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Publication numberUS1317851 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateOct 7, 1919
Filing dateDec 5, 1918
Priority dateDec 5, 1918
Publication numberUS 1317851 A, US 1317851A, US-A-1317851, US1317851 A, US1317851A
InventorsFred R Arnett
Original AssigneeFred R Arnett
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Syringe.
US 1317851 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

F. R. ARNETT.

SYHINGE.

APPLICATION FILED DEC. 5. 191B.

1,317,851. Pmnted- 00t.7,1919.

TED sTAfrEs PATENT oFFIoE.

` FRED R. annum, or PHILADELPHIA, PENNSYLVANIA.

SYRING/E.

To l'all w/wma'-mag/ concern:

Be it known that Il, FRED R. Arenen., a citizen -o the United. States, residing ,at

Philadelphia, in the 'county^oPhi1ladelphia andState of Pennsylvania, have invented certain new and useful `In-rprovements in Syringeafo which the `following is a specification. Y

The :object of this invention is to provide a -luidrconvey-ingand sconti-felling Ydevice kembodying several .auxiliary parts., which, when enrployed respectively with the principal member of the device, operate according "to the individual characteristics of as many implements. Y

Thus, when the principal `element is used in eolnbination Withone `oflsaid or attachments, it is operable inlan improved manner .te perform everyI function of a syringeffor `cleansing the vaginal 'cavity meme-.oi .any :forrnlosf suitable A,douche -talgam with another 'combination Dipartg fulfils all of the :demands ,of La. rectal.sy-ringe; and

' stiil :again may be so combined Las to possess t position 'of the vaginal `cavity andthe uterus all of the attributes: of the better types of portable :showerfha-thA devices, and more.

In cleansing the vagina, sa'nd- 1n fact the uterus when such `.is also desirable, it is quite generally necessary 'to assume a 'slttlng posture :over a 4suitable vessel, as the4 ordinary syringes ou the 'market comprise only a `nortzle and :tubular means -for conducting a fluid by 1Wayfozf lsaidrnozizle into Athe cavity.,

whence it nuns -thererom 'with as flittle and certainly no positive control, or is `taken back into the :source oi-supply; Furthermore, with :such devices itis practically impossible 'to leontain a -idouche suiiiciently long ,to lpermit it to 'expand .and :enter the inter-V stice's korf the `afnembranes in` order to 'thor-f oughly fantisepticize orfrsterilize fthem.

-On ethe other hand, the ,shape and natural therein demands :that tor complete ,sterilization only the proneposition of the Joody will suiiice `as iyingfout opone bed'for couch, and it ist'hereziore one of lthe objectsxof this invention :to provide for-the application of a douche v-Whifle a `person is th-.usreclining in a honizontal position; .to this Vend` tozconvey liquid` from a '.-suitable source, as 'sa 'hot-Water or commen ;syr1nge"bottle, or a Afaucet into the .cavi'ty; to 1provide rmeansl to retain said Vliquid Ivthenei-n until the area of the cav-ity is enlarged to Ithe extent desiredby Specification of Letters Patent.

j Patented 4o et. u, 191e.

Application lled .December l5, 1918. Serial No. 5265,30.

` the fluid pressure; and to provide Aa valveaction, or the l eolufivalent thereof, adapted by virtueofa slight pressure upon a suitable portion thereof `to operate. the .mechanism Vwhich closes the supply-tube `and -opens 1a drainageftube, `which `rlatter tube is adapted toeonvey :the used fluirdto any desired place or receptacle fordisposal, sor, by fan intermediate position of lsaid `valvesaction, -to

permit the fluid to passcontinuously Atrom a source through the supply-tube .into -the cavity and `thence therefrom .Eby way Iof said dratnageetube. Y

To facilitate :the 'ioregoing oper-ation, an

auxiliary attachment is provided for the Vusual :coldand hot-Water nairringdaucemm- 1n fact anyjtype of faucet `commonly zin msc,

to Ywhich same the, :supply-tube ilernrinall member may in ,turn be attached, .exactly as VWhensald tube fit-s connected tofal-hot-*Water invention consists in .numerous details :of

construction `ieperation, alil of 'which `are 'tullly and "clearly brought fout :the

following specicauiomwhen read `conjunction With the accompanying drawings, in `which Figure 1 lis a'fside :elevation of the prefer-red embodiment of the invention conf Vneeted 'to a suitable Areservoir 'fluid supply and pro-vided AWith the vspauticular inozzfle rdesignedfcr use .in administering :a wagina'l douche i2 iisa yentical longitudinal rsec *tional vlevv of the s'ame Without includfmg the uid supply.; 'F ig. Va iront elevation of a slightly modified form of nozmleused for :the :same purpose; Fig Lis 1a :si-de :elevationzoi1 still another A.form of nozzle .used for f this purpose; liig. )is 1a :perspective view of la clip zusedlto :maintain the valveeactlon 1n 'intermediate position; Eig; i6 as a side `elevation `of l`the same :applied .to :the upper- Vinost end of portion Akof y-the device, as iflflujstratedzin 1:; Fig. Tis -a .longitudinal sectional `vievv `of the discharge fend of fthe devce l,equipped with Aa :special y[nozzle 1deslgne'd to `be "used in :administering a rectal douche; Fig. 8 is a similar view of the same end of the device equipped with a nozzle for creating aspray as used in the showerbath; and Fig. 9 is a. side elevation of an attachment for any type of faucet, to which attachment may4 be readily connected the intake end of the fluid supply-tube, instead of the reser foir shown in Fig. 1.

Referring to the drawings, the essential elements of the .construction of the preferred embodiment of this invention are clearly illustrated in Figs. 1 and 2, which show the device as comprising a tubular portion 1 -flared outwardly and then reversely at its forward' portion 2, forming a mutilated spherical'terminal provided with an opening 3' of substantially thesame size as the inner diameter of the tube 1, said terminal being also, provided circumferentially with spaced' apertures f1. Y

The rear end of the tube 1 is closed by a wall 5, through the center of which extends, and is securely positioned, an inner tube V6 which projects rearwardly of said wall for a distance at least as greatas the length of said 4firstnamed tube, while lto its rearend isadapted to be attached a tiexible fluid supply-tube'. The tube 6, adjacent to its rearmost end portion, passescentrally through and is maintained in fixed position by: a-'dislr 8 :extending in a plane perpendicular'to Vthe tubes longitudinal axis, while the peripheral[portion of said disl is connected to they rear end of the tube 1 by an imperforate bell-shaped metallic section 9, said, section being` turned or spun at its larger end in such manner as to form a circumferential groove 10, in which 'is maintained lby itsI tective rubber gasket 11.

`The tube t3, extending through the tube 1, terminates slightly short of the free end of the latter in an exteriorlythreaded portion 12, to which may be removably secured a cylindrical member 13 provided with spaced apertures 14, preferably formed in a. single circle substantially' half-way. between ,the center 'of the forward exposed portion of this last-named member and the' adjacent edge portion of the terminal 2 of thetube 1.4V

ln lieu of the member 13, the'spherical member 15,v shown in Fig. d, may be attached to thetube (i,L and in this case instead of be ingprovided with spaced holes, such as those shown in Fig. $3-,- is provided with. parallel circumferentially positioned saw-cuts 16, however,l leaving the frontal portion imperforate asin the former instance. This being for the particular reason that to aperture this portion of the nozZle-attachm ent would very probably cause injurious results to the membraneous lin' ig of the vaginal cavity as by abrasion of -thesame by the'edges of said apertures,"

as well as presenting numerous recesses into .in resiliency a circular prowhich certain changes of temperature and iiuid pressure might readily cause adjacent membranes to be sucked.

The member 13 may also be provided with three or more spaced projecting lugs 13a, as shown Vin Fig. 3, for cooperation with the sides of theV aperture 3 in the end of the tube .1, for the purpose ofproviding a second rigid support for the tube G, with respect to said tube 1, in addition to its being unitarily secured. tothe partition rlhe substitute nozzle, shown in ldig. fi, is also provided with similar .lugs in position and of a mimberas maybe deemed best.; v s Y Secured to the rear. face of the dish 8 is frame comprising parallel rearwardly extending members 20 and 21, each terminatingrearwardly in hollow bushing 22 and connected by a frame-section 23 adapted to maintain this last-named structure rigid a unit. -Rearwardly secured to the member 2O and extending upwardly therefrom is a tubular member further maintained rigid with respect to the disk 8 by a bridge 25.

'lheupper end portion .of vthe tube 24C is preferably.provided with a peripheral flange 26, whileipositioned within said tube is a Said'plunger 27 has securedto its lower end a I rod 31 whichgpasses downwardly through an aperture 82 in the frame-member 20,"and below said aperture itis provided with a pair of transversely extending Y members 83 and 34. In its spring-pressed uppermost position the member 33 pinches against the lower face of the member 20, the opposite sides of the tubelbeing connected to the .tube 6 at one end and extending` rearwardly throughgthe upper` bushing `to a hollow 'externally Vthreaded plug which is adapted to be securedinto the open endv 36 of a reservoir 37 ofsuch type, for in stance,- asthe usual rubber hot-'water bottle or rubber-bagwhich accompanies the usual syringe sets. Y

However, when pressure is applied by the thumb to the head 29, the. plunger 27 is forced downwardly,thus permitting the member 33 to release the tube-7, and by continuing the movement of' said' plunger downwardly the member 3d is caused toco' operate with a projection oroifset 38 carried by the frame-member 21, for the purpose of pinching together the opposite sides of a tube 39 which, at its innermost end, se-

cured to a metal tube 40y passing through the interior of vthe' tube lbygmeansof arrepen-` ing inthe partition. 5, said ytu-bey391 altI-its opposite end/being adapted to "conyey flu-id from the `tube 1 to a-suitable point :of disposa'l. A

There is preferably provided as an auxiliaryV attachment .with this improved syringe a clip such' asis showninjhligsw and 6, for the purpose of maintaining the-members 33 andfm34` in wa position vinteranedilate of their Vposi-tions inwhich they respectively close the supply-tube 7 yand.- drainage-tube 39. This-clip preferablyV comprises a shank L15 having an integral Vupwardly and forwardly extend-ing tongue dladapted :to cooperate-with the plane free surfaceV of the head 29, and yielding-ly .prevent it from being slidably displaced therefrom `by means of a downwardly depending lip $7, ywhile the shank 45 downwardly isen-larged at `43 ,and bifurcated forwardly to jform spaced parallel fingerst-Q adapted-.tto coperatewith the Y lower side of the flange 26:of the tube 2l.`

VAnattachment such as isshown in Fig.

9 is provided, the samecomprisinga.hollow bell-shaped member 50, lined with a rubbergasket 51,y and adapted to yieldingly surround the discharge end of a -fluid Asupply-` pipe 52 as, for instance, the `usual bath or sink l-faucet.: The memberj- O-terminates downwardly in ani-interiorly Adthreaded eX- tension 53, into which may be secured the Y hollen7 .plug 35 hereinbefore described, and Vfrom which leadslthe fluid supply-tube f?.

Thus the terminalmember-B ofsaid lastmentioned tube maybe just. `as readily attached to a faucet, affording :ageontinuous supply of water, by means ofthe member 50, as by directlyconnecting said terminal ta-rily secured to ajsubstantially eX,-

tending disk 58, having :a central opening in `axial ali-nementAwithqandformsa continuation ofthe bore` '57, said being.

. slightly concavedfup'on `the surface opposite to said tube, and thus adapted to slightly surround andpositiyely coperate .with the outer edge portionofthemember, 2 adjacent to the centralape'rture 3, =to rigidly position the tube '55, with respect to the tube 1 and thereby indirectly create a solidvsupportfor. the tube 6,V in` addition toits being supported y.

by the partition f5, thethreadedicoperationof a short tubesection carried by the disk 58 Vwith the end..portiony12 of said tube. 1; f .Y 'K i Quitesiniilarlyin-Fig, 8, `a well-knowntypeg'of shower-bath spray-nozzle is {illustrated as comprising a hollow bell-shaped member 61, closed at its larger end by la perforated disk 62, and internally y,threaded at its rearmost restricted :end portion V63 in order to coperate with the threaded portion 12 of the tube `t, and to screw upon said portion suflieient-d-istance such as to cause Vthe positive coperation of the side walls of the Y portion 61 with the edge portion surrounding` the Vaperture in the substantially spherical portion 2 of the tube 1, thus in this case also firmly supporting the tube with respect to the tube 1 at a point other than the partition 5. As a further detail in the preferred embodiment of` this particular attachment, the same is provided with a peripheral resilient gasket 64, similar to the gasket 11 hereinbefore described, and for the purpose of 'protecting the 'adj acent structure against :mutilation or becoming dented upon bei-ng knocked by or permittedyto' come in contact with other Objecten` In theoperation of this dev-ice asa syringe for douching` the vaginal-cavity, the tube l1 is inserted through the vaginal orifice until said orifice `comes into direct contact with and is completely closed by the Vbellshaped section 9. lVith either ofthe ballnozzles, shown in Figs. 2 and d, used as n. part of the' device, and the-supply-tube 'i connected to a suitable `source for Huid solution, such as the reservoir 37, or for a continuous supply of clear water, such as the faucet terminal 52, the thumb is used to press downwardly upon the head 429 of the valve-operating mechanism, while the hand of the user may readily grip the tubular extension 24, by gripping which `a posi-V tive and delicate; regulation of the valve mechanism may be attained, as well las making `it possible to comfortably and easily support the device in any desi-red l,position for operation. Then thus positioned, the fluid may be .permitted lto flow l.tl-irough the tubes 7 and Gand nozzle V13into the vaginal cavity,- and thence downwardly by .means of the tubes 1 and 40 into the discharge-tube 39 by maintaining the valve-head 29` intermediate position, which same may be facilitated for an extended period by the use of the clip as shown in `operative `position y by Fig. 6. H

0n the other hand, it is desired by the user or attendant to more completely and efficiently' douche the particular cavity in y question than ispossible in the first instance, l the valve-head 29 is held in lowermost bpo.-` siti-on as shown `in dotted lines `ilr-lfizgr. ,1, thus pinching and;` closing the dischargetube 39 land preventing any fluid from `-leaving the cavity, while 4fluid from the source of supply continues to flow into the said lcavity and by its Apressure expands thewalls L.

thereof and opens the interstices of the surrounding membranes, thus subjecting them to the cleansing action of said fluid. Vhen sufficient fluid has entered to accomplish the desired result and before becoming paintul, the valve-head 9.9 is released completely, thus closing the supply-tube 7 and opening the discharge-tube 39, permitting the free discharge of the used fluid from the cleansed cavit This oieration ma f of course bc performed intermittently as many times as maybe desired and with numerous variations such as will be readily suggested by the user to meet the requirements of the "it is presumed in most instances it Would be preferable to maintain a continuous flow of water by the use of the said clip, rather than an intermittent fioiv as is desirable in other instances. Y

One exceedingly valuable characteristic of the device hereinbefore described arises from the fact that the space between the supplytube 7 and the, bell-shaped flared portion 9 of the tube l, after iirst being closed at one end by the partition 5, is subsequently closed adjacent to the larger end by means oi a partition Whichis soldered in place except for a relatively small opening', ai'ter which the device, and particularly the said enlarged portion, is heated to the highest feasible temperature in order to expand the air or other gas therein. Then, While still heated and the O'aseous contents of this chamber lare thus rarefied, the sealing of the latter partition or closure 65 is completed.

Vith this construction, it is obvious that a vaginal douche may be used in Which water is conveyed to the vaginal cavity by meansof the supply-tube and nozzle thereon, the Water being of a temperature which, While bearable, When in contact with the interior organisms Would be extremely painful in direct contact with the membranes at the immediate mouth of the vagina, as Well as those exterior parts of the body adjacent thereto. 1 Y

For, While heat from the supply-tube Will eventually raise the temperature of the flared portion of the discharge tube by contact through thetubes partitions-supports of the first-mentioned tube, this rise inteinperature will require a suliicient period of time before the usual application of a douche l will be completed and said flared portion becomesr unbearably Warm, or else the body heat and thereby preventingfthe danger of l causing excessive pain.`

Having thus described my invention, what l claim and desire to protect by Letters Patent of the United VStates is z*g l. A syringe, comprising a drainage-tube, a supply-tube extending therethrough, flexible tubesconnected to each of said first tubes, and means attached to said first tubes, and operative in extreme positions to close said second tubesA selectively. f ,i

2. A syringe, comprising a drainage-tube, a supply-tube extending therethrough, one of said tubes being adapted to detachably receive interchangeable nozzles, flexible tubes connected to each of said first tubes, and means attached to saidfirst tubes, and operative in extreme positions to close said second tubes selectively.

3. A syringe, comprising a tube flared at one end, a second tube extending through said first tube, and means carried by said flared portion operative to close either or said tubes. f

4. A syringe, comprising a` tube flared at oi said lia-red portion, and spring-actuated means carried by said plate operative to yieldingly close one of said tubes, and manually operative against the spring pressure to close the other of said tubes.

6. A syringe, comprising a tube, aV second tube passing through said first tube and supported at one point by said first tube, and a nozzle adapted tobe attached to one of said pressure tubes and to support the saine With respect to, by cooperating `With,=`the other of said tubes. y

7. A syringe, comprising a drainage-tube, a supply-tube passing through said first tube and supported at one point by said first tube, and a nozzleadapted to be attached to said supply tube and to support the same .With

respect to, by coperating with, said drain-V 8. A syringe, comprising a tube, a secondV tube passing through said iirsttube and supported at one point by said first tube, and ini terchangeable nozzles adapted to be attached to one of said Jtubes andto support thesame with respect to, by cooperating with, the other of said tubes. y

9. Asyringe, comprisinga tube, a second tube extending through said first tube, a hol- 10W handle carried by said first tube, and

' manually-actuated Vmeans extending into Y handle operative to yieldingly close one of said tubes, and said means being manually said handle and operative to close the flow of fluid through said tubes.

10. A syringe, comprising a Atuloe flared lat oneJK end, a closurel for said flared portion, a tube extending throughsaid first portion,

Y said flared portion, and said'4 closure, a hollow handle secured to said closure, and manually-actuated means extending into said handle and-operative to control the flow of' fluid through said tubes.

11. A syringe, comprising a tube flared at one end, a closure for said flared portion,

a4 tube extending through said first portion, said flared portion, and said closure, a hollow handle secured to said closure, and springactuated means extending into said operative against the spring pressure to close the other of said tubes and to open the first.

12. A syringe, comprising a tubeV flared at one end, a closure for said flared portion, a

tube extendingrthrough said first portion,

said flared portion, and said closure, a flexible tube attached to each of said first tubes,

alhollowliandle secured to said closure, and- Sprmg-actuated means extending into said handle operative to yieldingly close one of said flexible tubes, and said means being manually operative against the spring-pres sure Vto close the other of said flexible tubes and to open the first.

35 13, nozzle, comprisinga tube, a second tube extending through a portion of said first tube vand forming a chamber between said tubes'and between spaced imperforate walls connecting said tubes, the air within said chamber being rarcfied before sealing4 through said enlarged portion, and walls extending between and Vsealing the space between said tubes at each end of said enlarged portion to inclose a rarefied gas, heatinsulating chamber.4

16. A syringe, comprising a dischargetube having an fenlarged portion, a supplytube extending through said first tube and spaced therefrom by walls at eachend of said enlarged portion, the space between said tubes within said portion containing rarefied gas to decrease the conductivity of heat from the inner tube to said enlarged portion.

y In testimony whereof I have affixed my signature inthe presence of two witnesses.

VWitnesses:

MERRILL T. CRAMER, DoUcLAs LEAKE.

Gopiel oftllis patent may be obtained for ve cents each, by addressing the Gommissioner of Patents,

. Washington, D. 0."

FRED n. ARNETT.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2888925 *Nov 12, 1957Jun 2, 1959Philips Berenice MVaginal syringe apparatus
US3185153 *Apr 16, 1962May 25, 1965Leucci GinoAutomatic regulating device for bladder irrigation devices
US4524802 *Oct 1, 1984Jun 25, 1985Bio-Chem Valve Corp.Pinch valve
US4941872 *Jan 22, 1985Jul 17, 1990C. R. Bard, Inc.Control handle for surgical irrigation and suction device
US5405319 *Dec 30, 1993Apr 11, 1995Abell; RoyBowel evacuation system
US5470305 *Apr 19, 1993Nov 28, 1995Stryker CorporationIrrigation handpiece with built in pulsing pump
US5718668 *Nov 17, 1995Feb 17, 1998Stryker CorporationIrrigation handpiece with built in pulsing pump
US5827218 *Apr 18, 1996Oct 27, 1998Stryker CorporationSurgical suction pool tip
US6022329 *Jan 20, 1998Feb 8, 2000Stryker CorporationIrrigation handpiece with built in pulsing pump
US6213970Dec 19, 1996Apr 10, 2001Stryker CorporationSurgical suction irrigation
US6228048Oct 23, 1998May 8, 2001Cm Robbins Company Inc.Colonic irrigation apparatus and method
US6623445Oct 2, 2000Sep 23, 2003Stryker CorporationSurgical suction irrigator
US6746419Dec 14, 1999Jun 8, 2004Stryker CorporationIrrigation handpiece with built in pulsing pump
US7144383May 4, 2004Dec 5, 2006Stryker CorporationSurgical/medical irrigating handpiece with variable speed pump, integrated suction and battery pack
US7297133Aug 26, 2003Nov 20, 2007Stryker CorporationSurgical suction irrigator
US7481791Oct 14, 2003Jan 27, 2009Stryker CorporationSurgical suction irrigator
US8945093Mar 19, 2013Feb 3, 2015Minimally Invasive Surgical Technologies, Inc.Suction device
US9358328Oct 14, 2010Jun 7, 2016Prabhat K. AhluwaliaSuction device
US20110144571 *Jun 16, 2011Ahluwalia Prabhat KSuction device
WO1986004247A1 *Jan 21, 1986Jul 31, 1986C.R. Bard, Inc.Control handle for surgical irrigation and suction system
Classifications
U.S. Classification604/34
International ClassificationA61M3/02
Cooperative ClassificationA61M3/0233
European ClassificationA61M3/02D