US 1305996 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
J. C. FAIRWEATHER.
APPLICATION FILED JAN. 2.1
Paientied June 10, 1919.
2 SHEETSSHEET I.
J. C. FAIRWEATHER.
APPLICATION FILED JAN. 2. 1919.
Patented June 10, 1919.
2 SHEETS SHEET 2- IINITED STATES PATENT @FFICE.
I JOHN C. FAIRWEATHER, OF BBOUGI-ITON, ILLINOIS.
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, JOHN C. FAIRWEA'lI-IER, a citizen of the United States, residing at Broughton, in the county of Hamilton and State of Illinois, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Gages; and I do hereby declare the following to be a full, clear, and exact description of the invention, such as will enable others skilled in the art to which it appertains to make and use the This invention relates to gages, and more particularly to a gage specially adapted for use in connection with placing clapboards to form sidings for buildings, and for similar purposes.
One of the main objects of the invention is to provide a gage of the character stated of simple construction and operation which may be readily produced at small cost.
A further object is to provide simple and efficient means for securing the gageto a corner strip of a house, or to a door or window jamb.
Another object is to provide simple and eflicient means whereby uniform lap of the boards may be secured.
A further object is to provide the gage with means for holding the board for sawing the ends thereof square after the board has been marked. 1
Further objects will appear from the detailed description.
In the drawings:
Figure 1 is a side view of a gage constructed in accordance with my invention.
Fig. 2 is a similar view taken from the side opposite to Fig. 1.
Fig. .3 is a top plan View.
Fig. 4 is a section taken substantially on line 4-4 of Fig. 1.
Fig. 5 is a side view of the gage as used.
Fig. 6 is a smilar view showing the gage used for holding a board to facilitate squaring of the end thereof.
Fig. 7 is a section taken substantially on line 77 of Fig. 6.
The gage is provided with a main bar 1 to one side of which are secured two spaced uprights 2, a depending gage arm 3 being secured to bar 1 at the opposite side thereof and in alinement with the outer upright 2. A cam lever 4 is pivotally mounted on bar 1. on the same side as, and a short distance from, arm 3. This lever is rockable about a pivot screw 5 inserted therethrough and Specification of Letters Patent.
Application filed January 2, 1919. I Serial No. 269,205.
through a slot.6 extending longitudinally of the bar, the threaded portion of the shank of the screw being inserted through an adjusting block 7, a wing nut S'being threaded upon the screw and engaging this block. Block 7 is provide'd on its inner surface with a plurality of transverse teeth 9 which cooperate with the teeth of a rack portion 10 formed on bar 1 'to positively secure the block, and consequentlylever 4,
in adjustment longitudinally of the bar to vary the distance between this lever and the gage arm. Gage arm 3 is provided, in its lower portion, with a longitudinally extending slot 11 which receives a screw 12 passed through a gage block 13 similar to block 7 and secured in adjustment upon the arm 3 by means of the screw, arm 3 being provided with a rack portion 7 a which cooperates with the teeth of the block. -At its upper end, the gage arm 3 is provided with a gripping and marking blade 14 secured thereto, this blade projecting laterally of the arm toward the lever 4.
As will be noted more clearly from Fig. 4, the inner surface of the gage arm is inclined downwardly and outwardly so as to accommodate a clapboard supported by gage block 13, this board tapering upwardly in the well known manner.
In using the gage, after the corner strip has been applied to the structure, the lowermost board of the siding is secured in position in the well known manner. The gage block 13 is then adjusted upon gage arm 3 so that the distance between the upper end of this arm and the upper end of the block is less than the width of the clapboard being used, this difference between this distance and the width of the board giving the lap. After the gage block has been thus adjusted, the gage is placed upon the corner strip a of the structure A and thelever 4 is depressed so as to force the blade 14 into the inner edge of this strip thus making a mark therein. As will be noted, the blade has its upper edge substantially flush with the upper end of the arm 3 so that by releasing the gage and moving it up along the corner strip so as to bring the upper end of the gage block into register with the upper end of the. mark made by the blade, the next clapboard may be supported in proper relation to the board previously secured in position by the gage block 13. By repeating this operation, the clapboards may be quickly and accuratcly secured in position, a uniform lap being given to all of the boards thus insuring accuracy in the siding produce-d. As will be noted more clearly from Fig. 6, after a clapboard has been placed in position upon the gage block and properly marked for squaring the end thereof to insure an accurate fit against the edge of the corner strip, this board may be removed from the gage block and inserted between the uprights 2 and the side cf the structure so as to be supported by the bar 1 position for sawing. o-if the end portion of the board for the same; By this means, the gage may be employed for temporarily holding the boards during squaring cf the: ends thereof, thus greatly facilitating the siding operation The use of the gage in placing the clapboards for a siding, and for facilitating squaring of the ends of the boards,.-isclearly illustrated Figs. 5 to 'Z inclusive. 7
It will. be evident that there may be-sl ight changes made in the construction and ar rangernent of the details of my invention Without departing from the field and scope of the same, and I intend to include all such variations, as fall Within the scope of the appended cl aims, in this application which a preferred form only of. my inven tion is disclosed.v V
What I claim is: I i
1. In a gage, abar, means carried thereby for securing the same to a corner strip, said securing including a marking element adapted to impress a gage mark upon the Copies 5r this patent may be obtained? for corner strip by the actof securing the bar in position, and a vertically adjustable block associated with said securing means for supporting a clapboard during securing of the same. 7
2. In a gage, a bar, a gage arm rigidly secured to the bar and depending therefrom, a marking element carried by the arm and projecting laterally thereof, means carried by the bar for engaging a corner strip so as to force the bar in such direction as to bring, the gage arm into tight engagement therewith and force then-marking element into biting engagement with the inner edge of said strip, and a gage block carried by said arm and adjustable longitudinally thereof,
3'. In a: gage, a bar, spaced uprights secured to said bar at one side thereof, a depending gage arm rigidly secured to said bar at the other side thereof, a block carried by said arm adjustable longitudinally of the same,- a marking element carried by the arm adjacent the upper end thereof, and means associated with said bar and the arm and the marking element carried thereby for five: cents each by addressing the Commissioner of Patents, Washington, 1). 0.3,