Safety cash cabinet
US 1307581 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
J. M. GALE.
SAFETY CASH CABINET.
APPLICATION FILED A ue.15. m1.
Patented Jime 24, 1919.
3 SHEETSSHEET 1.
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sum CASH CABINET.
. APPLICATION FILED AUG- 5. l9|7- 1,307,581 Patented June 24,1919.
3 SHEETS-SHEET 2..
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J. M. GALE.
S'AFETY CASH CABINET.
APPLlCM-ON FILED AUG. 15. I917.
Patented June 24, 1919.
3 SHEETSSHEET 3w.
1 9 FOREIGN 1 John m: W W
JOHN M. GALE, 0F EATON, OHIO.
Specification of Letters Patent.
Patented June 24, 1919.
Application filed August 15, 1917. Serial No. 186,291.
To (all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, JOHN M. GALE, a citizen of the United States, residing at Eaton, in the county of Preb-le and State of Ohio, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Safety Cash-Cabinets, of
" drawer or receptacle, Fig. 6 being a perspecwhich the following is a specification, reference being had therein to the accompanying drawings. r
This invention relates to safety cash cabinets and has for its principal object to provide a cabinet for holding records and other material such as currency which may be used by two or more persons and which will serve to indicate any tampering therewith.
A particular object is to provide a cabinet especially adapted for tellers in banks,
cashiers in business oflioes and the like which permits the avoidance of the use of locked cages in which the person handlin money works. In the use of such cages t e occupant if called away for a time is compelled to lock the cage and thus the customers or patrons are compelled to go to some other cage whereby confusion is likely to be caused.
An additional object is to provide a cabinet particularly adapted for use where terms of duty of employees are required, such, for example, as cashiers and the like.
Additional objects are to provide such a cabinet which does not require the use of a locked receptacle, this advantage being obtained by the employment of a detecting or indicating device showing whether the cabinet has been tampered with or not.
A further object is to provide such a cabinet having pairs of slidable drawers or receptacles, the members of each pair be ng both accessible or inaccessible at the same time.
Referring to the drawings,
Figure 1 is a perspective of the entire cabinet;
Fig. 2 is a vertical section on the line 22 of Fig. 1 showing the connections between a pair of the receptacles;
Fig. 3 is a section on the line 33 of Flg. 2 showing the locking devices between the pairs of receptacles;
Fig. 4 is an enlarged detail of a card which together form a detecting mechanism; Fig. 5 is a detail view of a card which may be employed; and
Figs. 6 and 7 are detached views of a tive and Fig. 7 a central vertical .section, both figures illustrating the division of the receptacle into compartments.
In many banks and other places where a large amount of currency and valuable papers are handled the method now employed is to provide a separate cage for the paying and the receiving tellers or other persons handling money, these cages being each in the custodyof one employee and provided with locks whereby the employee may lock the cage against the entrance of other persons if he is momentarily called away from duty. In many small banks, however, it is not practical to employ this system and the result is that the accounts of the different tellers and employees get badly mixed and it is not possible to fix responsibility for mistakes.
This invention aims to correct the difficulties now found in such establishments by the provision of an entirely different method of handling such valuable papers and currency. The method employed is to provide receptacles which may be in pairs, one pair being assigned to each employee and to provide a detecting or indicating device which will disclose the fact that any pair of receptacles has been tampered with. The method of accomplishing this latter function is the provision of a card holding device on which an employee who is compelled to leave the cabinet for any reason may place a signed card, the construction being such that any tampering with the particular receptacle connected with the signed card is indicated by the mutilation of the card.
-As a matter of further improvement the receptacles are shown in pairs, one for active material and one for storage material but this is not at all necessary to the use of the detecting mechanism.
The device is generally shown in Fig. 1
and comprises a large cabinet 1 which may have an extension 2, the part 1 of the cabinet containing the drawers or receptacles 3 and the portion 2 of the cabinet b6111 provided with the detecting mechanism; I'n Fig.1 1 the only. part of the detecting mechanism which appears is the card holding device 1.
There are four drawers shown in Fig. 1 of which the first and third from the top may belong to one paying teller and'the second and fourth to another and the drawers are marked entire-figure with this arrangement. The two drawers at thetop are for active material and the twoat the bottom are for excess or storage and the system is entirely operative with the use of only the two top drawers. The two upper drawers being actively in use are not locked against withdrawal from the cabinet though, of course, an emergency key locking device may be employed if desired. The system depends ,not on preventing withdrawal of the drawers from the cabinet but on detecting such withdrawal if it occurs.
Referring next to Figs. 2, 3 and h these takento'gether illustrate clearly the detecting mechanism referred to. The two upper drawers are each provided with cam devices 5 having cam slots 6 and in these slots ride rollers 7 supported by vertical rods or tubes 8. It will be seen that in Fig. 3 the topmost drawer is in its normal position and therefore the corresponding tube 8 is elevated .while the second drawer from the top is withdrawn from the casing and therefore the tube at the right of Fig. 3 is in its lower most position;
At its upper end each tube 8, as shown in Fig. 1, surrounds a bar 9 having a slot and pin connection between these two parts. Thus the tube 8 may have slots 10 and the rod 9 may be provided with a transverse pin 11 positioned to ride in the slots 10. At the extreme top of the tube 8 is provided a bracket 12 and between this bracket and the pin 11 is a coiled spring 13 which tends to depress the rod 9 relative to the tube 8. As shown, one or two coils of the spring 13 are below the pin 11 and this provides for introducing additional tension if desired by placing the additional coils above the pin 11;
The parts are shown in Fig; 4 in normal position and itwill be seen that the rod 9 is held" elevated against the tension of the spring 13 by a locking pawl 1a which is pivoted on a pin 15 tothe'bracket 12 and nornially engages a notch 16 in the side ofthe rod 9. A key 17 passing through the upper side of the casin'g extension 2" is normally held elevated by a spring 181and its lower projecting end 19' is normally adjacent the locking pawl 1'4. The'de'pr'ession' of the key 17 will clearly rock the pawl 14 around its pivot 15 againstthe tension of a returning spring 20 and thus release the pawl from the notch 16 of rod 9, whereupon the rod descends by its own weight and because of the tension of the spring 13. hen the rod 9 descends it is held by a second pawl 21 also pivoted to the bracket 12 and provided with an upward extension 22 positioned to engage a notch 23 in the rod 9 when the rod 9 is depressed as before described. A spring 2-1 tends to rock the locking pawl 21 and will do so when" the notch 23 in the rod 9 reaches the upper extension 22 of the pawl. Thus the rod 9 is held in its lowered position against upward movement.
The rod 9 projects through the top of the casing extension2 and is provided with a plate 25, parallel to the casing top,- and projecting from this plate are pins 26 of which two are shown.- The casing top, as shownin Fig; 2, may be provided with an upwardly extending pin 27, the three pins being in a straight line if desired and the card 28 shown separately in Fig. 5 is provided with holes 29 through which these pins may be passed. The casing top has an opening 30 through which, the rod 9 and the plate 25 may move aiicliiil ig. & the card 28 is shown in its adjusted position. Covering most of the card may be a glass plate 31 held in position on the casing by a plate 32, the glass plate,- as shown in Fig. 1, being cut away at its right hand end so as to permit the entrance of the card 28. p
In operation the card is inserted under the glass plate 31 and one of the holes 29 will register with the pin 27 on the casing, whereupon this pin may pass through the proper hole 29 of the card and the card then rests on the casing, as indicated in, Fig. 1. 7
Assuming that the first paying teller to whom the top drawer in the cabinet is assigned wishes to leave his position he will insert his card 28 in the top of the casing extension 2 in the osition nearest the front of the casing. is active drawer being closed the tube 8 at the left of Fig. 3 will be in its uppermost position, being retained there by the cam '5. When he has placed his card, on which he may write his signature, in the casing opening he depresses the corresponding key 17, thus tripping the latch le'and pern'iitting the corresponding rod 9 to drop until its notch 23 engages the extension 22 of the latchingpawl 21. This position of the parts is shown at the left of Fig. 3 and it will be seen that pins 26 of plate 25 are thus'ca'used to project through the'holes in the card 28 and retain it in position." The movement of the rod 9 is not suflici ent to force the cardthrough the casing opening 30.
The first teller may then leave his position and if some other person attempts to tamper with the upper drawer of the cabinet by withdrawing it therefrom the movement. ofv the upper drawer will depress the tube 8 through the cam 5 and thus pull down farther the rod 9 and the plate 25. The rod 9 and thetube 8 are compelled to move together because of the latching plate 21. This further movement of the rod 9 will force the card 28 through the casing opening 30 and entirely mutilate the card, whereby the detection of the fact that the uppermost drawer has been wrongly opened is certain. As the rod 9 moves downwardly to mutilate the card the latching plate 21 engages a bracket 33 supported by the casing extension 2 and the shape of this bracket serves to rock the pawl 21 around its pivot, thereby to withdraw its latching extension 22 from the notch 23 of the rod 9 and the downward movement of the entire detecting device carries the plate 25 completely inside the easing, as shown at the right of Fig. 3. The depression of tube '8 by earn 5 soon engages spring 13 with a collar 33*, thus stopping the descent of rod 9. The further downward movement of tube 8 will finally reengage pawl 14 with notch 16, thus restoring the original position of rod 9 relative to tube 8. The return of tube 8 to its upper position by shutting the exposed drawer, will carry the rod 9 up, and plate 25 will again be outside the casing in position to receive another card 28.
It will be seen that by this construction any tampering with the drawers is quickly detected inasmuch as it is impossible to get access to them without entirely mutilating the signed card 28.
In order to permit access to both the active and storage drawer belonging to any one teller the devices shown in Fig. 3 may be employed. The two lower storage drawers are each provided with pins 34: which are adapted to be engaged by locking pawls 35 pivoted on pins 36 in the casing. These pawls are provided with slots 37 and in these slots pins or rollers 38 carried by the lower ends of tubes 8- are adapted to ride. It 'will be seen that the first and third drawers from the top belonging to the first paying teller are inaccessible in the position of Fig. 3 but if the active drawer is withdrawn from the casing, as indicated in connection with the second paying tellers active drawer the lowering of tube 8 caused by cam 5 serves to rock the pawl 35 around its pivot 36 and thus release the pin 34 carried by the storage drawer. The storage drawer also may then be withdrawn from the casing and the contents of both drawers employed. Thus the drawers are usable in pairs and are connected in pairs so that both members of a pair are accessible or inaccessible at the same time.
It will be observed that the withdrawal of either of the two upper drawers from the casing serves to depress the corresponding rod 8 and thus to move the plate 25 carried thereby through the casing opening 30. Of course, if a particular teller is on duty he does not insert his signed card 28 in the casing opening and therefore such mov ment of the plate 25 through this opening by withdrawal of his active drawer from the cabinet is of no importance. It is only when he is leaving the cabinet that the signed card is inserted in the detecting device.
The internal construction of the cabinet drawers is not material to this invention, but they may, if desired, be divided as indicated in Figs. 6 and 7. Here there are shown removable trays 39, 40 and 41 and these trays may be employed for any de sired record material. As an example the compartments of tray 39 may be used to contain paper currency of different values, the compartments of tray 40 may hold checks, drafts and miscellaneous papers and the compartments of tray 41 may hold metal coins as desired.
Having thus fully described my invention, what I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is
1. In a cabinet, the combination, with a drawer and a casing containing said drawer, of a detecting device, and connections where by withdrawal of said drawer from said casing physically alters said detecting device.
2. In a cabinet, the combination, with a casing and a drawer movable in said casing, of a detecting device mounted on said casing and comprising means for holding a card, and connections whereby movement of said drawer in said casing automatically operates said detecting device to cause mutilation of said card.
3. In a cabinet, the combination, with a casing and a record holding device movable in said casing to obtain access to the records therein, of a detecting device comprising means for holding a card, a cam carried by said record holding device, and connections whereby said cam ma 1 operate said detecting device to mutilate the card.
4. In a cabinet, the combination, with a casing and a record holding drawer slidably mounted in said 0. sing, of a detecting device comprising a plate having pins to project through a card, and a cam carried by said slidable drawer and constructed to operate said detecting device to mutilate said card.
5. In a cabinet, the combination, with a casing, and a drawer mounted in said casing and movable to permit access to the contents thereof, of a cam carried by said drawer, a detecting device mounted in said casing comprising a bar projecting through said casing, and a plate fast to said bar, with pins on said plate projecting through a card and holding it against said casing,
and conneotioiis whereby said cam may operate said detecting device to cause mutilation of the card.
6. In a cabinet, the combination, with a casing and a drawer mounted for movement therein, said casing having an opening over part of which a card may be placed, of a detecting device comprising a bar passing through said opening, a plate carried by said bar, pins on said plate passing through the card and holding it over said opening, a cam carried by said drawer, and connections between said cam and said bar whereby opening said drawer causes said plate to force the card through said casing opening to mutilate the card.
7. In a cabinet, the combination, with a casing having an opening over part of which a card may be placed, of a drawer manually movable in said casing, a detecting device carried in said casing, comprising, a bar projecting through said casing, a plate carried by said bar outside said casing and over the card, pins on said plate projecting through the card and maintaining it over said casing opening, a tube surroundi'rig part of said bar, and having a lost motion connection therewith, a latch oh said tube controlling movement of said bar, and a key projecting through said casing and constructed to trip said latch; with a cam carried by said drawer constructed to move said tube and thereby force said plate through said casing opening to mutilate the card. j
8. I11 a cabinet, the combination, with a casing having an opening over part of which a card may be placed, with a transparent cover for said card, of a rod projecting through said casing opening and vsaid card cover, a plate carried by said rod outside said casing, pins projecting from said plate through said card and maintaining it over said opening, a tube surrounding part of said bar, a spring to move said bar relative to said tube-,'a latch preventing operation of said spring, a key for tripping said latch, a drawer movable in said casing having means thereon to move said tube and thereby force the card through said "casing opei'iin'g to mutilate said card, and a detent carried by said tube and constructedto prevent movement of said bar to release the card. I 1
9. In a cabinet, the combination, with a casing and drawers mounted therein in pairs, of a cam on one drawer of each pair, a pin mounted on the other 'di awe'r of each pair, latches carried by said casing engaging said pins, and links eonsti'uctedto move said latches, with connections whereby said links are 'coi'itroll'ed by said cams, and means connected to said links for detecting operation thereof by said cams,
10. In a cabinet, the combination, with a casing and drawers Infounted therein in pairs, of a cam on one drawer of each pair' a pin mounted on the other drawer of pair, latch'e'sca-rried by the casing and engaging said pins, linkshaving lost motio'n connections with said'latches to operate them, and connections whereby said cams operate said links, means on said casing for holding a card, and devices whereby operation of said links by said cams serves to mutilate the card.
11. In a cabinet, the combination, with a casing and drawers movably nioiinted therein in pairs, means normally pi'eventing'access to onedrawer of each pair, and devi ces, operated by moving the other of each pair, for disabling said preventing Iiieans and thus permittiiig acees's'to said first mentione'd drawer of eaeh and means connected to said devices fdr detecting theopei'ation of said devices by the correspending drawer. I p y I In testimony whereof, I aflix my signature.
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