Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.


  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS1319561 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateOct 21, 1919
Filing dateApr 10, 1919
Publication numberUS 1319561 A, US 1319561A, US-A-1319561, US1319561 A, US1319561A
InventorsWalter D. Brenner
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Game appabattrs
US 1319561 A
Abstract  available in
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)



APPucATmN FILED Ami-o. 19:9.

TME noLUMnIA vLANn/wmm;

THE @0571/177 Patented Oat. 21, 1919.

no.. wASrllNGToN, n. c





Patented Oct; 1,1919.

2 SHEETS-SHEET 2- Gtkouuq tary mathematics.




To all whom it may concern:

'le it known that I, WALTER D. BRENNER, a .citizen ott the United States, residing at Smithsburg, in the county or Tvlashington and State of Maryland, haveinvented een` tain new. and useful Improvements in Gaine Apparatus, of which the following is a speciiication.l

This invention has for its object to provide a game apparatus embodying such featiues of construction as towattract and` retain the attention of the players and also'instruct and educate theplayers in Ythe'correctA spelling of words and assist in teaching elemenl/Vith these and o tlierobjects in view as will appear as the description proceeds, the invention comprises the novel iteatures ot construction, combination ot elements and arrangement of parts which will be more :fully described in the following specifica tion and set forth with particularity in the claims appended hereto. l

ln thedrawings:

Figures l and 2 repres nt a plan view ot the gameboard,

Fig. 3 represents perspective views ot the game `pieces or cubes, and

Fig. 4t represents a modification oli the game piece in the 'form of a card.

Referring to the drawing in detail, wherein similar reference numerals Adesignate corresponding parts throughout the several views, the numeral 5 indicates a game board ypreferably circular in form and constructed of relatively thin flat material having requisite strength and rigidity in order that it may withstand the use for which it is Adesigned. Y

rlhe top surface of the game board is marked with coneentrically spaced inner and outerl circles 6 and 7 dividing the area of the board into the central circular field or space 8, the intermediate annular spacci) and the annular marginal space 10. A number et words oi three or more letters are printed er otherwise marked in the central space 8 and beside each word is marked its numerical value, in accordance with the game. For instance, the numerical value of the word boy is l, cow 2 and so on but it will be observed that before the numerals associated with the words rat and cat are `found .minus signs indicatingl that instead of tak ing creadit for. these words when it is possible to spell them with the game pieces .Y Speifwaon omnes Patent. j Patented-toet. 21, 1919.

Application filed .April 10, 1919. Serial No. 289,115. i

hereinafter described, the player is deprived oit a number oiE counts corresponding to those associated with -these two particular words. It will be noticed that boi-h the Arabic and Roman numerals are employed:

marked upon their sides with the letters ot'.

the alphabet exclusiveof those whichV appear in the segmental spaces l2.

ln playing the ga1ne,the three game pieces bearing the letters of the alphabet are shaken in theY manner ci dice and thrown upon a board or other llat surface and the letters appearing upon the top ot the gaine pieces are used in conjunction with those appcaring in the segmental spaces `l? to construct such words as appear in the central .circular space 8.V For instance, should the letters l), l); and .l appear uppermost when the game pieces are thrown, .it is-revident that the player may construct the words,

Pig, Peg, Paw, Big, Bag, Baw, Jig, Jag and.

Jaw. In: constructing the words from the various letters the player constantly: refers to the words appearing in the central space 8 and should such words as mayibe constructed from the* letters appear in this space, their nrunerical value-is ascertained and by a process of addition the count of the individual players is madecf record until he has a sufficient number to entitle him to the game. However, should the player obtain a combination of letters from which it is possible to construct one of the words associated with one of the minus numerals it is evident that such player is required to deduct from his record the number associated with the word on the game board.

The marginal space 10 is divided by a series ci ,relatively closely arranged radial lines into relatively narrow segmental spaces lain which is marked a. multiplication table up to twelve times twelve and in each space is alsof-ound the'result of the multiplica- I tion'- indicated in the space. Forinstance, in the space in which appear the numerals three times three is found nine, Ythe resultv 13. and when persons not fully acquainted' with the tables of multiplication are `'playing the ofaine7 the twonumerals appearing uponV the our gaine pieces are employed in playing the gaine. For instance, if the numerals l0, S, 6 and 5 appear upon the faces of' the four gaine pieces when the latter aretlirowng the player only selects the two lowermost numerals, 6 and 5 which are multiplied to-V gether vgiving counts. Y

When fully qualified by experience and educ-ation, the players utilize the two higher numbers in the playing of the game. Y

the player credit for thirty To render the playing of 'the gaine more l y diilicu'lt, instructive and interesting, certain rof therelatively narrow spacesllv contain various mathematical signs such as of addition, subtraction', multiplication and division. Should the numbers thrown by the player appear in one of the spaces 14- in Which there is a mathematical sign, the player is required to carry out the matheinatical problem. For instance, it Will be assumed that" one of the players is creditedV With sixteen counts and throws the immerals l, l on the' game pieces. By reference to thel game board Vit 'is evident that the player is required to subtract the result of the multiplication of four times four from Copies ofithis patent may beobtained" for ve cents each, by addressing the Commissioner of Patentsl Y his count thus leaving the player nothingto his credit. 'Y Y It' preferred, the cubical game pieces illustrated in Fig. 3 may. be yreplaced by the cards as suggested in Fig. 4 which may be printed `or otherwisel marked With the letters andY numerals appearing onthe cubic'al game pieces.A When the game is played with the cards, it is carried on in substantially the same manner as described inA playing it With the' cubical game pieces except that the cards are shuilled and dealt to the players That I claimis': i

l.V In a game apparatus, a boardfmarked off to provide a circularfcentral space. and

.segmentalV outer spaces, the outerspaces havand the central circular space jhaving va series of Words thereon, the Words being identified bynumerals indicating their value', and a plurality off-game vpieces having the other letters` of ,thel alphabet thereon not appearing on the board.

Q. In a gameapparat-us,1 aboard markedV spaces, said spaces having the multiplica-V tion tables marked thereon, and ay plurality of gaine pieces havingnunierals thereon to be used-'in conjunction with the multiplication tables on the board to determi-ne the count of the player.

In testimony whereof-,- I ture hereto. Y

WVALTER D. l3R!E i\li\lER.V

' Washington, D. C. p Y

affix Ymy v signaing certain letters of the alpha-het thereon

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2639152 *Nov 10, 1950May 19, 1953Clayton E BargewellSpring actuated wheel and track device
US2805069 *Oct 17, 1955Sep 3, 1957Charles J TrabingEducational game device
US3393914 *Aug 4, 1964Jul 23, 1968Ivy M. HillLetter and name game apparatus
US4258922 *Sep 14, 1978Mar 31, 1981Landry Alfred EComputer math game
US4365813 *Sep 5, 1978Dec 28, 1982Ernest HirschWord game
US5318447 *Nov 9, 1992Jun 7, 1994Mooney Margaret EMultiplication square game and method
US5607360 *Aug 14, 1995Mar 4, 1997Shiffman; JackGolf putting game apparatus
US20090136908 *Nov 27, 2007May 28, 2009Candace SmothersMathematics teaching method
U.S. Classification273/272
Cooperative ClassificationA63F3/0423