US 1310271 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
WOVEN GARTER PAD.
APPLICATION FILED APR.25, 191s.
1,31 0,27 1. Patented July 15, 1919.
. @9 10 M Mm THE COLUMBIA PLANOORAPH co.. WASHINGTON, D. c.
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
WILLIAM ACHTMEYER, 0F MIDDLETOWN, CONNECTICUT, ASSIG-NOR TO THE RUSSELL MFG. C0., 015 MIDD'LETOWN, CONNECTICUT, A CORPORATION OF CONNECTICUT.
Specification of Letters Patent.
Patented July 15, 1919.
Original application filed October 12, 1917, Serial No. 196,284. Patent No. 1,267,954, dated May 28, 1918. Divided and this application filed April 25, 1918. Serial No. 230,741.
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, lVILLIAM ACHTMEYER, a subject of the German Emperor, having declared my intention to become a citizen of the United States, and a residentof Middletown, in the county of Middlesex and State of Connecticut, have invented a new and Improved Woven Garter-Pad, of which the following is a full, clear, and exact description, this being a division of Letters Patent of the United States for a method for weaving garter pads, No. 1,267,954, granted to me on May 28, 1918.
The invention relates to garters having a pad or shield from which extends a leg encircling band and a hose clasp for grlppmg hosiery.
The object of the invention is to provide a new and improved woven garter pad or shield which can be cheaply manufactured in one single piece and which is exceedingly strong and durable, neat in appearance, and readily and accurately fits itself to the wearers leg.
In order to accomplish the desired result, use is made of a garter pad consisting of a single woven piece fashioned in the weave and having a concave top edge and gradually diminishing in width from the median line to'the ends.
A practical embodiment of the invention is represented in the accompanying drawings forming a part of this specification, in which similar characters of reference indicate corresponding parts in all the views.
Figure 1 is a perspective view of a garter provided with the improved pad or shield, parts being broken away;
Figs. 2 and 3 are perspective views illustrating the method of weaving the pad Fig. 4 is an enlarged cross section of the weave on the line l4: ofFig. 3;
Fig. 5 is an enlarged longitudinal section of the same on the line 55 of Fig. 3;
Fig. 6 is a longitudinal section of the weave on the line 6-6 of Fig. 4:;
Fig. 7 is a similar View of the same on theline 77 of Fig. 4;
Fig. 8 is a similar view of the same on the line 8-'8 of F ig.4;
Fig. 9 is a similar view of the same on the line 9-9 of Fig. i;
Fig. 10 is a plan View of the weave with part broken out;
Fig. 11 is a similar view of an individual pad and after relaxing the elastic threads on cutting the pad from the weave; and
"Fig. 12 is a plan view of the weave after it is taken off the loom.
Garter pads or shields as heretofore constructed were made of two superimposed pieces cut from woven fabrics, one of the pieces being silk, satin or a similar material, and the other being of a lining material, the two pieces being fastened together by marginal rows of stitches which also fastened the ends of the leg encircling band and the upper end of the hose clasp band in position on the pad. This mode of manufacturing the pad or shield resulted. in the waste of a large amount of fabric material fromv which the approximately triangular pieces were cut, and this mode also required the employment of skilled labor and the consumption of a large amount of work and time in cutting and sewing operations. With my invention presently to be described in detail the pads or shields are woven and fashioned as a single band or ribbon on a suitable loom and all that is required is to cut theband or ribbon transversely into the individual pads or shields.
The complete garter pad 10 shown in Fig.
1 is approximately triangular in shape andis provided with a concave top edge 11 and it gradually diminishes in width from the median line to the ends 12, which ends are provided with flaps 13 and 14 for receiving between them the ends of the leg encircling band 15. The band ends and the flaps 13 and 14 are fastened together by stitches 16 or other fastening means. At the middle of the lower portion of the pad 10 is formed a pocket 17 for receiving therein the upper end of the supporting band 18 of the hose clamp 19 of usual construction, the supporting band 18 being fastened to the pad by stitches 20 or other fastening means.
In weaving the pad 10 use is made of a pair of upper warps 30, a pair of lower warps 31 and an intermediate warp 32, of which the warp threads of the warps 30 and 31 are inelastic while the major portion of the warp 32 is formed of pairs of inelastic warp threads 33 on one side of which are arranged elastic warp threads 34 singly which are held in stretched condition or under tension during the weaving of the pads. The elastic warp threads 34 are lo cated on the side which forms the top edge 11 of the pad and which top edge is formed subsequently on relaxing the elastic warp threads 34, as hereinafter more fully explained. The weft thread 40 for binding the sets of warps 30, 31 and 32 is passed in the usual manner through the open sheds of the warps 30 and 31 by the use of the usual shuttle 41, as indicated in Figs. 2 and 3.
In order to weave the pad 10 with a widened portion at the middle and with the pad gradually diminishing in width from the said middle to the ends 12 thereof, use is made of a reed 50 having its reed plates 51 spaced farther apapt at the top than at the bottom so that on beginning the weaving of the pad at one narrow end the warps pass through the lower portion of the reed, as shown in Fig. 2, and during the further progress of the weaving, the reed 50 is gradually raised until the wide middle portion of the pad is reached, and then the reed 50 is gradually moved downward during the further weaving to finally reach the lowermost position on reaching the other narrow end 12 of the pad. This operation is repeated for each successive garter pad woven by the loom. It is understood that by this mode of weaving, the ends of the pad are closely woven and the portions between the ends and the middle of the pad are gradually less closely woven owing to the alternate widthwise spreading and narrowing of the warp threads, as above explained. The several warps unwind from the usual warp beam (not shown) and the woven fabric passes between two rollers 55 and 56 to hold the woven fabric under tension. The final weave when removed from the loom asumes a ring shape, as indicated in Fig. 12, owing to the relaxing of the elastic warp threads 34 whereby the upper edge 11 of each pad 10 assumes a concave shape, as will be readily understood by reference to Figs. 1 and 12. As shown in the drawings, three elastic warp threads 34'are used but 1 do not limit myself to this particular number as the same may be varied. Each inelastic warp thread 33 is formed of a number of threads to permit of dividing the same into branch warp threads 35, 36, as shown in Figs. 4 and 9, when forming the pocket 17 indicated in Figs. 1 and 4. It is understood that by the arrangement described a two-ply fabric is woven with the intermediate warp 33 interwoven therewith and intermediate the plies,
as will be readily understood by reference to the drawings.
l/Vhile weaving the end portions 12 the flaps 13 and 14 are formed, and while weaving the middle portion of each pad the pocket 17 is formed at the edge opposite the one containing the elastic warp threads 34.
After the fabric is woven and removed from the loom it is out along the narrowest portions, as indicated by the line 60 (see Fi g. 12) to form the individual pads 10. When cutting the fabric along the line 60 the ends of the elastic warp threads 34 between the flaps 13 and 14 relax completely and become thickened at the junction of the flaps 13 and 14 so that each elastic warp thread 34 is locked in place within the body of the garter pad 10 (see Fig. 1.1).
The pockets 17 may be omitted and instead a longitudinal slit is woven in the fabric at the middle portion thereof, as plainly indicated in Fig. 11, to permit of looping the band 18. of the hose-clamp 19 on the lower middle portion of the pad 10 instead of sewing it thereon within the pocket 11, as above explained.
It is understood that the side edges of the weave are provided with the usual woven edges or selvages 80 and 81, as plainly indicated in Fig. 4, to strengthen the pad and to prevent unraveling thereof.
The ends 12 of the pad may be woven in tubular form in the usual manner instead of the two flaps 13 and 14.
Having thus described my invention, I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent 1. As an article of manufacture, a garter pad consisting of asingle woven piece full fashioned and having a concave top edge and gradually diminishing in width from the median line to the ends, the said woven piece having a plurality ,of relaxed elastic warp threads interwoven along the upper marginal portion to maintain'the top edge in concave shape.
2. As an article of manufacture, a garter pad consisting of a single woven piece having a concave top edge and gradually diminishing in width from the median line to the ends, the latter having double woven portions for the insertion of the ends of a leg encircling band between the said double portions. 1
3. As an article of manufacture, a garter pad of a single woven piece, the end portions of which being closely woven and the portions from the ends to the middle of the piece being gradually less closely woven to gradually increase the width of the piece from the ends to the middle.
4. As an article of manufacture, a garter pad consisting of a single woven piece'having a concave top edge and gradually diminishing in width from the medial line to the ends, each end portion being formed of spaced woven flaps interwoven at their inner ends with the body of the pad and adapted to receive between them the ends of a leg encircling band.
5. As an article of manufacture, a garter pad of a single woven piece having a curved top edge, the end portions of the said piece being closely woven and the portions between the ends and the middle of the piece being gradually less closely woven to gradually increase the width of the piece from the ends to the middle, the said piece having relaxed elastic warp threads interwoven at along the upper marginal portion to maintain the top edge in concave shape.
6. As an article of manufacture, a garter pad consisting of a single woven piece full fashioned and provided with a concave top edge, split ends, and a pocket at the middle of the lower edge portion.
7. As an article of manufacture, a garter pad of a single Woven piece approximately triangular in shape, the end portions of the piece being closely woven and the portions between the ends and the middle of the piece beingg'radually less closely woven to gradually increase the width of the piece from the ends to the middle of the piece, the top edge of the piece being concave.
Copies of this patent may be obtained for five cents each, by addressing the Commissioner of Patents, Washington, D. 0.