US 1291463 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
H. T. FOGG & J. FERRALL.
APPLICATION FILED JULY 24,19II.
Patented Jan. 14, 1919.
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
HERBERT T. FOGG, OF EAST ORANGE, NEW JERSEY, AND JOHN J. FERRALL, OF VALHALLA, NEW YORK, ASSIGNORS TO NATIONAL BISCUIT COMPANY, OF NEW YORK, N. Y., A. CORPORATION OF NEW JERSEY.
To all whom it may concern: Be it known that we, HERBERT T. Fooo and JOHN J. FERRALL, citizensof the United I States, the former residing at East Orange,
in the county of Essex and State of New Jersey, and the latter residing at Valhalla, in the county of Westchester and State of New York, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Display-Racks, of
which the following is a specification.
Our invention relates to display racks or stands wherein boxes containing crackers,
or the like, may be placed so that the contents thereof will be effectively displayed. Such boxes, intended for the use of retail merchants in displaying their wares, are often made with ivoted covers having glass panels orsimilar construction. In our improvement, however, the display rack itself is provided with a cover or covers adapted to cover the open top or tops of a box or boxes mounted on the rack, which cover members contain glass panels so that the contents of the boxes may be seen. With this construction the necessity of providing a large number of boxes with covers adapted for display purposes is'done away with, different boxes, the contents of which are to be displayed, being placed on the rack and covered by the cover members carried thereby, as desired.
.The invention is best carried out by so mounting the cover members that the same will fit over the open tops of the boxes when the latter are displayed while at the same time the cover members may readily. be moved into a non 0bstructing position in which they will remain, when a box is to be placed on or removed from the rack, or when some of the contents of the box are to be removed. Preferably the cover members are pivotally mounted at their upper edges and are also arranged to slide back over the top of the space designed to receive the'boxes, out of the way when swung upwardly about the pivotal connection. Preferably also the supporting members for the boxes are so arranged as to hold the boxes at a an angle, with the upper open side of the box inclined at a forwardly and downwardly extending angle, so that the contents of the box may more readily be seen. Also preferably a Specification of Letters Patent. Patented J an 14, 1919 Application filed July 24, 1917. Serial No. 182,400.
rack contains a. number of units for receiving numbers of boxes arranged oneabove the other but somewhat offset, so that the lower boxes are slightly in advance of the upper progressively, to enable the contents more readily to be seen.
In order that a clearer understanding of my invention may be had attention is hereby directed to the accompanying drawings forming part of this application and illustrating certain embodiments of our invention.
In the drawings Figure 1 represents a side elevation of a rack embodying our invention, Fig. 2 is a front elevation of the same, Fig. 3 is a partial enlarged vertical section taken on the line3-3 of-Fig. 2 and Fig. 4 is a similar view showing a cover member in its raised and backwardly extending position.
Referring to the drawings the rack is preferably made in skeleton form of pressed metal members and may comprise forward and back vertical members 1, 2 on each side. A vertical member 3 is also positioned on each side intermediate the forward and rear members 1 and 2. The forward and rear members on each side may be connected by horizontal members 4 and 5 at the bottom and top respectively. The front members, 1, 1 may be connected by bottom and top transverse members 6 and 7 and the rear members 2, 2 may be connected by bottom and top transverse members 6, 7. The various frame members referred to are preferably light channels and may be welded or otherwise suitably-secured together.
The rack illustrated is adapted to receive six boxes, such as those shown at 8, 8, in two vertical rows of three each. Obviously. however, the racks may be made with different arrangements of spacings, or for the display of a single box only. In the construction illustrated each box is received by a metal strip 9 which may be bent at a rightangle, as shown, with the apex 10 at the bottom. The forwardly extending portion of sheet 9 is provided at its ends with upwardly extending portions 11, 11, the extreme ends of the sheet being bent at right angles as shown at12, 12. The upper and lower ends-of the bent portions 12, 12 are securedto thewebs of the adjacent vertical channel members 1 its apex somewhat to the rear bersto which they are secured are adapted to rece ve th'e! rn-iddle box in each and 3. Similarly the rearwardly extending portionsof the transverse strip 9 are pro vided at their ends with upwardly extending portions-11 and with right angle extensions of .the same '12, which are secured to vertical members 2 and 3. Obviously the strips 11, 12, 11, 12 maybe made separate from the strip 9 and Welded or otherwise secured thereto. The supporting means thus formed the boxes at an inclination with the open tops of vthe boxes inclined forwardly and downwardlyas shown. The boxes are illustrated as mounted .side 'byside-in pairs with a space between each pai r.
- It is deemed preferable to arrange the boxes vertically in ofiset relation, so that e the lower ones will'be forward of the upper,
Cover members '13 are mounted on the rack in position to cover the open tops of the boxes displayed thereon, these cover members preferably being provided with glass panels 143 Each cover member is provided at'its upper edge with 15 which may comprise a rod about which the upper edge of the cover a pivot member member is secured, with the ends of the rod extending somewhat beyond the side edges of the cover member. ,The outer ends of each rod 15 are I slidably mounted in tracks or slideways 16,
which may ,in each instance be secured to the vertical members 3 and 2 on each side,and in the case of the uppermost unit, to the members2- alone. The slideways 16' which I receive heinner; ends of pivot rods 15 may be secured on both faces of metal sheets 17 mayyhave their upper andlower pora tionsloentat an angle, for securingthe same 55.
" These islidewaysextend downwardly to the .to ithe supporting strips 9 above the same.
Y Fiearatanfangle, as shown, and are prefermamma these b y u way s iaped. The upper flanges of slidewaysfare preferat points slightly to the rear bbl nne 52f Q 1 1 f wa d e s (the d ys as shown at 19, Fig. 3, to permit the insertion of the ends of rodsf15 throughthe same into the slideway sandv the removal ,by the same means ofthe'cover members when 'itis de sired that the same should be' entirely removed from the rack. I
Preferably each cover member is provided with flanges 20 adapted to fit around the upper edges of abox 8 and a second slideway 21 is preferably mount ed below each slideway 16 or 16 and secured'in'the same manner to members 3, 2 and 17. These latter slideways are preferably angular in I box, when it 1s moved rearwardlyinto the positionshown in Fig. 4, the 'piv0ts15 sliding downthe slideways 16 and .16 and the side flanges of the cover riding on the horizontzilportions of the slideway 321, Preferably a stop is provided for the cover in its rear-most position by mountingeach slidewayQl on verging with the slideway '16 or 16' above the same sothat the said flanges-of the cover member will become slightly wedged between slideways16 and 21 and16 and21 when the cover member is invits rear-most position. It will .thusbe seen thatpositions of stable equilibrium are provided for each cover member both w en'the latter is in its operative or covering position and in its inoperative or non-obstructing rearward position. It is obviousthat our invention is not strictly limited to theexactfdetails of construction illustrated :and described, but that a reasonable rangeof equivalents for such construction are included withinlour invention. Y
What we'clai1n'is:-- n
1. In a display rack, the combination of end frame members; superposed box supports secured thereto to extend therebetween, each pair of boxes side by side, with;their tops inclined forwardly and downwardly;--outer track members secured to the end frame members, inclined rearwardly and down wardly above'the spaces adapted to receive the boxes; inner track members, parallel to said first named members, secured to the box supports above the same, intermediate the end frame members; cover members ar-' ranged to cover boxes on said supports,and pivot rods 1 for "said covers, havingftheir outer and inner ends slidablymounted in said outer and inner track'members,
' 2. In a display rack, the combination'of' .a frame having supporting means arranged adapteato -receivethe box, and afi' cover an angle whi'ch is slightly eonarranged to removably 'hold a member having pivots slidably mounted in This specification signed and witnessed onie (hf said sliciiieways, alllld ari'anged wit this 19th day of July, 1917.
si e anges to t over t e inc ined top 0 a box in said space, when said pivots are at the front of said slideway, said second slideway being adapted to receive the side Witnesses:
flanges of said cover member when it is GEO. T. ALDRICH,
swung up and moved rearwardly. PETER J. SUNDHEIM.
copies of this pstent msy be obtained for five cents each, by sddressing the Commissioner-o! Patents, wsshlngtu, D. 0."