|Publication number||US1303212 A|
|Publication date||May 6, 1919|
|Filing date||Jan 8, 1918|
|Publication number||US 1303212 A, US 1303212A, US-A-1303212, US1303212 A, US1303212A|
|Inventors||George Harvey Knight|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (2), Classifications (2)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
G. H. KNIGHT AND H. G. THACKRAY. LABEL AND CAPSULE. APPLICATION FILED MN. 8. I918.
Patented May 6, 1919.
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onrrnn STATES PATENT oEEIoE.
GEORGE HARVEY KNIGHT, or LONDON, AND EEEEEET GEoEGE THAoKEAY, 0E oAELIsLE, ENGLAND, nssrelvonsro HUDSON soo'rr & sons, LIMITEnoF CARLISLE, ENGLAND.
Patented May 6,1919.
Application filed January 8, 1918. Serial No. 210,864..
To allwhom it may concern:
Be it known that we, GEORGE HARVEY KNIGHT, of 5 Great Winchester street, London, England, and HERBERT GEORGE THAOK- RAY, 24 Eden Place, Stanwix, Carlisle, Cumberland, England, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in or Relating to Labels and Capsules, of which the following is a specification.
This invention relates to labels and cap sules. The object of this invention is to provide a label adapted to be placed over the cork and neck of abottle, jar or vessel.
A label or capsule made in accordance with this invention is formed of paper, linen, cotton or like material, with or without a metallic surface, and comprises a part adapted to be wrapped around the neck of the bottle which may be termed the neck part, side or skirt, and a partapplied to the top of the bottle to cover the cork or stopper, provided with tongues arranged on the periphery thereof adapted to be folded downward, which may be termed the top or cork part, the whole forming an inverted cup- .haped capsule when in position. We have found that seven tongues may be advantageously employed in forming a cup-shaped capsule in accordance with this invention, but the invention is not limited to this number.
Referring to the drawings filed herewith:
Figure 1 is a plan of a label adapted to fit a bottle having a neck which is smaller near'the top than lower down.
Fig. 2 is a plan of a label adapted to fit a bottle having a neck. which is larger near the top than lower down.
Fig. 3 is a plan of a label adapted to fit a bottle with a cylindrical neck.
Fig. 4 is a plan of a label adapted to fit a bottle having a neck partly cylindrical.
Fig. 5 is a plan of a modified form of label adapted to fit a bottle having a neck which is smaller near the top than lower down.
a is the skirt part, b the top or cork part, provided with tongues 0.
In each of the forms shown, the skirt part is integral with the top part and the tongues are disposed on a part of the periphery of the top part; one edge of the skirt part being practically tangential to the circle about which the tongues are arranged, so that when the tongues are turned down and the skirt part wrapped on top of the tongues a cup shaped capsule is formed on the bottle, and causing no more plaiting or folding of the material than with metal capsules which this is intended to supersede.
, In the form shown in Figs. 1 and 2, the sklrt parts are formed with two curved edges and two radial edges.
In the form shown in Fig. 3 the skirt part 1s rectangular. y i y In the form shown in Fig. 4: the skirt part is slit along a line at d. y i In the form shown in Fig. 5 the top or cork part is disposed one side of the skirt part, whereasin Figs. 1 to 4 the top part is disposed centrally of the skirt part.
The labels are or maybe gulnmed on one side and printed on the other side. The label. or capsule being in one piece can be applied to and fixed to the bottle with great rapidity.
In practice we prefer to use paper or other material on which can be printed color and matter as may be desired.
The method of application to a bottle is as follows:
These labels are damped on their .gummed side or otherwise rendered tacky and the shut part applied to the neck of the bottle. Thetop part is then folded down over the cork or stopper and the tongues bent downward over the edge of the neck of the bottle. The skirt part is then brought around the neck, inclosing and binding the tongues, the two extreme ends being joined and completing the cup.
Preferably the labeled bottle is placed in a capsuling machine such as is usually used for closing metal capsules on to bottles, so as to better complete the operation.
Labels adapted to form capsules in accordance with this invention can be packed or stocked so as to occupy much less space than metallic or plaited paper capsules hitherto employed.
Labels may be made in various forms and shapes with or without slits to fit bottles and jars of various shapes.
When the labels are treated with varnish on the surface they protect the label and cork from damp and render them easily cleansed and have the appearance of a metallic capsule.
V andappearance customary in' the same ,waybut to agreater extent than iet l telesale ;prev ously.i g ner l wi the adrantag tth t t e pap c n sul scm epr duq ii at amu h l wer price. label or capsule inade in accordance with this invention cannot be removed and replaced, withgnlt detection. They can be pr m dfi u anyeolors requ r d and h e the advantage of giving lnr-igliterv and cleaner colo s than. cquld. h t r. p o uc n metal and overcome the difliculty oi producing printed.n' a tter on .theskirt of plaited paper capsules. V 7 we claim and .desire to secure by Le, ers Patch? is 1 V L A bottle capsule consisting of a neckg s g amn on, op-engagi g p t in gra ly-.sqnn cte Jo t e -engag ng aes of ntegral tongues-expt man a s tsndil aradi l nf m h d the e n a ng-'PQrtiQ andadap to. be b downwardly against the side of a bottle neclgand to be confinedby the neck-engagn rqitionw he t p-e g ng Po i being so related to the neckrengaging portion that the inner longitudinal edge of the latter exltends tangentially to a circle passing 7 through. the edge oflthe top-engaging portion and through: the, base portions of said tongues.
2. A bottle capsule consisting of a neckengaging ,portion, a rt op engaging portion ntegrally connected. to the neck-engaging Copiesqf this patent ,lneg b e goptained for jive cents each, by addressi portion, and a series of integral tongues eX- tending radially from the edge of the topengaging portion and adapted to be bent downwardly against the side of a bottle neck and to be confined by the neck-engaging portion, the top-engaging portion being so related to the neck-engaging portion that the inner longitudinal edge of the latter extends tangentially to a circle passing through the edge of the top-engaging portion and the base portions of said tongues, and .the tongues adjacent to the neck-engaging. portion extend in a direction generally parallel to the adjacent edge of the neck-engaging portion.
8. A bottle capsule consisting of a neckengaging portion, a topen raging portion ntegrally connected to the neck-engaging portion, and a series of integrai tongues extending radially from the edge ;of-, the top engaging .portion and adapted, to be bent downwardly against the side of a bottle neck and to be confined ibyrthe neck-engaging portion, ,theneck-engaging,portion 1minglongitudinal edges which are cur\"ed,and parallel to each other, the top-engaging portion being so. related to ,the, neck-engaging portion that the inner curated edge of the la t exte s ange t ly a rc im ing through the edge ,,of the top-engaging portion and ,the base portions of said tongues, the tongues adjacent to said neckengaging portion extending in adirection e a y Para o t e dj scent, ge M the neck-engaging portion.
. In witness whereof we havesigned our names, to this specification.
'IGEQRGE AR- K I ERBE GEORG Q A Witnesses ,tothe signature of Herbert George Thackray:
at om sion r R t st ws hins a 2-,
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|US5868264 *||Sep 18, 1997||Feb 9, 1999||Fleming Packaging Corporation||Formed and decorated seal|