US 1296916 A
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HEATING 0R COOLING PLATE FDH MLDING PRESSES.
APPLICATION FILED FEB. 7. I9I8.
Patented Mar. 11.1919.
2 SHEETS-SHEET l.
c.F.uRRouGHs. K 'HEATING 0R COOLING PLATE FOR MOLDING PRESSES.
APPUCTION FILED FEB. 7| 19H1.
.. i moet iii non nooeine, in i To mi whom 'may oonoem s Be if known Minis L @EAMES E". Emo Renens, e ontinen o1? nhe Unief Sismos, le siding "122 iBoo-sspeo"l smeet, Rosi: mnge, eouny of Fieses., enol'S-iete New Jersey, beve invenieei oeifuein new.7 YUseful?. En? goio'fzeinenis in ieeing oi ooiing lpiefnes i'oi' Meidingi?iess 1.s9 ifniiy desoiibeci end renfe sened in 'one ioiiowing speeioeiion emi the accompanying drawings, onniingn peice of the Seine.
The objee of one pi'eeent invenion io ni'nish o. heaving or cooiingg-pate which may be employed in' messes of upon Worko-enoiies ibo e mow., or einen` objeoi, seeeoi noon @he seioL piee.
This heeoing on coding-pilote comprises e base iieving e @ei-iop owiiieh is fitted n iop-eene heaving nnneons inerioi oimnneis in which ehe heating 'or oooiing Quid is oirenieieii. in e novel mennen, so es io secure e very free movement of ichs Enid hiough ehe channels in both oiieotions from the Huidinlot io on oef-biet, which inode of eiyenietion "nenes eine seni. on non 'of the cooiingpinie oniomiy, es wel! es quickiy.
Soon top-portion oi ihe eooiingpiehe ie pee'ebiy mode eine so es to reeciiy @ons ms heee io or rom 'ine mold oio-hei' article slippored thereon; 'and the fpiesswlne io which suon ai plaie is sometimes snbjefed$ which .simon-nis vio nisny tons in hydmuie molding operations is9 in ibis oonsruction, sustained by ioiming the oiicueting chan nels by ribs upon 'zhe mision side oi suoh to poi-tion, Whoh i'os rest direeiiy upon i o bese so es izo irenslni #bhe load eineneo.
The heating or coding-plate is shown of @insular foirfm herein'9V which is adopted for heating the Acirculan@ mold usedin mooling phonographio nerds, and the Gironi-ating channels ee shown curved ooneentricaily about the oeniei' of `die pete; but the plete may be square oiieetzinguler, end the saine eiects produced by making eine channels per :diei wlth the reetenguai sides of the plate.
The essential feeuie ofi the invention is the disziibnion ofi @the homing or cooling ini from inie: tiiongn chennes in opposixe haines o?? eine pietesimoieeneonsiy so :than: the two halves may be'equaiiy e'ecief;
anni ineheimone. one nesti'iofiion of the ein onleiion thi'ough those passages which may loe'siorteiN then ofi-hers, so io peniitionger passages ne be laeaed 55o tile same degree es .the shooter ones.
Peo se@ Meer. lill, .Zi
s The myension may be practised Wieh any oonstliunon einen carries out this mooie o distmbn'lon,
The ondes side of bhe bese is iiboedso es A io gioni-Ey mince the enea of oonnoowioh the bed or pieten oi she press on which it is supported, an thus avoid in geene degiee the tsansmission of neet so suonl bed; or pieten,
En a eircniei' pee, ehe oiifonetino chenneis ere curved ebene eine come? @Mie ooo- .ing-plaie and communicate ne opposie sides o? one centei` with redini pockets in the iop of the base, the outer ends of which eee pio videoi i'esjxoeoiivey Nitin en inetend Gnoien 'The uid entering the inie-poce hes oeeess et both sides to *bhe channels, an@ one heating or cooling Huid time moves in been diieofaions 'oni the ine through ehe eilenneis io the onfdeopoeke.
To insure en equal oiisiioniion o? the Huid ifiom ehe idee-Docket into sii iie channeis, from boi-i1 sies of iie pocket, epoetiiion is pieieebly movido@ io inese'et ziie ohenneis et the middie iine oi? the poeke and the pemition enteniied downward into Ithe pocket so that one uid enteing'fhe inieo pocket is divided by the partition and Hows eqneiy into fthe ehennes from iooil sides of the pooke. A somewhot sinoiiei` penbiion inieiseofijs the obanneis ove? ahe outiefbpocket, thus forcing Jhe uid eneing oooh sies of hefpoeke: eo ow towair iis ener endl, which is provieol Wish l@he one.;
The invenion will be understood by felgen ence to the annexed dmwing, in which Figune l is e cross section of the entire heating and cooing-platej-aken on line -l in Fig. 5, Wien a record-mold ettachedthereto; Fig. 2 shows the vuppei' side of the bese; Fig. 3 is a, cross section o e portion of the Tosse and top-seat taken across one of the pockets on line 3-3 in Fig; Fig. 4 is e portion of the bese and top-seat teken on line 4 4 in iig. 2; Fig. 5 Ashows he upper side of ehe top-sent; Fig. 5 is e. section oi the top-seat on line 6 6 in Fig. 5; Fig. 7 is e. top View, and Figz e side View oi" the paritlon for ehe inkt-pocket.
Figa 9 o, top viem and Fig. l0 a side View of the partition for ihe outlet-pocket.
The base a., es shown in 3 and is formed of e thin isk with integral ribs o upon iis under side to rest upon the bedpinte or pieten.
Radial pockets c and d are formed in the upper side'of the base," the youter end of the inlet-pocket being connected with aninlet f and the outer endoftheoutlet-pocketfconnected with an outlet-pocketjf. Themargin of the base is provided with an upwardly projecting ring g to center the top-seat thereon. The said `seat is shown-With the top-portion Zz, of the body made relatively. thin, and a series of concentric'channel's' c" formed upon its under side by concentric ribs e which are -tted to rest upon the lower portion k2 wedge-shaped, as shown in Fig. 2wh,ere it projects downward into the pocket.. Y
The pocket is made Wider than thejthickness of the wedge, to afford clearance at its opposite sides for the fluid .to pass into the adjacent `ends of thechannels, as is indicated by the arrows in Fig. 2 at opposite sides ofthe partition. The wedge-shape of the partition facilitatesthe passage of the fluid from theinlet to the'whole length of the pocket.
The partition for the outlet-pocket d has a parallel portion Z extended about one-half its lengthA which is tted to the notches i next the center 'of the plate, and the par-L tition is wholly tapered therefrom in a thin wedge Z: to the' outer end` of the pocket, which coincides with 4the outlet-aperture f.
Where this partition extends downward into. the pocket d, it is formed with a wid- 'enedbutt Z2 whichjlls the pocket adjacent to the inner or central channels e, and is tapered to thesides ofthe body-portion Z.
.It thus restricts `the fiow from the inner channels which is only effected in the narrow wedge-shaped space a at the sides of such' butt.
'The tendency 'of an elastic fluid like steam, when a'dm'itted to these concentric channels, would be to take the shortest path through the channels next the center of the plate, so that the center of the plate would be heated much more quickly and effectively than the outer portion. v
. The restriction of the outlets from these central channelsto the pocket d prevents a rapid flow of fluid through these inner channels and causes' an equal distribution .of the Huid tothe outer channels, thus securing a uniform temperature of the whole plate.
It is obvious that if the notches z' of the Y faces.
ribs e 'were disposed over the pockets" c, d, the uid when introduced to the inlet-pocket .cfwould :pass from both edges of the same' pockets c, (Z. Such projecting parts would,v
however, interfere with the facing-oil? of the ribbed surface of `vthe top-seat, which is necessary to give it an equable bearing upon the top lof the base a, and the use of loose partitions thus vfacilitates the proper finishing of the parts.
The formation of the top-seat separa-te:
from the base is obviously necessary to introduce the partitions to the pockets', and the marginal rlng g serves to center the top-seat upon the base and'alsoto receivev an annular clamp g which is provided upon the ring g to press the margin of the topseat closely upon the base. v
A flange h3 is formed upon of the top-seat, and the annular' clamp is constructed to overlap the flange k3A and is enabled to form a steam-tight joint between the flange apd the base by pressing upon a collar of yleldingl packing between the flange and the under surface of the clamp. The clamp is securedto the ring g by numerous screws g2 which are adapted to resist the pressure of the steam employed in such plates when used -for heating purposes; and these screws are arranged to compress the packing j and spread the same to form a tight joint with the adjacent sur- The top-seat is also preferably secured to. the base by a center stud m extended through a hole a in the base and secured beneath the same by a nut m.
The inlet or outlet to either of the pockets.
may obviously be extended through the edge of the plate, as shown at f in Fig. 1, or to the bottom of the plate, as shown at f.
The disk mold p is shown in Fig. -1 clamped detachably upon the upper surface of the top-seat by gibs g and screws T, which illustrates the securing of such mold-parts to the plate to be heated and cooled thereby in a press.
the' margin Figs. 5 and 6 show bosses h upon the iny ner side of the top-portion 7L to receive the holes'l k2 for the screws 1 of the-gibs g., thus securlng lightness inthis partof the structure.
From the above construction it will be seen that my invention provides means, in
Laconic uted positively into opposite halves of the plate so as to heat them simultaneously and equally; and also prevents steam from passingA through shorter channels more freely than through the longer channels.
The edect ci the whole construction is to secure rapidity of uniform heating over the entire surface of the plate, and facilitating also the alternate heating and cooling of the plate when required. Y
Having thus .set forth the nature of the invention what is claimed herein is:
l. ln -a plate for heating or cooling, the combination, with a, base having a radial pocket in its upper side disposed as set forth, of a top-seat united to the base and having ribs forming channels encircling the center of said' seat and intersected radially by apartition extended downward into the 1 ocket in the base, with clearance in the poc et, at oppite sides of the partition, connecting with theA said channels, an inlet supplying a heating or cooling duid to the said pocket at one edge ot the base, and an outlet from the opposite side of the base, whereby fluid is distributed laterally in the said channels in both directions from the said pocket to reach the said outlet.
2. ln a plate lor heating or cooling, the combination, with a base having a dat top with opposite radial pockets therein, of a top-seat united to the base and provided next the base with a plurality-of circular channels, an inlet and outlet in the base connected respectively to 'the outer ends of the said pockets, the duid in the inlet-pocket being thus admitted from both sides oi the inletpocket into the channels between the ribs, to reach the outlet connected with the opposite Outletpochet, l Y
3. ln a plate :lor heating or cooling, the combination, with a base having opposite radial pockets in its upper side, of a top-seat united to the base `and provided nent the base vwith a plurality or" circular channels with opposite radial par Jitions intersecting the said channels and projected downward into the pockets for the purpose set forth.
d. ln a plate tor heating or cooling, the combination, with a base having opposite radial pockets in its upper side, of a top-seat united to the base and having a plurality oi" concentric vribs forming channels curving about the center ot said seat and intersected radially by opposite partitions extended downward into the said pockets, an inlet supplying a heating or coolin duid to the outer end of one oi the said poc ets, and an outlet from the outer end of the opposite pocket.
5. ln a plate for heating or cooling, the combination, with a base having a flat top with opposite radial vpockets therein and an inlet and outlet in the base connected respectively to the outer ends of the said pockets, of a topseat united to the hase and having a plurality of concentric ribs and channels supported upon the top of the base, and partitlcns radially intersecting said ribs and extended downward into the said pockets, with clearance in the pockets, at opposite sides of the partitions connecting with the channels between the said ribs.
6. ln a plate for heating or cooling, the combination, with a base having a iiat top with opposite radial pockets therein and an inlet and outlet in the base connected respectively to the outer ends of the said pockets, of a top-seat united to the base and having a plurality of concentric ribs and channels supported upon the top of the base, and partitions radially intersecting said ribs and extended downward into the said pockets with clearance in the pockets at 'opposite sides of the partitions connecting with the channels between the said ribs, the end of the partition nent the inlet having a short taper to equally divide the fluid entering the inletpocket, and the end of the partition next the outlet having a long taper to lproportion the access ci lthe escaping duid to the outletpocket, and direct it to the outlet-opening.
l. ln a plate :tor heating or cooling, the combination, with a base having a hat top with a ring the margin and opposite radial pockets in its upper surface with inlet and outlet connected respectively to their outer ends, of a top-seat fitted within the said ring Iand having series ci annular ribs upon its under side resting upon the said base, and radial partitions intersecting the said ribs and the channels between the same, and projecting into the said pockets with clearance in the pockets at opposite sides of the partitions connecting with the channels between the said ribs, and the top-seat being secured to the base at its center and margin to form a tight-joint with the said pockets. Y
. 8. ln' a plate for heating or cooling, the combination, with a ha@ havin a ilat top with opposite radial pockets ti erein and an inlet and outlet in-thc base connected reity of concentric ribs and