|Publication number||US1292115 A|
|Publication date||Jan 21, 1919|
|Filing date||Jun 17, 1918|
|Priority date||Jun 17, 1918|
|Publication number||US 1292115 A, US 1292115A, US-A-1292115, US1292115 A, US1292115A|
|Original Assignee||Walter Soderling|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (11), Classifications (5)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
W. SODERLIN G.
RES PIRATOR. APPLICATION FILED FEB- 23| l9l6- RENEWED JUNE Ii. I918.
1,292,] 1 5. Patented Jan. 21,1919.
2 $HEETS-SHEET I.
IN [/5 IV T01? 5 2M A *f I mm? W. SODERLI NG.
ARPLICATION FILED FEB. 23,1916- RENEWED JUNE 17' 1918.
Patented Jan. 21,1919.
Z'SHEETS-SHEET 2- "aw/I UM r y l/VVF/VTOR ATTORNEYS;
"WALTER SODERLING, OF YORK, N. Y.
Specification of Letters Patent.
Patented Jan. 21, 1919.
Application filed Februc'ry 28, 1916, Serial No. 79,850. Renewed June 17, 1918. Serial No. 240,522.
' dent of the borough of Manhattan of the city of New York, in the county and State of New York have invented an Improvement in Respirators, of which the followhe present invention relates to improvements in respirators, the object being to provide a standard apparatus which may be adaptable for use under a great variety of conditions. Preferred embodiments of my invention are illustrated in the drawings which accompany this specification, and in which- I Figure 1 is a to view of a respirator having an u war ly directed discharge opening locate on top of the device;
Fig. 2 is a side view of the same type of respirator, a part of the outer shell being broken awa to show clearly the construction of the intake valve;
Fig. 3 is a-central vertical section of the discharge valve indicated in Figs. 1 and 2;
Fig. 4 is a front view of the device illustrated .in Fig. 1 with the cover removed to show the partitions and means for re taining the removable partition;
Fig. 5 is a detail view showing the valve indicated in Fig. 2;
Fig. 6lshows in longitudinal vertical section a preferred type of mouth-piece which may be used conveniently with either of the respirators illustrated;
ing is a specification.
7 1s" a to new of a modified form of my improve res irator in which the discharge opening is ocated in the rear of the devlce;
Fig. 8 is aview in section substantially along the line -88 of Fig. 7, showing in addition a nostril engaging member; 7
Fig. 9 is a central verticalsection showing in detail the type of valve adapted for use with the form of device illustrated in Figs. 7 and 8;
Fig. 10 is a transverse vertical section illustrating the construction of a preferred ty e of nostril engaging member;
ig. 11 is a cross section of the nostril engiaging member taken at the line 1111 of tially cylindrical form with a rearwardly projecting compartment 2 having openings 3 to accommodate nostril engaging means and another opening 4 to accommodate suitable mouth engaging means, preferably of the type shown in igs. 6, 7 and 8. The body portion or casing may be closed by means of a cover or cap 5 having a erforated front 6 to permit the passage 0 air into the interior of the respirator. his cap may be detachably connected to the casing by any suitable means, shown in Figs. 1 and 2, as a pin-and-slot lockin device provided b a pair of pins 7 fixed at opposite sides 0 the casing and slots 8 formed in the flanges of the cover, the said pins and slots cooperating in a well known manner to lock the cover in position. Another form of cover locking device is shown in Figs. 7 and 12 which show a spring clip 54 provided with a corrugated portion 55 adapted to engage a projection 56 extending upwardly from the casing to hold the cover in secure engagement therewith and a terminal eyelet or slot 64 adapted to receive a head engagin strap 52 or the like.
The rearwarc ll 2 of the casin provides in effect an air con ductingcham or adapted to receive filtered. or modified air from the forward or main body ortion of the respirator, said air being then in position to be drawn into the lungs of the wearer of the device through suit-v able nostril and mouth engaging members. This air conductin chamber also is adapted to receive the ex aled air which is disy projecting compartment;
also contacting with said partition,
charged therefrom through a conveniently located opening.
The front part of the casing provides a convenient container for holding an air filtering or modifying agent, preferably a sponge saturated with a neutralizing chemical in case the device is intended to be equipped for use in the presence of poisonous gases. This sponge may be confined rearwardly by a partition 10, Fig.2, having valve controlled openings 11 arranged to permit the passage of air to chamber 2. The admission of purified air through and the exclusion of vitiated air from the openings 11 is controlled by means of a valve 13 sustained loosely on pins 14 fixed in position on the partition 10, said valve being provided with a central opening 12 having an edge 57 turned forwardly to engage the partition 10 and a partition engaging rib 58 the edge 57 and the rib 58 being adapted to provide seating contact with the partition to obstruct the passage of exhaled air through the openings 11., The valve may be made readily removable by providing it with slotted openings 15, see Fig. 5, enlarged at one end 1 to receive the head of the pin 14 and adapted to engage the shank of said pin for bolding the valve inoperative position. The valve carrying partltion may be held in operative position by any suitable means. In the form of my invention illustrated in Figs. 1 and 2, I have shown for this purpose resilient locking members or spring clips 16 in yielding engagement with a projecting portion 60 extending downwardly from a partition 59, and a projecting portion extending inwardly from casing 1 respectively, sa1d partition otherwise serving more particularly to separate the upper portion of the air conducting .chamber from that portion of the casing which holds the air filtering or modifying element. 7
The discharge opening may be controlled by suitable valves, as illustrated in Fig. 3, including a port 17 formed .in a conduit 23 and having an upturned edge to provide substantially a line contact with valve member 19; another valve 20 ispreferably disposed at an angle to valve 19 and both are associated with means to limit the extent of their opening; downwardly projecting lugs 21 being adapted to engage the valve 19 v to limit its upward movement, and downwardly projecting lugs 22 being adapted to limit the upward movement of the valve 20. In order that these interiorly located valves may be readily accessible, I have arranged them in the conduit 23 which is so roportloned that the valve parts may be inserted and removed from the exterior. The valve 20 is preferably mounted within said conduit in connection with a partition member meagre 24C which, .while separate from the conduit 23, is adapted to be fitted snugly therein and provides the valve engaging lugs 21 and the air. passage or port 18. The partition 24-. being thus removable provides easy access to the valve 19. To hold these parts securely in operative position the conduit 23 is closed at the top by a snug fitting cap 25 having the opening 9 and the downwardly projecting members 22 for limiting the upward movement of the valve 20, said cap 25 being removable for the purpose of permitting access to the valve 20.
Although no mouth or nostril engaging members are shown in Figs. 1 and 2, 1t is contemplated that a suitable mouth-piece, preferably like that illustrated in Figs. 6 and 7, may conveniently be inserted in the opening 4 of the chamber 2. This mouthplece comprises a tube preferably made of rubber and having a relatively stiff flange portion 26 adapted to engage the inner surface of the casing 1 immediately adjacent to prevent the conduit from collapsing either bv reason of suction or by reason of pressure thereon by the wearers teeth. The inner end of the conduit or mouth-piece may be reinforced by a thickened 'resilient portion 29.
A suitable nostril engaging member is shown in Figs. 8, 10 and 11. This member provides a graduated upper portion 30 which is designed to fit nostrils of different sizes and shapes and to provide a, secure and airtight connection between the interior of the respirator and the nose passages ofthe wearer. The normal conduit portion 31 of the nostril engaging member is relatively resilient and may conveniently be formed of a suitable grade of rubber. In order that the nostril engagin member may be made universally adjusta le, I have provided means whereby it may be moved up or down relatively to the mouth-piece so as to be accommodated to various facial proportions. To insure an air tight joint between the casing and the nostril engaging member and to retain the nostril engaging member securely in any desired position, I have provided laterally projecting ribs 32 which engage the interior surface of the chamber 2 immediately adjacent the edge of the openings 3. When inserting the nostril engaging member into the opening 3, or when changing its vertical position, these ridges are conduit sufficiently to completely close the appearing design. Referrin to Fig. 8, I-
inwardly extending toa opening 3 and to hold the ridges 32 in position to engage the interior surface adjacent to the openings 3 thus preventing slipping of the nostril engaging member up or down.
In Figs. 7 and 8, I have illustrated a modified form' of my invention which differs from the first form described mainly in that the discharge opening is located in the rear instead of on top of the casin This provides in some cases a distinct a vantage as. well as an improved and more compact have illustrated the modifie form of respirator equipped with air filtering means 33 consisting of woven pads of lint or other filtering'material. One piece may be held in position immediately underneath the perforated front 6, being secured peripherally between the front edge of the casing 1 and theinside surface of the cover 5 while a. similar piece 33 may be positioned adjacent partition 34. This partition, see Fig. 13, is conveniently held in operative posltion by spring clips 66' adapted to engage project ons 35 in the casing 1, and is provided with perforations 36 for permitting the passage of air from the front of the casin to the rear or air conducting portion. earwardly projecting ridges 37 and 62 are formed in thesurface of said partition to provide substantially line contact with a flat valve member 38 attached to the partition 34 bysuitable means which may be similar to the means employed in connection with the form of my invention illustrated in Fig. 2 and may have a central openin 61. pad 33, utilized in connection with the partition 34, may be heldin secure engagement therewith by a circular spring 39 or other suitable pad retaining means. Thus, in this form of "the device, it may be convenient to use two separate and disconnected filtering members; as well as either one alone, or an air modifying agent of any desired character such as might'conveniently be used with the first form of my invention described.
The dischargeopening in the modified form of respirator may be controlled by valves inclosed in a conduit 40 illustrated in detail in Fig. 9. This conduit has a port 41 provided with an upturned edge 42 which fur- The additional filtering of the device.
be provided with upwardly extending projections 48 adapted to engage the under surface of the partition '44 to limit the upward movement of the valve 43 and at the same time to permit the passage of air through the openin 45. The extent of upward movement of t e valve 47 may be limited by means of projections 48 extending downwardly from a conduit closing cap 63, said projection being arranged to prevent the valve 47 from fallingl out through a discharge opening 49 in t e cap 63, with which the conduit 40 registers to permit the dischar e of air. This opening 49 may be protecte from interference by means of a vertically disposed removable late 50 detachably secured to the rear 0 the device by suitable means. It will be obvious that the valves 43 and 47 will be readily accessible and removable by removing the closing cap 63, being similar in this respect to the valves shown in Fig. 3. I
In operation it is contemplated that either form of respirator may be equipped with a sponge or other absorbent element adapted to hold chemical means for modifying the character of air admitted through'the openings in the front. This form of air modifying means is indicated where the user is required to breathe a1r contamlng an injurious amount of poisonous gas. It is eontemplated that the gas laden air entering the openings in the front, will pass through a sponge carrying a chemical solution adaptv ed to neutralize the particular kind of poisonous gas with whic the air may be mixed.
This action takes place coincident with inhalation by the force of which, the valve 13 or 38 as the case may be 'is lifted from the partition, thus permitting the purlfied air to flow into the chamber 2 and thence to the mouth or nostrils of the wearer of the appa-' ratus.
Among the advantages residing in the structure which I have described, is that of bein operative in practically any position in w ich the wearer of the device may ordinarily find himself. This advantage follows partly from the fact that the device is designed to carry a liquid neutralizer suschamber containing freely movable liquid,
the liquid sealing the intake opening. Obviously, unless. such a device were held in a certain position, it is probable that the intake opening would become uncovered, thus permitting the gas laden atmosphere to penetrate direct to the nostril engaging portions It has been found in practice that the Valves controlling the inlet and discharge openings of 'a respirator are not satisfactory if they depend upon spring pressure for being held in normal closed position. The introduction of a fine spring of any sort for this purpose in this kind of a device introduces a weak element which very often be comes detached and lost or wears out at a critical time. Furthermore, the use of rubber or leather valves is also unsatisfactory inasmuch as these materials deteriorate and are therefore not always dependable. In order to overcome difficulties of this sort, l have sought to eliminate spring-controlled valves and to provide valves of such construction that all the parts may be made of simple forms of metal. Thus, in the case of the intake valve illustrated in Fig. 2, the partition 10 may be made of thin sheet metal and the edges of the air passage in the valve may be turned to form with said partition a seat for the valve 13 which in this case is preferably a thin metal disk freely hung upon the pins 14 so that it may readily swing free from the partition 1 upon inhalation and may also readily seat thereon upon exhalation, thus forcing the exhaled air out through the discharge opening in the top of the casing.
The certainty of operation of the valves controlling the discharge openings is exceedingly important. That is, it is essential that the discharge port shall be securely sealed during the operation of inhaling and that it shall open readily during exhalation. Otherwise, the gas laden atmosphere would be drawn through this port directly into the lungs of the user of the device instead of through the air modifying portion heretofore referred to. While it is a more or less obvious thing to provide a valve which i will accomplish this result under some conditions, it has been found very diflicult to devise a valve which will be operative under all conditions and in a great variety of positions. The objection to spring-controlled valves has been referred to. question, therefore, ofproviding a nonspring-pressed valve which will be operative even in an unusual position then presents itself. I have met this difiiculty by interposing in the discharge opening, a multiple valve having the valve portions disposed at an angle to each other so that although one valve may fail to seat by reason of the force of gravity acting upon it to draw it away from its seat, the other valve, being disposed at a different angle will act normally and efiectively to seal the opening. Such an arrangement is illustrated in Figs. 3 and 9.
A further difficulty which has presented itself in connection with the use of valves and respirators is that'wherein the area of contact between the valve and its seat is The means so broad as to efiect a too secure connection with the parts after they become covered with moisture condensed from the breath. To obviate this difficulty, T have provided valve ports in which the valves seat upon edges or ridges in substantially line contact, thus not only insuring efiective closing of the port, but also preventing the unnecessary adhesion of the valve to the seat by reason of the presence of moisture intervening between the two contacting surfaces. 1 have applied this principle to the valve structures shown in Figs. 3 and 9. The intake valves illustrated in Figs. 2 and 8 also embody the same principle but with some modification made necessary by the decentralized position of the air passages or openings in the respective partitions.
Where the respirator is intended to be used for the purpose of filtering air, that is, to modify the physical character by removing particles of dust or'solid matter as distinguished from effecting achemical change therein, I prefer the form of filtering elements shown in Fig. 8. As heretofore pointed out, these elements may be composed of circular pieces of woven or matted fabric adapted to fit substantially inside the cap-5 and against the front face thereof. Where additional filtering action is necessary, as many layers as necessary may be interposed between the inlet openings in the cover of the device and the partition which closes ofi the chamber for carrying purified air.
Among other. advantages residing in the structure hereinabove described, I may point out the comparative simplicity of the several portions, which permits the device to be made in large part out of thin sheet metal by means of suitable dies, thereby insuring not only low cost of production but precision in the finished product. Where the openings are of uniform size as they would ordinarily be if the casings were all made by the same set of dies, the nostril and mouth engaging portions may be standardized as to shape and size and thus be interchangeable so that if one or more of these portions becomes lost or destroyed, another can readily be supplied.
The improved mouth piece presents sev- 'llti eral advantages,.one being that the inner flange 26 tends to eliminate the danger of the mouth-piece becoming detached from the respirator. Furthermore, the flange 27 provides an efiective seal against entrance of gas laden atmosphere. between the mouthpiece and the lips, and the resilient distending member 28 not only provides against collapse of the-air conduits but also aflords an effective resisting means whereby a more secure grip may be had upon the device.
Where the position of the mouth-piece is fixed relatively to the purified air conducting portion ofthe casing, as in my improved receive nostril and mouth engagin respirators, it is advisable to provide means for adjusting the position of the nostril engaging member. The form of nostril engaging member which I have heretofore described allows of this adjustment and at the same time affords the additional advantage of providing means in the lateral ribs 32 for preventing accidental displacement from operative position.
To further insure dependability of operation, I have provided means for attaching the respirator to the head of the wearer said means being quickly and easily adjusted and applied securely in position. I refer to a pair of eyelets 67, Figs. 1 and 2, mounted on the end of the pins 7 and adapted to receive the looped portion of the strap 53 which may be passed around the head of the wearer of the device and fastened thereto as tightly as may be desired. In Fi 7 and 12 a slig paratus is shown, the strap receiving slot 6 1 being formed at the end of a sprin clip extending from the cover portion, t us holding the cover in secure engagement with chamber 1 and also providing means for retaining the device in position for use.
I claim as my invention:
1. A respirator comprising an air chamber provided with an outlet opening and air actuated valves having seats arranged in the path of air currents passing through said opening and disposed at an angle to each other 2. A respirator comprising an air. chamber having an outlet opening provided with valve seats disposed at an angle to each other, valves entirely detached from said seats and free to change position relatively thereto, said valves being adapted to engage said seats in sealing contact during inhalation through the inlet opening.
3. A respirator comprising an air chamber having an outlet opening providedwith a valve seat, a valveentirely detached from said seat and said chamber and mounted for free transverse movement relative to said seat, said valve being adapted to engage said seat in sealin contact,- and means on the valve to limit t eextent of movement of said valve away from saidseat.
4. A respirator comprising an air chamber having an outlet opening a valve seat in said outlet opening, a valve freely movable relatively to said seat and having peripherally disposed means for limiting its movement away from said seat.
5. A respirator comprising a casing adapted to .form a forwardly located air modifying or filtering chamber and a rearwardly located air conducting chamber, .openings in said air conducting chamber to members, and a rearwardly directed va ve con- -l5 trolled outlet opening In'said air conducting tly modified form of attac ing ap modi ed air, a removable perforated partition interposed between sa1d chambers and having a portion adapted to serve as a line contact valve seat, a valve slidably supported adjacent to said valve seat by oppositely disposed supporting means, said valve being adapted to admit filtered or modified air through the perforations in the partition upon mhalation and to revent the escape of exhaled air through sa1d perforations upon exhalation.
7. A res irator having an air chamber and collapslble nostril and mouth engaging members adapted to be applied from outside said chamber and having laterally projecting means adapted to enga e portions of the inner surface of the air c amber whereby said members may be retained in operative position.
8. A respirator having a chamber for holding air filtering or modifiying means, a chamber for filtered or modified air and removable nostril engaging members each having a plurality of projections along its len h adapted to enga e inner portions of sai air receiving cham or to hold the nostril engaging members in operative position.
9. A respirator comprising an air chamber having a valve controlled outlet opening rearwardly directed, whereby said opening and said valvemay be protected rearwardly by the face of the wearer.
10. A respirator comprisin an air chamber and nostril engaging memgers removably attached to said a1r chamber and having laterally projecting means cooperating with the chamber to retain said nostril engaging members in o erative position.
11. A respirator comprising an air chamber, an outlet opening 1n said chamber, and a valve to control the assage of air through said opening, said va ve having projecting means for limiting the extent of movement away from its seat. a
12. A respirator comprisin an air chamber, an r outlet opening 1n sai chamber, and
a valve to control the passage of air through 14. A respirator comprising an air chamber having openings to receive nostril engaging members and collapsible-nostril engaging air condueting members provided with a plurality of laterally projecting means adapted to be inserted through said openings to engage the chamber to hold said members in operative position and whereby said nostril engaging members may be efiectively secured to said chamber at substantially any 10 desired position along their length.
means 15. A respirator comprising an air chamher, a discharge openlng in a rearwardlydisposed Wall of said chamber and means supported at the rear of said chamber to protect said opening without interfering With the free passage of air therethrough.
In testimony whereof, I have signed my name to this specification this 8th day of February, 1916.
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2438058 *||Sep 15, 1943||Mar 16, 1948||Kincheloe Dwight N||Air supply device for respirators|
|US2610624 *||Jun 4, 1947||Sep 16, 1952||Mine Safety Appliances Co||Pocket respirator|
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|US7311104||Apr 18, 2001||Dec 25, 2007||3M Innovative Properties Company||Method of making a filtering face mask that has an exhalation valve|
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|US7493900 *||Oct 3, 2000||Feb 24, 2009||3M Innovative Properties Company||Fibrous filtration face mask having a new unidirectional fluid valve|
|US20020170563 *||Apr 18, 2001||Nov 21, 2002||Japuntich Daniel A.||Filtering face mask that has a new exhalation valve|
|US20070119459 *||Jan 5, 2007||May 31, 2007||3M Innovative Properties Company||Method Of Making A Filtering Face Mask Having New Exhalation Valve|
|U.S. Classification||128/206.11, 128/206.15, 55/DIG.350|
|Cooperative Classification||Y10S55/35, A61M16/0666|