|Publication number||US1316885 A|
|Publication date||Sep 23, 1919|
|Filing date||Aug 24, 1918|
|Publication number||US 1316885 A, US 1316885A, US-A-1316885, US1316885 A, US1316885A|
|Inventors||John Edwin Fletcher|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (5), Classifications (4)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
J. E. FLETCHER. ALBUM FOR PHONOGRAPH DISK RECORDS.
APPLICATION FILED AUG.24. 1918.
Patented Sept. 23, 1919.
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
JOHN EDWIN FLETCHER, F SPRINGFIELD, MASSACHUSETTS, ASSIGN'OB TO THE FRANZ-YAHN SERVICE, OF SPRINGFIELD, MASSACHUSETTS.
ALBUM FOR PHONOGRAIPH DISK-RECORDS.
Specification of Letters Patent.
Patented Sept. 23, 1919.
Application filed August 24, 1918. Serial No. 251,283.
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that 1, JOHN EDWIN FLETCHER, a citizen of the United States of America, and a resident of Springfield, in the county of Hampden and State of Massachusetts, have invented a new and useful Album for Phonograph Disk Records, of
which the following is a specification.
My invention relates to improvements in holders or containers for pluralities of pho' nograph disk records, and resides in a collection of pocket-provided leaves having joints therein so that they can be folded on each other or caused to assume angular positions, such leaves being bound in book form, preferably with separator leaves between, all as hereinafter set forth.
The primary object of my. invention may be said to be two-fold: First, to provide an album for records of the aforesaid type, which album holds the records safely and securely, to the end that said records are not liable to slip accidentally from their places in the album, and thus be broken or damaged, or to come into contact with each other, and so become scratched or otherwise injured and, second, to afford means in said album for easily, quickly, and conveniently placing the records therein and removing them therefrom, and this with a degree of safety not present in albums of theold t pe. What is meant more especially by the ast statement is that the peculiar construction of'my album and particularly of the leaves thereof which hold the records enables one to put in and take out the records with little or no danger or liability of dropping them.
Another object is to provide such an album which is comparatlvely simple and inex ensive in construction, yet strong and record in place in the pocket. of one of the record-holding leaves, and aportion of the separator leaf therein shown being torn off to expose the back side of the record-holding leaf below; Fig. 2', a plan of said album similar to the first view, except that here the exposed record-holding leaf is shown folded upon itself to illustrate one position for inserting or removing the record, and Fig. 3, an enlarged, top edge view of sai album, the front cover being open and a portion thereof broken off, and the first record-holding leaf being bent into angular osition, in contradistinction to the foldmg in the preceding view, which is another and perhaps the preferred position of this or any record-holding leaf while inserting or removin the record, and said last-named leaf being in partial section.
A record or disk is shown in Fig. 2 as well as in the first view, and three disks are shown in Fig. 3.
Similar reference characters designate similar parts throughout the several views.
Although I have illustrated an album which is available for six records only, it is to be understood that the album may be made to accommodate more or less than that number. And the size in area of-the album will, of course, depend upon the diameter of the disks which it is to contain. In addition to these variations, modifications and changes may be made in shape, structure, and arrangement without departing from the spirit of my invention or exceeding the, scope of what is claimed.
This album, as illustrated in the drawings, comprises a plurality of record-holding leaves 1 which are provided with pockets 2 and jointed at 3, a plurality of separator leaves 4, and'means to bind all of sald leaves together, which means will subsequently be described, together with front and back covers 5 bound together with the leaves.
, Each record-holding leaf 1 is made of sufficiently thick and stron material, ,and 1ts pocket 2 is located at t e right-hand side of said leaf, with the mouth of or entrance to said pocket at the inner end of the short, front side 6 thereof, and above the front or obverse side of said leaf, it being assumed that the leaf is normally disposed with the aforesaid side of said pocket uppermost. Furthermore, each leaf 1 1s creased or scored to form the o1nt 3, the scoring being arallel or coinciding with the inner straight edge portions of the side f the p k t 2 W Whlch said leaf is provided, and extending from the upper and under edges of said leaf to an opening 7 in the center approximately thereof. The aforesaid side 6 is cut out in its inner edge portion, as at 8, to correspond to the adjacent portion of the opening 7 below. A disk record 9 is receivable in the pocket 2 of any leaf 1. Preferably the side 6 of each pocket 2 extends beyond the vertical diameter of the opening 7 in the leaf 1 of which said pocket forms a part, on the side adjacent to the inner edge of such leaf, and the crease or joint 3 in said leaf is correspondingly located, in order to enable said pocket to take in more than onehalf of the record and to retain the same amount when the leaf is bent or folded at said joint for insertingor removing the record, in the manner presently to be ex; plained. The object of thus proportioning the parts is to decrease to the minimum the liability of the record to slip out of place accidentally. The openings 7 and cutaway places or recesses 8 afford a view of the central parts of the records contained in the pockets 2, so that the titles and other reading matter usually found on said records can be read, whether such titles and other matter be on one or both sides thereof, without removal of the records.
The separator leaves 4, usually of thin material, are interposed between the leaves 1 and between the front cover 5 and the front leaf 1 for the purpose of covering completely those portions of the records 9 which project out of the pockets 2 beyond the sides 6, so that said records can not come into contact with the back sides of said leaves or the back side of said cover, or the centers of said records come into contact with each other through the openings 7 and recesses 8. The records are thus thoroughly protected, and furthermore, they are held more firmly in place bythe leaves 4:.
For binding purposes, in the present case, the leaves 1 at their inner edges are provided with thin stripslO, the corresponding.
edges of the covers 5 are connected by a thin backing 11, and spacers 12 are used. The strips 10 extend under or behind the spacers 12 and the inner edge portions of the leaves 4 extendover or in front of said spacers, while the backing 11 extends under or behind the outside spacer at the bottom or back, over the outer, longitudinal edges of the spacers and the exposed edges of the intervening strips and leaves, including the.
first leaf 4, and over the inner edge partion of said first leaf. Theparts thus arranged are securely fastened together by any suitable means, such as staples, one of which appears at 13 in Fig. 3.
Each spacer 12 approximates in thickness the thickness of a record plus that of the leaf 1 which is attached to said spacer, so
first leaf 1, orany other record-holding leaf,
and such leaf is grasped by the right-hand edge portion and bent on the joint 3 into pos1t1on to receive one of the records 9 and the same is inserted in the pocket 2 of such leaf, when the latter is unbent and again laid down flat, the grasp being maintained on said right-hand portion throughout the operation. In this manner any or all of the leaves 1 receive their records. Similarly any leaf 1 is grasped. bent on its joint, and held preparatory to the removal of the record in the pocket thereof and while said record is bein removed from said pocket. The leaf 1 is held in and manipulated by the right hand of the operator, each time, and the record is grasped in the left hand for the insertion or removal thereof.
For either the inserting or removing of a record '9, the leaf 1 may be bent into the condition or position, approximately, of that shown in Fig. 3, or into the condition or po- I sition of that shown in Fig. 2, the first of these being usually considered the better and more convenient. In the first example the pocket is held in an approximately horizontal position, with the remaining part of the leaf 1 more or less closely approaching the perpendicular, and it is very easy indeed to slip a record into or out of said pocket. In the second example the leaf is doubled upon itself, with the pocket lying on the back side of that part of the leaf 1 over which said pocket is projected, and .said part lying on the uppermost leaf 4 which has been turned.
While it may not be quite so convenient to place and remove the record, when the leaf 1 is folded as in Fig. 2, as when the leaf is A bent into the Fig. 3 arrangement or position, owing to the fact that the bottom of the disk or of that portion of it which remains out of or projects from the pocket it liable to come into contact with the underlying portions of the album, or directly with the last turned leaf 4, yet is the fully folded position useful and meritorious. In either case the record is m a, position to' be grasped with the hands In such a manner as to insure against dropping the same. 1
It ma be possible to insert and remove a disk whi e the leaf 1 lies fiat as in Fig. 1, but it is not desirable to do so, because of the inreadil convenience, and the liability to drop the record or to strain and break it during the operation.
All records placed in this album are safe and secure, inasmuch as they can not slip out of place in any direction, no matter in what position the album may be held, and whether or not the same be open, and while the leaves are being turned. When the album is open the ridge made by the inner, bound edge portions of the opened leaves affords a complete barrier to prevent the disk 9 on the exposed leaf 1 at the right from slippin from the pocket 2 of said leaf, so long as the latter lies flat or straight, in its unbent or unfolded condition.
-Upon turning the leaves 1 and 4 any record desired, which is in the album, may be found, the turning of each leaf 4 exposing to view the title on the obverse side in the center of the disk 9 that is carried by the now uncovered leaf 1, through the recess 8 in the pocket 2 of said leaf 1, and the turning of each leaf 1 exposing to view the title on the reverse side in the center of the disk carried thereby, through the opening 7 therein.
The album is so fashioned and bound that it opens easily, and'when opened at any desired leaf remains open and in a flat condition. The leaves, with the records carried thereby, also may be turned readily in either direction.
Necessarily some of the parts and members shown in Fig. 3 are greatly exaggerated. and out of roportion, but the view serves to disclose t e construction in detail, and to shOW, further, one of the receiving or removal positions of one of the leaves 1. It willbe understood, of course, that the album does not in practice occupy the position shown in Fig. 3, when the first leaf 1, or any leaf 1, is bent into the angular condition therein shown, but that said album lies flat 'as in Figs.-1 and 2.
What I claim as my invention, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is-
1. In an album for phonograph disk records, a normally unfolded record-holding leaf jointed to enable it to be bent into angular relationship, the one part with the other of said leaf, when the album is open.
2. In an album for phonograph disk records, a normally unfolded pocket-provided leaf jointed to enable it to be bent into angular relationship, the pocket portion with the other portion of said leaf, when the album is open.
3. In an album for phonograph disk records, a normally unfolded leaf having a ocket extending from an outer edge to an Intermediate position where said pocket opens, and said leaf also having a joint adjacent to the pocket opening, to enable said leaf to be bent into angular relationship, the pocket portion with the other portion of said leaf, when the album is open.
4. In an album for phonograph disk records, a leaf perforated approximately in the center thereof, and having a pocket extending from'an outer edge of to the vicinity of the perforation in said leaf, where said pocket opens, and said leaf also-having a joint which extends, parallel with the pocket opening, from oppositely-disposed outer edges of the leaf to said perforation, to enable the leaf to be bent into angular relationship, the pocket portion with the other portion of the leaf.
5. In an album for phonograph disk records, a leaf having a pocket with a short side extending from one edge of said leaf to an intermediate position where is located the mouth of said pocket, said leaf being perforated in the approximate center thereof and said short side correspondingly recessed, and said leaf also having a joint which is adjacent to the inner edge of said short side, being parallel therewith and extending to the perforation in said leaf, to enable said leaf to be bent into angular relationship, the pocket portion with the other portion of the leaf.
(3. As an improved article of manufacture, an album for phonograph disk records, comprising. with a cover, normally unfolded disk-holding leaves, each approximating in area that of said cover, and adaptedto be bent intermediate of its bound and diametrically opposite edges.
' 7. As an improved article of manufacture,
an album for phonograph disk records, comprising alternately arranged and normally unfolded disk-holding and separator leaves, each of said first-named leaves being jointed to enable it to be bent intermediate of its bound and diametrically opposite edges, when the album is open.
8. The combination, in an album for phonograph disk records, of a plurality of approximately centrally perforated recordiolding intermediately-jointed leaves, and binding means for said leaves.
9. The combination, in an album for phonograph disk records, of a plurality of approximately centrally perforated recordholding intermediately-jointed leaves, separator leaves between said first-named leaves, and binding means for said leaves.
JOHN EDWIN FLETCHER.
F. E. JAHN, F. A. Curran.
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2439868 *||Sep 13, 1944||Apr 20, 1948||Wilson Jones Co||Binder|
|US4042106 *||Sep 8, 1976||Aug 16, 1977||Smith Paul W||Record protector|
|US5022842 *||Apr 12, 1990||Jun 11, 1991||Eagle Industry Co., Ltd.||Vane pump with rotatable annular ring means to control vane extension|
|US5085318 *||Nov 19, 1990||Feb 4, 1992||Leverick Kathy L||Secured disc folder|
|US5370419 *||Nov 2, 1993||Dec 6, 1994||Takayama; Hiromitsu||Purse|