US 1297586 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
G. B. NORDMANN.
APPLICATION FILED AUG.20, 1911.
Patented Mar. 18,1919.
I/\ YEA TOR 6 60rc )3. Jvordmmm' GEORGE B. NORDMANN, OF NEW HAVEN, CONNECTICUT.
To all whom it may concern:
. Be it knownthat I, GEORGE-B. ,NOnDMANN, a citizen of the United States, res1d1ng at .New Haven, in the county of New Haven and State of Connecticut, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Troughs, of which the followingis aspecification,.reference being had thereln to the accompanying drawings.
My present invention relates to feeding or drinking troughs-suitable for poultry of all sizes, but particularly useful vfor young chickens. I p
The object of the invention 1s to provlde a simple,eflicient and non-spillable trough which is economical both as regards its construction and use.
The improved device is provided with means for anointing the heads of the poultry when using the trough, such anointing belng for the purpose of destroying parasltes and preventing disease.
The invention, among other things, consists primarily in the construction and arrangement of parts as hereinafter described with reference to the several embodiments of the invention illustrated in the accompany drawings, wherein;
Figure 1 is a perspective view illustrating one form of trough in which the body portion is represented as being secured to end supports;
Fig. 2 is a cross section of a trough designed to provide its own base or support; and
Fig. 3 is a cross section showing another modified form of base.
Referring to the drawings the device consists of the supporting members 1 and the intermediate body portion 2, which latter member is preferably, in this instance, of semi-circular shape in cross section, and having inwardly rolling flanges 3 and 4: provided with a stifiening crimp 5 at each edge.
In the construction illustrated by Fig. 1, the supporting ends 1 are secured to the body portion 2 with a joint that will permit the trough or well f the body portion to hold a liquid, as well as a solid.
In the construction illustrated by Fig. 1, the supporting ends 1 are secured by means of ears 7 and 8 carried b the body portion and fixed by rivets 9 to t e end members or supports.
The construction illustrated in Fig. 2 is Specification of Letters Patent.
Patented Mar. 18, 1919.
Application filed August 20 1917. Serial No. 187,042
man respects the same as those above described, except that the members 1 serve onlyto cover the ends of the trough and the body portion is providedwith a flattened ,bottom 10, which. serves as a base in lieu of the supports 1. The latter form is especially useful as awater trough and can be used in several positions, without spilling the. contents. v
'In Fig. 3- the base 13, having sides 14 and curved edges 15, is riveted to the bottom of the body portion 2.
An anointing devicev is shown, which device is equally applicable to all the embodiments :or modifications. This device consists in turning the stiffening crimp 5 outwardly so that it will conveniently hold a vpad or wick 16. When in operation, this wick or pad has oil or other ointment applied thereto and when young chickens for example are feeding or drinking, their heads come in contact with the wick or pad and the substance thereon is applied to the heads of the chickens and also to their throats if an anointing device is provided on both sides of the trough.
Light oils or other easily evaporable liquids are sometimes used as an ointment, and when employing such liquids, it is desirable to enlarge the crimp 5 to form a well or reservoir 17 to receive a quantity of such liquid poured into one open end of the well, which opening is, of course, plugged after the reservoir is filled. The wick 16 is partly contained in said reservoir and held in place by the serrated edge 18 of the crimp 5, and is kept constantly saturated until the supply of liquid in the reservoir is exhausted.
The improved trough hereinbefore described may be constructed entirely of sheet metal, or, if desired, of wood or other material, or the supporting ends may be made of wood and the trough of sheet metal. F urthermore, the improved trough may be constructed in various sizes and various lengths, according to its prospective use.
There are minor changes and alterations that can be made within my invention, aside from those herein suggested, and I would therefore have it understood, that I do not limit myself to the exact construction herein shown and described, but claim all that falls fairly within the spirit and scope of the appended claims.
Having described my invention, What I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is
l. A trough "said reservoir.
2. Ina trough 'body portion having- 3 therefor; inwardly benefianged edges of said 'body' portion forming a nonspillab1e Well; 'and"a 'WiCk carried by one'of said flanged edgesffo'rapplying an ointment;
4:. In a trough; 'a' continuous body portion constituting the trough proper; and a supporting base, said body portion being rovided With inwardly rolling flanged edges having a Well and' avviok therein for applying an anointing substance by frictidnal Contact; H v v 5. Inan' ar'ticle oftheclassdescribedg the having a flange d edge a stifi'ening crimp therefor, the latter forming a reservoir; and a Wick protruding from combination of a bodyportionavith a base supporting the same; a longitudinal opening insaid body;p ortio n, of Which opening one edge thereof is flanged and provided with a groove forming a Well; and a Wick for applying an ointment protruding from said groove. V a
6. In an article of the class described, the conibinat'ioiiof a "continuous body portion With a continuous supporting base secured on the undersic lje thfereof,aioontinuous longitudinalf openingi in saidFBod'y portion and one edgeofsaid opemng belng flanged and pro' ide'd' fvvith a groove containing "a wick 671; p y lii'ifim i itfiient; I :1 V p 7. In an arti 1 Qffl'l clas described; the
combination of body portion with z a supporting 'base therefor a longitudinal n may? fla ed t d e' e b l welf jly. to f a l g fronr said Well for and wick" premier applying-an ointment." v 3 In testirnony whereof I haveher'e'uiitb 'Eo 'eE B: NORDMANN.
1 1 dfrfihiifi" Iiat'ellt 'y'he 'olitained for fiize cents each, by addressing the Commissioner of Patents,
Washington; D. 0;" a Y