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Publication numberUS1305355 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJun 3, 1919
Filing dateJan 25, 1919
Publication numberUS 1305355 A, US 1305355A, US-A-1305355, US1305355 A, US1305355A
InventorsEdward J. Gxjlick
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Oiling mechanism fob
US 1305355 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

E. 1. GULICK. I OHJNG MECHANISM FOR INTERN AL COMBUSTION ENGINES.

' APPLICATION FILED JAN-L5- IQIQ.

1 305,355. I Patented June 3, 1919.

2 s I :2 3 7 Z 1a 5 ,0 3 ,7! z I 3 152 zientoz" Wmew 25M g. $1M

EDWARD J. GULICK, 0F ELKHART, INDIANA.

OILING MECHANISM FOR IN TERNAL-COMBUSTION ENGINES.

Specification of Letters Patent.

Patented J unc 3, 1919.

Application filed January 25. 1919. Serial No. 273,144.

T 0 all whom it may concern Be it known that I, EDWARD J. GULICK, a citizen of the United States, and a resident of the city of Elkhart, county of Elkhart, Indiana, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in ()ilin,g Mechanism for Internal-Combustion Engines, of which the following is a specification.

My invention relates to oiling mechanism for internal combustion engines and more especially to means and devices for separatin deleterious substances from the engine hi ricating oil used in a circulatory system.

As is well known all explosion engines used in motor cars are lubricated from a reservoir or pan of oil usually carried in the engine base or crank case, the lubricant being pumped or splashed upon the hearings to be lubricated, in this system of engine lubrication several quarts of lubricating oil are introduced into the oil reservoir in the engine base and left there until value as a lubricant is materially impaired through continuous use in the circulatory system; which impairment usually occurs after the car has been driven from two to five hundred miles. The entire volume of oil, together with accreted deleterious matter, remaining in the engine base is then drained there from and a fresh charge introduced after thoroughly cleaning the interior of the engine base and oil reservoir,

The impairment of the lubricating, quality of a volume of oil used in the circulatory system of a gas engine is caused by the accumulation of deleterious substances such as carbon, water, dirt and gasolene which gradually accumulate and mix with the lubricating oil and travel therewith through the circulatory system, there being no eflicient method or means now used to separate the oil and deleterious substances and maintain such separation. To effect such a separation ofthe lubricating oil from the deleterious substances mentioned, and maintain it, would mean that each individual charge of lubricating oil used in the oiling system' would not only last much longer but also the lubricating efi'iciency thereof would be greatly enhanced thereby.

An object o my invention is the production of a device and mechanism for effecting and maintaining the separation of dirt, carbon. water, gasolene and other deleterious matter, from the lubricating oil used in directly above the sump 12.

an internal combustion engine. Another ob- ]cct of my invention is the production of a device for exhausting deleterious sub stances extracted from the. lubricating oil without exhausting or drawing off the entire volume of oil from the engine base. Other objects of my invention are mentioned and described herein.

The preferred embodiment of my invention is illustrated in the accompanying drawing in which F igure 1 is a section in elevation taken through an engine base to which my invention is applied; Fig. 2 is an enlarged view in section of the oil reservoir separate from the engine base; Fig. 3 is a section taken on the line 33 of Fig. 2; Fig. l is an enlarged view in section of the drain valve; Fig. 5 is a longitudinal section through a modification of my invention.

Similar numerals of reference indicate like members and parts of members throughout the several views on the drawing.

()n the drawing, the numeral 1 indicates the base or crank case of an multi-cylinder internal combustion engine within which is mounted the usual crank shaft 2 having bearings at 3, 3 and 3. The numeral 4 indicates an oil circulation pump mounted within the engine base and which may be driven by gears 5 and 6 off the crank shaft of the engine. The oil pinup 4: may have a suction intake pipe T and a discharge pipe 8 leading to the various shaft and other bearings for oil cirrulation thereto.

' The engine base 1 may be provided with' a bottom opening 9 which may be covered and sealed by an oil reservoir or pan 10 secured to the engine base in any suitable manner, the pan bottom walls preferably slanting downward from each end to the center of the pan bottom Where a drain valve 11 is placed. In Fig. 2 the pan bottom is provided with a sump 12 upon which the slanting pan bottom walls converge. Numeral 13 indicates a trap box member arranged within the reservoir 10 which is provided with a top wall 14, end walls 15, 15, side walls 16, 16 connected with said end Walls, and a bottom wall 17 which is located intermediate the box extremities and shorter than the top wall of the box, said wall 17 being preferably positioned The walls of the. box member 13 are spaced from the side and end walls of the reservoir 10 to permit cireulat ion the dripping oil to enter the reservoir after thereof. The box 13 is pro vided also with the two bottomopenings 1& and ill in which openings screens 21) and 21 are secured. which screens may be of wire cloth of line mesh, or any other suitable material. A pair of transverse bafl'le plates 2'2 and 23 may be arranged within the box 13 which plates may extend upwardly from the extremities of the bottom wall 17 to the box top all 14. said battles being provided with a plurality of oil circulation apertures '24. Preferably, the screens 20 and 21 are somewhat inclined to correspond with the slant of the bottom walls of the reservoir.

Numerals 25 and 26 indicate a pair of transverse batlie plates extending from the box floor IT to the pan bottom and which may be provided witlrsuitable apertures 27, which ballles may also extendupwardly on each side of the box side walls 16 to a point adjacent the top thereof.

An air vent 28 may be mounted in the top wall H of the box to permit the rise of the oil within the box to the approximate maximum height therein indicated by the dotted line 29. Numeral Sit) indicates an extension of the pump suction pipe 7 which projects through the top wall of the box 13 to the interior thereof and downward into close proximity with the wall 1? and substantially equal distance from the extremities thereof. Numerals 31 indicate bolts for fastening the box 13 within the pan I The effect of the structure described is the formation of settling and oil suction cha1n hers within the reservoir 10, said settling chamber being below the box 13, especially that chamber Elireetly beneath the box bottom 17. and said suction chamber being tne interior of the box 13 from which the strained oil drawn by the pump 4 for circulat ion.

In practice. the pan 10 is tilled with lubrieating oil until the level thereof rises approximately to the dotted line 2 In operation. the lubricating oil is circulated to the engine bearings and drips downward into the pan it! and upon the top of the box 13 whence it flows or is drawn beneath the latter and upward through the screens 20 and 21 to the suction chaniliaa within the 130K 12%. said sereens excluding all dirt, carbon and solid matter from said suction chamber, any water therein flowing by gravity into the sump 1; or into the settling chamber beneath the wall 1T 01' the box 13 where all deleterious substances roilcct and are re taincd until drawn oti'. Periodically, the

deleterious matter collecting in said settling chamber or the sump ll may be drained therefrom by the valve l l without otherwise interfering with the function of the lnbri' eating oil in the pan l0 and fresh oii in like quantity substituted therefor to maintain the desired oil level.

\Yhile the oil flows freely through the screens 20 and 21 from all points thereunder. as indicated by the arrows. there is no circulation therethrough from the sump 12 or the settling chamber beneath the box floor 1? wherein all deleterious substances are. trapped.

The nuna-ral 'd indicates an outlet or drainage opening formed in the bottom the pan it) at the settling chamber or sump thereof, which opening is normally closed by a cylindrical comically faced valve 33 engaging a conical seat surrounding said opening. The. valve 33 is carried by and within a cupped nut 34 which is screw threaded upon the exterior of a hollow cylindrical projection 35 depending from the pan bottom, said valve being mounted in the socket 236 of said nut and substantially centrally thereof. A chamber 37 surrounds the valve 33 and is in communication with the discharge eoenings 38, 38 formed in the head of the wt 34, which openings lead to the atmosphere In operation, when the nut 34 is partially unscrewed. the valve 33 drops from its seat, thereby permittingdrainage of the pan 10 through the settling chamber or sump. partially or Wholly, as desired, and thereby permitting ot' the exhaust of deleterious matter alone without exhausting any quantity of the pure lubricating oil.

In the modification shown inFig. 5 the box 1 is attached to or formed upon the under side of the plate 39 which is bolted between the pan 10 and the lower face of the crank case 1, the plate 39 being provided with suitable oil inlet openings 40. 40 through which the oil may enter after drip ping from the motor above.

I claim:

1. In a device of the class described and in combination with the crank-case of an internal combustion engine, an oii reservoir in eonnaun ation with the engine crank-case and adapted to receive the oil it drips from the engine bearings; a chambered member arranged within said reservoir and above the bottom thereof and spaced therefrom. said chambered member being covered to divert the oil therefrom as it drips from the engine hearings, there being a passage around said chambered member to enable the oil dripping from the engine bearings to llow into said reservoir, said chambered member being provided with a screened inlet opening; and means for pmnp ing oil From the interior of the chambered member to the engine bearings.

Q. In a device of the class described and in combination with the crank-ease of an internal combustion engine, an oil reservoir rarried by said cranli ase and in communication therewith: a box-like member arranged within said reservoir and above the bottom thereof, said box-like member having a plurality of intercommunicating chambers, one of which is a suction chamber, and another of which chambers is provided with a screened inlet opening which is in communication With said reservoir; and means for pumping oil from said suction chamber to the engine bearings.

3. In a device of the class described and in combination with the crank-case of an internal combustion engine, an oil reservoir carried by said crank-case and in communication with the interior thereof; an oil se-t .tling chamber within said reservoir; an oil suction chamber within said reservoir and provided with an opening in communication with said settling chamber, said settling chamber being in a plane below the suction chamber: an oil strainerniember arranged in said suction chamber opening; means foi pumping oil from said suction chamber to the engine bearings; and a drain valve in. comn'iunication with said settling chamber.

4. In a device of th class described and in combination with he crank-casecf an internalcombustion engine, an oil reservoir carried by said crank-case and in communication with the interior thereof; a box-like member arranged within said reservoir the bottom Wall whereof is spaced above said reservoir bottom, said box-like member being provided with an opening in its bottom; a strainer member in said bottom opening in said box-like member; means for pumping oil from the interior of said box likc member; and means for draining said oil reservoir.

5. In a device of the class described and in combination with the crank-case of an internal combustion engine, an oil reservoir carried by said crank-case and in communication with the interior thereof: a box-like member disposed within said reservoir and above andspaced from the bottom of said reservoir, the space below said box constituting a settling chamber, there being a screened communication between said settling chamber and the interior of said boX- like n'iember; means for pumping oil from the interior of the bo f-like member; and means for draining said oil reservoir.

6. In a device of the class described and in combination with the crank-case of an internal combustion engine, an oil reservoir carried by said crank-case and in communication with the interior thereof; a box-like member disposed within said reservoir and above and spaced from the bottom of said reservoir. the space below said box constituting a, settling chamber, there being a screened. communication between said settling chamber and the interior of the boxlike member; transversely arranged baflle said box-like member; means (ill from the lnterior ot the and means for draining plates within for pumping box-like member; said oil reservoir.

7. In a device of the class described and in. combination with the crankcase of an internalcombustion engine, an oil reservoir carried by aid crank-case and in communication with the interior thereof; a box-like member disposed within said reservoir and having its bottom wall spaced from and.

above the floor of said reservoir, the space below said box constituting a settling chamber, said box-like member being provided with screened inlet openings in its bottom all and at opposite ends thereof; a sump in communication with said settling chamber and arranged below the bottom wall of said box-like member and between said inlet openings: a suction pipe within said box like member and having its suction orifice disposed adjacent the box bottom wall and intermediate said inlet openings; means for pun'iping oil from said box-like member through said suction pipe: and means for draining said sump and oil reservoir.

8, In a device of the class described and in combination with the oil reservoir of an internal combustion engine, said reservoir being provided with a discharge opening in its bottom, a chambered nut carrier member depending from the oil reservoir, the chamber whereof is in communication with said discharge opening; a chambered nut movably mounted upon said nut carrier and provided with a discharge opening which is in communication with the nut carrier chamber: and a valve arranged within the nut carrier chamber and movable therein. said valve being carried by the chambered nut and adapted to open and close the discharge opening of the oil reservoir when said nut is operated.

9. In a device of the class described and in combination with the oil reservoir of an iii-- ternal combustion engine, said reservoir being provided with a discharge opening in its bottom, a chambered nut carrier member depending from the bottom of the oil reservoir, the chamber whereof is in communication with said discharge opening; a chambered nut screw threaded upon said nut carrier and provided with a plurality of dis charge openings which communicate with said nut carrier chamber; and a valve mov ably arranged within the nut carrier chamber, said valve being carried by the chambered nut and adapted to seal and unseal said reservoir discharge opening by rotation of said not upon its mount.

10. In a device of the class described and in combination with the crank-case of an internal combustion engine. an oil reservoir carried bv said crank-case and adapted to receive the oil as it drips from the engine and its bearings; a ehambered member arranged within said reservoir and above the bottom thereof, said chambered member being covered to divert the oil therefrom as it drips from the engine. said rhambered member be ing provided with a screened inlet opening which is in eommunieation with. the oil reservoir, there being a passage establishing communication between the crankcase and the oil reservoir to enable the oil, after drip-- ping from the engine, to How to a plane below the bottom of said chambered member and into communication with said chambered member inlet opening; means for pumping oil from the interior of said ehambered mcmher to the engine bearings: and means for draining said reservoir.

11. In a device of the class deseribed and in combination with the t'rankuse of an in ternal rombustion engine, an oil reservoir carried by said crankcase and adapted to receive the oil as it drips from the engine and its bearing; a chambered member arranged within said reservoir and above the bottom thereof, said chambered member bein covered to divert the oil therefrom as it drips from the engine and its bearings, said chambered member being provided with a screened inlet opening, there being a passage around said chambered member to en able the oil, after dripping from the engine bearings, to flow to a plane below the bottom of said chambered member and into' communication with said inlet opening in said chambered member; means for pumping oil from said chambered member to the engine bearings; and a vent for said chambered member.

12. In a device of the class described and in combination with the crank-ease of an internal combustion engine, an oil reservoir carried by the crank-case and adapted to receive the oil as it drip-s from the engine bearings; a chambered member arranged Within said reservoir and above the bottom thereof, the top of said chambered member being covered to divert the oil therefrom to the reservoir as it drips from the engine bearings, said chambered member being provided with a bottom inlet opening which is in communication with the oil reservoir; a strainer in said inlet opening of the chambered member; and means for Jumping oil from the interior of said cham cred memher to the engine bearings.

vWithin said reservoir and above the, bottom thereof, said chambered member being provided with a bottom lnlet opening which is in communication with the oil reservoir; a

strainer in said oil inlet opening of the chambered member, said strainer being arranged in a substantially horizontal plane; and means for pumping oil from the-[into rior of said chambered member to the en gine bearings.

14. In a device of the class described and in combination with the crank-case of an internal combustion engine, an oil reservoir carried by the (rank-ease and adapted to reeeive the oil as it drips from the engine bearings; a chambered member arranged within said reservoir and above the bottom thereof, said chambered member being pro vided with an inlet opening which is in communication with the oil reservoir; a screen or strainer in said oil inlet opening of the chambered member, said screen or strainer being arranged in a substantially horizontal plane; and means for pumping oil from the interior of said chambered member to the engine bcarings.

15. In a device of the. class described and in combination Wi h the eranlecase of an internal combustion engine. an oil reservoir carried 'bv the crankcase and in communication with the crank-ease interior; a chambered member arranged within said reser voir and above the floor thereof, said eham bered member being spaced from the reservoir side or end walls and provided with a screened inlet opening which communicates with the reservoir. the top wall of said chambered member being extended laterally to divert the oil. as it drips from the engine bearings, to a point in the reservoir which is somewhat remote from the interior of said chambered member; and means for pumping oil from said chambered member to the engine bearings.

In testimony whereof I have hereunto affixed my signature this 18th day of January, 1919.

EDWARD J. GULICK.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US6143169 *Aug 23, 1999Nov 7, 2000Dana CorporationSump arrangement with baffling
US6217758Aug 6, 1999Apr 17, 2001Dana CorporationOil sump arrangement with integral filter and heat exchanger
US6488844Jan 23, 2001Dec 3, 2002Federal-Mogul World Wide, Inc.Oil pan including a snap-fit cover and removable oil filter element
US6585889May 31, 2001Jul 1, 2003Federal-Mogul World Wide Inc.Transmission oil pan module having filter with integrated drain plug
US6953527Feb 17, 2003Oct 11, 2005Tecumseh Products CompanyFuel tank with water trap
US7429322 *Nov 3, 2004Sep 30, 2008Honda Motor Co., Ltd.Fuel tank with filters
US8372278 *Mar 21, 2012Feb 12, 2013GM Global Technology Operations LLCLiquid fuel strainer assembly
US8607664 *Apr 14, 2008Dec 17, 2013GM Global Technology Operations LLCFluid motion control device
US20100065014 *Nov 9, 2007Mar 18, 2010Renault S.A.S.Oil pan of an internal combustion engine
DE1113610B *Dec 19, 1958Sep 7, 1961Daimler Benz AgIn der OElwanne einer Brennkraftmaschine, insbesondere fuer Kraftfahrzeuge, angeordneter Saugkorb
DE1224986B *Mar 20, 1961Sep 15, 1966Rheinstahl Hanomag A GIn der OElwanne einer Brennkraftmaschine angeordneter Saugkorb
Classifications
U.S. Classification184/6.24, 210/534, 210/167.4
Cooperative ClassificationB01D35/005, F16N39/06