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Publication numberUS1291113 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJan 14, 1919
Filing dateNov 23, 1918
Priority dateNov 23, 1918
Publication numberUS 1291113 A, US 1291113A, US-A-1291113, US1291113 A, US1291113A
InventorsJudson C Pewther
Original AssigneeJudson C Pewther
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Toy pistol.
US 1291113 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)




Patented Jan. 14,1919.


Specification of better-a Patent. I

1 atented dlan. 1d. lib.

application filed 1t ovember m, 191%. aerial lt'o. aeaarr.

To all whom it may concern."

Be it known that l, Jnoson'fl. Pnwrnnn, a citizen of the United States, residin at Washington, in the District of Colurn ia,

have invented certain new and useful Tm provements in Toy Pistols, of which the following is a specification, reference being bad to the accompanying drawings.

This invention relates to toy pistols and particularly to that class of toy pistols in which an uncoiled wire spring is used for the purpose ofprojectin the missile.

The general object of t is invention is to simplify the construction of toy pistols of Ell hid


this kind and permit them to be very cheaply made and sold.

A further object is to provide improved means for holding the spring under tension and releasing the spring and mounting the spring within the frame of the piston or gun. a

Other objects have to do with the details of construction and arrangement of parts as will hereafter appear.

My invention is illustrated in the accompanying drawing, wherein Figure 1 is aside elevation away of my improved pistol;

Fig. 2 is a sectional view on the line 2--2 of Fig. 1;

partly broken Fig. 3 is a section on'the line 3-3 of big. 4: is a plan view of the blank; Fig. 5 is a side elevation of a modified form of pistol partly broken away; and

Fig. 6 is a section on the line 6-6 of Fig. 5.

Referring to Fig. 1, it will be seen that the body or frame of the pistol comprises the stock 10 or grip, the body 11 and the barrel 12. Preferably the body 11 and the barrel 12 are made from a sheet metal blank of the form illustrated in Fig. 4:, this blank being bent longitudinally upon itself and formed to provide the barrel and the body.

The stock or handle 10 is inserted between the two sidewalls of the blank and riveted fill or otherwise connected thereto.

The body 11 is formed ad] acent the upper 'edge of the body with a longitudinally extending slot 13, the rear end of whichhas an upwardly extended portion 14 or notch. Connected to the stock, in a manner which will be later stated, is a wire spring 15. This spring extends downwardv from the stock and then upward to form a trigger T have shown the fastening device as a staple or double pointed tack 19 driven into the wood of which the stock is made and disposed between the side walls of the body 11. The upper forward corner of the stock 10 is cut away as at 20. ThG PI'OjBClZlllB which I design to use in this pistol forms the subject matter of the patent granted to me on the 9th day of April 1917 No. 1,261,957, this projectile comprising a shaft 21 havinga hollow bulbous head 22 formed of wire gauze.

With the construction illustrated, the pistol is rendered operative by drawing back on the portion 17 of the spring 15 until this part 17 is engaged in the notch 14. Then if the downwardly extending looped portion of the spring 15 be drawn rearward either by inserting the finger within the loop or around the forward portion of the loop, the part 17 will become disengaged from the notch 14 and the spring will cause the part 16 to spring forward thus projecting the missile. Now if the rear end of the spring 15 were not connected to the stock or to the body 11 by an elongated loop such as 18, the release of the spring and the forward movement of the portion 17 would sting the finger, but by providing the loop 18 l have caught between that portion of the spring lib so'that a finger of the operator will not be Ilbd which forms the trigger and the forward edge of the stock. Tn Fig. 5, T show another form of the device which is entirely made of sheet metal, by simply stamping and folding a sheet metal .blank so as to form the stock 10, body 11 and barrel12 all in one piece and in this case the loop 18 of the spring entends loosely around a transversely extending rivet 19 which is the equivalent of the member .19.

It is to be noted that the pistol may be ldb cocked by drawing back upon the portion 17 and that this may be accomplished by the thumb of the operator Without releasing the grasp on the grip or stock, and further that the notch 14 is sufficiently deep to positively hold the spring in its tensioned position. This device does not require that the shaft of the arrow shall be inserted within the barrel so as to force the free end of the spring rearward and thus tension it. This permits other missiles than arrows to be projected from this gun and causes the device to simulate an ordinary pistol much more nearly than it would if the pistol were loaded by forcing the projectile down into the pistol. Furthermore, it'permits the use of an annular projectile fitting around the barrel and made of wire gauze.

The object of making the projectile of wire gauze or with its head of wire gauze is to provide a rojectile which Wlll not mar furniture, wlnch will not break windows or mirrors and which will not hurt any one WhOIII-lt may strike. Furthermore this particular type ofprojectile is to be used for the purpose of killing insects such as water bugs, flies or the like. The pistol and projectile .se sufliciently accurate at short distances for this purpose and considerable amusement may be afforded to the user.

The object in cutting away the upper end of the stock as at- 20 is to permit the rear portion or leg of the springto take a position of greater inclination to the axis of .the barrel when the spring is cooked. than is taken when the spring is released. The elongated loop at the rear extremity of the spring permits the spring to shift when cooking the spring and when it is released so that as before stated no stinging jar will be transmitted to the finger of the operator.

While I have illustrated certain details of construction and have illustrated my invention as applied to a toy in the form of a pistol I wish it understood that various changes might be made in these details without departing from the spirit of the invention and it is also obvious that the device might be applied to a toy in the form of a gun.

I claim:-

1. A toy pistol having-a frame including a stockand body, the body being formed with a longitudinally extending slot having an angularly extending notch at its rear end, a downwardly looped spring operatively attached to the frame of the pistol adjacent the stock and extending downwardly from said point of attachment and then upward and laterally throu 'h said slot to provide means whereby the free end of the spring nected to the frame and passing through said loop, the forward end of the spring being upwardly and forwardly extended into thebody and then laterally bent to extend out through said slot and then upwardly bent.

3. A toy pistol having a frame including a body and a barrel formed of one piece of'sheet metal bent longitudinally upon itself, one of the side walls of the bodv having a longitudinally extending slot formed at its rear end with an upwardly extending notch, a spring bent to form a trigger loop, the rear end of the spring being formed with an elongated upwardly extending loop, a member on the frame around which said last named loop passes and by which the spring is pivotally and shiftably connected to the frame, the forward end of the spring extending upward between the side walls of the body and then laterally bent and extending out through the slot and then upwardly extended.

4. A toy pistol including a frame formed of a wooden stock or grip and a body or barrel formed of one piece of sheet metal folded longitudinally upon itself, one of the side walls of the body having a longitudinally extending slot having at its rear end an upwardly extending notch, the upper forward corner of the stock being cut away, a staple disposed between the walls of the body adjacent the cut-away portion of the stock and lnserted into said stock, and a spring, one end of which is formed to provide an elongated loop embracing said staple, the spring then extending downward and then upward to form a trigger loop and then upward between the walls of the body, then laterally out through said notch and then upward.

In testimony whereof I hereunto affix my signature in the presence of two witnesses.




Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4386478 *Jun 1, 1981Jun 7, 1983Martin-Paul, Inc.Cone-shaped retrievable and self-contained power projectile for an insect killing gun
US5033446 *Apr 21, 1989Jul 23, 1991Bradt Richard AScent projectile missile and launcher
US5213089 *Aug 8, 1991May 25, 1993Hasbro, Inc.Toy gun
US7861698Apr 16, 2007Jan 4, 2011Bruce NordstogProjectile type insect swatter such as fired from a gun
US20090100745 *Oct 20, 2008Apr 23, 2009Knight Michael SInsect Control Apparatus
U.S. Classification124/27, D21/574, 43/135
Cooperative ClassificationF41B7/006