US 1305199 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
' w. H. DEUBENER.
APPLICATION HLE'.) FEB. 1. I919.
Patentd May 27, 1919.
' WaZZen/Z emer,
UNITED STATES PATENT orricn warren nlnnunmmn; 01 ST. PAUL, mmmsora.
' To all whom it may concern r inventl Be it known that I, WALTER H. DEUBENER,
a citizen of the United States, residing at St. Paul, in the county of Ramsey and State of Minnesota, have invented a new and useful Improvement in Bags,,of which the following is a specification.
My invention relates to bags for carrymg merchandise and is preferably made of paper or other light weight, strong material so that a comparatively heavy load may be carried conveniently with the bag without danger of the same tearing. The bag 18 so formed that it will easily fold flat into a convenient shape to be carried in the pocket, or otherwise, and also to allow the bags to be conveniently packed for shipment. Generallye aking, a bag of the character of my iigtakes the place of the ordinary well-known shopping basket, or other carrying receptacles, which have'long been used, and at the present time general conditions have increased the demand for a receptacle for carrying merchandise from the store to the home, especially in the case of cash and carry stores, giving the customer the advantage of a better price and allowmg him to serve himself by carrying his merchandise to his home.
In the making of a bag of paper which is simple in construction and inexpensive to manufacture, it is also desirous to have a bag which can be used a number of times, and in fact, if used with care, will last for a long time. I have constructed m bag with this in mind and with the desire to give the user of the bag a practical and serviceable article at a minimum expense.
'In the drawings forming part of this specification Figure 1 is a perspective view of my bag made of paper, or other suitable material,
In the drawing A represents a bag which becification of Letters Patent.-
olded, flat, thin state forms a carrying receptacle for merchandise and the bag is preferably madeof strong paper or other suitable material which is cheap and light in weight so as to perform the functions of a market bag, and when not in use it will collapse or fold into a flat thin state so as to be easily carried. The bag A is scored in a single line on either side longitudinally at 2, and formed with score lines 3, which project angularly from the lower end of the score line 2 and connect with the score lines 4, which extend transversely across the bottom of the bage The score lines 2 extend on either side of the bag A, terminating a short distance from the bottom B of the same, at which point the score lines 3 connect, and the transversely extending score line 5 is forined across or about the lower portion of the bag A, extending parallel to the score lines 4 and intersecting at the points 6, the score lines 2. This method of scoring the receptacle or bag A causes it to fold into a flat thin state so that its sides 7 and 8 lie against each other when the bag is collapsed and not in use, and the bottom B will fold over against one of the sides and lie perfectly fiat, as illustrated in Fig. 2. The dotted lines 9 illustrated in Fig. 2, indicate lines along which the bag A can be further folded into a smaller state so as to be conveniently carried in the pocket or otherwise.
The material of the bag A is folded inward at its open end 10 to form an inturned band 11 about, its open edge to strengthen the bag and providing a means for inclosing load it is desirous to have the open end of the bag as strong as possible and to allow the bag to be carried, as is illustrated in Fig. 1, without having the handles tear the upper end'of the bag.
In construction of the bag A, when the band 11 is folded inwardfthe reinforcing band 12, which is formed of stiff paper or other suitable material, is inserted beneath the band 11 and the ends of the handles 13 Patented May 27, 1919.
Application filed February 1, i919. Serial No. 274,523.
are attached to the band 12 by passing the ends of the same through the openings 11 around the bottom edge 16 and gluing the ends 17 of the handles 13 to the inner surface 18 of the band 12 and to the inner sur face of the folded in band 11, thus securely fastening the ends 17 of the handles 13 to the inner surface of the bands 11 and 12.
The reinforcing band 12, which is of stiff material is freely held beneath the margin or inturned band 11 of the upper edge of the bag A and is not secured to the inside of the outer walls of the bag but is free so as to transmit the strain carried by the handles 13 to the upper edge 14 of the bag A. In this manner any strain carried by the handles 13- will not be transmitted or directed to a single point on the outer walls of the bag A but will be distributed by the band 12 to the edge 14 of the bag. The portion of the handles 13 extending between the outer walls of the bag A and the outer surface of the strip 12 are not secured to the outer walls of the bag and thus do not cause any strain on the side walls at a single point. The band 12 is freely held beneath the band or inturned margin 10 and in this manner allows the strain to be distributed to the open edge of the bag A.
The handles 13 are formed of suitable flexible material, such as tape or other suit able material, to allow the ends to lie flat between the bands 11 and 12 to conceal the same beneath the band 11 and cause the strain of the handles, when in use, to be transmitted directly to the lower edge 16 of the band 12 and causing the upper edge of the band 12 to transmit this strain to the inner surface of the edge 14, thus distributing the load carried by the handles to the entire upper edge 14 of the bag A, and preventing the easy tearing of the same. This construction gives a carrying bag or receptacle with a neat appearance, inexpensive to manufacture and very durable, and also gives a carrying receptacle With a conveniently shaped open end 10, and still allows the advantage of carrying the load of the bag by the entire upper edge 14 of the same. Staples, such as 19, as illustrated in Fig. 4, may be used to more securely hold the ends of the handles and the bands 11 and 12 together, if it is so desired, but the ordinary gluing is sufiicient to hold the same, as most of the strain of the body of the handle is transmittedto the edge 16.
Fig. 6 illustrates a reinforcing heavy strip 20 which can be used in place of the band 12, two of these strips being required, one for each side 7 and 8 of the bag. These strips can be easily inserted beneath the band 11 and the handles 13 secured to the same in a suitable manner so that the strain of the handles is transmitted to the strips 20 and in turn to the upper edge 14 ot'the ba A.
The importance of carrying the load of the receptacle A and its contents by the entire upper edge 14 of the same has demonstrated itself in practical use, and adds a wonderful durability to the bag A, especially where the same is made of paper and where it is desirous to make a bag, such as A, of cheap material, so that they can be either given away or sold at a small cost, thus taking the place of the old market basket, giving a market bag of a most desirable nature.
In accordance with the patent statutes I have described the principles of operation of my invention, together with the apparatus which I now consider to represent the best embodiment thereof, but I desire to have it understood that the construction shown is only illustrative and that the invention can be carried out by other means and applied to uses other than those above set forth within the scope of the following claim:
In a market bag having side walls and a bottom, an inturned upper open end formed on said bag, a band formed of stiff material freely held beneath said inturned end and carrying handles having their ends extending below the lower edge of said band and secured to the inner surface of the same, but
said band and said handles being free fromthe inner surface of the outer walls of said bag, whereby the strain or load carried by said handles is distributed to the entire inner inturned upper edge of said bag.
WALTER H. DEUBENER.