US 1316981 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
BARRETTE- APPLICATION FILED mm: 23.!919.
1 ,3 1 6,98 1 Patented Sept. 23, 1919.
ABRAHAM SINGER, 0F CLEVELAND, OHIO.
Specification of Letters Patent.
Patented Sept. 23, 1919.
Application filed June 23, 1919. Serial No. 806,082.
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, ABRAHAM SINGER a subject of the Government of Turkey, residing at Cleveland, in the county of Cuyahoga and State of Ohio, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Barrettes, of which the following is a specification.
The object of this invention is to provldo a barrette which may be made entirely of one piece of material, allowing the same to be stamped in innumerable different designs and providing thereby cheapness in construction, attractiveness of appearance and durability, and one which will be so constructed as to provide positive locking means which will not accidentally open thereby causing the same to become loose from the hair of the wearer.
With the. foregoing object in view the in vention consists of a barrette pin whose pin tongue and catch are unitary together with its pivotal or hinged end.
In the accompanying drawings wherein like reference numerals designate similar parts throughout the various views, Figure 1 is a front elevation of the barrette having embodied therein the principles above set forth; Fig. 2 is a rear view; Fig. 3 is a side elevation; Fig. 1 is an enlarged rear view of the catch; Fig. 5 is a sectional end elevation of the device showing the catch member in section, and Fig. 6 is a plan view of the blank as it comes from the stamping machine.
The device comprises an ornamental front portion 1 provided at one end with a tongue 2 for a purpose to be hereinafter described. At the opposite end the material is narrowed where it forms a back portion 3 and at the end and substantially to the center thereof is bifurcated at 4, the same forming an ornamental design at 5. Near the extreme end of the back 3 two transverse extensions 6 and 7 are provided whereby to form a catch. Referring particularly to Figs. 4 and 5 it will be seen that the upper extension 6 is bent downwardly upon itself as at 8 and continues to a point 9 and the lower extension 7 is folded upwardly as shown at 10 and continues upwardly to the point 11 where it is bent back upon itself as at 12. This provides an interlocking feature between the two extensions after they have been fully formed, by means of opposite notches 13 cut into the metal near the ends of the back 3 and adjacent to the extensions 6 and 7. The aforementioned tongue 2 is formed at right angles to the face portion 1 and is provided with transverse engaging lips 14 and a sharpened nose 15.
The rear member of the barrette is formed by bending the metal of the portion 3 at the point indicated by the dot and dash line AA of Fig. 6, the metal having enough resiliency to permit the free ends to spring apart, thus while the bend at AA forms in effect a hinge there is in reality no actual movement at that point when the barrette is unclasped, the parts springing apart to the position shown in dotted lines in Fig. 3.
In operation and when it is desired to close the device it is merely necessary to press the tongue into and through the opening 13 the sharpened nose 15 serving to spread apart the portions 6 and 7 until such time as the lips 14 of the tongue 2 engage the underside of the slot. This securely holds the member in the closed position. To release the tongue 2 from its engagement with the slot it is merely necessary to grasp the portions 6 and 7 at their outer bends as at 8 and 11 and press the same together. This action elongates the slot 13 allowing the lips 14 of the tongue 2 to pass therethrough.
It is obvious that the device may be made of different kinds of metal and of different designs and when suitably placed will form a most convenient and efficient means for retaining the hair in place and while I have shown this specific form it will be apparent that numerous other modifications will sug gest themselves to those familiar with the requirements of the device and I do not wish to limit myself further than is required by the state of the art or that which is within the scope of the appended claims.
1. A barrette comprising a folded piece of spring metal provided at one end with opposite laterally springing parts and at the other end with a prong projecting inwardly toward the front side of the barrette and engageable between said parts to hold said ends together, said parts being adapted to be sprung apart to release said prong.
2. A barrette comprising a front and a back flexibly connected at one end, the front having a prong at the other end, and the back having a fork between which the prong is engageable, ea'chbranch of the fork having a lateral extension folded to extend across to the opposite side or the fork, whereby the branches of said fork may be sprung apart, to release the prong, by pressing inwardly on said extensions.
e 3. A barrette comprising a tram. and a back flexibly connected together at one end, the front having a prong at the other end' and the back being split lengthwise to form apposite branches havin notches n which op es thi ten W be @b in a. in
the prong may be engaged said branches having opposite extensions 6 and 7 bent to the opposite sides of said branches. respectively forming finger pieces which when pressed together will spring said branches apart and release the prong.
In testimony whereof, I do afiix my signature in presenceiof two witnesses.
. ABRAHAM SINGER.
JOHN A. BQMMHARD'r, RQBERT L BRUGIL five gents each by addressing the Commissioner of, I'atents ashin n: 1 V s