|Publication number||US1308816 A|
|Publication date||Jul 8, 1919|
|Filing date||Oct 1, 1918|
|Publication number||US 1308816 A, US 1308816A, US-A-1308816, US1308816 A, US1308816A|
|Inventors||Ella Louise Smith|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (5), Classifications (4)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
` E. L. sIvIIIII.
DOLL. if APPLICATION FILED ocr. I. 19m. 1,308,816. Patented July 8, 1919.
2 SHEETSSHEET l.
Ill/"Z @www/coz TNB COLUMBIA PIANOURAPH C0., WASHINCTDN. D C.
E. L. SMITH.
APPLICATION FILED ocT. l. 1918.
. 1',3O88l 1 6. Patented July 8,1919.
2 SHEETS-SHEET 2.
Y To all whom t may concern:
ELLA LOUISE SMITH, OF ROANOKE, ALABAMA.
Specification of Letters Patent.
Patented July 8,1919.
Application filed October 1, 1918. Serial No. 256,404.
Be it known that I, ELLA LOUISE SMITH, a citizen of the United States, residing at Roano ke, in thecounty of Randolph and State of, Alabama, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Dolls, of which the following is a specification.
My. invention relates to improvements in dolls, and it consists in the combinations, constructions and arrangements herein described and claimed.
An object of my invention is to provide a doll havingl joints for the limbs and the head, etc., which will permit the turning of these parts withinlimits, but .which will prevent complete rotation of the parts, thereby obviating the possibility of turning the head, for instance, with its face to the rear ofthe body. i l
. A further object of `my invention is t o provide metal wearing plates at the joints,
these plates being so constructed and arranged as to bring metal against metal, thus obviating the danger ofthe wearing away of thefabric which is often the case with dolls having movable limbs and heads.
A` further .object of my invention is to provide a metal joint of simple construction which is relatively cheap to manufacture.
Other objects and advantages will appear in the following specification, and the novel features of the invention will be particularly pointed out in the yappended claims.
. Myzinvention is illustrated in the accompanying drawings, forming part of this ap- Figure 1 is a perspective view of a doll constructed according to my invention;
` Figf2 isa detailed view showing an arm provided with a metal wearing plate at the 'i joint;
. xFig. 3 1s a view of a leg with `a similar wearing plate;
Fig. 4: is a perspective view of the dolls body showing metal wearing plates at the Y joints;
Fig. 5 is a detailed sectional view of a portion ofthe body along the line 5-5 of Fig. 4'
Fig. 6 is a detailed sectional view of a porthe joint along the line 6-6 of Fig. 7; l
Fig. 7 is a front view of a portion of a doll provided with my improved joint.
Referring now to Fig. 4, I have shown therein a dolls trunk 1 which is preferably made' hollow in the manner hereinafter described, and to which joint members are secured of the type mentioned above. It will be understood that while the body portion of the doll is preferably hollow and lof a construction consisting of layers of fabric and plastic material, the joint may be used with dolls constructed of any suitable material.
In Fig. 4 I have shown three joints, one at the hip, one at the shoulder, and one at the neck. These joints have common features and a description of one will suffice for all. The joint is shown in detail in Fig. 6. It comprises two wearing plates 2 and 3 respectively, which have reduced portions 2X and 3x in contact with one another. The bearing plate 2 is vpreferably sewed to the arm portion 4 by stitches 5, and for this pui'- pose holes 6 are provided near the outer edge of the plate 2, as shown in the drawing.`
6 by meansof which the stitches 5 may secure this plate to the body portion 1. The plate 3, which is fastened to the body portion, is p1-ovicledwith an arc shaped slot 7 and also with an opening 8 concentric therewith. The plate 2 is rovided with ya pair of openings 9 and 10, tFeI former in registration with the slot 7, and the latter rin registration with the opening 8. A staple 11 is passed through the opening 10 and the registering opening 8 and is clenchod'in the manner shownin the drawing. The eye 12 of the staple forms a securing means for the arm and, as will be noted, the staple forms 'a ivot about which the arm may turn, there being lplenty of play to prevent binding. A second staple 13 is passed through the registering slot 7 and opening 9 and the ends are clenched as shown in Fig. 6. The head 14 of this staple, however, projects slightly beyond the inner wall of the body portion l. so as t0 permit the staple to swing through the arc shaped slot 7 and through a similar arc shaped slot 15 in the trunk 1. It is ob vious that the relative movements of the wearing members 2 and 3 are limited by the The companion plate 3 has similar holes travel of the staple 13 in the slots 7 and 15, and that when the ends of the slots are reached the movement of the arm will be stopped. The slots 7 and 15 are so disposed as to prevent the entire rotation of the arm. The reduced portions 2X and 3X bring metal against metal so that no part of the fabric is worn during the movement of the arm. In Fig. 6, which shows the relative positions of the parts of the joint, the menibers 2 and 3 are shown in exaggerated di* mensions, but this is for the purpose of illustration. Also in Fig. 7 these parts are eX-. aggerated. In practice, the reduced portions 2X and 3X would be only thick enough to separate the rows of stitches 5.
The arrangement for the head and neck is slightly different. In this instance it is not desirable to have the stitching show. Instead, therefore, of providing a fiat plate similar to the plate 3, I provide a dish shaped plate 16 having a central opening 10 and an arc shaped slot 7. Plate 16 is provided with a ange 17 arranged to form a shoulder. The body portion of the plate is inserted in the upper'part of the trunk 1 and an outer fabric covering 18 is brought up and looped around a resilient retaining band or cord 19. In lieu of the resilient cord I may use wire or any other suitable rigid flexible retaining means.
From the foregoing description of the various lparts of the device, the operation thereof may be readily understood. The limbs of the doll are attached before the head is secured in position, and also before the plate 16 is secured to the body. In order to hold the limbs firmly in position, I provide transverse retaining ywires 2O whose ends are looped into the eyes of the staples which formV the pivots as shown at 12 in Fig. 1. A retaining member 21 has its end looped around the wire 20 connecting the shoulder joints, the upper end of the wire 21 being secured to the pivot staple 12 at the neck joint. The plate 16 is now placed in position and sewed to the bodyportion 1 by stitches 22 (see Fig. 5). rIhe plate 16, shown in dotted lines in Fig. 5, is now securedV to the plate 16 by staples in the manner already described in connection with the joint shown in Fig. 6, and then the plate 16 is fitted into the head and the outer coverings similar to that shown at 18 in Fig. 5, are looped around the flexible retaining member 19 on both the body and the head, and these retaining members are drawn up tight and tied, or otherwise secured, as shown in Fig. 7
A doll thus formed has its joints securely fastened together and at the same time, the limbs and head are prevented from turning clear around and thus from assuming unnatural positions. Moreover, the rotation of these parts does not wear away the fabric or the material of which the doll is composed because of the fact that the material is spaced apart at the joints by the metal plates.
IVhile I have disclosed a doll, and have referred to a doll in the following claims, it will be understood that the joints herein described are equally applicable to toy figures, such as those of animals. Furthermore, these features would be equally applicable to animals or dolls having natural or artificial wigs or hair, instead ofV painted hair, and having other forms ofeyes 4than painted eyes, such as buttons andthe like, without departing from the spirit of theinvention. It will be understood, furthermore, that the term doll is designed toI 2include any toy figure.
1. In a doll construction, avbody portion having an arc-shaped slot, a metal joint member secured to the body portionfand having an arc shaped slot arranged to regf ister with the first named arc shaped slot, a limb portion, a metal joint member Secured to said limb portion and arranged to bear on the first named jointmember, a
common pivot pin for said joint. members,
and a stop member carried by said limb and arranged to extend through `said registering arc shaped slots.
2. In a doll construction, a body portion, a metal joint member secured to saidbody portion, a limb portion aifmetal joint member carried by said limb portion,each"of said joint members having forwardly keX- tending wearing parts adapted tol be brought into engagement, and to space the limb from the body portion, one of said joint `members being provided with an are shaped slot, the other jointmember being provided with a stop pin arranged to enter the slotgand, a common pivot pin for said jointmembe'rs.
8. In a doll construction, a body portion, a metal joint member comprisinga circular plate having' a forwardly extending 'reduced wearing portion, means forseeuring the plate to the body, said body andwsaid plate having registering-'arc shaped slots, a limb portion, a circular plate securedto said limb portion and having a forwardly extending reduced portion arranged-to engage the reduced portiony of the other wearing plate, and a pivot pin extending through said limb and body portion and through said plate. I
4. In a doll construction,abody portion, a limb portion, metal plates disposed-between said limb and body portions' for spacing the latter apart, a pivot pin eX- tending through said plates, and means for limiting the relative movements of the metal tending through said plates and connections plates. between the plvot pins on opposite sides of In a doll construction, a body portion, the body, and means for limiting the relalimb portions, metal plates disposed betive movement of the metal plate. 10
5 tween said limb portions and said body por- In testimony whereof I aix my si ature. tions for spacing them apart, pivot pins ex- ELLA LOUISE S TH.
` copies of this patent may be obtained for iive cents each, by addressing the Commissioner of Patents,
Washington, D. C.
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2696056 *||Aug 9, 1951||Dec 7, 1954||Henry Kistler William||Device for demonstrating improper lifting practices|
|US3800436 *||Mar 8, 1973||Apr 2, 1974||Matzek J||Educational sewing doll|
|US5205775 *||Mar 16, 1992||Apr 27, 1993||Brodrib William A||Ambulatory animal toy|
|US20080296321 *||May 31, 2007||Dec 4, 2008||The Children's Place Services Company, Llc||Mannequins and articulating components thereof|
|WO1993018830A1 *||Mar 16, 1993||Sep 30, 1993||William Brodrib||Ambulatory animal toy|