US 1317534 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
H. H. WILLIAMS.
APPLICATION FILED DEC-3.1918. I
Patented Sept. 30, 1919.
2 SHEETSSHEET l.
W/ T/YESS H. H. WILLIAMS.
APPLICATION FILED 0120.3. 1918.
1,817,534. Patented 8...... 30,1919.
2 SHEETS-SHEET 2.
FE @TATEb PATENT @FFTQE HERMANHi VTILLIAMS, F MINNEAPOLIS, MINNESOTA, ASSIGNOR TO NQBTHRUP, KING 6t (10., 0F MINNEAPOLIS, MINNESOTA, A CORPORATION.
Specification of Letters Patent. j gmqgmfl gd g s, 3% 19919,
Application filed. December 3, 1818. serial Ito. scales.
To all whom it ma concern;
Be it known tiat I, HERMAN H. W1n- LIAMs, a citizen of the United States, resldent of Minneapolis, county of Hennepln, State of Minnesota, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Filling- Racks, of which the following is a specification.
In filling display cabinets or cases with filled seed packages, it has been the custom to pick the packages out of the storage cases or boxes in which the packages are piled, one upon the other, and in various positions, and arrange these acka es in suitable pockets within the disp ay cabinet. I have lo'und that such a procedure involves considerable labor and an unnecessary loss of time.
The clerk has to make so many unnecessary motions in picking out the packages from the bones and arranging them before placing them in the cabinet that only a comparatively few cabinets can be filled in one day by each clerk, and where a large number of cabinets are sent out and each cabinet contains a variety of seeds, it has been customary to employ a large force to select the packages and fill the cabinets.
The object of my present invention isto provide a means for handling these filled seed packages which will save considerable time and labor and thereby enable each clerk to fill a much larger number of cabinets in a given time and hence the work can be per formed with a much smaller force of clerks.
A further object is to provide a means for filling the cabinets which will enable an inexperienced clerk to do the work with but little danger of error.
Other objects of the invention will appear from the following detailed description.
The invention consists generally in various constructions and combinations, all as hereinafter described and particularly pointed out in the claims.
In the accompanying drawings forming part of this specificatlon,
Figure 1 is a front elevation of a portion of a filling rack embodying my lnvention,
Fig. 2 1s a vertical sectlonal view on the line 2-2 of Fig. 1,
Fig. 3 is a-detail view of a port on of the front of the rack, showing how the packages are identified and the means-employed to indicate how many packages are to be selected of a particular seed for the cabinet,
Fig. 4: is a sectional view of the supports or uides for the seed package tray,
lug. 5 is a perspective view of the tray inwhich. the packages are kept.
In the drawing, 2 represents the rear legs of the rack, of which there may be any suitable number, according to the ion h of the rack. These legs are connected y bars 3 arranged in parallel relation with a suitable space between them which determines the distance between the trays in which the seeds are kept. 4 represents the front legs of the rack, which are upwardly and backwardly inclined from their lower to their upper ends and these logs are connected across the front of the rack by bars 5 which hold them in parallel relation and in their proper position with respect to the rear legs 2. The opposite bars 3 and 5 are connected between the legs by suitable guides which consist preferably of bars 6 having centrally arranged longitudinal tongues l formed thereon and projecting upwardly, preferably from end to end of the bars. These bars are arranged in parallel relation, suitably spaced apart, and the adjacent bars form supports for a tray 8, preferably of metal, in which the seed packages are laced. These trays are shallow, with uprig t side walls turned out preferably at their upper edges to form flanges 9 and the bars 3 being on a higher level than the corresponding bars 5 at the front of the rack; the tra supported by these bars and the bars 6 wi 1 iii consequence be inclined forwardly and downwardly. The trays are referably open at one end and have a closed end 10 which is seated against a block 11 at the lower ends of the supporting bars 6, as shown in Fig. 2, and when the trays are in this position the upper ends of the seed packages therein will project above the trays and be visible to a person standing in front of the rack and the name of the seed on the lower package in the tray can easily be read.
These trays, filled with the seed packages of various kinds, two or more trays being filled with the same seeds, are placed on the supporting bars 6, being removed from the storage racks for that purpose. I This is prearatory to filling the seed display cabinets. he rack may be of suflicient len th to contain all the variety of seeds whic the clerk will place in the cabinet.
I prefer, when the tray is placed in the rack, to fasten the top of one of the packages, as indicated at 12, to the bar 5 adja- -cent the tray containin slmilar packages,
so that the clerk at a g ance' cansee what seeds are in the tray in the rear of this bar. I also prefer to provide a card holder 13 .secured to the front bars and adapted to contain a card 14 on which a number is placed to indicate to the clerk the number of packages to be selected from the trays 1n the rear and placed in the cabinet. For 1nstance, referring to Fig.3, the rackis shown as equipped w1th two rows of trays containing beet seeds, the top of one of the beet packages bein secured to .the front of the rack as an in icator of the contents of the adjacent trays, while the card bearing the number 4 is contained in the card holder near by as a reminder to the clerk that four beet packages are to be selected for the display cabinet. An inexperienced clerk may therefore be employed to fill the seed cablnet and can readil determine how many packages of each kind of seed are to be selected for the cabinet.
As shown in Fig. 2, the backward lnchna tion of the forward portion of the rack provides for the exposure of the lower packages in each tray "and the clerk, standing 1n front of the rack, can determine at a glance what kinds of seeds are in the trays with out the necessity of stooping to examine'the contents of the lower trays,
The rack is so made that the clerk, standing directly over the lower trays, can look down thereon and ascertain the kind of seeds in the different trays. The inclination of the trays is such that when the lower packages are removed, those above will slide down by gravity and maintain a constant supply'at the lower end of each tray until all the packages have been removed. As shown in the drawing, the horizontal rows of the trays have spaces between them of sufficient depth to allow the convenient end wise removal of the forward packages from their respective trays.
In filling the cabinet (not shown) it 1s moved on a suitable support in front of the rack and parallel therewith and the clerk as the cabinet is moved along, selects and contain. seed packages placed on end therein, said trays being arranged in rows, one above the other, withthe upper ends of the packages of seeds ex osed above the tops of the trays, the inc ination of the trays feeding the packages forward by avity as the lower ones are removed, the ower end of each tray and the forward packages therein'projecting in front of the corresponding end of the tray above, whereby a person standing upright in front of and near the rack can read the labels on the packages in each vertical row of trays, said rack being open at the rear to allow the rear ends of the up er trays to overhang the corresponding on s of the lower trays.
2. A rack com rising upright rear legs and bars arrange at intervals between them,
forward legs upwardly and backward] inclined and bars connecting said forwar legs across the front of the rack, said forward bars being below the level of the corresponding rear bars, inclined bars connecting the corresponding forward and rear bars, seed package trays seated upon said inclined bars and having their lower ends adjacent said forward bars, the packages of seeds in said trays feeding forward by'gravity as the forward ackages are removed and each tray throug the inclination of said forward legs projecting in advance of the tray above for the convenient examination and removal of the lower ackages in a tray.
3. A fil ingjrack comprising a frame, a series of comparatively shallow seed ackage trays mounted in said frame an forwardly and downwardl ages of seed exposed above the to s of the trays, the forward and downwar inclinainclined therein, said trays bemg arrange 1n rows, one above the other, with the upper ends of the pack tion of said trays feeding the packages forward by gravity as the lower ones are removed, said frame including forwardly and downwardly inclined bars. whereon said tra s are loosely seated, the front of said rac receding from the bottom toward the topto expose the labels of the seed packages in each lower tray in'front of the; corresponding packages in the upper trays said trays being of substantially the same length and the rear ends of the upper tra s overhanging the corresponding ends of t 1e lower trays and all the trays being interchangeablein said rack. p
4. A filling rack comprising a frame, a series of seed package trays mounted in said frame and forwardly and downwardly inclined therein, said trays being adapted to contain seed packages placed on end therein, said trays being arranged in rows, one above the other, with the upper ends of the packages of seeds exposed above the top of the trays, the inclination of the trays feeding the packages forward by gravity as the wardly and downwardl inclined bars arranged in parallel relation and having opposite rabbeted edges wherein said trays are seated.
5'. A rackcomprising upright rear legs and bars arranged at intervals between them, forward legs upwardly and backwardly inclined, and bars connecting said forwird legs across the front of the rack,
examination and removal of the lower packsaid orward bar's being below the level of the corresponding rear bars, seed package trays supported between said forward and rear bars and having their lower ends adjacent said forward bars, the packages of seeds in said trays feeding forward by gravity as the forward packages are removed, and each tray through the inclination of said forward legs projecting in advance of the tray abovefor the convenient ages in. a tray.
6. A filling rack comprising a frame, a series of seed package trays mounted in said frame, one above the other and forwardly and downwardly inclined'therein, said trays being open at the top and adapted to contain-packages of seeds placed on end, one against the other therein, the upper ends of the packages projecting above the tops'of the trays and the inclination of the trays feeding the packages forward by gravityas the lower ones are removed, the horizontal rows of said trays having spaces between them of sufficient depth to allow the endwise removal of the forward packages from their respective trays, the frontof said rack recedpose the labels of the seed packages in each lower tray in front of the corresponding packages in the upper trays.
In witness whereof, I have hereunto set my hand this 26 day of November, 1918i HERMAN WILLIAMS.
. ing from the bottom toward the top to, ex-