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Publication numberUS1296946 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMar 11, 1919
Filing dateApr 4, 1918
Priority dateApr 4, 1918
Publication numberUS 1296946 A, US 1296946A, US-A-1296946, US1296946 A, US1296946A
InventorsErnest V Galiardo
Original AssigneeErnest V Galiardo
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Apparatus for controlling respiration.
US 1296946 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)



Patented Mar. 11,1919.

/ 3 14 we 1 fez kgwazy $3M" 5f oz/1424 35 M maintained on the lower jaw to urge it ERNEST v. GALIARDO, or new YORK, n. Y.


Specification of Letters latent.

PatentedMar. 11, 1919.

Application filed April 4, 1918. Serial N0. 226,580.

1 encourage natural breathing through the nose.

Many persons habitually breathe through their mouths, particularly when sleeping, so that the discharges of the nasal cavities accumulate in an unhealthful manner giving rise to or aggravating obstructive and inflammatory conditions such as catarrh, laryngitis, etc. By encouraging and making easy natural breathing through the nose the diseased conditions are alleviated and cured and healthful habits of breathing inculcated. According to the apparatus ofthis invention a yielding upward pressure is closed and the mouth is covered with a mask so that the wearer has a feeling of difficulty in breathing through the mouth. The yielding pressure, however, permits the mouth and lips to be opened and the mask is of permeable material to permit ready passage of the breath so that there is only very slight actual resistance in breathing and the wearer may, therefore, by little efiort breathe as he wishes but will be constantly encouraged to breathe through the nose.

To clear the nasal passages and further encourage natural breathing through the nose, there isheld in the path of the inhaled breath a medicinalcomposition emitting gases which, mingling with the breath, have a curative and clearing effect on the mucous membranes of the head. Breathing, therefore, progressively becomes easier and more natural and all sense of suffocation is avoided so that the cure is pleasant and effective even in, the most stubborn cases of mouth breathing. The immediate and increasing relief felt with each inhaled breath encourages that continued use of the apparatus desired for ll" relief and makes it particularly succe sful with many pagle against less gentle and persuasive restraints.

In the accompanying drawings,

Figure 1 is. a perspective view of one embodiment of apparatus adapted to practise this invention;

Fig. 2 is a front view of the same, and

Fig. 3 is a side view of the same.

In the specific embodiment of the apparatus adapted to practise this invention as illustrated in the drawings 4 is .a mouth mask or chin piece held'in place over the chin and mouth of the wearer by the retaining straps 5 and 6. These straps are preferably of yielding or elastic material and may be made adjustable to accommodate the device .to fit different wearers. The strip 5 passes over the top of the head of the wearer and the strip 6 around the back of the head and the two strips are joined together at each end and to the mouth mask at points 7 and 7 adjacent the'points of articulation of the lower jaw with the head. The mask or chin piece 4: is formed of two pieces 8 and 9 of double thickness sewed together and meeting at a central seam 10 and they are so shaped as to give a fullness or bulge to fit snugly over the mouth and chin of the wearer as shown. The material of the mask is preferably permeable so as to readily permit the breath of the wearer to pass therethrough without the collection of moisture and without sweating the chin. Additional openings maybe provided for the passage of breath in the form of eyelets 11 fastened in place in perforations over the mouth as shown. 'The component of the pulls of the straps 5 and 6 draws upwardly and rearwardly on the mask and exerts a gentle closing presto open the mouth while maintaining per-= fect articulation between thejaw and the head. With this device 'there is' a constant tendency to lift the lower jaw and close the mouth while at the same time the covering of the mouth gives the wearer a feeling that it will be diflicult to breathe through the mouth and encourages him to breathe through the nose. The wearer is, therefore,

permitted to breathe as he wishes and this is particularly important in permitting one to become gradually accustomed to the use of the device and to avoid all sense of suffocation and overpowering restraint.

In order to clear the nasal cavities and cure any diseased conditions that exist therein, the mask is preferably provided with the retaining pockets 12 just beneath the nostrils and adapted to hold cotton or other material impregnated with medicinal compo -most stubborn cases is usually soon broken and the habit of breathing through the nose in a natural manner inculcated. The wearer of this device is not suddenly forced into an unaccustomed manner of breathing, but is gently and gradually persuaded into more healthful habits. No conscious effort on the part of the user is necessary at all and the cure is, therefore, particularly natural, pleasant and efi'ective.

The device is intended to be orn to'bed each night and each use'bf it will cause the discharges of the nasal cavities to become loosened and easily removable leaving the membranes in a clear and healthful condition so that continued use serves to cure diseased conditions and maintain the passages healthful and free from obstruction.

The device shown and described is simple and durable and easily applied and removed and the mouth mask may be readily displaced to temporarily uncover the mouth without removing the device from the head as a whole. At the same time it maintains 'itself in proper position and permits free movements of the head, even when reclining as in bed, without shifting or disarrangement. .It is obvious that other apparatus may be used to practise the invention which i not confined to the particular embodiment I shown but is intended to cover such modifications thereof as come within the scope of the appended claims.

Having thus described my invention, I declare that what I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is

1. Apparatus for controlling respiration and teaching breathing through the nose comprising the combination of a mask adapted to press upward on the lower jaw, head straps passing around the head of the wearer and adapted to exert a yielding upward pressure on said mask suflicient to gently hold said lower jaw closed but permitting said jaw to be easily opened when desired, retaining means carried bysaid mask for-positioning a medicinal substance in the path of the breath inhaled through the nose and a medicinal substance in said retaining mean adapted to clear the air passages through the nose and head and encourage breathing therethrough.

2. Apparatus for controlling respiration and teaching breathing through the nose comprising a mask fitting over the chin of the wearer and adapted to press upward on the lower jaw, head straps passing around the head of the wearer and adapted to exert a yielding upward pressure on said mask sufficient to gently hold said lower jaw closed but permitting said jaw to be easily opened when desired, and a permeable covering held in place over the mouth of the wearer at all times to give a feeling of, difficulty in breathing through the mouth so that breathing through the nose is encouraged. a

3. A device for controlling breathing comprising a mask adapted to fit over'the mouth of the wearer and press upward on the lower jaw to hold the mouth closed, said mask being made of permeable material permitting breath topass therethrough, and holding straps drawing upwardly on said mask adapted to pass arognd the head of the wearer, at least one of said straps being elastic to yield and permit the mouth to be opened.


Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2494406 *Mar 17, 1949Jan 10, 1950Sani Mask IncProtective mask
US2711730 *Feb 15, 1952Jun 28, 1955Margaret E RogersSnoring corrector
US4934357 *Jul 18, 1988Jun 19, 1990Frantzich William PJaw support bandage
US5016649 *Oct 10, 1989May 21, 1991Johnson Joseph TProtective mask
US5687743 *Oct 24, 1996Nov 18, 1997Goodwin; IsabellHead strap assembly for reducing snoring activity
US5787894 *Nov 6, 1996Aug 4, 1998Holt; HaroldJaw-closing anti-snoring system
US6148820 *Jul 6, 1999Nov 21, 2000The Board Of Regents Of The University Of Texas SystemApparatus for inhibiting nocturnal drying of the oral cavity
US6553569 *Apr 10, 2002Apr 29, 2003David BushProtective mouth shield
US6553945 *Oct 12, 2001Apr 29, 2003Pocket Pet Concepts Inc.Animal jaw support device
US6802079 *Apr 28, 2003Oct 12, 2004David BushProtective mouth shield
US20040006804 *Apr 28, 2003Jan 15, 2004David BushProtective mouth shield
US20080078414 *Sep 14, 2006Apr 3, 2008Demas Nickolas PLip sealer device and methodology
WO1990013277A1 *Apr 25, 1990Nov 15, 1990Spencer Tearman JrFacial protector
U.S. Classification128/204.11, 128/848, 128/859
Cooperative ClassificationA61M16/06