US 1298223 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
w. D. KEMP. FACEl SHIELD.
APPLICATION FILED AUG27 I9I.
l,298,223 Patented Mar. 25,1919.
WALTER DEWITT KEMP, OF NEW YORK, N. Y.
Specification of Letters Patent.
Patented Mar. 25, 1919.
Application led August 27, 1917. Serial N0. 188,322.
To all whom t may concern:
Be it known that I, VALTER Dnwrr'r KEMP, a citizen of the United States, residing at New York, county of Bronx, and State of New York, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in FacefShields, of which the following is a specification.
This invention relates to face and eye shields, and particularly to types adapted to cover the entire face, and is intended as an improvement on applicants former invention, U. S. Patent No. 1,238,154, of August es, i917.
It is found in some instances, and especially under particular climatic conditions, that unless the material used is of absolute clearness the vision is somewhat interfered with, and that exhaled air from the nose and mouth condenses on the inner surface of the shield and mars the field of vision.
The object of the present invention therefore is to provide a transparent shield with which are combined lenses for the eyes and having open provision for the nostrils and mouth, whereby exhaled air may .be discharged outside of the shield and whereby said air is prevented from reaching the face or the inner surface of the shield. A secondary obj ect of the open provision for the nostrils and mouth is to furnish a means thereby which will permit of the wearer smoking a cigar or cigarette.
It is believed that this invention will be found especially useful to women automobilists as an aid to the complexion in protecting the face from wind, dust, etc.
lVith these and other objects in view, the invention comprises the combination of members and arrangement of parts so combined as to co-act and coperate with each other in the performance of the functions and the accomplishment of the results herein contemplated, and comprises in one of its adaptations the species or preferred form illustrated in the accompanying drawings, in which:
Figure 1 is a front plan view of my invention;
Fig. 2 is a top view of Fig. 1 with side flaps folded, in position for use;
Fig. 3 is a side detail View; and, l
Fig. 4 is a detail section through one of the lenses on the line 4-4 of Fig. 1.
designates a facial shield body member of transparent and exible nature, such as cellulose acetate, so fashioned and adapted as to cover the face, includin the forehead, chin and cheeks. The facial shield body member is provided with lenses 24 of glass, secured to the shield body member by the frame or lens receiving means 23, this means being formed into a Z shape, one arm of which is secured to the body member 2O and the other arm of which follows and is secured over the periphery of the lens in such a manner that the inner side of the periphery of the lens is engaged and secured by the body member 20, as more particularly shown in Fig. 4. This other arm referred to above (of the Z shape lens receiving means 23), being iexible, readily admits the lens through virtue of its ability to yield inwardly when the lens is pressed against its outside surface, and as readily allows the lens to be removed by reason of its yielding outwardly when the lens is pressed outwardly against its inside surface.` It will be understood that this arm is of such size, shape and strength as to normally hold the lens in position.
The body member 20 is also provided with the opening or cut-out 21 which permits the nostrils and mouth to be uncovered and which is turned in at its edge 28. This cutout follows the contour of the lower part of the nose and the lips and its turned in edge is provided with a non-absorbent pad member 22 which may be of any, selective material and which fits and rests snugly against the face. It will thus be seen that the nonabsorbent pad member, extending around the entire periphery of the nose-mouth opening and resting snugly over and around the topof the nose and against the upper and lower lips, prevents the exhaled breath from reaching the inner surface of the shield, where it would condense and run down. It is obvious that it effectively keeps out the wind and dust.
The body member 2O is also provided with the hinge bearing members 26 to which are attached the temples 25, and with a bridge or nose bearing support 27, which support is not shown in Fig. 1 but is illustrated in The eye pieces of differing light refractive index from the shield body member may be rigidly attached or joined to the body member, ormay be united thereto or therewith in an attachable and detachable manner, so
that either or both of the eye'pieces may be ing, the temples are simply placed ability, such as'blue, brown,
' face, which produces a skin readily changedand eye pieceso differing character or color employed, which maybe selective to anyY particular application of lens-necessary or desirable for sight or for utility as light guards or perspective adaptgreen, etc."
Some of the advantages of having a light transmitting face shield covering portions oily the face outside ofthe eyes'are that the actinic utility of the light rays upon the browning eiect and prevents an anaemia appearing condition, may be utilized, and a healthy condition of the skin secured and preserved.
In placing the device in position for wearV- over the ears, whereupon thenose bearing support assumes its correct position on the nose, and the nose bearing support together with the temples and the. pad which rests againstthe' lower portion of the nose and against'the maintain the shield in its proper position before the face.` s
It is obvious 'that the device may be Vas readily removed. p
When not in use, the shield, being of eXi-V ble material, may be folded so that it would occupy small space and can be conveniently kept in a small case.
' Y The materials composing the various members of the combination may be of any suitable kind or character, and the several members may be combined in any suitable or convenient manner, and they may be of any suitable form or shape, so long as the various members co-actand coperate'to perform the' functions and produce the results desired, without departing from the spirit of theVV invention. V Y s Y Having now described my invention, whatV Iclaim is: 7
1. In a face shield, the combination with (knie: at thisY patent may be Y with the nose,
firmly Y upper and lower lip serves YtoV obtained'` for ve'c-ents each, by addressing the .Washington D. 0."
aV transparent Vpla-te of; flexible material havingopeningsfor the eyes, nose and* lips, of means for preventing the admission of air past the .openingfor the nose and lips, glass lenses secured overv the openings for the eyes, a support on said` plate engageable and flexible securing means pivotally engaged with the lateral edges of p said plate.
2. In a facev shield, the combination with a lieXible transparent plate havingan opening through which the nosey and lips mayf eX- tend' and a pair of openings forY theeyes, of means engagedv marginal-ly of" 'theV Vtlrst named opening adapted to make intimate contact with the face around the nose and lips, lenses over the second named openings, and means for maintaining` said platelinan operative position. Y n y 3. A face shield, comprising a flexible transparent plate adapted toconform to.` the face, a substantially triangular aperture in the lower central portion of dense, pliable pad surrounding the inner marginal edges of said aperture, circular open-ings in said plate, lenses removably engaged therein, a nose bridgeon said plate, and` means for securing said plate in an operative position.V ,K
4. A tace shield, comprising a thi-n flexible transparent plate substantial-'ly recttuxigular with. rounded corners and' adaptedl tof conform to the face, an approximately triangular aperture in said plate thro-ugh which the nose and lips may protrude, a dense plithe nose, hinge members secured on the side edges of said plate, and a'pair of flexible temples pivotally e-ngaggptl iny said hinge members whereby said plate may be secured to the head,
In testimony whereof, I have hereunto-V name in the presence of two 25th day of August, 1917. a
WALTER DE wirr KEMP; [t s] Vitnesses: Y Y
ERNEsT H. BALL, H. S. BLACKMORE.
subscribed my witnesses, this "Commissioner oflPa'tentl;
said" plate, a