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Publication numberUS1302785 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMay 6, 1919
Filing dateJan 19, 1918
Priority dateJan 19, 1918
Publication numberUS 1302785 A, US 1302785A, US-A-1302785, US1302785 A, US1302785A
InventorsSamuel S Gilbert
Original AssigneeSamuel S Gilbert
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Toy house.
US 1302785 A
Images(2)
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

S. S. GILBERT.

TOY HOUSE.

AFPL ICATIO N FILED JAN. I9. 3918- Patented May 6, 1919.

2 SHEETS-SHEET wrwgs.

S. S. GILBERT.

TOY HOUSE.

APPLICATION man mu. 19. m8.

Patented May 6, 1919.

2 SHEETS-SHEET 2 MQYYEEOT Z3 aa/mwaz a azer-22,

SAMUEL S. GILBERT, OF SOUTH WEYMOU'II-I, MASSACHUSETTS.

Specification of Letters Patent.

TOY HOUSE.

Patented May 6, 1919.

Application filed January 19, 1918. Serial No. 212,552.

particularly to toy building structures of the character adapted to be readily assembled and disassembled without the use of tools.

The objects of the invention are to provide a structure which may be quickly and easily assembled without the use of bolts, screws or the like, which therefore comprises a minimum number of parts and no small parts, which is strong and substantial when assembled, which can be rapidly disassembled, which can be packed or stored in a small space when disassembled, which can be manufactured. at small costand which posseses other advantages for use in the toy art. y

The invention is illustrated, as embodied in a toy house in the accompanying drawings in which,

Figure 1 is a top plan View of the base of the house;

Fig. 2 is a section of the base on line 22 of Fig. 1;

Fig. 3 is a perspective view of three wall sections;

Fig. 4 is a perspective view of the base showing some of the wall sections in posi tion;

Figs. 5, 6, and 7 are perspective views of three forms of clip employed in the construction. i i

Fig. 8 is a perspective view of the base and wall sections of the house assembled together; and y, v

Fig. 9 is a vertical central section of the completely assembled house, the section being taken in the plane of line S8 of Fig. 8.

The particular embodiment of the inven-' tion shown for the purpose of illustration comprises a base B formed of two parts 5 and 6', wall sections W W W etc. clips 6,, C C ,etc., roof sections R R R etc., and a roof center piece R.

The base B is octagonal in outline and may be formed of wood, paper-board or other suitable material. The two parts of the basal; and b are joined together by means" of hinges It and: it, that they may be folded together when disassembled from the wall sections. The upper face of the base B is provided wvith a plurality of grooves G G G etc., to receive the lower ends of the wallsections NV W W etc. These grooves have the same cross sectional shape as the lower ends of the wall sections and this shape is preferablyrectangular as illustratedin the drawings.

The wallsections are preferably somewhat thinner than the base, as shown, and may be formed of the same or other suitable material. While the shape of the wall sections may be varied to suit various plans of construction they are preferably confined to three general. shapes shown in Fig. 3, viz., first, rectangular and full wall height such as W,, second,,inverted L and of full wall height as W, and, third, rectangular and less than full wall height such as The full height rectangular sections W are employed to form a solid wall, whether ex terior oi-interior, and vary in width to suit conditions of space;,the inverted L sections W, are employed to form doorways or windows, two of the sections preferably being employed together with the bases of the L sections juxtaposed; and the low rectangular sections W are employed in the formation of the windows, these sections being adapted to fill the spaces between the win dows and the floor. In addition to these three wall section shapes other more or less ornate shapes may be employed. In Figs. 8 and 9, for example, two sections W and W are employed respectively to form the opposite sides of alarge interior doorway.

The clips 0,, (3 ,0 etc., shown in Figs. 5, 6, and7, are fitted over the upper edges of the. wall sections as illustrated in Fig. 8 to assist in holding the wall sections firmly in position. The straight clips C, are employed along a straight wall and are so positioned, as to extend acrossthe joints in the wall. For thepurpose of strengthening the walls it is suflicient to extend the clips only short distances along theywall on opposite sides of the respective joints but in order to make a finished appearance and incidentally to make the structure still more ri id the clips are extended into contact w1th each .other. The angle clips C, are em: ployed where two walls meet at an angle and the Y clips C, are employed where three walls meet obliquely. .Where, two walls we at right angles al Tehatied clip C is employed as illustrated in Fig. 8. The clips C C G etc., are preferably formedof a stifi material such as steel which will not be readily deformed by ordinary usage.

The roof sections R R R etc., are substantially triangular in outline and may be formed of the same material as the Wall sections. The tip piece R is pyramidal in shape and is provided with recesses around the edge of its base to receive the upper ends of the roof sections R R R etc. Lugs Z are provided on the inner sides of the roof pieces near their lower ends to engage the top of the Walls and assist in maintaining the roof in position. Similar lugs Z may be provided to engage the base of the pyramidal piece R;

l/Vhile I have specifically described my invention as embodied in a single physical structure it is to be understood that I desire to protect the novel features of the invention when applied to any building structure irrespective of its shape or plan.

What I claim is:

l. A toy structure comprising a base having a marginal groove, a plurality of grooves extending in different directions within the space delimited by said marginal groove and a superstructure fitting into the grooves.

2. A toy structure comprising a base having grooves in its upper face and a superstructure' deta chably associated with the base, said'base being made in sections of substantially equal area and jointed so as to be folded together when dissociated from the superstructure.

3. A toy structure comprising a base having a marginal groove in its upper face, a plurality of grooves extending in difl'erent directions within the space delimited by said marginal groove and a plurality of wall sections adapted to be mounted in said grooves in juxtaposition to form a continuous marginal wall with a plurality of partition walls inclosed therein.

4. A toy structure comprising a base having 'a' marginal groove in its upper fajce, a'

plurality of grooves extending in different directions within the space delimited by said marginal groove,v a plurality of wall sections adapted: to be mounted in said grooves in juxtaposition" to form a continuous marginalwall witha plurality of partition walls inclosefd therein, and means for detachably connectingthe adjacent wall sections. 7

5. A toy structurecomprising'abase having grooves in' its upper face, a plurality of wall sections adapted to be mounted in said grooves; in" juxt'apdsifiioi and clips fitting ever the upper edges of adjacent wall sections; j

6. A toy structure comprising a base hav ing grooves in its upper face, a plurality of wall sections adapted to be mounted in said grooves in juxtaposed angular relationship and clips fitting over the edges of the sections to hold them together.

7. A toy structure comprising three sections fitting together in angular relationship and a clip having three branches adapted to fit over the" edges of the three sections so as to hold the sections together.

8. A toy structure comprising a base having a groove in its upper face, and a plurality of wall sections adapted to be mounted in said groove so as to form a continuous wall, one of the sections having an overhanging" portion adapted to extend into juxtaposition with the next adjacent section so as to form a window or doorway thereunder.

9. A toy structure comprising a base having a groove in its upper face, and a plurality of wall sections adapted to be mounted in said groove so as to form a continuous wall, one of the wall sections having the shape of an inverted L so as to form a window or doorway under the base of the L.

10. A toy structure comprising a plurality of triangular sections adapted to be fitted together in pyramidal form, and a tip piece having recesses to receive the tip ends of the sections.

11. A toy structure comprising a base having a marginal groove in its upper face, a plurality of wall sections adapted to be mounted in said groove in juxtaposition to form a marginal wall, and said base having a plurality of grooves in its upper face extending in different directions within the space delimited by said marginal groove, a plurality of wall sections adapted to be mounted in said last named grooves in juxtaposition to form partition walls, means for detachably connecting said last named wall sections together and means for detachably connecting said marginal wall with adj accnt partition walls.

v 12. A toy structure comprising a base having a marginal groove in its upper face, a plurality of grooves extending in difi'erent directions within the space delimited by said marginal groove, a plurality of wall sections adapted to be mounted in said grooves in juxtaposition to form a continuous marginal wallwith a plurality of partition Walls inclosed therein and a plurality of roof sections fitted together and adapted to rest on said marginal wall.

13. A toy structure comprising a base having a marginal groove in its upper face and a plurality of grooves extending in different directions within the space delimited by said marginal groove, a plurality of wall sections adapted to be mounted in said grooves in juxtaposition to form a continuous marginal wall with a plurality of partition walls inclosed therein, a plurality of triangular roof sections adapted to be fitted together in pyramidal form and a tip piece having recesses to receive the tip ends of the roof sections.

14. A toy structure comprising a foldable base made in sections of substantially equal area provided upon its upper face with a marginal groove and a plurality of grooves extending in different directions Within the space delimited by said marginal groove, a plurality of Wall sections adapted to be mounted in said grooves in juxtaposition to Copies of this patent may be obtained for form a continuous marginal Wall with a plurality of partition Walls inclosed therein, clips adapted to fit over the upper edges of adjacent Wall sections to hold them together 1.5

SAMUEL S. GILBERT.

five cents each, by addressing the Commissioner of Patents, Washington, D. G.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3603004 *Nov 29, 1968Sep 7, 1971Fink SidneyArchitectural interior-simulating arrangement
US4021960 *Sep 23, 1975May 10, 1977Walmer Harry EDoll house having left and right roof members
US4536162 *Apr 5, 1983Aug 20, 1985Mattel, Inc.Child's playset
Classifications
U.S. Classification446/112, 446/118
Cooperative ClassificationA63H33/105