pupil and iris 16 may be fastened to the seat by the use of a suitable flux during the usual burning of the artificial eye in a suitable oven, such as is now generally used for burning porcelain ware. In practice, mineral colors 27 and 28 are used to withstand the heat during the burning operation especially as the latter takes place "at about 800. F. It is understood that by providing the iris portion with raised veins and coloring the same with a lighter color than that used for the pupil portion 25, it is evident that'the desired contrast between the pupil and iris portion isobtained to render the artificial eve exceed- The veined effect for the iris may be obtained by applying a ringshaped band to the iris portion, the band having'printed thereon, in color, Veins to simulate the iris portionof the eye.
Having thus described 'my invention. I claim ashew and desire to secure by Letters Patent 1. An artificial eye, comprising an eyeball having a concave seat and a. combined pupil and iris of glass fastened in the said seat and having its under side colored to simulate a ltl seat and having approximately convex front and back faces, of which'the back face fits into and is secured to the said seat andis I colored to simulate a-pupil and an iris one in contrast relative to the other.
3. An artificial eye, comprising an eyeball having a concave seat and a combined pupil and iris of glass fastened in the said seat and having convex front and back faces forming an approximately sharp peripheral edge, the back face fitting into and being attached to the said seat with the edge merging with the edge of the seat, the combined pupil and iris having at its back a smooth central pupil portion and a veined iris porbined pupil and iris blank for artificial eyes made of a transparent material and having convex front and back faces, of which the back face is provided with a smooth central pupil portion and a veined iris portion surroundmg the pupil portion.
'5. As an article of manufacture, a combined pupil-and iris blank for artificial eyes made of a transparent material and having convex front and back faces, of which the back face is provided with a smooth central pupil portion and a veined iris portion surrounding the pupil portion, and contrasting colors applied to the said pupil portion and iris portion.
WILLIAM WALTER BURLICH.
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3105326 *||Oct 20, 1960||Oct 1, 1963||Dollac Corp||Dolls' eyes|
|US4393619 *||Jun 29, 1981||Jul 19, 1983||Murch Mason D||Doll eye having insert forming the iris|
|US5540612 *||Feb 7, 1995||Jul 30, 1996||Mattel, Inc.||Simulated eyes for toys having convex lens body|