US 1317260 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Patented Sept. 30, 1919.
7 FIG@ TMI: mummm IILANOQRAPII co., WASHINGTON. I): c.
CHARLES 0. ARMSTRONG, OF SIOUX. FALLS, SOUTH DAKOTA.
Specification of Letters Patent. Partanna@ Sept. 30, QQ.
Application filed January 29, 1918. Serial No. 214,317.
To all whom t may concern:
Be it known that lf, @Harmes O. ARM- s'rnoNG, a citizen of the United States, and a resident of Sioux Falls, in the county of Minnehaha and State of South Dakota, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Barrels, of which the following is a specification.
ihis invention relates to barrels, casks and the like.
Empty barrels occupy considerable waste pace, are hard to handle and the carriers charges for shipping are at bulk tonnage rates.
The present invention, therefore, contemplates an improved barrel embodying certain novel features of construction whereby a plurality of the empty containers y can be closely nested to occupy much less storage space, acilitates handling and entitle them to v-.feight shipping rates.
A further object of the invention is the production of an improved knock-down barrel which may be readily taken down or put together, which is inexpensive in production and stable and leak-tight in use.
With these and other objects in view, the invention, consisting in the construction, combination and novel arrangement, of parts, will be fully understood from the following description, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, which form a part of this application and in which like characters of reference indicate corresponding parts throughout the several views, of which,-
Figurc l is a fragmentary elevation of the preferred form of the invention;
Fig. 2 is a plan of the same;
Fig. 3 is a fragmentary elevation of one of the half barrels and its cover;
F ig. 4 is a fragmentary elevation of the other half and its cover;
Fig. 5 is a fragmentary elevation of a plurality of the halves nested;
Fig. G is an enlarged fragmentary vertical section of the barrel;
Figs. 7 and 8 are similar views of the halves and their covers;
9 is a. fragmentary elevation of a modification of the container; and
F ig. 10 is a similar view of one of the halves, and its cover, embodying the modification.
While I have illustrated and hereinafter described several embodiments suitable for practising` the invention, I would not be understood as being limited to the specific forms chosen for illustration, for various alterations and modifications in the details of construction and arrangement of parts may be made, without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention as defined in the appended claim. Y
Referring, now, particularlyto Figs. l to 8, the barrel may be constructed of` wood,
metal, fiber or any preferred material, and f its walls are preferably conical, or tapered inwardly from its transverse axis toward Y its ends.
The barrel is divided transverselyin abutting halves 19, the lower hallc being provided "the said flange, the wall is formed with corrugated threads 24, and the lower portion of the upper half is provided with corrugated threads 25, adapting the upper half to bel screwed onto the portion 24, of the lower half. rlhe extreme lower edge of the upper half is pressed outwardly to form a lflange 2G, adapted to abut the fiange 23,
of the companion half and between the said flanges may be interposed a gasket 27, or other suitable packing as shown in 6. The rims 2-2, of the halves are preferably provided on diametrically opposite sides with notches 28, to receive cross members 29, to facilitate screwing the halves to and from each other.
If desired to pack only half barrels, covers 30, may be provided therefor as shown in Figs. 3 and 7. The cover, 30, for the lower half may be provided with an annular rim 3l, having a depending fiange 32, provided with corrugated threads to screw on to the threaded portion 24, the ,lower edge of said iange being provided with a rim 33, adapted to abut the liange 23. Between the said rim and flange 23 may be interposed the packing 27. The cover for the upper half is provided on its under side with a rim 34, from the inner edge of which depends a flange 35, formed with corrugated threads adapted to screw into the threaded portion 25. Between the rim 311, and the flange 26, may be interposed the packing 27.
In the modification presented in Figs. 9 and 10 the upper half 19, is encircled adjacent its lower edge bya band 36, which depends below the edge of the barrel half, the depending portion being offset outwardly and internally threaded as at 38, to screw onto an externally threaded band 39, encircling the upper portion of the lower half 19. Between the rim, 36, and band 39, may be placed a gasket 40. The cover 30, of this modification may be providedwvith a rim 11, having a depending internally threaded flange 42, adapted to'serew onto the riin 39. Between said rims and the band 39, may be interposed the packing 40. y
As yshown in Fig. 5 it is evident that the empty half barrels may be closely nested, one within the other thereby reducing the space required for shipping and storage.
It is also evident that containers with full. barrel capacities may be constructed as presented in Fig. 3 and still be adapted to be nested n tiers.
When a steel barrel, like those in common use contains gasolene land develops a leak, it cannot 'be repaired, for it is impossible to entirely eject the gas and application of heat to make the repair is hazardous.
Therefore, such barrels are destroyed. It is apparent that the present invention obviates this defect.
I am aware that barrels divided transversely in abutting halves, and having means Jfor detachably securing the halves together, as by providing a flange on each half adapted to be bolted to the flange or the companion half, are old in the art and I do not claim such structure broadly, but what I do claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent is,-
A sheet-metal barrel divided transversely in two parts, the adjacent end portions of said parts being threaded, one internally, and the other externally, whereby they may be screwed together, an external horizontal flange at the edge of the internally-threaded portion, and an external flange pressed from the part having the externally-threaded portion, and positioned a distance from the edge thereof, whereby the fianges will seat, one against the other7 when the parts are screwed together. s
In testimony whereof, I'have'hereunto set my hand this 12 day of January, 1918.
CHARLES O. ARMSTRONG. Y
Copies of this patent may be obtained for ve cents each, by addressing the Commissioner `of Patents i Washington, D. C.