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Publication numberUS1311950 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateAug 5, 1919
Filing dateFeb 13, 1919
Publication numberUS 1311950 A, US 1311950A, US-A-1311950, US1311950 A, US1311950A
InventorsG. Coopee
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Toy cartridge
US 1311950 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)




Patented Aug. 5, 1919.



. Application filedFebruary 13, 1915. serial {No. 276,792.

State'of Florida have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Toy Cartridges, of whlch the following is a specification.

ThlS invention relatesto games and toys,

and more especially to aerial projectiles;

and "the object of'the same is to produce a toy cartridge carrying its own bullet and ejecting means and capable of'belng lnserted into a toy gun or cannon andfired and then withdrawn and reloaded.

I prefer to use as there ector aspring and in the present case I employ an expansive coiled spring, while in a companioncase filed herewith (Serial Number 266,791). I employ a contractile spring of" rubber.

The present case'is designed-to protect the specific form-of my invention broadly illustrated in the accompanying drawings, and in which- I Figure 1 is a side elevation,

Fig. 2 a longitudinal section, and

Fig. 3 is a cross section of the projectile only, taken on "the" line 33" of Fig. 1.

I will say at starting that I desire thebroadest interpretation given to the terms used herein and do not wish to confine my self to the shape, size, proportion, or materials of parts. Generally speaking the invention comprises a cartridge shell, a bullet or projectile proper, the ejector which in the present case is a spring, and retaining means for holding the spring under tension and for releasing it at will to fire or eject the bullet.

The shell is herein shown as a cylinder having a tubular body T and an exterior flange F at its rear end, the body being longitudinally slotted at T just forward of the flange for a purpose to appear. The bullet has a head H which may be pointed at the front but is enlarged at the rear into a shoulder H which rests normally against the front end of the shell, and from the rear end of the bullet a shank S extends into the bore of the shell and is headed or offset as at O at its rear end which stands normally about midway the length of the shell. The ejector in the present case is a coiled wire spring E connected near its rear end with the shell by means of a transverse pin P, while the front end of the spring rests against the head or offset 0, and in the norspecification of Letters Patent.

mal position of the latter; the spring is under tension. 3 The retaining means {fOI holding thebullet within-the shell andthejspring under pressure consistsiin the present lease of a short leverlR pivotedat R within the slot Patented Aug.- 5, :1919.

T and hooked at itsfront end as atR so as j to engage the offset 0 as seen in Fig. 2, and tthe rear-end-of this aietaiiiel' may have a handle R! by means of whichit canbe manipulated, although in any =eventit projects beyondathe flange F- and can :be actuated mechanically I or manually.

To load-the shell, the offset'O atlthe rear endof the'shank Sis passed into the front end of the shell, and the entire bullet pressed to the rear until theshoulder H .con- .tacts with the shell ;as seen 1n Fig. 2. Meanwhile the retainer-is moved so that its hook R" permitsthe passage of the head or ofiset O, and eventually the retainer is [pressed inward at :its forward end so that the hook engages the offsetljustat a time when the ejector spring :E'is under compression. The entire cartridge may nowbe inserted into :therearend ,ofatoy gun-indicated in dotted lines at G in Fig. 1. To fire the cartridge it :is only-anecessary to: actuate .the'retainer so as to disengage its hook from the offset. This can be done mechanically or manually. The user can pull down on the handle or push down on the projecting rear end of the lever R until the hook R clears the head 0 and immediately the spring ejector E expands and acts to shoot the bullet from the shell and out the bore of the gun in a manner which will be clear. The shell may now be withdrawn from the breech of the bore and replaced by another which is loaded.

The foregoing description and the drawings have reference to what may be c0nsidered the preferred, or approved form of my invention. It is to be understood that I may make such changes in construction and arrangement and combination of parts, materials, dimensions, et cetera, as may prove expedient and fall within the scope of the.

with saidoffset connected at its rearend with the wall of the shell, and retainlng mechanism movably "mounted" within said slot and adapted to engage in frontof said I i set, a pin through the shell and the rear offset.

.2. ,A cartridge comprising a shell open at 1 both ends and liaving'a slot in its Wall, a bullet having a shank extendinginto the shell and ofiset at its rear end, ejecting means withinthe' shell contacting at its front endwithsaidoifslet and connectedat its rear end' with the wall of the shell,and a retainer pivotallyni'ounted Within said slot and having a hookat its front end to engage said offset, its rear end'extending out of the rear end of the shell. 3. A cartridge comprising a tubular shell having a longitudinal slot in its body andan exterior'fiange around its rear end, a bullet having a head at its front end to rest against the front end of the shell, a shank leading 'tothe rear from said head, and an offset portion "at the rear end of the shank, an ejecting spring within the shell behind said ofiset, and a lever pivotedhetween its e-X- treinities within said slot and having a hook at its front end to engage said offset and its rear end projecting to the rear of said flange, for the purpose set forth.

4. A cartrilge comprising a tubular shell having alongitudinal slot in its body and an exterior flange around its rear end, a bullet havinga head at its front end to rest against the front end of the shelha' shank'leading portion atthe rear end of the shank, a coiled expansive "spring located within the shell with its front end resting against said offportionof said spring, and a retainer pivoted 'within said slot and having a hooked front end adapted to engage said offset and its rear end projecting beyond said flange,

for the purpose set forth.

1 5. A cartridge compr sing a tubular shell whose wall is slotted throughoutits rear portion,"and an external flange aroundthe rear end of the wall, a bullet whose head is adapted to lie against the front end of the shell, the'head having a shank projecting into the shell and ofiset at its rear "end at a point opposite the'forward portionof said slot, a coiled expansive spring disposed within. the shell with its front end hearingv against said offset,-a pin through the shell and the rear portion of thespring, a-lever pivoted between its ends within said slot, its front end having a hook detachably engaging said offset and its rear end projecting beyond said flaige', and a handle attached to said F621,] en Y In testimony whereof I afliX my signature copies of: this patent'may be obtained for-five cents each, by addressing-the Commissioner of Patents,

I Y fwashingtomnc. 1

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3021139 *Aug 19, 1959Feb 13, 1962Buerosse Henry PSpread shot arrow head
US5033446 *Apr 21, 1989Jul 23, 1991Bradt Richard AScent projectile missile and launcher
U.S. Classification124/26, 124/41.1
Cooperative ClassificationF41B7/00