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Publication numberUS1300173 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateApr 8, 1919
Filing dateJul 8, 1918
Priority dateJul 8, 1918
Publication numberUS 1300173 A, US 1300173A, US-A-1300173, US1300173 A, US1300173A
InventorsGeorge Colvin Kennedy
Original AssigneeGeorge Colvin Kennedy
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Crypt for mausoleums.
US 1300173 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)


Patented Apr. 8,1919.



fn: non.: um.: co., Pn'amuma., wsmmmm. a n l G. C. KENNEDY.


APPLICATION msu Aus. u. 1912. RENEwED 1uLY 19H1.

Patented Apt 8,1919

5 SHEETS-SHEET 2 witnesses.'


CRYPT FOR MAUSOLEUNIS. APPLlcAloN mso Auc.\1. 15H2. RENEwzD luLY 8.1918.

1,300,173. Patented Apr. 8,1919.


l l l() witneses.' v [n1/hentay",

Mmm/M Y @www ,174



APPLscATloN msn Aue. 11. 912. aENEwED JULY a, 1918.

Patented Apr. 8,1919.

6 SHEETS--SHEL 4 witnesses.'


1918. Patented Apr. 8,1919.





f .L T 1| APPucATl'oN men Auen?. |912. mimswfu xuLY a.



1 ,300 l '73 l Patented Apr. 8, 1919.



:'GEoRGE-CcoLv1NKENNEDY"-, oFwA'rEnLoo, Iowa..

Specication 'of Iietters Paten't.

cRYrT-Eon Mntrsonnums.

Patented Apr. 8,1919.

' applicati@ meaaugus't 17', 1912, serial No.7'15,617. nenewmJmy-s, `191e. serial-No. 243,944..

To all fwltom't'tmay concern '.'Be it known that' 1, GE0RGEG0LV1N KEN'- NEDY, a citizen of the United States of America',`and a resident of Waterloo, Blackhawk county,-Iowa, have`invented certain new and useful Improvements' in Crypts for Mausoleums, of which the followingis a specifi? cation.` 1f c My invention relates to' improvements 1n burial 'cryp't s and theobjc c'tsI of my improve` ments are: first," to provide :formed of parts'jadapted to be readily assembled or disassembled; second,` to adapt such crypts for' mutual aggregation land support; third, to furnishthe individual crypts and an ag'- gre'gation thereof `with ntiean's lpermittingthe addition of other crypt's: thereto at will; fourth, to'so emplacethecrypts in 'such an aggregation as toallow thewithdrawal Vof a crypt without disturbing the arrangement or mutual'spports Aof the rest, and inally, to'supplyfsuch protective meansY as will preventdamages'to such crypts'by the actions of extraneous causes.

These objects I have accomplished by the means which are hereinafter fully described and claimed, and which are illustrated in the accompanying drawings, in which:

Figure 1 is a front elevation of an assemblage of crypts formed of assembled parts, and adapted for the connection and aggre gation therewith of other crypts of the same kind.

Fig. 2 is a vertical longitudinal section of a crypt andparts of the adjoining crypts above and below it, taken on the line @-7) 0f Fig; 1, and .looking in thedirection indicated therein by the arrow.

Fig. 3 is anenlarged detail vertical longitudinal section of a portion of the joint between the circumferential plates and the front head of a crypt, showing a method of detachablylsecuring an inscrlption-plate' to said front head. 4

Fig. 4 isan enlarged transverse section 0f a corner tting for the circumferential plates 0f a crypt.

Fig'. 5 is a front elevation of an assemblage of crypts in which the crypts are of a varied form and connection.

Fig. 6 is a detail vertical longitudinal sec# connection of a head thereto.

'method of detachably'- securing them to-,

Fig. 10 'i s a front elevation of another form 'ofknock-down assembled crypte, with their drainage meansfshown-in vertical transverse section, and parts being'broken away. Fig. 1'1 is a vertical longitudinal section of the circumferential Splate, the forward head, and the inscription-plate o f one of the crypts shown'in'lFig. 10, withtheirmeans for detachable connection.

Fig. 12 is a vertical longitudinal section of a forward head' of the last-mentioned crypt, showing it provided with a window.

Fig. 13 is an enlarged Vertical longitudinal section of the parts which are shown in said Fig. 11.

Fig. 14 isa vertical section, enlarged, of the detachable drainage means for a crypt as dletachably placed in communication therewit Fig; 1'5'is a front elevation, with parts in section, of several superposed crypts arranged for separate withdrawal and support.

Fig; 16 isa vertical longitudinal section taken medially through one of the crypts shown in Fig. 15, with'its roller-bearing supporting-means. v A

Fig. 17 is a like section of the same kind of crypt. showing the same tilted to the rear to facilitate drainage.

Fig. 18 is a front elevation of a congeries of crypts whose side-walls are of the I-beam type, and Fig. 19 is a vertical longitudinal section of one of the crypts in Fig. 18.

Fig. 20 is an enlarged vertical transverse This iiifauda shi-bodegas sever-a1' slightly" variantlforms the general idea of forming-a conger'ies of cryptsfor a mausoleum, said crypts being separable, and each formed of knockdown sectionsi Y InFigs. l to-4 inclusive,I have shown a congerie's of crypts', eachfof which is formed of a plurality ofsections detachably secured together to ,form hollow .boxesfand the sevferal crypts being detachably .connected together intothecongeries, soas'to be separable 'from each other. In this arrangement, the whole congeries of crypts is so connected as to be self-supportingv` throughoutl as a whole. V l

Thebasic. form of crypt of this kind, is formedzofa `plurality of plates of .oblong form, of which the plates 1 are for the tops and.bottoms,uandgthe.plates 2 for vthe sides of the` crypts. Thesezplates, which may be of iron,.steel, or any' other suitable material, are brought together to form. cells of square Vsection transversely,f and .their abutting edges are united. by the following means, detachably. f.

. The numeral 3 denotes an angle-bar which is seated in the inner angle where two of the abutting-edges of such 'plates come together, and is securedto said plates by means of the bolts 4 passed through marginal holes in the bar'and the plates and secured detachably by means of nuts 5. Each interior angle of a crypt is thus furnished and connected by means of an angle-'bar 3. In order to aggregate a number ofsucli crypts, it is only requisite to place other angle-bars 3 opposite the other said anglefbars, but on the opposite sides of the said plates, in this case connecting the additionall angle-bars by use ing the same Ybolts 4 'andA nuts 5 as are already employed. The longitudinal edges of similar plates 1'l and 2 may then'be fitted bctween the outwardly-located angle-bars land secured thereto by means of otherfbolts 4 and nuts 5, and soon indeinitely, toi'form a congeries of crypts in any desired number. It 1s obvious, that this is an economical methodA of installation for 'a' mausoleum, since only such a number of crypts may besoy set-uplas'may-be appropriate for momentary or prospectiveV future'need's, thussaving an` investment in a large number off orypts which may not be required for use until a far-distant time, while other crypts may be at any time added to the aggregation as needed. Y

The'crypts are provided with front and rear heads 6 and 17, respectively, which are detachably secured. togthe plates 1 and 2 in the following manner.

. -Assliow'n in Fig. 3, the heads are plates having flanged rims 7 extending outwardly, although they may be placed to jextendf inwardlyif desired, and fitted closely to the lpla'tes'l and 2 over -the ends 'of theanglebars 3. The heads are secured to said plates by Ameans`v of bolts `8 and nuts 9, the bolts passing: through registering holes in said riin the adjacent plate as also through the rim of, the headin the adjoining crypt. To'tig'htly seal the joint between the rim 7 andthe abutting plate 1, or2 as the case .are tightly bolted together, the interposed layer ,31' is compressed and ills all irregularities ,between the parts making a good seal therebetween to prevent passage of any liquid or gas therebetween.

A face or inscription-plate, which may be of-any suitable material such as marble, or white bronze, and shown at 10, may be detachablyv ,secured overV the front of each crypt'finthe following manner. The plates 10, which are formed so as to lit together atk their edges to produce a uniform covering-,mask when in place, over the crypts, have orifices through which pass theouter ends ,of bolts 14, projected outwardly from the heads 6. Each bolt 14 is secured to the head 6 by means of nuts 15 and 16, while a cap-nut 11 on the outer end of the bolt serves to secure the plate 10 to said head (i detachably.

I have provided means for draining each crypt. This is effected by placing an orifice in the lower plate of cach crypt near its rear end, and inserting the threaded end of va conduit 12 therein securely but rcniovably. The conduit may be placed in communication by means of a T-coupling with a vertical pipe 18 which delivers into a tank 20 having a quantity of disinfectant therein, the lower end of said pipe being capped, but provided witlrsniall orifices 22, whereby any Huid or gases passing downward from the crypts may bubble out into the disinfectant, into which said orificed end dips. A faucet 23 with its cock 24 permits of the draining of superfluous `fluid from the tank.

I have s hown in Fig. 4, an alternative means for securing the edges of the plates. 1 and 2 together, and which consists of a single cast iitting 27 having four oppositelyprojecting pairs 28 oi spaced-apart iianges.

The interspaces of said flanges are adapted to receive thelongitudinal edges of said plates therebetween ina snug fit, andthe plates are secured to the flanges by means of bolts 4 and nuts 5 as described above for the angle g bars 3. In order to make seepage ot fluid or gas'impossible'be'tween the' parts 28 and the plates l and. 2, Iplace a small quantity of cementhin the interspaces which seals the connections with thepla'tes` land 2` orelse paint the surfacesfof said fitting 27 with a layer of viscous and impermeable substance 29,4whicl1 stickstogether the fitted parts described, and seals their joints. The samev methods .are adopted for sealing any joints between the angle-bars 3 and theirv abutting plates 1 and 2. In order to prevent` corrosion of the plates of the crypt by gases or fluids, I cover them-all .over before or after assembling with a thick coat of impermeable"paint, resistant to suoli corrosive influences as well as to the elfects of lnoisture, heat or cold. The crypts when thus assembled'and treated, are both strong and light, mutually supporting, and proof to-corrosion from elements within or Without them.

In Figs. 5 to 8 inclusive, is shown a knockdown crypt of somewhat different form and arrangement, both in its parts as well as in the relations which the crypts sustain to each other. The crypt is of hexagonal crosssection and its circumferential periphery is formed from a single plate 32. but the said peripheral wall may be formed of a number r of connected parts if desired.

c As shown in Fig. 8, thelongitudinal edges of the plate 32 are arranged so-that the edge 35 of one plate is odset to overlap the other edge and said overlapped edges are detachably secured together b y means of bolts 52 and nuts 33. The joint between said edges is sealed by inserting therebetween a sheet of lead or other compressible sealing substance 34. In case the wall is made of a plu rality of parts, each joint may be sealed, although the use of the lead maybe dispensed with, since there is little danger of seepage of gas or liquid through such joints, because of the drainage-means provided similar to that above-described and which is shown in Fig. 5, where a pipe 45 in con munication with the crypts bottoms at 39 carries away luids to a disinfecting-tank 46, while a separate pipe in communication with a vent 38 in the top of each crypt carries ofi the gases generated in the crypt. The heads 42 of each crypt are secured to the wall 32 thereof in the same way as already described, by bolts 51 and nuts, 37, while the hexagonal face-plates 47 are likewise secured to the head 42 by bolts having nuts 43 and 44, with a cap-nut .on each at 48. Fig. 9 shows a, varied form of' head 53 consisting of an uniangedplate `formed to it the wall whichv are-.blocks `having three projected members, and saidblo'clis are placed at the outer4 angles ofthe crypt's where the 'angles of three crypts-come together, to space them apart to afford space between them yfor boltheads or-nuts, and for projecting overlapped joints as shown. Then, too, as thus placed, the said blocks ai'ord a species of engaging and; supporting device, which helps to retain the cryptsA together and equal y transmit pressures in different directions to hold them'aggregrated securely together.

In Figs, 10, 11 and 12, I'have shown. a variant form of crypt of square cross-section, also having side-walls formed of a single` plate 71 bent rectangularly, with its longitudinal edges 63 and 64 rolledl about eachother to produce va tight joint. The joint is `placed at' the top ofthe cryptv and depresse j, and the middle longitudinal kportion of the crypt above is depressed to dip down into the other depression, to supply a shallow trough 65, 'which serves to collect and drain to the vent-opening 39 any {iuids 0f dissolutionrproduced in the crypt, while the vent-opening 38 at the top of each'crypt serves to conveyl awayany gases generated into a disinfecting tank 46, while the gases pass through pipes 6() into a tank 61 above the crypts, the downturned end 10() of the fpipe 60 dipping within the disinfecting uid in the tank to bubble therethrough, and then escape by the vent-pipe 62 intothc atmosphere. The last-mentioned crypts are superposed upon yeach other, closely, and afford mutual support both horizontally and vertically.

To permit an inspection ofthe contents of a crypt, it may be provided with a window 66 in its forward end, the same being a transparent yplate seated and sealed in a frame 67 secured about an opening 72 in the head 70, as shown in Fig. 12, by bolts 68. The heads 56 and 70 are of similar form to those described, and also secured to the sidewalls by bolts 73 passed through their ianged rims 55, the latter bolts being provided with conical heads to fit reamed out seats, as shown in Fig. 13, to not project outwardly beyond said side-walls. However, bolts 58. and nuts 57 maybe used, of the usual type. The face-plates 69, of square form, are secured by means as described to the forward 4heads of the crypts, and the cap-nuts V48 may be formed so as to become an ornamental accessory tothe lother ornamental features of the face-plates.

In Figs. 15, 16 and 17 are shown'crypts and supporting-means therefor, the latter being adapted to support the crypts to permit. of their separate withdrawal as desired. As shown, each crypt is formed of'two sideplates 82 and 83, having overlapped seams 84: securedl by bolts 85.' The flanges of the heads are sunk in at the places 86 to lit over the overlapped edges of said plates.'

The crypts are supported onrollers 88 seated in short brackets 87 on the standards 79, the latter being cross-connected by means of cross-beams 80, 81 and '101; 4It will-be seen that each crypt may be'easily seated or removed, asdesired. The crypt may also be inclined rearwardly as shown in F1g.17,to facilitate drainage toward the rear, as also to hold it more securely in its seat, and hold its detachable connections with ythe drainage pipes in place. 'A

For use, especially with the 4forms of crypts as mounted removably shown in Fig: 15, I have adopted the means shown inFig.l 14 for detachably connecting -thefT-couplings 74e of the drainage pipes' 60`1to the conduits y7 8 in'` communication with the drainage vents 'of the crypts. The outer end of each conduit 78 is coned outwardly and has an annulus or' flange 77 s acedv apart from its end. The opening o the l '-cou pling 74 in its part 75 is inwardlyconed to fit over the conedvend 76 of the conduit 78, and the end of the part 75 is'thus seated against the flange 77 which latter acts asv a stop and sealing-means. The crypt may be moved forwardly, which detaches it from the T-coupling 74, and the latter and the conduit 78 then plugged, when it is desired to take the crypt apart from thel other crypts associated therewith.

In Figs. 18 and 19 is showna crypt whose side-walls 105 are formed of cast-iron or other metal in the form of an elongated I- beam,with vertical stitfening ribs l07, and with the horizontal plates 1 of sheet-ironl or steel having their longitudinal edges secured between flanges 102 of abutting beams 105 by the headless bolts 4 and nuts 5. The castiron side-walls are used for greater vertical compressive strength, as they Acarry the added weights of the superposed crypts and contents, and the horizontal plates 1 need only, in this case to be of comparatively light weight, since each carries only the weight of a single casket. The heads 108 and 106 are to be formed -of cast-iron or other metal fitted to close the .ends of the crypt in a similar manner to that previously described, and having outwardly-directed fianges 104i secured to the walls 105 and 1 by means of headless bolts 8 and `nuts 9. 4

This typ'e of crypt is very rigid and strong, and suitable for permanent installation 1n mausoleums, and where a considerable number of crypts must be superposed upon one another.

In Fig. 21, is shown in a mausoleum, two congeries of crypts arranged to face each other on either side of a medial corridor 97, with narrower corridors 96 provided in the rear of each congeries. The crypts are equipped with drainage and disinfecting means projected into the said corridors 96 where :they'will be accessible.

My improved crypts are strong and durable but inexpensive; any number may be ordered as required and shipped knockeddown, and may be put up by unskilled labor; they are more saving of space than are masonry or concrete constructions and not so heavy nor require so substantial and permanent foundations; the' sections ma be shipped or transported in vessels, or Ve icles of light draft, or on animals over'mountainous districts; the crypts may be transported knocked down to field-hospitals or battlefields, for temporary use, or built up in cities in ordinary buildings for use in times of pes tilence or after great disasters, and in no case require skilled labor to putthem together or disassemble them.

In villages, mausoleums may be built, and but a necessary number of crypts ordered in knock-down form, to be added to from time to time, and thus preventing advance outlays in expenditure. The congeries of crypts will be indispensable in countries or districts subject to fires or earthquakes, since their f durable and elastic construction will resist both, as well as high-winds, 4better than masonry or concrete constructions.

Having described my invention, what I claim as new, and desire lto secure by Letters Patent, is:

1. The combination of a plurality of crypts, separated by lsingle top, bottom and side plates detachably connected together at their meeting edges by detachable securing devices, heads fitted in the ends of said crypts and secured thereto detachably by detachable securing devices, additional securing devices mounted detachably at or near the meeting edges of the outer top, bottom and side plates of the said connected crypts adapted for use in detachably securing like plates thereto to build thereon additional like crypts, and face-plates mounted over heads of said crypts'.

v2. The combination of a plurality of crypts, separated by single top, bottom and side plates detachably connected together at their meeting edges by detachable securing devices, heads tted in the ends of said crypts and secured thereto by detachable securing devices, and additional securing de'- vices mounted detachably at or near the meeting edges of the' outer top,- bottom and side plates of the said connected crypts adapted for use in detachably securing other like plates thereto to build thereon additional like crypts.

3. The combination of single top, bottom and side plates detachably connected together at their meeting edges by detachable securing devices, and additional securing devices mounted detachably at or near the meeting edges of the said plates adapted for 10 use in securing other plates thereon to build thereon other hollow structures.

Signed at Waterloo, Iowa, this 29th day of July, 1912.



Copies of this patent may be obtained for ve cents each, by addressing the Commissioner of Patents, Washington, I). C.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3986308 *Jan 12, 1976Oct 19, 1976Jones Henry LMausoleum crypt liner therefor and method of construction
US4102098 *May 13, 1977Jul 25, 1978Duwe E CCrypt closure panel and method for sealing a crypt opening
US4644711 *Dec 17, 1984Feb 24, 1987Paul EickhofFastening apparatus for shutters
US5195812 *Feb 27, 1991Mar 23, 1993Paul EickhofColumbarium
US5802781 *Jul 11, 1996Sep 8, 1998John K. EickhofSoffit lock
US5894699 *Aug 18, 1997Apr 20, 1999Fulton; Robert H.Crypt construction
US7788860 *Jul 7, 2003Sep 7, 2010Zartman Ronald RVandal proof system for securing a frangible facing plate to rigid supporting structure by wedging action and a method therefor
US8122650Jun 2, 2009Feb 28, 2012Eickhof Columbaria, Inc.Concealed mounting system for columbarium shutters and the like
U.S. Classification52/136
Cooperative ClassificationE04H13/006