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Publication numberUS1312056 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateAug 5, 1919
Filing dateMay 23, 1918
Publication numberUS 1312056 A, US 1312056A, US-A-1312056, US1312056 A, US1312056A
InventorsJohn K. Shaw
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Obnamental panel ob covebing
US 1312056 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

J. K. SHAW.

ORNAMEN'HL PANEL QR COVERING.

APPUCATIOR FILED MAY 23. 1918- 1,312,056. I Patented Aug. 5, 1919.

I l l I v Shaw, by

UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.

JOHN K. SHAW, OF MINNEAPOLIS, MINNESOTA, ASSIGNOR TO B. G. DAHLBERG, OF ST. PAUL, MINNESOTA.

ORNAMENTAL PANEL OR COVERING.

peciflcation of Letters Patent.

Patented Aug. 5, 1919.

Application filed May 23, 1918. Serial No. 236,165.

To all whom it may concern:

Be it known that I, Join: K. SHAW a citizen of the United States, residing at inneapolis, in the county of Hennepin and State of Minnesota, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Ornamental Panels or Coverings; and I do hereby declare the following to be a full, clear, and exact description of the invention, such as will enable others skilled in the art to which it appertains to make and use the same.

This invention relates to ornamental panels or Wall coverings of fibrous material, and has for its object to strengthen and beautify said panels in a manner more officient and less expensive than those heretofore proposed.

With these and other objects in view the invention consists in the novel details of construction and combinations of parts more fully hereinafter disclosed and particularly pomted out in the claims.

Referring to the accompanying drawings forming a part of this specification in which like numerals designate like parts in all views;

Figure 1 is a diagrammatic plan view of a finished panel showing one form of fastening strip;

Fig. 2 is an enlarged sectional detail view of the panel material taken on the line 2**2 of Fig. 1;

Fig. 3 is a view similar to Fig. 1 but disclosing a different form of fastening strip;

Fig. 4 is a sectional view of a further modified form of fastening stri Fi 5 is a view similar to Flg. 4 of the mod1 ed form of fastening strip shown in Fig. 3;

ig. 6 is a sectional view similar to Fig. 2 but showing another form of fastening strip; and

Fi 7 and 8 are each sectional views showing still further modified forms of fastening strips.

1 indicates sheets, slabs, blocks or other shapes of'the fibrous paper board material known on the market as insulite, 2 the 'oints that exist between the individual locks when they are laid on a support 2', Fig. 6, to form aipanel or wall covering, and

30 and 40, 50, 60, and different forms of fasteners that may be used in securing the end portions 6 of said blocks together as Well as in protecting and hiding their joints or seams 2.

In order that the invention may be the more clearly understood, it is said the a or board material known as insulite difl rs radically from the ordinary paper boards of commerce in that it is very porous, and therefore it has unusually high heat insulatin and sound deadenin properties. Its spec c gravity is often not lngher than, say, two tenths or three tenths and therefore it resembles cork in many of its physical properties. But these most desirable properties ive rise to a structure whose edges are very ragile or brittle and easily so injured as to present a ragged appearance. This is owing to the unusually lar e and long fibers that are employed in maklng the board, and to the rather imperfect natural bonding of these fibers at the extreme edges so that the latter tear or break if subjected to rough usage. In other words one class of fibers going to make up these boards may be, say 1/8 of an inch wide and 1/2 inch lon so that they are sliver like; another set of ers are thread like in that they may have a diameter of from 1/32 to 1/64 of an inch and may be from 1/2 inch to 1 inch long or longer; a third set are hair like in that they may have a diameter of say from 1/100 to 1/200 of an inch and a length of say from 1/2 inch to 1 inch or longer; while a fourth set of fibers are or may be identical with the fibers used in making paper.

In dealing with a structure such as that just disclosed, it is found in practice that its surface such as 7 and 8 ma be highly ornamented as by coloring or y covering with plastic materials, but the extreme edges of the individual blocks do not present such sharp, clean surfaces as to make it an easy job to fit them together in a way sufliciently close to present a pleasing appearance.

According to this invention, I avoid the above difiiculty and at the same time protect and stren hen the end edges 6 by proceeding as fol ows: I make no effort at fitting the individual bloeks closely together,

but merely let the joints or seams make such an appearance as a rapid handling of the material will produce, being carefuhhowe\"er,t0 see that such joints are notwider than will be safely spanned by the heads suchas 10, 11 and 12 of the fiastening strips 3, 4 and 5 respectively.

After said blocks 1 are thus brought together, a fastening strip such as 3, having a shank 13 and provided with the barbs 14:, is thrust down into. the, seam or,.j.oint 2,.and itshead forced down into contact with the comparatively porous,- sdft, =or "compressible material of the blocks 1.

I prefer to 'provide an edge member such as 15 whichmay be 'readll'y foreed into the body of the material 1,and'thereby more firmly unite said blocks.

Should the head 10 be concave as-shown in Fig. 7,it=n1ay be*fille!d -with a plastic or other material to match the coloring'or surfacing of the'bloeks -1, or it may be itself of such a color and =finish as to *needno filling. *I fthe blocks 1 aresutfaoedtoimitate stone, the oracklfi, Fig. 5, can be conveniently filled with a plastic to appear asa bonding material, but'in such cases-the head '12 will *be preferabl flattened oat against the surfaces of said. looks or tiles 1.

ln the somewhat modified dot-mathema- .ing strips 1 shown 1 in Fig. 4, thesin le piece of sheet {material instead of being oldedwn itself to form the pron'gfm'ember as in -Fig. 2 is bent upon itself to form the-head, and 'the latter is convex-as'shewn.

In the still furth'er modified form of fastening strip shown in Fig.5,'the prongconstruction is similanto 'thatshown in Fig. "2, but the head is made of 'a'single thickness, While the prong'is formed by doubling the metal upon itself, and instead its extreme edges 17 are somewhatshar so that-they may be forced int-0 the body of the material 1.

In the modified form of construction shown in -Fig. 6,the head 20 is rounded as shown, it entersa correspondingly rounded cavity 21' in'the materidL andbetweem the ends of itsgprongs'23 I ihsei t a-w edge flbr other spreader, 11 order to make the 'ibaf'bs 25 bite into the material and also 'toloek "them in place. Somewhat the same looking effect is produced when 'p'laster -25 is inserted into the 'orack or opening '16 in ig. 5.

The modified form of fastener shown in Fig. '7 is provided with a pron 27 (if a single thickness of-metal and Wit spreading wings 28 formed by folding the nletal upon dtseltf :as shown, thus pmduding the space 29 which may be ornamented as described.

{In a the still further modified ifiorm of fastener 80 shon'vn1in Fig. *8,'the *head *30 is of-astriangularoross seetiion and the shank 31 is of he sumo general construction shown in Fig. 2.

-Ilrom the foregoin it will now be clear that Danny employ a Ell-g6 variety of 'iastening strips for hiding irregular joints 2, while at the same time enhancing the appearance of the panels and strengthening the whole surface in general. In all the fOI'I'l'lSfhORVOl/GI',tilt! strips are made of very thin metal, in order that they may be readily wedged .into the seam or joints (-2, between the looks I, and a plurality of thin yield- --ing spring prongs projecting toward the head portions are provided, Which enter the insulite edges and aid in holding the head portions in place.

The'fastening strips are out into different lengths such-as 19 and 20, see Fig. '1, or' they -may be of uniform lengths, and beveled =at the-ends as illustrated at 21, Fig. 3.

LIn an ornamental covering, the combination of a plurality of body portions composed of porous paper board material known as insulite, having fragile edges-disposed with adjoining meeting edges; and a fastening =str1p provided with prongs'engagin said fl3jgll'6 edges occupying the space etween said meeting edges, and with -a head contacting "with and overlying and concealing the material adjacent said meeting edges, substantially as described.

2. *In an ornamental covering, the combination of a plurality "of porous 'bo'dy portions coin used of paper board material known as nsulite, having fragile edges disggsed with adjoinin-g meetin'g edges; and a 1 steningstrip provided with an extension haVingbatbs entering said fragile'edges and occupying the space between said meeting edges, and with a head contacting with, overlying, entering and concealing the fragile material adjacent said meeting edges, sabstamiall as described.

3. In an ornamental panel the coin-bination of a plurality of porous, fragile insulitebody portien-s lilisposed Withtheir fragile edges "in close pro xirnity to each other forrn'ing seams; fastening strips provided with mngs'oceapyin said seams, engaging the fragile edges thereof, and disposed at right angles to each other, said strips also rovidedwith strip like headsaddptd to 1 e pressed against, to extend over, rotect and conceal *the fragile material -ajace'nt said seams, substantiall as described.

4. l he herein 'descr be'd fastening strip provided witha prong composed (fif t'wo 'fl-at folded body portlons, having free ends "and a space betweemthemrandianoblon cu-rved head iportion consisting of integrw "extensions "of said body ortions disposedmn Bitch seesaw space, substantially as described.

5. In *an ornamental panel the -conibin ation'df a plurality of porous inslilite ibofiy portions having fragile edges in close proxing, spring prongs occupying said seams, imity to each other forming seams and fasprojectin toward said heads, and engagin toning strips of thin metal'provided with enthe fragi e edges of said insulite materia 10 larged strip like head portions adapted tobe to aid in holding said head portions in place, 5 pressed against, to extend over, protect, and s n i lly as descri edconoeal said fragile edges and seams, and In testimony whereofJ%aifix my si ature.

also provided with thin metal, readily yield- HN K. S AW.

Boyle: o! fllll patent may be obtained to: he cents each, by addressing the "commissioner of Patents,

7 Washington, D. 0.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2659938 *Jul 26, 1946Nov 24, 1953Crowther William HBuilding panel and construction
US2660275 *Jan 14, 1950Nov 24, 1953Gen Tire & Rubber CoGasket
US2699234 *Feb 26, 1949Jan 11, 1955Modine Mfg CoTrim molding
US2762470 *Feb 26, 1952Sep 11, 1956Clark Jr Howard MBuilding construction
US2778032 *Sep 22, 1952Jan 22, 1957Meehan William JSelf-locking sink frame
US2791301 *Feb 15, 1952May 7, 1957Acf Ind IncFastening device for panels
US2879560 *Mar 15, 1955Mar 31, 1959Edwin StefanCabinet door molding strip
US2888684 *Apr 22, 1957Jun 2, 1959Icenhower Langdon LTrim strip and mounting
US2917917 *Feb 1, 1956Dec 22, 1959Madison Equipment CompanyDevice for holding switch boxes and outlet boxes to wall surfaces
US3071827 *May 5, 1960Jan 8, 1963United Carr Fastener CorpFastening device
US3102366 *Dec 22, 1958Sep 3, 1963Nat Gypsum CoWall panel end joint clip
US3191191 *Dec 15, 1961Jun 29, 1965Juergens William AApparatus for mounting peripherally flanged appliances
US3241280 *Feb 14, 1963Mar 22, 1966Owens Corning Fiberglass CorpPanel supporting structure
US3287867 *Jan 3, 1964Nov 29, 1966Aton Loyd PStair nosing
US3293818 *Apr 18, 1963Dec 27, 1966Gregoire Engineering And Dev CPanel seal and lock
US3378973 *Nov 1, 1965Apr 23, 1968Secomastic LtdJoint covering strips
US3446201 *Sep 25, 1967May 27, 1969Gen ElectricAccessory trim for kitchen range
US3849955 *Nov 21, 1972Nov 26, 1974Panokraft Corp LtdBuilding panel connectors
US4157271 *May 9, 1978Jun 5, 1979Moore Dan BDrywall joint filler
US4194336 *Nov 21, 1977Mar 25, 1980Weinar Roger NConcealable retaining clip for wallboards
US4737218 *Dec 29, 1986Apr 12, 1988Armstrong World Industries, Inc.Method of forming a fabric covered spline assembly
US4746243 *May 29, 1986May 24, 1988Eagle-Picher Industries, Inc.Apparatus and method for rapid repair of damaged airfield runways
US4969787 *Sep 1, 1989Nov 13, 1990Chemische Industrie Filoform B.V.Device for sealing an aperture in a wall with a foamed resin
US5333433 *Sep 22, 1992Aug 2, 1994Porambo Bernard ASelf-adhesive wallboard finishing tape and tape-and-wallboard panel system
US5381638 *Jan 15, 1992Jan 17, 1995Arnes Plat AbBuilding structure formed of lightweight interfitting panels
DE4327512A1 *Aug 16, 1993Feb 23, 1995Eternit AgSubstructure for cladding a building facade
Classifications
U.S. Classification52/470, 126/214.00A, D05/53, 52/578, 296/135, 52/DIG.600, 52/468, 411/456, 404/69
Cooperative ClassificationE04D3/366, Y10S52/06