US 1303489 A
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J. D. McLAURlN. PACKAGE AND PACKING BOX. APPLICATION man mun. 1913. RENEWED SEPT 25, 1913.
1,303,489. I Patented May 13, 1919.
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
JAMES B. MoLAURIN, on NEW YORK, n. Y.
rncxaen Ann PACKING-IBOX.
Specification of Letters Patent.
Patented May 13, 1919.
Application filed June 4, 1913, Serial No. 771,604. Renewed September 25, 1918 Serial No. 255,702.
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, JAMES D. MCLAURIN, a citizen of the United States, and a resident of New York, in the county of New York and State of New York, have invented new and useful Improvements in Packages and Packing-Boxes, of which the following is a specification. I
This invention relates to packages and packing boxes, and has for its objectto pro vide a case in which goods of various descriptions may be packed and easily and securely sealed to form a package which will stand the rough usage of transportation without becoming unfastened or permit the goods to be damaged.
A further object of the invention is to provide a case of the class described which may be readily fastened and unfastened without damage to the case and which therefore may be used again and again until it is completely worn out. A further object of the invention relates to the details of construction which will now be described. with reference to the accompanying drawing in which I have illustrated a preferred form of case and package.
In the said drawings Figure 1 is a perspective view of my improved case filled" and sealed to form a package ready for transit;
Figs. 2 and 3 are detailed views of different parts of the case, and
Fig. 4 is a view similar to Fig. 1 but showing a different method of sealing the package.
Fig. 5 represents a section of the upper part of a box illustrating a modified form of my invention.
In the said drawing 1 represents the body of the packing case which it is understood is preferably formed of the heavy fiber board now employed largely for that purpose. The box body is riveted or otherwise held together in a suitable manner and is provided with a top 2 of similar material, having a flange 3 adapted to inclose the upper edges of the strips of the box body when the top is placed thereon in the usual manner to close the case. A number of tongues 4 of the same material as the packing case are riveted bya single rivet to the inner face of the flange 3 so as to hang vertically against the side faces of the box body 1 when in one position of adjustment. The tongues 4: are long enough to provide jacent faces of the box body suitable strips 6 of commercial sealing tape. This tape as is well known, consists of a strip of tough paper which may be any desired width and which is provided on one face with a suitable adhesive. The tape is supplied from a machine which moistens the gummed face and is provided with means whereby portions of any desired length may be detached as the gum is moistened.
Instead of using separate strips for each tongue the sealing tape may be applied as a single continuous strip extending co1npletely around the four side walls of the box body as shown in Fig. 4:, or if the contents of the box are unusually heavy, two or more strips of sealing tape may be applied to each tongue to give double-security.
As stated above cases of fiber board of.
this general character are already in use, and it has been found by experience that the flanges 3 of the tops after being used a few times becomes stretched or spread out so that they no longer closely fit the top of the-box body. This is partly due to the fact that the empty cases are nested together when they are shipped or returned empty. For this reason it has been found impossible to satisfactorily seal these cases with tape by attaching it over the edge of the flange 3, the stiffness of the fiber board being such that in springing away from the face of the box body it will pull the tape loose therefrom before it has time to become set. With my improved case the riveted joint is loose enough to permit the tongues to lie flat against the sides of the box body however badly the flange 3 may be stretched or sprung, and consequently the tape will firmly adhere to the box body.
cover may be of ordinary construction or may have its flange cut away over the projections 7 as indicated at 8 so that the face of the projection will lie flush with the surface of the flange. If the flange is cut away as described the tape will be applied across the cut out portion as indicated at 9. If the flange is continuous the tape is applied over the edge of the flange, the projection 7 in this case serving to insure a snug fit of the C(1)VeI at the point at which the tape is app ied.
Having thus described my invention, what I claim and desire to secure by Letters Pat ant is 1. A packing box comprising a box body, a cover having a flange to overlap the upper edge of said box body and a plurality of tongues fastened adjacent to the inner face of said flange so as to lie Wholly in juxtaposition thereto When the cover is separate from the box body, and to depend from said flange when the cover is applied to close the box body, and means normally separate from the box body for fastening the free ends of said tongues to the box body when in said depending position.
2. A packing box comprising a box body, a cover having a flange to overlap the upper edge of said box body and a plurality of tongues attached adjacent to the inner face of said flange, so as to depend therefrom when the cover is applied to close the box body, and single service adhesive means normally separate from the box body adapted to fasten the free ends of said tongues to the box body whereby the cover may be held in rigid box closing position and removed only by breaking the adhesive fastening means.
3. A pacln'ng box comprising a box body, a cover having a flange to overlap the upper edge of said box body and a plurality of tongues fastened adjacent to said flange so as to depend therefrom when the cover is applied to close the box body, and single service adhesive means normally separate from said box body and adapted to be secured thereto and to the tongues to fasten the latter to the box body when in said de pending position.
4. A packing box comprising a box body, a cover having a flange overlapping the upper edge of said box body and provided with a plurality of depending tongues j uxtaposed when in normal box closing position to said box body along their entire length and with their flange engaging ends lying between the overlapping flange and the box body, and single service adhesive means for fastening the free ends of the tongues to the box body.
Signed at New York in the county of New York and State of New York this 20th day of May, 1913.
JAMES D. MOLAURIN.
W. B. MoRToN, ARTHUR G. H. POWER, Jr.
Copies of this patent may be obtained for five cents each, by addressing the Commissioner of Patents.
Washington, D. G.