Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.

Patents

  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS1301276 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateApr 22, 1919
Filing dateJun 11, 1917
Priority dateJun 11, 1917
Publication numberUS 1301276 A, US 1301276A, US-A-1301276, US1301276 A, US1301276A
InventorsMary M Kroetz
Original AssigneeMary M Kroetz
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Support for the correction of malpositions of the cervical vertebrę and the occiput.
US 1301276 A
Abstract  available in
Images(2)
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

- M. M. KROETZ. SUPPORT FOR THE CORRECTION OF MALPOSITIONS OF THE CERVICAL VERTEBRIE AND THE occlPuT.

' v APPLICATION FILED JUNE I], 1917.

1,301,276,, Patented Apr. 22, 1919.

2 SHEETSSHEET 1.

IgVENTOR. BY z(.%

A TTORNE YS.

M. M. KROETZ. SUPPORT FOR THE CORRECTION OF MALPOSITIONS OF THE CERVICAL VERTEBRfiE AND THE OCCIPUT. APPLICATION FILED JUNE I1, 1917- .Patented Apr. 22, 1919.

2 SHEETSSHEET 2.

A TTOR NE YS.

MARY M. KROETZ, or SAN FRANc'Isoo, CALIFORNIA.

SUPPORT FOR THE CORRECTION OF MALPOSITIONS OF THE CERVICAL VERTEBRE AND THE occIrU'r.

Specification of Letters Patent.

Patented Apr. 22, 1919.

' Application filed June 11, 1917. SeriaINo.174,361.

To all whom it may concern 'Be it'known that I, Dr. MARY M. KRoE'rz, a citizen of the United States, residing in the city and county of San Francisco and State of California, have invented a new and {useful Improvement in Supports for the Correction of Malpositions of the Cervical vertebrae and the Occiput, of which the followingis a specification.- My invention relates to supports for the correction of mal-positions of the cervical vertebrae and the occiput wherein aneXtensible' occiputal and chin support operates in conjunction with a spinal support to extend the erector spinae. i

Normally the spinal column consists mainly of a'longitudinal convex curve embracing practically all of the dorsal vertebrae, with substantially compensatory concaved curves above and below and embracing the cervical and lumbar vertebrae respectively. Below the lumbar the sacral vertebrae form a second convex curve terminating in the coccyx.

The normal position of the spinal column is maintained by means of the muscles known as the ereotor spinae which extend from the pelvis to the complexus by means of which it is connected to the occiput.

' When the erec-tor spinmandcomplexus are relaxed theweight of the skull isbornealmost entirely by the vertebrae causing an accentuation of the curves thereof, and a thrusting'forward and upward of the chin which positionis known as a mal-position of thecervical vertebrae and occiput.

This mal-position or abnormal condition of the spinal column and occiput may be corrected by extending the erector spinee and the complexus to return the vertebrae to normal curvature and position.

If the erector spinae and complexus are extended and retained in such extended position for regular periods while the occiput and chin are supported rigidly in normal position the mal-position may be permanently corrected.

To return the cervical and dorsal vertebrae and the occiput to normal position and thereby correct the mal-position I have devised the device disclosed in the drawings forming a part of the present specification wherein like characters of reference are used to designate similar parts throughout the said which F 1gure l is a rear perspective view of a patient disclosing my improved support applied thereto; 7 Fig. 2 is a front View of a patient Wearing my improved support;

7 Fig. 3 is a side elevation of a support as applied to the human figure, the dotted lines being used to indicate approximately the abnormal or mal-position;

Fig. 4 is a front elevation of the support removed from the person; and

Fig. 5 is a rear elevation of the support. Referring to the drawings the numeral 1 is used to designate a pair of rigid steel stays arranged to conform to the normal curvature and contour of the spinal column. The stays 1' are suitably incased in pockets 2 of a corset 3 provided with a lower abdonnnal pad 4: connected to the lumbar region of the stays 1 by means of suitable elastic connections 6 by means of which the stays 1 may be held rigidly and securely against or adjacent to said lumbar region.

The stays 1 are held rigidly against the dorsal vertebrae by means of a belt or strap 7 which encircles the person and engages the chest in the region of the sternum. To further retain the upper ends of the stays 1 adjacent the dorsal vertebrae a pair of armloops 8, having padded portions 9, are secured to the upperportion of the corset 3.

A pair of extensions 11 are provided with specification and drawings, and in slots 12 to engage screws 14 screwed into the stays 1 whereby said extensions, preferably of metal, are slidably mounted upon the upper portions of said stays 1.

Secured to the upper portion of the extensions 11 is a padded annular member 16 arranged to engage and retain the occiput. The annular member 16 'is provided with a series of buckles 17.

An apertured mask 18, having a chin support 19, is provided with suitable straps 21 To correct,this position. the stays v 1 are y, ectured iia ia en h lufni a l g o '1 of the spinal column by means of the abdominal pad 4 and elastics 6 secured thereto.

The upper portions otthe'stays 1 are rigidly the slots 12 and screws 14:.

The occiput is secured within the annular member 16 by means of the mask 18 which engages the chin of the person and rigidly retains said occiput within said annular member 16. By means of the straps 21 and buckles 17 of the annular member 16 the position of the occiput relatively to said member. may be readily adjusted.

By tightening the straps 21 the complexus and creator spinae are extended to further restore the spinal column and particularly the dorsal vertebrae to normal position.

Reference to the dotted lines in Fig. 3 of the drawings will disclose that the skull or occiput and the cervical vertebrae, when in mal-position, are somewhat lower than normal while the upper dorsal vertebrae are deflected in the reverse direction.

It is evident from this figure that when the chin and occiput are drawn into the annular member 16 that the complexus and the erector spinze are extended and the cervical as 'well as the upper dorsal vertebrae are returned to normal position.

Retention of the person in the improved support for regular periods will tend to return the parts to normal position and the mowers mal-position willeyentually be permanently corrected. f ,7

Having thus described my invention what I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent is- 1. A support of the character described comprising a rigid support to engage the the occiput rigidly within the annular. memher to retain the alinement of said occiput relatively to the spinal column. 1

2. A support. of the character described comprising a rigid support to engage the person alongthe entire length of-the spinal column; means for rigidly retaining the support adjacent the spinal column; an an'-= nular member slidably mounted upon the support to engage the occiput; and an apertured mask secured to the annular member to engage the chin to retain the occiput rigidly within the annular member whereby said occiput may be retained in alinement with the spinal column.

3. A support of the character described comprising a rigid support to engage the person along the entire length of the spinal column; means for rigidly retaining the support adjacent the spinal column; an annular member slidably mounted upon the support to engage the occiput; and an apertured mask secured to the annular member to engage the chin to retain the occiput rigidly within the annular member whereby said occiput may be retained in alinement with the spinal column; and means for adjusting the apertured mask relatively to the annular member. 7

In witness whereof I hereunto set my signature. 7 4 MARY M. KROETZ.

Copies of this patent may be obtained for five cents each, by addressing the Commissioner of Patents,

Washington, D. 0;

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2672146 *Nov 10, 1952Mar 16, 1954Touson IsaacApparatus for plastic surgery
US2796866 *Nov 29, 1955Jun 25, 1957Cohen RaymondDevice to train a dental patient to open and close his lower jaw in his terminal hinge position
US2973030 *Jul 29, 1958Feb 28, 1961Walter J MatthewsonBody fatigue-relieving support
US3331367 *Mar 31, 1965Jul 18, 1967Hastings Thomas KOrthopedic spinal brace
US3620211 *May 7, 1969Nov 16, 1971Goodell AlbertExtrication back splint
US3697065 *Jan 12, 1971Oct 10, 1972Thomas M Glassburner JrTraining aid for sprinters
US4143654 *May 26, 1977Mar 13, 1979Sherman Samuel WUniversal short spine board system
US4383523 *Jun 13, 1980May 17, 1983Schurman John RCervical brace
US4593788 *Feb 21, 1984Jun 10, 1986Larry MillerRescue apparatus
US4799458 *Sep 8, 1987Jan 24, 1989Jean GoshornAnimal restraint collar
US4836193 *Nov 3, 1987Jun 6, 1989A. W. Showell (Surgicraft) LimitedSkull to spine fixation device
US4886052 *Nov 30, 1987Dec 12, 1989Charles Greiner And Company, Inc.Emergency medical cervical collar
US5003968 *Apr 16, 1990Apr 2, 1991Mars Suzanne PHead support
US5007413 *Apr 17, 1986Apr 16, 1991Aalvik Thune HSupporting device for use in first aid to persons injured in accidents or the like
US5054475 *Mar 18, 1988Oct 8, 1991Charles Greiner And Company, Inc.Emergency medical collar, collar/stabilizer, collar/stabilizer/head immobilizer
US5086757 *Nov 30, 1990Feb 11, 1992Lestini William FThree-point cervical fixation device
US5199940 *Sep 12, 1991Apr 6, 1993Morris James BPosture training and correcting device
US5261125 *Jan 8, 1992Nov 16, 1993Rudolph CartwrightHead impact force diversion system
US5320596 *Dec 14, 1992Jun 14, 1994The Research Foundation Of State Univ. Of NyCervical orthosis
US5411038 *Apr 15, 1994May 2, 1995The Research Foundation Of State University Of New YorkMethod of using a cervical orthosis
US5581820 *Nov 27, 1995Dec 10, 1996Cartwright; RudolphHead impact force diversion system with transfer arm
US5807220 *May 14, 1996Sep 15, 1998Allis; Robert A.Device for protecting neck and upper back during abdominal exercises
US5853379 *Feb 6, 1998Dec 29, 1998Ostojic; Stevan R.Lower back brace construction
US6468240Jan 8, 2001Oct 22, 2002The Saunders Group, Inc.Self-seating occiput wedge system for applying a therapeutic traction force
US6971997Nov 17, 2003Dec 6, 2005The Saunders Group, Inc.Multi-axis cervical and lumber traction table
US7011642Sep 22, 2003Mar 14, 2006Kls-Martin, L.P.External fixation device for cranialmaxillofacial distraction
US7189214Jan 22, 2002Mar 13, 2007The Saunders Group, Inc.Multi-axis cervical and lumbar traction table
US7849525Apr 12, 2007Dec 14, 2010Jamshid GhajarApparatus for reducing brain and cervical spine injury due to rotational movement
US8740953Jan 3, 2012Jun 3, 2014Zimmer Spine, Inc.Adjustable occipital plate
US8834394Feb 4, 2010Sep 16, 2014Jamshid GhajarApparatus and methods for reducing brain and cervical spine injury
US9005149 *May 13, 2014Apr 14, 2015STUD Medical Ltd.Spinal decompression and sleep therapy system
US9155651 *Oct 17, 2012Oct 13, 2015Leonardo OchoaBack support system
US20060074366 *Nov 21, 2005Apr 6, 2006The Saunders Group, Inc.Multi-axis cervical and lumbar traction table
US20090064396 *Apr 11, 2007Mar 12, 2009Jamshid GhajarApparatus for reducing brain and cervical spine injury due to rotational movement
US20090158509 *Apr 12, 2007Jun 25, 2009Jamshid GhajarApparatus for Reducing Brain and Cervical Spine Injury Due to Rotational Movement
US20100263111 *Apr 30, 2008Oct 21, 2010Leatt CorporationAccessory for inhibiting back injury
US20120150085 *Dec 12, 2011Jun 14, 2012Andrew KayserSpine-align garment systems
US20130281901 *Oct 17, 2012Oct 24, 2013Leonardo OchoaBack support system
US20150042143 *Feb 22, 2013Feb 12, 2015William T McCarterHead support
US20160121192 *Nov 2, 2015May 5, 2016Raul MendozaSports Posture Training Aid
USRE32791 *Mar 9, 1987Nov 29, 1988 Cervical traction device
WO1986005968A1 *Apr 17, 1986Oct 23, 1986Aalvik Thune HSupporting device for use in first aid to persons being injured in accidents of the like
Classifications
U.S. Classification602/19, 128/DIG.230, 602/17
Cooperative ClassificationY10S128/23, A61F5/028