US 1304373 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
G. E. REINERS.
BOTTLE LABELING MAQHINE. APPLICATION FILED JUNK-I13. 1917.
lm meme 5 Pztented Mayi20, 1919.
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lm Memes G; E. REINERS.
BOTTLE LABELING MACHINE.
me/111011 111.211 1u11 13.1911.
1,304,373. Q Patented May 20, 1919.
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G. E. REINERS.
BOTTLE LABELING MACHINE. APPLICATION man JUNEIH. m1.
Patented May 20, 1919.
5 SHEETS-SHEET 3. I I5. 3
Ill/Ill attozmu 'G. E. REINER'S. BOTTLE LABELING MACHINE. APPLICATION FILED mu: 13. 1912.
1,304,373( Patented May 20, 1919.
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G. E. REINERS.
BOTTLE LABELING MACHINE. APPLICATION FILED JUNE-I3. I917.
Patel lted May 20, 19 19..
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
GEORGE E. REINERS, 0F WORCESTER, MASSACHUSETTS, ASSIGNOR T0 MAFRETO MACHINE AND TOOL COMPANY, OF WORCESTER, MASSACHUSETTS, A CORPO- RATION OF MASSACHUSETTS.
Specification of Letters Patent.
Patented May 20, 1919.
Application filed June 13, 1917. Serial No. 174,540.
labels are carried from a magazine or ma azines to the bottles by so-ca-lled pickers which also serve to supply'the proper amount of paste or adhesive to the labels and the labels are applied and affixed to the bottle by wipers. a
The primary object of the invention is to provide improved mechanisms for actuating the pickers and the wipers whereby a nummum amount of power will be required for the operation of theseelements, thc movements of these elements will be so timed as to afford the attendant the maximum period of time during each cycle for removal of the labeled bottle and placing of, another bottle in the machine, and the wiper actuating mechanism so operates as to avoid snapping together of the Wipers above the bottle preparatory to each wiping-operation, thereby preventing splashing of paste over the bottle and the adjacent parts of the machine and enabling the machine to operate smoothly, quietly and rapidly.
Another object of the invention is to provide a duplex or double machine of this character wherein the same frame, paste supply means and operating shaft are common to both components of the machine, those components of the machine being placed back to back so as to enable the attendants for the respective components of the machine to feed and remove the bottles from positions at opposite sides of the machine. By such an arrangement, the capacity of the machine is doubled without a considerable increase in the size and cost of the machineor the power necessary to operate it, the cycles of operations-of thecomponents of the machine being so timed relatively to one another as to equalize the load upon the driving means for the machine.
To these and other ends, the invention consists in certain improvements, and com-.
binations and arrangements of parts, all as will be hereinafter more fully described, the novel features being pointed out particularly in the claims at the end of the specification.
In the accompanyin drawings Figure l is a side elevation partly in section, of a duplex bottle labeling machine constructed in accordance with the preferred embodiment of my invention.
Fig. 2 is an elevation of the machine as viewed from the right in Fi 1.
Fig. 3 is a horizontal section on the line 33 of Fig. 1.
Fig. 4 is a horizontal section on the line Figs. 5 and 6 are diagrammatic views of the wipers and the mechanism for actuating the same, showing the wipers in various positions; and
Figs. 7 and 8 are diagrammatic views of the pickers and the mechanism for actuating the same, showing the pickers in various positions.
Similar parts are designated by the same reference characters in the several views.
Bottle labeling machines of the general class to which the present invention relates have been heretofore constructed, but such machines presented the disadvantages that they were relatively slow, noisy and irregu- 1111' in operation, the capacity of those niachines being relatively small and they required a relatively large amount of ower to operate them. The machine provi ed by the present invention avoids the objections found to exist with machines of this general class as heretofore constructed, and the prcferred embodiment of the invention is shown in the accompanying drawings and will be hereinafter described in detail. It is to be understood, however, that the invention is not restricted to the precise construction shown, as equivalent constructions'and arrangements are contemplated and will be included within the scopeof the claims.
In the present instance, the machine comprises a frame 1 which may be of any suit able form, and this frame is preferably constructed of angle iron embodying a suitable number and arrangement of upright and transverse members. In the center line ab of the machine is located a paste or glue roll 2, this paste or glue roll. being partly .submerged in a paste or lue receptacle 3 the medium of reduction gears 125 A countershaft 13 is mounted in the lower portion of the frame and near the center line (0-6 thereof, and this countershaft receives motion through a belt or chain 14 which 00- operates wlth a pulle or gear 15 on the glue roll shaft and a pu ley or gear 16 on the countershaft 13. The countershaft has a worm 17 thereon which cooperates with a worm wheel 18 which is preferably mounted loosely on the main operating shaft 19 of the machine, and a clutch 20 splined on the shaft 19 serves to couple and uncouple the main operating shaft to the driving ar 18. A edal or other suitable means may e pro vi ed for controlling the clutch 20.
The parts just described are common to both of the components of the machine, it
being understood that the elements of the machine contained-on the ri ht-hand side of the center line ab are dup icated although reversed on the left-hand side of the. center line.- A description of the elements com prising one component or unit of the machine will therefore make clear the construction of the entire machine' As shown,
the bottle is-adapted to occupy a horizontal position in the machine during the application of the label or labels thereto. For this purpose, a horizontal bottle support 21 is secured in fixed position upon that side of the machine where the attendant therefor" stands. The machine is capable of appl ing labels to both the body and the neck 0 the bottles, or it may serve to apply labels to either the body or the neck. In Fig. 1, w represents a bottle resting on the bott e. support 21,;1 represents a body label thereon, and 2 represents a neck label on the bottle. The labels are preferably supplied from magazines similar to those generally used in bottle labeling machines of this class. As shown, a ma azine 22 containing a supply of body la'be s 3 and a second magazine 23,
containing a supply of neck labels are mounted above the bottle, and pickers similar to those generally employed in'bottle labeling machmes of this class operate to transfer the labels from the magazines to the-bottle. The pickers 24 as shown in the resent instance are connected to a pair of eads 25, and these heads are fixed to the upper ends of a pair of vertical reciprocable rods 26, the latter being guided in a suitable scaavs bearing 27 fixed. to the main frame of the machine, and they are fixed at their lower ends to a cross-head 28. The pickers are spaced laterally for a distance suflicient to accommodate a bottle between them when these pickers are in their lowermost position, thereby enabling the pickers to deposit labels on the upper s1des of the pickers onto the bottle, the labels being received by the pickers and removed by the latter from the magazines as the pickers approach and recede from their uppermost position. During the upward movement of the pickers and after the/latter have deposited labels on the bottle, paste or gum is applied to the upper surfaces of the pickers whereby the gummed surfaces of the pickers when ressed upwardly against the lowermost abels in the magazine and then lowered will cause the lowermost labels in the magazines to adhere to the pickers and to be removed from the magazines upon the descent of the pickers. The paste or gum applied to the upper sides of the pickers is also transferred to the labels which are caused to adhere thereto, and when the labels are removed from the pickers, in a manner to be hereinafter described, the paste, or labels serves to afiix the'labels to the bottle. The means provided in the present instance for sup lying the paste or gum to the upper sides 0 the pickers comprises a paste or gum roll 29 which is preferably cylindrical m on the and of rubber, the ends of which are provided with journals 301 which rest in forks 31 formed on the upper ends of a pair of curved arms 32, the latter being fixed on a rock shaft 33 journaled in suitable sta tionary bearin 1n the main frame, and a crank arm 34 1s fixed to the rock shaft and is connected by a link 35 to an actuating rod 36, the latter being guided to reciprocate vertically, and it carries on its lower end a roller 37 which cooperates with a cam 38 of suitable shape fixed to the main shaft 19.
During the operation of the machine, the gickers convey the labels from the ma azines own to the bottle, the pickers descen ing to positions at opposite sides of the bottle with themiddleportions of the labels engaging the top of the bottle. In order to retain the labels on the bottle and thus remove the labels from the pickers during the ascent of the latter, a clamp 39 is provided, this clamp having a facing 40 of rubber orother appro riate material capable of accommodatlng itself to the shape of the bottle and thereby clamping the labels firmly against the bottle, and the clamp is pivoted at a point 41 which is intermediate of its length, to a bell-crank arm 42, the latter being pivoted on an axis 43 in. rear of the bottle support 21, and the bell-crank arm has a crank 44 fixed thereto, this crank being connected by a link 45 to a vertically re- 'ciprocatory rod 46. Y This rod 46 is suitably guided to move vertically in the main frame and itcarries on its lower end a roller 47 which c'oiiperates with a cam 48 of app priate shape on the shaft 19. Durin the descent of the pickers which carry the abels to the bottle, this clamp 39 occupies the.
position shown by the dotted lines in Fig. 1 so that the clamp will clear the labels which'bridge the pickers. However, after the pickers have descended to the limit of their downward movement, the clamp is swun by its cam 48 into the full line position s own in Fi 1, thereby pressing upon the middle portlons of the labels which bridge the .space between the pickers and which engage the top of the bottle, and this pressure on the labels is maintained by the clamp during the ascent of the pickers, in consequence of which the pickers will be pulled upwardly away from the labels and the ends of the labels will drop into positions at opposite sides of the bottle.
Aflixing of the labels-to the bottle is effected by a pair of wipers 49 which operate upon the body labels and a second pair of Wipers 50 which operate upon the neck labels. These wipers are preferably composed of strips of relatively soft or bendable rubber which enables them to con- -form to the shape of the bottle and to produce uniform pressure upon the labels. The wipers are earned on the upper ends of a pair of wiper arms 51.v The present invention provides simple and eflicient mechanism whereby the wipers will be held apart dur-- ing their ascent and preparatory to the commencement of the wiping operation and they will be caused to approach one another gently or without jar immediately before the commencement of the wiping operation. As shown in the present instance, the wiper arms 51 are pivoted at 52 to a vertically movable cross-head 53, the latter operating ina stationary guide 54 fixed to the respective side of the machine, and extensions 55 of the arms 51 below the pivots. 52 receive the outward thrust of a compression spring 56, this spring acting with a tendency to move the wipers on the upper ends of the arms 51 together or toward one another. The means provided in the present instance for holding the wipers apart during the ascent of the wipers comprises a link 57 which is pivoted at a point intermediate its length to a pivot pin'58, the latter being supported by the bracket 59 which is fixed to the crosshead 53. A roller 60 is journaled in each end of the link 57, and each wiper arm is provided at its inner side with a lug 61 having a seat or socket 62 in which therespective roller 60 is adapted to seat. A tension spring 63, which connects the crosshead 53 and the link 57 acts to tilt the link 65 57 to an inclined position with. the rollers 60 cent are spread apart and held in such re-' lation by the link 57 which occupies the horizontal position shown in Fig. 2 with the rollers 60 thereon engaging in the seats 62 on the wiper arms. While the wipers are held apart, they pass the bottle and reach a position above the level of the bottle, the clamp 39 at this time pressing upon the center of the labels. The'wipers are then caused to approach one another sothat they assume positions adjacent to the opposite sides of the clamp 39, this occurringinmlediately prior to the wiping operation. The means provided in the present instance for causing the wipers to approach after reach ing the proper elevation comprises a cam plate 66 which is fixed to the main frame of the machine in rear or behind the bottle support 21, this cam plate having at opposite sides pairs of cam surfaces 67 and 68, re-
spectively. The wiper arms carry rollers 69 which are offset toward the rear of the wiper arms and are located in the plane of divergent cam surfaces 67 on the cam plate,
.and as the wipers continue to rise to the limit of their-upward movement, the rollers 69 ride upwardly upon these divergent cam 7 surfaces until the rollers approach the top of the cam plate. Owing to the divergent arrangement of the cam surfaces 67 with which the rollers 69 cotiperate, the riding of the rollers 69 on these cam surfaces causes the wiper arms to be spread apart in opposition to the action of the spring 56 and, in consequence, the seats '62 on the wiper arms are moved away from the rollers 60 on the link.57 and the spring 63 then acts to tilt the link into an inclined position out of line with the lugs 61. Upon the commencement. of the descending movement of the wipers, the rollers 69 on the wiper arms ride downwardly onthe cam surfaces 67 on the cam plate 66, and these-rollers 69 then ride inwardly and downwardly along the cam surfaces 68 of the cam plate 66, the wipers being thereby permitted to approach one another and, to assume posi-. tions at opposite sides of the clamp 39 and to engage the labels at opposite sides of wipers causes them to produce a downward wiping action upon the sides of the labels I which received paste or gum from the pickers whereby the labels are afiixed to the bottle.- During the wiping action the wipers will bend or flex more or less under the pressure of the spring 56, and the wiper arms may also spread more or less while the. wipers are passing the larger diameter of the bottle. After the wipers have passed the ends of the labels and have reached the under side of the bottle, they are in collapsed or closed relation until the wipers approach the limit of their downward movement,
when the link 57 inits inclined position comes against a stationary pin or stop 70' on the frame of the machine, the continued descent of the wipers causing the link 57, by reason of its engagement with the stationary pin orstop 0, to be returned to its horizontal position, and the link 57 in resuming its horizontal position spreads the wipers preparatory to the following ascent of the wipers, the spreading of the wipers bein effected by the riding of the rollers 60 o the link on the cam surfaces 71 and 7 2 of the-lugs 61. When the rollers 60 reenter the seats 62 in the lugs 61, they are retained cam late 66, however, operates in the man-- ner escribed to cause .the wipers to approach one another gently and hence splas ing ofpaste is avoided, and, moreover, the
operation of this part of the machine is I smooth and quiet.
The mechanism provided by the present invention for actuating the pickers enables the ascent of the pickers to be initiated rapidly, and then ata reduced speed as the ascent progresses. 's mechanism as shown comprises pairs of toggle links 73 and 74, the links 73 havin their up er ends pivoted at 75 to the crosscad 28,1: e lower ends of the links 73 are pivotally connected at 76 to the upper ends of the links 74, and the lower ends of the links 74 are mounted on a stationary pivot 77 which is fixed on the mainframe of the machine. Rollers 7 8 are.
mounted on the axes 77 which connect the links 73 and 7 4. A vertically movable cam plate 79 is provided which has a pair of lower convergent cam surfaces 80 and a pair of upper cam surfaces 81 which converge at a greater angle as compared with other, they ride upon the up neoaere which is preferably in the form of an eccentric, as shown; that is to say, its periphery is circular, or substantially so, and the cam is fixed eccentrically on the shaft 19.
By this arrangement just described, when the pickers are in their lowermost position and in proximity to the bottle resting on the 'bottle support 21, the ro ers 78 at the middles of the to gles enga the lower convergent cam sur aces of the cam plate 79. As the cam 84 rotates, the roller 83 on the slide 82 rises, causing upward movement of the cam plate 79, and the lower cam sur: faces 80 on the cam plate act on the rollers 78 at the middles of the toggles to initiate the movement of the toggle links toward straightened position. Owing to the dou- 'bled relation of the toggle links at this time and the convergent relation, of the sharply sloping cam surfaces 80 and the position of the rollers 78 below the fixed pivot 77 of the toggles, the initial upward movement of the cam plate 79 will'cause the rollers 78 to move inwardly and upwardly, and this inward movement of the rollers 78 will cause the rollers to ride relatively in an upward direction on the lower cam surfaces 80, as will appear from the full and dotted line positions represented in Fig. 7. In this Way the pickers are caused to start up with a ra id motion, and hence the initial idle portion of the ascent of the pickers which carries the pickers clear of the bottle takes place rapidly, thus iving the operator additional time in whic to remove the labeled bottle andto insert anotherbottle. ued upward movement of the cam plate 79 will causethe rollers 78 to move inwardly or toward one another, and at the same time the toggle links will move toward a straightened position, as shown .by the dotted and full llne positions in Figs. 7 and 8. As the rollers 78 move inwardly or toward one auer cam surfaces 81 of the cam plate 79 who have a greater angle of convergence, with the result. that the upward movement of the pickers is retarded as this movement progresses, al-
thou h the movement of the cam plate 79- may e regular under the. action of a regular or circular cam 84. During the descent of the pickers, they first move downwardly slowly, but their rate of descent accelerates as the pickers approach their lower posi-' tion. It is to be understood thatthe ascent of the pickers continues until the pickers.
press upon the lowermost labels in the magazines 22 and 23, and that during the ascent oftlie ickers the aste or gum roller 29 meetst e pickers Ens t on the outer end Continthereof; that the paste or gum roller rides to the left in Fig. 1 during the ascent of the pickers: and that the paste or gum roller passes from above the pickers without obstructing their movement toward the label magazines, the paste or gum roller in its extreme swing coming against. the paste or um supply roll 2, as shown by the dotted lines in Fig. 1. As is usual in machines of this class, the labels are heldin the magazines by the inturned prongs 85 at the bots toms of the magazines, and the pickers have perforations in line with these prongs so that the pickers may come into engagement with the lowermost labelsin the magazines without being obstructed by the prongs.
It is to be understood that the machine may be operated to apply the body and neck labels simultaneously, or it may be operated to apply either the body labels or the neck labels alone. It is desirable in machines of this type to provide for the accommodation of labels of different sizes or kinds whereby the machine may be operated upon bottles of different sizes or bottles with different contents. The present invention provides means whereby the machine may accommodate two sets of labels and the machine may be readily adjusted to operate upon either set of labels. As shown, a cross-shaft 86 extends across the upperportionof the machine and .is journaled in appropriate brackets 87 The shaft 86 carries brackets 88 which may be splined on the shaft 86, as shown, and one of the brackets 88 supports a pair of rails 89 which carry one set of label magazines 22 and 23, and the other bracket 88 supports rails 90 which carry another similar pair of label magazines. The brackets88 are mounted side by side on the crossshaft 86 and they areshiftable along said shaft whereby either set of label magazines may be brought into the central operative position as shown in Fig. 2 while theother set of label magazines occupies an inoperative position to one side of the magazines'in use. Where it is desirable to interrupt the operation of the machine temporarily, such may be accomplished by lifting the label magazines sufiiciently high to avoid contact of the pickers with the lowermost labels in the magazine. Such tiltin of the magazines may be effected by t e construction shown, this being permitted by rotation of the shaft 86 in its bearings 87, and a collar 91 may be fixed on the outer end of the shaft 86 and provided with notches 92 any one of which may receive a spring plunger or latch 93 whereby the magazines may be supported either in an operative or an inoperatlve position as occasion may requlre.
' It is to be understood that the magazine arrangement just described is duplicated for the other side of the machine. I
The cycle of operations may be described,
briefly, as follows :During the latter portion of the ascent of the pickers, the-paste or gum roll meets them, it first engaging the pickers on the tip ends thereof, and during the continued ascent of the pickers, the gum roll swings in the approximate arc of the center 33, in consequence of which the gum roll rises and. concurrently therewith it rolls across the upper faccspf the pickers, thereby applying to those faces a layer of gum obtained'by the um roll from the stationa'ry gum supply r0 1. As the pickers approach the upper limit of th 'r ascent, the gum roll passes outof the pift li thereof and it eventually comes to rest against the gum supply roll 2. In the meantime, the con tinued ascent of the pickers brings them up against the lowermost labels in the label ries the labels thereon down to the bottle.
The labels on the pickers during their descent span the gap or space between the pickers and those portions of the labels avoid the bottle clamp 39 because the latter, during the descent of the-pickers, occupies the dotted line position shown in Fig. l where it is clear of the labels. The descent of the pickers carrying the labels-continues until the middleportions of the labels which span the gap or space between the pickers engage the upper side of the bottle resting on the bottle support 21, the pickers then being at opposite sides of the bottle. While the pickers occupy this position, the clamp 39 comes into the full line position shown in Fig. 1, it pressing those portions of the labels which span the gap or spac between the pickers against the bottle, and while the labels are so clamped the pickers rise, causing the ends of the labels to be pulled ofi cent of the wipers, they are held apart, in
the manner hereinbefore described, in order that they will clear the bottle and, as the a wipers approach the upper limit of their ascent, the link which holds them apart is released and, during the first part of their descent, the Wipers are permitted to move toward one another gently under the actionof their spring 56 controlled, however, by
the cam plate 66. The wipers thus assume positions at opposite'sides of the clamp 39- and, during the continued descent of the wipers, they rub or brush the ends of the body and neck labels down around the'opposite sides of thebottle, the wipers during this operation being free to spread apart more or less as they pass the larger diameter move around the under side of the bottle.
' Continued descent of the wipers brings the link 57 against the resetting pin or stop 7 O, and the final part of the descent of the wipers causes them to be spread apart and to be retained in such relation preparatory to their next ascent. The clam 39 is preferably so timed that it will swing up clear of the bottle immediately after the wiping operation. The pickers are preferably so timed as to complete their ascent during the wiping operation, so that when the wiping operation has been completed, the pickers will be clear of the bottle and, in consequence, a relatively long period of the cycle is provided during which the attendant may remove the labeled bottle and in'sert'another bottle.
- The cycle of operations of both units or components of the machine is thesame, although it is preferable to time one component half a cycle behind the cycle of the other component by appropriate setting of the cams on the shaft 19 and so distribute the load evenly between the two components of the machine, thus enabling a small motor to operate the machine. By this timing, the paste rolls of the components will alternately engage the paste su ply roll.
Of course, bottles of di erent sizes may be labeled on the machine without requiring manual adjustment of the wipers, as they will accommodate themselves during their descent to the size of the bottle, they spread ing, more or less, during the wiping operation, according to thesize of the bottle.
Where it is desirable .or necessary to apply only a body or a neck label, the labels are omitted or removed from the magazine not in use, and when it is desirable or necessary to interrupt the labeling operation, the label-containing magazines are swung .up by rocking the shaft 86 and held in such position by the pawl or latch 93, the labels in the. magazines being then beyond the range of movement of the pickers.
' The picker actuating mechanism provided by the present invention starts or initiates the ascent of the pickers rapidly, so that.
the pickers are quickly carried clear of the bottle to afiord the operator the maximum period of time for the removal ot the labeled bottle and the insertion of another bottle to be labeled, the pickers during this operation moving at a slower speed, but their speed is again accelerated during the intermediate part of their descent and they bring the labels into engagement with the bottle.
The mechanism provided by the present invention for actuating and controlling the wipers is relatively simple, it requires comparatively small power for its operation, and
the wipers are so controlled as to avoid arranged in reverse relation to one another,
common to t moans splashing of paste or gum upon the bottles, the labels, or the adjacent parts of the machine.
I claim as my invention H 1. In a bottle labeling machine, the combination of a main frame having a pair of bottle labeling mechanisms mounted in reverse directions thereon, each of said mechanisms embodying a bottle support, a label magazine, pickers for transferring labels from the magazine to bottles on said support, and wipers for affixing the labels to the bottles, the bottle supports of said mechanisms facing in opposite directions, and a shaft common to both mechanisms and having means thereon for actuating the pickers and wipers of both mechanisms.
2. In a bottle labeling machine,-thetcombination of a pair of labeling mechanisms each of said mechanisms embodying label pickers for applying the labels to the bottles, and a swlnging paste roll for applying paste to the pickers, and a paste supply roll e swinging paste rolls ofboth mechanisms. 3. In a'bottle labeling machine of the type embodying a bottle support, a label magazinc, and a reciprocatory icker for carrying a label from the magazme to a bottle on said support, means for actuating the picker comprising a toggle operatively connected at one end to the picker, and a reciprocatory member operative upon "the toggle to vary the degree of flexing thereof and thereby cause reciprocation of the picker.
4. In a bottle labeling machine embodying a bottle support and a label magazine, a reciprocatory picker for carrying a label from the magazine and means for actuating the picker comprising a toggle operatively connected at one end to the picker, and a reciprocatory cam operative upon the intermediate portion of the toggle to cause relative pivotal movement of the members of. the togg le. a
5. In a bottle labeling machine of the type having a bottle support, a label holder, and a areciprocatory picker for transferring a label from the label holder to a bottle, mechanism for reciprocating the ipicker comprising a toggle one member 0 which. is connected to the picker and the other.member to a fixed plvot, and a reciprocatory cam operative upon an intermediate part of the 120,
other member connected to a fixed pivot, the
.members of the toggle I being relatively of the toggle during continued movementfof folded when the picker is at one limit of its movement, and a cam reciprocable parallel to the direction of movement of the picker and operative upon an intermediate part of the toggle to move it toward a straightened position and thereby cause reciprocation of the picker.
7. In a bottle labeling machine of the type having a reciprocatory picker for transfer ring labels from a magazine to the bottles, mechanism for actuating the pickers comprising a cam reciprocablearallel to the direction of movement of tie picker and having operative faces at different inclinations to the direction of movement of the cam, and a toggle having one end thereof operatively connected to the picker and the other end thereof-connected to a relatively fixed pivot, the intermediate part of the toggle having a part cooperative successively with the operative faces of different inclina tions on the cam during reciprocation of the latter.
8, In a bottle-labeling machine of the type having a reciprocatory picker for transferring labels from a magazineto the bottles, mechanism for actuating the picker comprising a cam plate reciprocable in the direction of movement of the pickerand hav ing on a side thereof operative surfaces at diiferent inclinations to the direction of movement of said plate, and a toggle having one end thereof operatively connected to the picker and its other end connected to a fixed pivot and having a roller intermediate its length to ride successively on the operative faces of the cam plate, the toggle being relatively folded when the icker is at the end of one of its strokes, an roller cooperating to relatively extend the toggle when the cam plate is reciprocated.
9. In a bottle labeling machine of the type havinga reciprocatory picker for transferring labels from a magazine to the bottles, mechanism for actuating the picker comprising a toggle operatively connected at one end to the picker and connected at its opposite end to a relatively fixed pivot, the toggle being relatively folded when the picker is at one end of its stroke, and a cam plate movable in the direction of movement of the picker and having operating faces at different degrees of inclination to the direction of movement of the cam plate, the operating face of less inclination cooperating with an intermediate portion of thetoggle during the initial movement of the cam plate, and the operating face of greater inclination cooperating with said intermediate portion the cam plate and acting to relatively straighten the toggle and thereby reciprocate the picker.
10. In a bottle labeling machine of the the cam plate andv type having a reciprocatory picker for transferring labels from a magazine to the bottles, mechanism for actuating ,the picker comprising a pair of reversely arranged toggles each operatively connected at one end to the picker and its opposite end to a rela-' tively fixed pivot, and a cam plate reciprocable in the direction of movement of the picker and having operative faces at op posite sides thereof arranged to cooperate with intermediate portions of the respective toggles to move them toward straightened form and thereby actuate the picker.
11. In a bottle labeling machine, the combination with a bottle support of a pair of wipers reciprocable past a bottle on said support, means acting to move said wipers toward one another to affix a label on the bottle during movement of the wipers in one direction past the bottle, means for holding the wipers in separated relation during movement of the wipers in the opposite direction, means for-rendering said holding means inactive toward the end of the latter movement, and means operative during movement of the wipers in a reverse direction for causing gentle movement of the wipers toward one another preparatory to the wiping operation.
12. In a bottle labeling machine, the combination with a bottle support, of a pair of pivoted wipers movable relatively to the bottle support to affix a label to a bottle thereon and adapted to move relatively toward and from one another, means for holding the wiper in relatively separated relation during movement of the wipers in one direction, and a device operative to render said holding means inactive during reverse movement of the wipers and to permit relative movenrent of the wipers toward one another.
13. In a bottle labeling machine, the combination with a bottle support, of a pair of pivoted reciprocatory wipers movable past opposite sides of the bottle support, means 1 acting to move the wipers toward one another, a device for holding the wipers in relatively separated relation, and means operative during reciprocation of the wipers in one direction to trip said holding device.
14. In a bottle labeling machine, the combination with a bottle support, of a pair of pivoted reciprocatory wipers movable past opposite sides of the bottle support, mefans acting to move the wipers toward one another, a device for holding the wipers apart position when the wipers during movement of the wipers to release said holding device and control movement of the wipers relativel toward one another during movement of t e wipers in an opposite dlrection past the bottles.
16. In a bottle labeling machine, the combination with a bottle support, of a pair of 1 wipers relatively movable toward and from one another and also reciprocable at oppo-.
site sides of the bottle support, means actlng to move the wipers relatively toward one another, a device for holding the wipers in separated relation during movement thereof in one direction, means for rendering said holding device inoperative when the wipers are near one end of their stroke, and means for restoring the holding device to o erative are near t e other end of their stroke. 1 w
17. In a bottle labeling machine, the combination with a bottle support, of cooperative wipers reciprocable past the bottle sup port and relatively movable toward and from one another, means actingto move the wipers relatively toward one another, a device for holding the wipers-in separated relation, and a cam cooperative with the wipers during their reoiprocatory movement to spread them apart to release said holding device and operative thereafter to retard the movement of the wipers toward one another.
18. In a bottle labeling machine having a bottle support and a pair of pivoted wipers e at opposite sides of the bottle reciprocab support, means acting to move the wipers relatively toward one another, a link movable into a position to hold the wipers in rename separated relation, and a cam arranged to act on the wipers to separate them and there by release said link and operative subsequently to control movementuof the wipers toward one another. 1
19. In a bottle labeling machine of the type having a pair of pivoted reciprocatory wipers, means acting to move the wi rs toward one another, a pivoted link movale into a position to hold the wipers in separated relation, a stop arranged to act on said link as the wipers approach one end of their stroke to set the link in holding position, said link being releasable by a relative spreading of the wipers, and a cam operative to spread the wipers and thereby release the link as the wipers approach the other end of their stroke, the cam being also cooperative with the wipers upon the commencement of their return stroke to cause a gentle movementof the wipers toward one another.
20. In a bottle labeling machine of the type having reciprocato pickers for conveying labe s to the bott es and wipers for aflixing the labels to the bottles, means for GEORGE E. REINERS. Witnesses:
FR NK M. PETERSON. liaaoamnn R. Rooms.