US 1312886 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
W. E. BAWDEN.
APPLICATION FILED sEPT.12, 191e.
ma coLu/num PLANOGRAPH um, wAsmNnToN, n. C.
UNITED .sTATEs PATENT oEEioE.
WILLIAM E.f BAWDEN, OF CHICAGO', ILLINOIS.
To all 'whom t may concern:
Be it known that I, WTLLIAM E. BAWDEN, a citizenof theUnited States, residing at Chicago, county of Cook, State of Illinois, have invented a certain new and useful Improvement in Pillows, andV declare the following to be a full, clear, and exact description of the same, such as will enable vothers skilled inthe art towhich it` pertains to make and use the same, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, which form a part of this specication. f
'Illie nature of the Vordinary soft pillow is such that the contents shift about and tend tor accumulate in bunches in parts or sections of the pillow. It thus becomes necessary to shake or punch thepillow back into shape when the head is .changed from one position to another. Furthermore, .the eii'ect of the ordinary pillow is to cause the head to be raisedboth when one is lying flat or on ones side, thus bringing the neck in an unnatural inclined position whichcinterferes with the ow of blood throughthe veins and arteries and produces a contraction of the chest which prevents the lungs from expanding fully and freely.
The object of my invention is to produce a pillow which will adjust itself to the natural contour of the head, neck and shoulders, no matter whether the person using the pillow is lying on his back or on his side; and which, furthermore, will retain its shape so that it need not be padded or punched from time to time in order to make it to some degree comfortable.
A subsidiary object of my invention is to produce a pillow possessing the desirable characteristics heretofore enumerated which shall -be of such simple construction that the cost of manufacture over the cost of manufacturing the ordinary pillow will be insignificant.
The various features of novelty whereby my invention is characterized will hereinafter be pointed out with particularity in the claims; but, for a full understanding of my invention and of its objects and ad? vantages, reference may be had to the following detailed description taken in connection with the accompanying drawing, wherein:
Figure l is a top -plan view of a pillow arranged in accordance with a preferred form of my invention; and Y Specification of Letters Patent; Patented Aug,-12,'1919, A Ap'p1ication filed September 12, 1916. Serial No. 119,627.
Fig. 2vis a section taken approximately on line Qr-Qof Fig. l.
Referring to the drawing, 1.and2 represent the top and bottom faces of a pillow case of any usual or suitable construction and 3 representsfthe feathersor. other filling material. In Vaccordance with my invention I make ak simple addition to this ordinary pillow Vconstruction which keeps the contents separated and `provides a holtents are confined, while the middle por-V tion is contracted so as to provide a troughlike depression in both the top and the bottom.
Instead of placing the partition at right angles to the top and bottom faces of the pillow so that the partition will stand vertical when the pillow is lying on Veither of these sides, I prefer to arrange the partition, indicated at 4 in the drawing, at an acute angle to the planes of the top and bottom of the pillow; the result being that when the head is placed on the pillo-w, the partition will tend to swing around parallel with the top and bottom of the pillow and will remain smooth whereas, if it were arranged at right angles, it might tend to shorten itself under the weight of the head by forming itself into wrinkles or folds. Furthermore, the inclined position of the partition produces a less sharply curved depression than would be the case with one arranged at right angles to the top and bottom of the pillow.
Where the pillow is square or rectangular as illustrated in the drawing, the partition preferably extends from one end to the other about midway between what may be termed the front and back edges or sides, 5 and 6. This produces a symmetrical arrangement which permits either of the sides l and 2 to be the top kand either of the sides or edges,
-low in both the Ytop and the bottom of the Y 5 and 6, to be the front. In other words, it is unnecessary that the pillow be placed always in the same position in order to function as intended.
It will be seen that when the head 0f a person is laid on the pillow, no matter whether the person is lying on his back or y on his side, the head will lie in one of the recesses, 7 or 8, while one of the halves of the pillow between these recesses and one of the edges 5 and 6 will fit nicely under the neck between the head and the shoulder, allowing the neck to take a natural horizontal position and avoiding cramping of the chest and shoulders; thus insuring perfect freedom of circulation of the blood and full expansion of the lungs in breathing.
It will also be seen that the feathers or other material on'one side of the partition cannot be crowded over into the opposite side of the pillow, and consequently the pillow will always retain its shape and need not be constantly re-shaped as is now necessary with the ordinary pillow.
Vhile I have illustrated and described vwith particularity only a single preferred form of my invention7 I do not desire to be limited to the exact structural details thus illustrated and described; but intend to cover all forms and arrangements which come within the terms employed in the deli- Gopies of this patent may be obtained for five cents each, by addressing the nitions of my invention constituting the appended claims.
l. A pillow having a partition extending across the interior at an acute angle to the general plane of one of the faces of the pillow.
2. A pillow having a partition extending across the interior from the top to the b0ttom, vthe upper and lower edges of the partition being disposed at unequal distances from one of the side edges of the pillow.
3. A pillow made of flexible sheet material stuffed with soft yieldable lling material and having a single iiexible partition extending across the interior thereof from one end to the other, the partition being narrow enough to cause the pillow to be normally indented or hollowed out from one end to the other.
4l. A pillow made of flexible sheet material stuifed with soft loose filling material, and means extending across the interior of the pillow for drawing the ltop and bottom together in the vicinity of the central portion of the pillow and thus form indentations or hollows.
In testimony whereof I sign this specification.
WILLIAM E. BAVDEN.
Commissioner of Patents,
Washington, D. C.