US 1300128 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
P. F. CUMMINGS.
APPLICATION FILED APR. 5, 1916.
Patented Apr. 8,1919.
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APPLICAHON FILED APR. a, 19m.
Patented Apr. 8,1919.- V
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PATRICK F. CUMMINGS, OF NORWOOD, NEW YORK.
Specification of Letters Patent.
Patented Apr. 8, 1919.
Application filed April 5, 1916. Serial No. 89,210.
To all whom it may concern:
Be' it known that I, PATRICK F. CUM- MINGs, a citizen of the United States, resid ing at Norwood, in the county of St. Lawnew and useful Improvements in Washing Apparatus, of Which the following is a specification.
This invention relates to improvements in washing apparatus and has particular application to apparatus for washing vehicle bodies and the like. I
In carrying out the present invention, it is my purpose to provide washing apparatus for vehicles whereby the vehicle may be washed and rubbed simultaneously and wherein the rubbing element will be rotated by the water flowing through the apparatus and the water then delivered to the body of the vehicle, the apparatus being constructed in such manner as to throw the water onto the vehicle body in a film surrounding the rubbing element so that the water thrown out from the rubbing element under the action of centrifugal force will be confined within such film, thereby preventing wetting of other parts of the vehicle than that being washed and of ad jacent objects and the operator.
It is also my purpose to provide apparatus of the class described which will embrace the desired features of simplicity, elliciency and durability, which will operate efficiently and effectively for its intended purpose and wherein the rubbing element may be detached and another element substituted therefor.
With the above and other objects in view, the invention consists in the construction, combination and arrangement of parts hereinafter set forth in and falling within the scope ofthe claim.
In the accompanying drawings;
Fi re 1 is a view in side elevation of washing apparatus constructed in accordance with the present invention.
Fig. 2 is a longitudinal sectional view therethrough.
Fig. 3 is a cross sectional view on the line 33 of Fig; 1.
Fig. 4: is a similar View 'on the line 4-4 of Fig. 1.
Fig. 5 is a longitudinal sectional view through the rubbing element showing the connection between such element and the shaft.
Fig. 6 is a longitudinal sectional view through the water reservoir. rence and State of New York, have invented Fig. 7 is a View in side elevation showing the brushwhich may be secured to the motor in lieu of the sponge.
Referring now to the drawings in detail, 1 designates a tube, while 2 indicates a water conducting pipe arranged within the tube 1 and extending longitudinally thereof and having one end projecting beyond the corresponding end of the tube and secured thereto and. equipped with a 'coupling 3 whereby the pipe may be connected up with a supply hose or the like. Arranged within the pipe 2 is a filter 4 whereby the water passing through the ipe will be cleansed. Secured to theend o the tube 1 opposite from the couplingis a reservoir 5 hemispherical in shape and having the fiat wall thereof arranged at right angles to the tube and across the end of the same and formed integral with "the shell of the reservoir 5 and projecting outwardly beyond the flat wall is a circular apron 6. Extending rearward from the wall and into the reservoir 5 centrally thereof is a sleeve 7 having the inner end closed and the other end opening through the flat wall of the reservoir to constitute a step bearing, and rotatablymounted in the same is one end of a shaft 8 carrying a water wheel 9 embodying a hub 10 arranged concentrically of the shaft and secured thereto, an outer ring 11 and blades 12 radiating from the hub 10 and secured to the outer ring and disposed at a suitable angle. Formed in the flat wall of the reservoir adjacent to the path of movement of the blades of the water wheel-are discharge orifices or noz- -zles 13 arranged at an angle to throw jets of water onto the blades 12 of the water wheel so that the latter and the shaft 8 will be revolved. Surrounding the apron 6 is a circular band 14 formed with bayonet slots 15 adapted to receive pins 16 respectively carried by the apron. One end of the band 14 projects beyond the'apron and is circumferentially reduced and formed on the inner surface of the circumferentially reduced portion of the band are fins 17, while secured to the inner surface of the outwardly projecting. portion of the band,
are inwardly extending arms 18. The inner ends of the arms carry a collar 19 suris, the end beyond the bearing 21 is-angular in cross section as at 22 and formed in the sides of the angular end portion 22 of the shaft adjacent to the outer extremity thereof are grooves 23. 24 indicates a rubbing element comprising a stem 25 and a sponge 26 fixed to one end of the stem 25, while formed in the opposite end of- 'the stem 25 is a bore 26. Secured within the bore 26 is a metal lining 27 of a cross sectional shape conforming to that of the outer end of the shaft Sand adapted to receive such end of the shaft and formed on the inner end of the lining 27 are spring fingers 28 de-.
signed to spring into the respective grooves 23, while formed on the outer end of the lining is a ferrule 29 surrounding the adjacent end of the stem 25 and crimped onto such end of the stem; When desired, the stem 25 carrying the lining and the sponge 26 maybe slipped off of the shaft and a brush or similar element applied to the shaft.
In practice,the tube 1 is connected with the supply house orthe like by means of the coupling 3 and the water flows through the pipe 2 against the step bearing 7 by which it is spread out in the reservoir 5, and from the latter it passes through the .nozzles 13 in the flat wall of the reservoir and impinges upon the blades 12 of the water wheel, thereby revolving the water wheel and the shaft 8. In the rotation of the water wheel, the water is drawn outwardly through the restricted end of the band 14 and against the fins l7 and owing to the arrangement of the fins and the outer end of the band the water is delivered to the body of the vehicle in the form of a film surrounding the shaft and the rubbing element. Thus, the water may be applied to the vehicle body and the body rubbed off simultaneously, while the film of Water sur-' rounding the rubbing element acts to prevent wetting of the parts of the vehicle other than that being washed and the Wet ting of the operator.
In Fig. 7 of the drawings, I have shown i a brush 24 and this brush is equipped with a stem identical to' the stem of the sponge.
The stem of the brush may be secured to the outer portionv 22 of the shaft after the sponge has been detached therefrom.
When it is desired to separate the parts as for cleaning or repair, the band l-l is given a partial rotation so that its bayonet slots 15 disengage the pins 16, after which the band can be removed from the apron and with it the shaft 8 whose rear end then draws out of the step bearing. The parts are obviouslyu'eplaced later by a reversal of this process. A
While I have herein shown and described the preferred form of my invention by way of illustration, I wish it to be understood that I do not limit or confine myself to the precise details of construction herein describedand delineated, as modification and variation may be made within the scope of the claim and without departing from the spirit of the invention.
A device of the character described comprising a shell, a water inlet pipe connected and communicating therewith, a transverse partitionplate within said shell provided with a plurality of angularly disposed openings, an axially extending sleeve formed on said partition and extendin toward said pipe and having its end closed, a shaft journaled in said sleeve and prevented from longitudinal movement in one direction by the'closed end thereof, a water wheel secured on said shaft and provided with blades to be impinged against by water issuing from said openings, a band detachably secured to said. shell and having its outer end curved to provide a constricted opening, a plurality of radially extending arms secured upon said band, a frustoconical shield carried by the inner ends of said arms and disposed in spaced relation to the open end ofsaid band, a sJider disposed within said shield and provided with a bearing for said shaft, a stop collar on said shaft engaging the bearing on said spider whereby longitudinal movement of the shaft in the other direction will be prevented and a rubbing element detachably secured upon said shaft, the inwardly curved open end of said band cooperating with the frusto-conical periphery of said shield and serving to direct water issuing from between the band and shield onto the rubbing element.
In testimony whereof I aflix my signature in presence of two witnesses.
PATRICK F. CUMMINGS. Witnesses:
NAULD F. CoLLrNs, EVA K. DU Pm).